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discipline on their own members ples and forms of the constitution for preaching unsound doctrine, or of the Presbyterian church, has for almost any thing short of gross tried to settle difficulties and conimmorality, it is seldom attempt. troversies in the Congregational ed; and when attempted, it is in way of compromise; in which great danger of being rendered something like concession is awardabortive, by those who dislike the ed to both parties, and under coattempt. The difficulty of carry- lour of promoting peace, materials ing through a disciplinary pro- for prolonged, and, perhaps incuceeding, discourages and enfeebles rable alienations, are furnished. those who would readily take part in a word, the forms of the Presin it, but for the opposition they byterian church are now sometimes know they will have to encounter; used to take vengeance on an oband the probability that, even if they noxious individual, and at others are successful in the courts below, to protect a favourite; and when what they do will be undone by a neither of these objects is in view, higher judicatory. In the mean or something may be promoted by time, the lawful prescriptions of the suspending of all discipline, the higher judicatories are often discipline is permitted to sleep. set at nought. It is not long since We do not say that this is invawe heard it gravely maintained in riably or generally done; but we a Presbytery, that a plain, and po- do say that there are instances of sitive, and strictly constitutional this kind, and that the evil has act of the General Assembly, di- reached so far as to impair conrecting what was to be done in a fidence in church judicatories; specified case, was to be consider and to fill reflecting minds with ed only in the light of a recom a painful uncertainty of what is mendation, which might be regard- to be the destiny of our church, ed or disregarded, as the parties in a short time to come. It is concerned might choose--This a fact too notorious to be dewas pure Congregationalism. As nied, that doctrines vitally afto Synods, who does not know that fecting the whole evangelical sys
was not long since tem, and directly contradictory to preached at the opening of a Sy- those laid down in our Confession nod, and afterwards published, in of Faith and Catechisms, are both which one of the most important preached and published without articles in our Confession of Faith fear, or cause of fear, that their and Catechisms was directly and advocates and propagators will be violently impugned, and yet no no- visited with the discipline of the tice was taken of it by the Synod, church. Now, we hold it to be a or by any other judicature-The moral evil of a flagrant and retime was, when the preacher of proachful kind, for a church, as such a sermon would have been well as for an individual, to violate arraigned, within half a day after or disregard a publick profession. he was out of the pulpit. That The Standards of our church are the General Assembly of i831 was her solemn Confession and Profescompletely congregationalized, in sion, before the world; and it is a disposing of the case of Mr. species of dishonesty, offensive to Barnes, has been shown by Mr. God, and to all men of upright Bacon, in his letter to us, in a minds and honourable principles, statement as true as it is taunting. to profess one thing and practise And ever since that period, the another-or not to practise agreesupreme judicatory of our church, ably to what we profess. The instead of a straight-forward pro- course we are pursuing is exactly ceeding, agreeably to the princi- that which has been run by the
Calvinistick and Lutheran church Unitarians and Neologists. We es of Switzerland and Germany. are rapidly tending to the same In those countries, the Formula goal, and if, in the mercy of God, ries adopted at, or shortly after, we are not arrested, we shall as the Protestant reformation, remain surely reach it, as that like causes to this day unchanged--unchanged, produce like effects. as the ostensible creed and sym
(To be continued.) bols of ecclesiastical order, of
NOTICE OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS. THE BIBLE COMPANION, designed for from Dr. Abercrombie, on the nature of the Assistance of Bible Classes, Families, testimony, &c., add considerably to the and Young Students of the Scriptures; value of this publication. The work is inillustrated with Maps and Engravings tended for the use of schools ; and at the from the last London edition. Revised end of the volume "questions are added and adapted to the Present Time, with an for examination of students in the evi. Introduction, by Stephen Tyng, D.D., dences of Christianity;" which will be Rector of Paul's Church, Philadelphia. found useful both to teachers and pupils. 1833.
Both the above publications are stereoFrom a cursory inspection of this lit. typed, and published by EDWARD C. tle volume, as well as from the commen
Mielke, 181 Market Street, Philadeldatory introduction of one well able to
phia. make a right estimate of such a publication, it is our judgment, that it will be
RENUNCIATION OF POPERY, by Samuel found exceedingly valuable to the descrip
B. Smith, late a Priest in the Roman Ca. tion of readers mentioned in the title tholick Church. Philadelphia. Stereotyped We go farther and say, that we think it for the Author. 1833. 60o. pp. 64. will be found a useful rade mecum to all
This is a publication of considerable intowho desire to peruse the sacred scriptures
rest. The writer first gives what appears to carefully and profitably. We therefore re.
be an unvarnished account of himself, and commend it cheerfully and cordially.
of the motives that determined him to reEvidences or CHRISTIANITY, by Tho
nounce Popery; and then he combats the mas Chalmers, D.D. To which are added, manism, and does it with the advantage of
main doctrines and peculiarities of Ro. Remarks on the Nature of Testimony, and
a personal knowledge of their practical on the Argument derived from the Como tendency. His composition has a few inmemorative Rites of the Christian Reli
accuracies and peculiarities of expression; gion. By John Abercrombie, M. D. F. R. S.
but it is in general good; and we think 1833.
that those who begin to read this pamChalmers' Evidences have been long phlet, will read it through without fatiguo; before the publick, and need no recom and many, we hope, not without benefit'. mendation. In this, as in other subjects, We have little doubt that the Papists will the talented author has struck out a course endeavour to blacken the character of the of reasoning for himself. His method of author; but his book bears every mark of proof is novel, ingenious, interesting simplicity and honesty, and we hope it and we think conclusive. The additions will be widely circulated.
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc. SINGULAR METEORIC PHENOMENON. falling stars, are indeed of very
frequent occurrence; but such a We extract from the American multitude and continuance of Daily Advertiser, of the 14th in- them, and of different magnitudes, stant, the subjoined article. The and flying in all directions at the appearances of which it gives an
same time is, so far as we know, a account have, we believe, no paral- singular spectacle in the United lel in the history of this country. Stales-although not altogether What are called shooting stars or singular in Europe. We have
seen various accounts of these the neighbourhood of Bristol, devoted hersplendid natural fire-works of the self to a life of active Christian benevoaerial Heavens, from various parts works, having for their object, the reli
Jence, and to the composition of various of our country; and a recent ar- gious improvement of mankind. Her rival from England, announces that practical conduct beautifully exemplified they were seen at sea, at the dis- the moral energy of her Christian princitance of 130 miles from our coast. ples. She was the delight of a widely
extended sphere of friends, whom she The appearances in the morning charmed by her mental powers, edified of the 13th instant, have already by her example, and knit closely to her in occasioned much speculation, and affection, by the warmth and constancy of will probably produce much more.
her friendship. She lived and walked in As yet, these meteoric phenomena light to do good; the poor for many miles
an atmosphere of love, and it was her deare not satisfactorily accounted for round her, felt the influence of her anceas on philosophical principles; but of ing benevolence, and her numerous schools such a solution we have no reason
attested her zeal for the improvement and
edification of the rising generation. In to doubt they are capable, and we
these works of faith and charity, she was hope it will ere long be given. aided, for a long course of years, by the
Yesterday morning the heavens present. concurring efforts of four sisters who lived ed a brilliant spectacle. The meteoric with her, who regarded her with mingled phenomena, popularly called falling stars, feelings of admiration and affection, and were so frequent, that for more than an
towards whom her conduct was hour, it was often impossible to count marked by the kindest and most endear. those seen at the same moment. They ing consideration. It was truly a sisterdid not differ individually from such as hood, animated by all the social and hosoccur on most clear evenings, but among
pitable virtues. Mrs. Hannah More's the thousands exhibited at the time we
last illness was accompanied by feverish speak of, might be found some of every delirium, but the blessed influence of variety, from those resembling a faint Christian habits was strikingly eremplispark, to what was scarcely inferior to a fied, even under the decay of extreme old splendid skyrocket.
age, and its attendant consequences. Not They generally moved in diverging seldom she broke forth into earnest prayer lines, in a direction from the zenith to and devout ejaculation, and invariably met wards the horizon; some in their flight the affectionate attentions of the friends crossed the path of others, and a few who sedulously watched over her sick bed, passed through the zenith, although they by unceasing and most expressive returns did not often appear in that point of the of grateful love. The writer of this tribute heavens. They were first seen by the
to her memory saw her only the day bewriter, at a little before four o'clock; at
fore her last seizure, when she expressed fivo, when most abundant, the vault of to him, in a most impressive manner, the heaven seemed to be covered with inter. sentiments of a humble and penitent berupted brilliant lines, in the directions liever in Jesus Christ, assuring him that already mentioned.
she reposed her hopes of salvation on his Many stars had already become dim, merits alone, and expressing at the same when this gorgeous spectacle faded before time, a firm and joyful reliance on his on. the light of approaching day.
changeable promises. In her excellent Mrs. Hannah More.-Few persons
writings she will live long, not only as have enjoyed a higher degree of public but as the benefactress of her species.
one of the brigbest ornaments of her sex, esteem and veneration than this excellent and distinguished lady. Early in life, she Loss of Weight in Cooking Animal attracted general notice by a brilliant dis- Food.-li is well known that in whatever play of literary talent, and was honoured way the flesh of animals is prepared for with the intimate acquaintance of Johnson food, a considerable diminution takes and Burke, of Reynolds and Garrick, and place in its weight. As it is a subject both of many other highly eminent individuals, curious and useful in domestic economy, who equally appreciated her amiable qua: we shall give the result of a set of expelities and her superior intellect. But un riments which were actually made in a der a deep conviction, that to live to the public establishment; they were not unglory of God, and to the good of our fel. dertaken from mere curiosity, but to serve low creatures, is the great object of human a purpose of practical utility. existence, and the only one which can Twenty-eight pieces of beef, weighing bring peace at the last, she quitted in the 280 lbs. lost in boiling, 73 lbs. 14 ozs. prime of her days, the bright circles of Hence, the loss by beef in boiling was 264 fashion and literature, and, retiring into lbs. in 100 lbs.
Nineteen pieces of beef weighing 190 in soothing the irritation of the stoniach, lbs. lost in roasting, 61 lbs. 2 ozs. The and bowels, and head, and heart, and weight of beef lost in roasting appears to skin, on which grog selling thrives. We be 32 lbs. in every 100 lbs.
are not too clean in the United States. Six pieces of beef, weighing 90 lbs. lost
Improvement in the Style of Lighting the in baking, 27 lbs. Weight lost by beef in Attic Stories of Buildings.-Among the baking, 30 lbs. in each 100 lbs.
many advances which are making in the Twenty-seven legs of multon, weighing finish of our dwellings and other buildings, 260 lbs. lost in boiling, and by having the
we would call publick notice to a patented shank bones taken off
, 62 lbs. 4 ozs. The improvement made by Mr. William Wooshank bones were estimated at 4 ozs. each; ley, for admitting light into the attic stotherefore the loss in boiling, 85 lbs. 8 oz8. ries, superseding the necessity of the dorThe loss of weight in legs of mutton in
mer window. This improvement consists boiling is 213 lbs. in each 100 lbs.
of an ornamental iron covering to be inThirty-five shoulders of mutton, weigh. serted under the cornice, and adapted to ing 350 lbs. lost in roasting, 108 lbs. 10 ozs. the particular architecture of the building. The loss of weight in shoulders of mutton
The great advantages of it are, tbat while by roasting, is about 313 lbs. in each 100 it adds beauty to the building, it is perlbs.
manent, being equally strong with any Sixteen loins of mutton, weighing 144 other part of the wall—they are cheap lbs. lost in weight, 49 lbs. 14 ozs. Hence, from being made of cast iron—and can be loins of mutton lost by roasting, about 385 multiplied with safety, so as to cause the lbs. each 100 lbs.
attic story to be well and conveniently Ten necks of mutton, weighing 100 lbs. lighted as any other. lost in roasting, 32 lbs. 6 ozs.
We understand this plan is now being From the foregoing statement, two prac. generally adopted: the attic is made about tical inferences may be drawn. 1st. In
six feet high in the front, which constirespect to economy, that it is more pro tutes it a comfortable lodging room. fitable to boil meat than to roast it. 2d. Houses in which these frames are insertWhether we roast or boil meat, it loses, ed, upon the above principle, are estibeing cooked, from one-fifth to one-third of mated to be of a value considerably enits whole weight. — Philosophical Mag. hanced.-N. Y. Merc. Ado. A Capital Suggestion.—The writer of a
Sandwich Islands.-A gentleman repleasant and ingenious article in the Me- cently from these islands, informs that on dical Magazine, entitled Medical Chit. the 10th of January last, a charity school chat, addressing himself to the editors,
was dedicated at Oahu, for the benefit of asks, “ Does it ever strike you, how much the foreign residents at that island. It is our manufacturers or owners of steam en
a neat building of coral, with a spire, a gines might increase publick comfort and handsome belfry, and a good sized bell. health, by the simple process of attaching This building was erected by a subscripvapour bath rooms to their waste steam
tion of the foreign residents, at a cost of Alues ? Every puff of this wasted steam $2000, and is entirely distinct from the would make a bath for a limb, and several Missionary establishment at that island. would fill a box capable of containing It was but four months from the time the some dozen persons, sitting in the fashion school was suggested until its dedication, of vapour baths in Russia and Turkey. so rapidly was the subscription paper fillOn board steam boats, on the Mississippi, ed. Mr. Johnston and wife, who we bethey would be highly advantageous. The lieve are attached to the Seamen's Friend steam necessarily wasted there is enough Society, volunteered their services to take for a perpetual bath, day and night. charge of this school, which contained in Whenever voyages on ocean are common April last upwards of 40 boys and girls. in steam.ships, this will be thought of. Ai the dedication, a very able address was The vapour baih which failed some time delivered by John Coffin Jones, Esq. U. ago in Boston, was at too high a price. S. Consul, in which he showed the strikThousands, especially of labourers, who ing difference between the island fifteen get begrimmed and sooty in the week would
or twenty years since, and at the present pay six or twelve cents a week for the time-how much education and civilizaprivilege of using this steam, now wasted, tion had done for them, &c. A school has and which mighi be afforded at this price. now been erected, industry is encouraged, Luxury miglii have its champooners, its and it is in expectation shortly to put up heating rooms, and couches, and oil, and
a printing press and publish a newspaper. coffee. Labour would be better pleased with a simple soaking for six cents. I am The magnificent aqueduct that furnishconfident it could be afforded at that price, es the city of Lisbon with water, and wherever steam engines are at work. In which has recently been cut off by the Birmingham it would suppress inlempe. army of Don Miguel, may be regarded as rance, for bathing has a wonderful effect one of the handsomest modern structures
in Europe : from report it will not yield in that city and St. Augustine. This will be grandeur to any aqueduct left us by the another link in the line of steam-naviga. ancients. That portion of it situated in tion, which will probably soon be com. the valley of Alcantara, about a mile froin pleted, between our Allantic cities of the Lisbon, is of admirable structure, consist. north and south, and which may be ex. ing of thirty-five arches at least, through tended even to the Gulf of Mexico. The which the purest water traverses a deep commencement has been made in the valley formed by two mountains. The steam-packet between New York and height of the middle arch from the base Charleston, and the success of the expeto the summit is 263 feet 10 inches; the riment will awaken the attention of capibreadth of the principal arch is 107 feet 8 talists. The difficulties which are now inches; each block of stone is in general found in steam navigation at sea will va. 23 feet high; the arches on each side di- nish before the mechanical ingenuity minish in thickness in conformity to the for which our countrymen are distinguishsize of the stones which at the termina- ed, and each succeeding voyage will sug. tion are only eight feet. They owe the gest some new improvement.--Balt. Gaz. execution of this magnificent monument to John V. who laid its foundation in 1713,
Steam Engine in and near Pittsburgh.and it was completed in 19 years after Mr. Samuel Church has just furnished us ward. The expense was covered by a tax
with a list of the number of steam engines of one real imposed upon each pound of diate vicinity; the power of each engine,
now in operation in this city and its immemeat sold in the capital. By the remains of some old walls which have been disco
the number of hands employed, and the vered, it is supposed that the Romans who
amount of coal consumed monthly. Mr. inhabited Lusitania had endeavoured to
Church has, himself, been at the trouble construct an aqueduct like that of the pre
and expense of having this statement made sent day.- Paris paper.
out-it is entirely satisfactory, so far as
it goes, but there are still many in the counPoisonous Beads.-Those beautiful red
try, not embraced in this list. We hope seeds with a black spot, brought from In to receive a list of these also, through the dia, which are sometimes worn as orna kindness of the manufacturers or owners. inents of dress, are said by the natives to
The number of engines, embraced in be so dangerous, that the half of one of Mr. Church's list, is eighty-nine-tho them is sufficiently poisonous to destroy a number of hands employed, 2111-the man. This account, however, seems to
monthly consumption of coal, 154,550 exceed probability; but they have a very bushels.- Pittsburgh Gazette. prejudicial quality, I have no doubt, for within my own knowledge I bave seen an Floating Mattress.-A patent has been extraordinary effect of the poison of one obtained by a gentleman of the city of of these peas. A poor woman, who had Boston, for an India Rubber Floating Matsome of ihem given to her; and who did tress. A satisfactory experiment was not choose to be at the expense of having made with one as a life preserver, at the them drilled to make a necklace, put the navy yard, a few days since, and we unseeds into hot water till they were suffi- derstand, says the Evening Gazette, that ciently soft to be perforated with a large Commodore Elliot intends to have some needle; in performing this operation, she further experiments made; the results will accidentally wounded her finger, which be given to the publick. soon swelled and became very painful; the swelling extended to the whole hand; rived at the Garden of Plants in the city
Among a number of animals lately arand it was a considerable time before she recovered the use of it. The botanical dinary species of ape, called Simiascoff.
of Paris, from Russia, is a very extraorname of the plant that produces this pea is Abrusul precalarius. - Elements of Sci- rally very ferocious. Its skin is of yellow
It is originally from Lapland, and natuence of Bolany, as established by Linnæus. hue, and variegated like the tiger; its
A fine steam ship is now building at Sa teeth are very long and sharp, and its cry vannah, which is intended to ply between extremely piercing.
don Missionary Chronicle for Sep
tember last; and on inspecting it, While considering in what man- had no hesitation in determining ner we should fill this department to insert the whole article relative of our work, we received the Lon to South Africa, and part of the