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you may be, afterwards, tempted to deceive his character will suffer, to conceal or deny. One vice and his respectability and usefulusually draws many others in its ness will be greatly lessened. train; and prevarication and false On this point, I would strongly hood, in most cases, may be traced recommend for your imitation, the to some previous imprudence or example of that venerable man, so misconduct.
long a pillar and an ornament in In your intercourse with others, this institution, whom we have so and in the social circle, let your lately followed to the grave. He conversation be strictly guarded. was regular as the sun-punctual See that your communications be to a moment to his engagements. not only strictly true, but useful- Ever at his post, and during the calculated to impart some useful long period of his services, never information, or some innocent the occasion of delay or disappleasure.
pointment to his class.—But he is Beware of intermeddling in the gone!—That placid countenance, affairs of others, or talking of the and venerable form, which so often persons or characters of the ab- cheered and honoured these occasent, or retailing anecdotes of pri- sions, we shall see no more. It is vate history. Talk of things, said
Talk of things, said a solemn voice to us. “Be ye Dr. Rush, not of persons.
also ready." There is need of special caution In fine, beware of trifling with in speaking of enemies. It is al- the truth, in any manner and on most impossible to do impartial any occasion-by equivocation; by justice, in speaking of those who evasion or exaggerating; by sporthave injured us, or whom we dis- ive jests which are not according like. If possible, do justice to to truth; by retailing anecdotes of their virtues and talents, and if slander, or by listening to them you cannot commend, avoid cen- with attention and apparent pleasuring, except in self-defence. sure. And at this important crisis
Be cautious in making promises. of your lives, when your characConsider, carefully, whether they tér and destiny through all future are lawful, wise, and practicable. existence may receive a direction Promises made rashly, or under from the decision and purposes of the influence of passion and strong this hour, you are affectionately feeling, are apt to be disregarded. and solemnly entreated to make
Observe the strictest punctuali. truth the great ruling principle of ty in all your appointments, and your lives. in the fulfilment of the duties ex Consider yourselves always in pected of you, whether you have the presence of the God of truth, made a positive engagement or
whose character is, that he cannot. “Be always at your post at not lie. Commit yourselves to the proper time. You cannot him; implore his aid, counsel, and imagine how much this adds to protection, and he will conduct real dignity of character, and how
* SAMUEL MILLER, A.M., Professor of much confidence it inspires. A Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. man in other respects of very mo. This important station he occupied from derate attainments, will be sure to the organization of the College, with high command respect, who is remark. reputation for fidelity and talents as a pro
fessor; amiablenness and dignity of cha. able for his punctuality. On the racter as a man and a Christian. He recontrary, when a man is inatten- tained in a remarkable degree his vigour tive and careless in this respect of body and mind, until he resigned his ofwhen he has been the means bours, when he began rapidly to decline.
fice, and relinquished his professional laof frequent disappointment, and He died on the Sth of June, 1832, in the though there has been no design 73d year of his age.
you safely through the dangers of again in this country. A select life. Take his Word as your only Committee of the House of Comcertain standard and rule of action. inons, consisting of some of the Wherever you go, and whatever most intelligent and influential may be your employment, let this men in that House, was sometime be your companion and guide. It since appointed to hear evidence, will never receive you. In every and report on the subject of the changing scene through which profanation of the Lord's day.” you may have to pass, you will They performed the duty assigned kind this still the same. Consult them most laboriously and faithit in prosperity; resort to it in fully; and their report, (than which trouble, Let this be your shield a more able and interesting one in the midst of dangers, and your has perhaps never been made to a consolation in death. Abandon- legislative body,) has been made ing this, you give yourselves to to Parliament, and is expected to the winds and waves, without rud- be discussed at the next meeting. der and without compass. This In the mean time, it is drawing gone, all is lost, and lost forever. general and animated attention to
the subject, in almost every part of the kingdom. We have before us
as we write, an article in the THE PHYSICAL AND MORAL BENEFITS Evangelical Magazine for DecemOF THE CHRISTIAN SABBATH. ber last, giving an account of “one
of the most respectable, interestThe subjoined article is extract- ing, and important meetings ever ed from a note in a Review which held in the city of London," on the appears in the appendix to the last 13th of November, at which the volume of the Christian Observer. chairman of the select committee It is taken from the examination of the House of Commons, Sir A. of Dr. Farre, before " the Lord's- Agnew, Bart. M. P., presided. The day Committee of the House of speakers who addressed the meetCommons." If the statement ing, and the resolutions which were contained in this article by a phy- adopted, all proceed on the princisician of distinguished eminence, ple we have assumed-They disbe, as we have no doubt that it is, claim all intention or desire to inentirely correct, then we think it terfere with any religious rights or follows conclusively, that a legis- opinions, but insist on the right lative enactment, prohibiting secu- and duty of the legislature to prelar labour on the Lord's day, ex. vent, as far as possible, “the evils cept in cases of necessity and mer- resulting from the non-observance cy, is not, inconsistent with the of the Lord's day." strictest regard to the rights of Alas! that in a republican goconscience and the freedom of re- vernment, whose very basis of safeligious opinion. For it is surely ty is" public virtue," there should undeniable, that there is no sub- be less regard, than in an old, and ject for legal enactment more pro- what many declare to be a corrupt per or more important, than the monarchy, to an institution more prohibition of all practices which influential than any other in the injure the health, shorten the lives, preservation of public virtue—for and deteriorate the morals of the such, unquestionably, is the day of citizens at large. . We do con- sacred rest, when duly observed: ceive a faint hope that the atten- and again we say alas! when we tion which this subject is receivo think and know, that it is the geing at the present time in Britain, neral government itself, that aumay awaken an attention to it thorizes and requires thé desecra
tion of this day, and prevents the rative power of the body. The execution of the salutary enact- ordinary exertions of man run down ments of the individual states of the circulation every day of his the Union. Till we be turned life; and the first general law of from this sin, and from Indian nature by which God (who is not and African oppression, we shall only the giver, but also the predeeply fear that the impending server and sustainer of life,) prejudgments of heaven will not be vents man from destroying himaverted—that if they are suspend- self, is the alternating of day with ed, it will only be to give space night, that repose may succeed acfor repentance, and this failing, tion. But although the night apthat they will return and fall upon parently equalizes the circulation us with augmented force and wide well, yet it does not sufficiently desolation.
restore its balance, for the attain
ment of a long life. Hence one Q. You have practised as a day in seven, by the bounty of Prophysician for many years? vidence, is thrown in as a day of «A Yes.
compensation, to perfect by its re“Q. State the number of years. pose the animal system. You may "A. Between thirty and forty. easily determine this question as
“Q. Have you had occasion to a matter of fact, by trying it on observe the effect of the observance beasts of burden. Take that fine and non-observance of the seventh animal, the horse, and work him to day of rest, during that time? the full extent of his powers every
A. I have. I have been in the day in the week, or give him rest habit, during a great many years, of one day in seven, and you will soon considering the uses of the Sab- perceive, by the superior vigour bath, and of observing its abuse. with which he performs his funcThe abuses are chiefly manifested tions on the other six days, that in labour and dissipation. The this rest is necessary to his welluse, medically speaking, is that of being. Man, possessing a superior a day of rest. In a theological nature, is borne along by the
very sense it is a holy rest, providing vigour of his mind, so that the injury for the introduction of new and of continued diurnal exertion and sublimer ideas into the mind of excitement on his animal system is man, preparing him for his future not so immediately apparent as it is state. As a day of rest, I view it in the brute; but in the long-run he as a day of compensation for the breaks down more suddenly: it inadequate restorative power of abridges the length of his life, and the body, under continued labour that vigour of his old age, which (as and excitement. A physician al- to mere animal power) ought to be ways has respect to the preser- the object of his preservation. I vation of the restorative power, consider therefore that, in the because if once this be lost, his bountiful provision of Providence healing office is at an end. If I for the preservation of human life, show you, from the physiological the sabbatical appointment is not, view of the question, that there are as it has been sometimes theologiprovisions in the laws of nature cally viewed, simply a precept which correspond with the Divine partaking of the nature of a politicommandment, you will see from cal institution, but that it is to the analogy, that the Sabbath be numbered amongst the natural was made for man,' as a necessary duties, if the preservation of life be appointment. A physician is anx- admitted to be a duty, and the preious to preserve the balance of cir- mature destruction of it a suicidal culation as necessary to the resto- act. This is said simply as a phy
sician, and without reference at all excitements. We intend to notice to the theological question: but if his important statements on some you consider further the proper future occasion." effect of real Christianity, namely, peace of mind, confiding trust in God, and good will to man, you SIR WALTER SCOTT'S NOVELS. will perceive in this source of renewed vigour to the mind, and
We have heretofore borne our through the mind to the body, an testimony agains: the pernicious additional spring of life imparted influence of these fascinating and from this higher use of the Sab- popular productions; and we rebath as a holy rest. Were I to joice to find that at the present pursue this part of the question, I ţime, when these works and their should be touching on the duties author, are being, as it were cacommitted to the clergy; but this nonized, by those who care more I will say, that researches in phy.
for fine writing than for evangelisiology, by the analogy of the cal truth and piety, men of such working of Providence in nature, unquestionable taste and talent as will establish the truth of revela are the conductors of the Christion, and consequently show that tian Observer, have given the folthe Divine commandment is not lowing article in their notes to to be considered as an arbitrary correspondents, in their No. for enactment, but as an appointment December last. necessary to man.
This is the position in which I would place it, as
“The habit of novel-reading incontradistinguished from precept troduced into many families where and legislation; I would point out it did not formerly prevail, by the sabbatical rest as necessary to means of Sir Walter Scott's pubman, and that the great enemies of lications, has always appeared to the Sabbath, and consequently the us so pernicious and alarming, enemies of man, are all laborious that we have never ceased to reexercises of the body or mind, and monstrate against it. We examdissipation, which force the circu- ined the matter at considerable lation on that day in which it length in our review of the Pirate; should repose; whilst relaxation and on many other occasions we from the ordinary cares of life, have written so strongly upon the the enjoyment of this repose in subject that we have received not the bosom of one's family, with the a few letters, some of them from religious studies and duties which very respectable quarters, accusthe day enjoins, not one of which, ing us of puritanical fastidiousif rightly exercised, tends to ness, of doing injury to religion abridge life, constitute the benefi- by interdicting innocent entertaincial and appropriate service of the ment, and even of "malignity," in day. The student of nature, in torturing to evil purposes what becoming the student of Christ, Sir Walter Scott never meant to will find in the principles of his profane Scripture or to encourage doctrine and law, and in the prac. what is sinful. Another correstical application of them, the only pondent, however, now blames us, and perfect science which prolongs on the other side, for having let the present, and perfects the future fall, in our notice of Sir Walter life.”—Dr. Farre goes on to show, Scott's death, the words, “pure upon medical as well as religious and virtuous," as applied to his principles, the evils of tea-gardens, works of fiction. We however inspirit-drinking, and other popular troduced these epithets only in re
ference to the too common charac. and for spiritual exercises. Though ter of novels, especially as novels all these books may not be wicked, were when he began to write; in yet the habitual indulgence in such which respect they were certainly reading is a silent, mining mis"remarkable” for not enervating chief. Though there be no act, the imagination with scenes of and no moment, in which any open voluptuousness, and making pas- assault on the mind is made, yet sion the great object of their de. the constant habit performs the velopment. We are not readers work of a mental atrophy-it proof novels, even of Scott's; but we duces all the symptoms of decay; have always understood that he and the danger is not less for being deserved at least this meed; and more gradual, and therefore less as we were painfully scattering suspected." This applies to the censures over a tomb, on account Waverley Novels, even upon the of the profane use of Scripture, estimate of their greatest admi. we were not unwilling to give cre rérs; and though, as we under. dit to a departed author, for so stand rather than personally know, far laudably deviating from the that they are not impure or vihabits of his fraternity as not to cious, in the ordinary acceptation exhibit licentiousness under fasci. of those terms--they are still, acnating colours. At the same time, cording to the only true estimate we are decidedly of opinion that that of Scripture-full of evil novel reading, even the reading of and full of danger; and they have Waverley Novels, is a most inju. done more to raise a sneer against rious and unchristian habit; and true religion and its followers, by in our Number for September we their caricatures of the Covenantremarked, that “ we would not beers, and in other ways, than even parties to the compact too widely the writings of scores of professed acted upon of late years, between infidels. All this we have written professed Christians and the men again and again, year after year; of this world, to meet as friends in' but we repeat it, as our meaning the neutral temple of genius, and appears to have been mistaken. there to settle their differences; The author's historical narratives the Christian agreeing on his part are written in a very different spito consume his days in the study rit to the novels, and these we of Waverley Novels, in considera- have again pleasure in commendtion of their talent; provided the ing. We could never understand novel-reader will condescend to how it is that a man who, in the acknowledge the fancy and pathos Tales of a Grandfather, speaks of Jeremy Taylor, and to place the with marked reverence of religion, Pilgrim's Progress on the same should in his novels often allow shelf with Robinson Crusoe.” We himself to expose it to ridicule, entirely concur with a revered under uncouth terms and ludicrous friend and former correspondent, applications of Scripture. It shows Mrs. Hannah More, speaking of at least that he did not wish the works of fiction, that “the con- mind of his beloved grandchild to stant familiarity, even with such be debased with irreverent associaas are not exceptionable in them- tions." selves, relaxes the mind that needs hardening, dissolves the heart which wants fortifying, stirs the imagination which wants quieting, irritates the passions which want The following article from the calming, and, above all, disinclines Orthodox Presbyterian for July, and disqualifies for active virtues will make our readers acquainted
SYNOD OF ULSTER.