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Each party to pay their own costs. concluded. The fields of labour
After the opinion of the Court was de- mentioned are, CENTRAL AFRICA, livered, the President made the following HindoostAN, and the AMERICAN communication, viz:
“The Court would most earnestly re. Indians. It also appears that the commend to the parties interested in the Board contemplate a mission to present controversy, to make a speedy WESTERN Asia, in responding to and amicable adjustment of all their dis
the earnest invitation of Mr. Brewputes and difficulties.
We bave always regretted to see these er, now in Smyrna, for missions religious controversies brought into our to be sent to the places where the Courts of Justice: it has a demoralizing seven Asiatic churches, mentioned influence on society; is a stumbling block in the Apocalypse, once existed to the unconverted; and a source of great The Chronicle contains communijoy and rejoicing to the infidel.
'It is therefore the sincere desire of the cations from the Rev. William D. Court, that all parties concerned will make Smith, and Mr. Joseph Bushnell, (a every effort in their power to effect a native Indian) who are engaged in speedy compromise of their difficulties, on such just and equitable principles as may
an exploring expedition among the properly become those who profess to be Western Indians, with a view to influenced the withi the Spirit ascertain the best missionary staof God operating on sincere and honest tions; from several individuals hearts."
The decision was listened to in breath. making contributions or collections less suspense by the crowd assembled,
for the missionary fund; from more than one half of which, perhaps, Mr. Pinney, giving a detailed acwas composed of those considering them- count of his operations in Africa, selves directly affected by its character. and stating the reasons of his re
turn to this country—which appear to have been satisfactory to the directors; from Mr. Reed and Mr.
Lowrie, dated at the Island of MaCIETY.
deira, the former the 25th, and the We have received and perused, latter the 28th of June. The miswith much pleasure, the Chroni- sionaries, with their wives, left NICLE of this society, for the Philadelphia on the 30th of May, months of July and August. We and arrived at Madeira on the 24th have not room for extracts of much of June. They were treated by length, in our present number, and the captain of the vessel in which there are no very short articles. they sailed with great courtesy and We are not informed to what ex- kindness; were “as comfortable as tent the Chronicle is circulated; but a sea-faring life and the conveniwe hope the period is not far dis- ences of the vessel would permit;" tant when it will be found in most “all suffered more or less from of the families of the Presbyterian sea-sickness, more especially Mrs. church. This certainly ought to Reed and Mrs. Lowrie.” They had be the case; and if it were, a very one storm which lasted for twentyimportant addition would be made four hours, and were becalmed for to ihe funds of the society. We three or four days; had “ mornare glad to see already, a few ing and evening prayers, attended items of cash received for the by the officers, and publick worMissionary Chronicle, in the list ship on the Sabbath, attended by of contributions—May they be in- all who could be spared from creased a hundred fold.
duty;" and it was hoped the influIn the No. before us, or rather ence of the Missionaries "might the two numbers (for July and Au be crowned of the Lord for good gust) in one pamphlet, the annual to their fellow voyagers.” The report of the Executive Commit- probable stay at Madeira would be tee to the Board of Directors, is 25 or 30 days. They had obtained
WESTERN FOREIGN MISSIONARY SO
lodgings on shore with a pious friends, into that rest which re. Methodist, at one dollar per week, maineth for his people, when our when the captain, doctor, and su course is ended here below.” percargo were paying three dollars The contributions to the Misper week. The location of the Mis sionary Fund, from June 15th to sionary family was delightful, and August 15th, amounted to 81216 favourable to health,“ a considera 914 cents. tion of some moment in regard to We are informed that two or Mrs. Lowrie, whose cough still three fellow Missionaries of Mr. continued and was discouraging.” Pinney, are expected to be ordain56 We do not, says Mr. Lowrie, by ed in New York, in October next, any means regret that we have en and shortly after to proceed with gaged in this cause, though it were him to the African coast. mere affectation to say it costs us The prospects of the society apno effort. Still our sacrifices and
pear at present to be favourable. privations are but small when com Let all who love our Zion, and feel pared with our Saviour's, and with for the heathen, unite their servent the great object before us. Our prayers, with liberal pecuniary prayer is, that the Lord may ac contributions, to encourage and cept us in this work, and use us sustain this infant effort to engage as instruments, however humble, the Presbyterian church to take a in promoting our Saviour's cause. proper part in the sacred work of We expect to labour while on the evangelizing the pagan world, and earth. The Lord grant us all ad hastening its conversion to God. mission, with all our beloved
View of Pubïick Affairs.
EUROPE. European dates have reached this country so recent as the 8th of August; and the last information received is of considerable importance.
Britain.—The bill which had passed the Lower House of Parliament for the removal of the civil disabilities under which the Jews labour throughout the British dominions, had been rejected by the House of Lords. “There can be no doubt, however," says the Times,“ that a bill like this, founded, as it is, upon the soundest principles of pure religion and of enlightened policy, must pass even the House of Lords, at no very distant period. In all probability, the next session will not pass over without the Jews being placed on an equality with the rest of his majesty's subjects.”. Confidence in the ex. isting ministry, which had been a good deal shaken, seemed to be restored. The Slave Emancipation Bill, which had passed the House of Lords, subject to amendments, was again before the Commons; but the clause granting twenty millions sterling, as an indemnity to the slave-holders, had been agreed to ; and it was probable that all the amendments proposed by the Lords would be passed by the Commons. The Bills for rechartering the Bank, and renewing the charter of the East India Company, were both under consideration, but no final decision, in regard to them, had taken place in either branch of the Legislature. The Irish Temporalities Bill, as it is called, introducing Church Reform in Ireland, and providing for the clergy of the established church, which had passed the Commons, was decisively opposed in the Lords, by Lord Ellenborough and Lord Eldon, the great oracles of law, as well as by several other distinguished noblemen. Lord Wellington did not think the bill provided a perfect remedy of the evils for which it purported to be a cure. “ But," he said, “ for the present the bill would give the church breathing time, and enable it to continue its beneficial labours for some time longer." Ho therefore voted for the third reading of the bill, and ultimately for its adoption. It was finally passed by a majority of 54, with amendments-and in these amendments the Commons had concurred. His majesty's approbation is all that is wanted to its becoming a law. Several other bills of some inportance, but which we must omit to notice particularly, were under the consideration
of Parliament-A report had been in circulation that it was the intention of the government to send troops to Portugal to support the Queen from any menaced attack on the side of Spain—but the report, at the last dates, was becoming discredited.
FRANCE—The French Chambers were closed toward the end of the month of June. Considerable anxiety was felt lest the factions hostile to the government should take advantage of the publick festivities, during the anniversary of the three great days, to promote disturbance, and if possible to subvert the government, or at least to compel the existing ministry to resign. Ample preparations were made to resist such attempts, but nothing of the kind that was any way formidable, appeared. The Chambers, at their last sittings past a number of laws, not unimportant to France, but of little interest elsewhere. It is conjectured that the Chambers will be dissolved, and a new election take place in the coming October, but this is uncertain, and we think improbable. France, for the present, is tranquil as a nation; but the Liberal party think its tranquillity cannot be permanent.
PORTUGAL.--Authentick information has been received within the last month of the brilliant success of Don Pedro's arms, in contending for the right of his daughter, Donna Maria, to the crown of Portugal, in opposition to Don Miguel, the possessor of that crown de facto. It would seem that the conflict must be nearly, if not quite terminated, and that the pretensions of the young Queen will soon be formally recognised, both by Britain and France. The recent events are interesting, not merely to Portugal, but to the whole of Europe. The friends of absolute rule will mourn over them, and the friends of free governments will rejoice, and be encouraged to contend against their oppressors. Spain and Russia, we doubt not, would long since have interfered in favour of Don Miguel, if they had not been restrained by the fear of Britain and France, and will see, in his defeat, a new danger of insurrections in favour of liberty in their own dominions. The German Diet, too, will anticipate, as well as they may, new difficulties, in the execution of their plans for coercing the spirit of liberalism, which has already given them no small trouble and alarm. We shall note in order the late important events which have led to the result we have indicated.
It is stated that three propositions were discussed in Don Pedro's council, viz.
1st. That an army of 4000 men, commanded by the Regent in person, should make a descent on Lisbon-2d. That an army under the command of a General, should proceed to the Algarves, the hope of being joined by a numerous body of Spanish malcontents and deserters, and thence proceed to Lisbon, while Don Pedro awaited the result at Oporto-and 3d. That the whole army should make a sortie from Oporto against the besieging forces, and if successful march on to Lisbon.
The 2d of these propositions was adopted. On the 21st of June, between three and four thousand Constitutional troops embarked on board steam vessels, accompanied by the ships of war under the command of Admiral Napier, and proceeding down the coast, passed by Lisbon, and effected a landing at Lagos in the province of Algarves, the most southernly part of Portugal. The troops were commanded by Count de Villa Flor, the Duke of Terceira; and they effected iheir landing without any opposition, the people generally being well affected toward the Constitutional cause. It was foreseen that by this operation the attention of Don Miguel and his generals would be distracted, between iwo objects widely separated from each other—the distance from Oporto to Lagos being about 250 miles. If a part of Miguel's army should be withdrawn from Oporto, the residue would probably be insufficient to carry on the siege ; and if it should not be withdrawn, the probable adhesions to Don Pedro's cause in the Algarves, would make it wear a more formidable aspect. This manœuvre appears to have succeeded even more happily than was anticipated. It drew out the fleet of Don Miguel from the port of Lisbon, in hopes of destroying the vessels that carried and accompanied the troops, and thus brought on a naval action with Don Pedro's fleet, under the command of a British officer possessing both the skill and courage of the far-famed Nelson. In the mean time, Marshal Bourmont, the able commander of the French army that captured Algiers, arrived to take the command of the forces of Miguel; and hoping no doubt that the detachment sent to the Algarves had so weakened the Constitutional army which remained at Oporto, that its defences might be carried by an assault, he determined on that bold and decisive measure. A desperate assault was made, and thrice repeated; but although his troops fought to desperation, and were several times masters of some of the fortified points; yet they were ultimately repulsed and driven back with a great slaughter.
Admiral Napier's official account of his engagement with the fleet of Don Miguel, commences thus—“My Lord-It has pleased God to grant to the squadron of H. M. F. Majesty, a great and glorious victory over the enemy, whom I fell in with on the morning of the 21st inst. (July) off Cape St. Vincent, my squadron having left Lagos Bay the evening before. Theirs consisted of two line of battle ships, iwo frigates, three corvettes, two brigs, and one xebec; mine of three frigates, one corvette, one brig, and one small schooner.” We cannot pretend to give all the details of the action
--Napier's squadron was for a while becalmed, and his gun-boats refused to tow him up to the adverse fleet-Shortly, however, a breeze sprung up, giving him the weather gage of his enemy. His plan was to board the hostile ships, and he effected his purpose fully. He was not disconcerted by a tremendous fire from all the opposing fleet, but ranged his vessel alongside the largest ship, and carried her in five minutes, him. self leading his men. He immediately put the captured ship in order under his own officers, and gave chase to the next largest vessel of the enemy which was endeavouring to escape, and soon made her a prize. He speaks in the highest terms of praise of the officers and men of his whole squadron, except those of the steam-boats. The cap. tured vessels were the following—The Rainha, 80 guns and 850 men; Don John, 74 guns, 850 men; Princess Real, 56 guns, 640 men; Faritas, or store ship, 48 guns, 580 men; and Princess Corvette, 24 guns, 320 men. These vessels, with those that captured them, came safely to anchor, the day after the action, in Lagos Bay. The list of the killed and wounded was not made out at the date of the last accounts, but the loss was considerable on both sides. The authorities and populace of the town of Lagos received Admiral Napier with the most enthusiastic joy, and the ladies placed a crowo of laurel on his head. He has since been appointed by the Emperor Don Pedro, Vice Admiral of the Portuguese Armada, and created Viscount St. Vincent. The sequel of this victory, and of the expedition under the Duke of Terceira, is thus given in a Lon. don paper. The statement is headed, “ The following are the official details."
August 2d.—“Despatches have been received from Lisbon, dated the 25th ult., con. taining the important intelligence of the establishment of the authority of the Queen Douna Maria II. in that capital, where she was proclaimed on the morning of the 24th ult., by the Portuguese themselves, without the aid or interference of a single foreign soldier.
“ On the 23d the Duke of Terceira, advancing from St. Ubes, had met and totally routed the force sent from Lisbon against him, under the command of the notorious Telles Jordao, who is said to have been killed in the action. Upon this intelligence in Lisbon, the Duke of Cardoval, and the rest of Don Miguel's ministers, decided or with drawing from the capital, which they did in the course of the same night, taking with them about 4000 troops and retreating io the north.- The towns people on the following morning (the 24th) finding their oppressors gone, with one consent hoisted the standard of Donna Maria, and proclaimed her Majesty in due form, with every appearance of enthusiasm. Their first step was to open the prisons and liberate the numerous victims of Miguel's tyranny.--About the same time the colours of Villa Flor's army appeared on the opposite heights, and in the afternoon he himself crossed the Tagus, in the midst of salutes and rejoicings, and issued a proclamation in the name of the Queen.
" On the 25th, when the letters were despatched, Lisbon was perfectly tranquil again, and but few excesses had been committed, considering the excitement which must naturally have attended such a crisis, and the wrongs to which so many of the inhabitants had been so long subjected. Napier's fleet, with the Duke of Palmella on board, was then entering the Tagus.
“ The news of these events having reached Oporto on the 26th, Don Pedro embarked that night from the Foz, on board a steam boat for Lisbon, leaving to Saldanha the sopreme command, both civil and military. Up to the 27th, Marshal Bourmont bad not renewed his attack on the town, and, as troops were observed to be passing over to the south bank of the Douro, it was supposed that he was about to raise the siege."
It may be proper to add, that the whole country from Lagos to Lisbon, with the exception of only a few places, readily submitted to the Duke of Terceira, so that his march for the capital was but little interrupted, and such a number of the Miguelite troops joined him, that when he arrived opposite to Lisbon, his army consisted of about 10,000 men. Miguel himself, it is said, was gone to the north.--He will no doubt retire into Spain. It is stated that 5000 prisoners, whom he had incarcerated in Lisbon for politi. cal offences, most of them on suspicion, were liberated by the citizens and English residents, as soon as his troops left the city.
If the Miguolite troops who have withdrawn to the North, probably to join those under Marshal Bourmont, shall not, after the junction, continue to resist, it would seem that the war must be terminated. Be that as it may, there is every probability that the ty. ranny and cruelty of the wretched Usurper is at an end in Portugal; and in this we think every friend of humanity must rejoice. Alas, how much misery and bloodshed has his perjury and wicked ambition occasioned ! Of events so important as those we have here narrated, we thought an account, somewhat particular, ought to be left on record in our pages. Other occurrences, less important, we must defer, for want of room, till our next number.
Erratum in our last No. Page 361, at the bottom of the 2d col. in a note, for the concluding words “are contained in the last pages," read,“ is contained in the lost pages.”
LECTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE
CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS
and the saving influences of divine
grace, none who know what these SEMBLY OF DIVINES—ADDRESSED things mean, will fail to ask for as
benefits, to which, as a matter of right, they have no claim. We
have forfeited the favour of God, In the first three petitions of the and to expect its restoration in any prayer we consider, our Lord other way than one that is purely teaches us in what manner we are gratuitous—in any manner but as to address our Heavenly Father, in a free gift,”—is seen at once to praying for the advancement of his be absurd. But it is not so readily kingdom and glory in the world; admitted and recollected that by thus intimating, as we have here our sins we have also forfeited all tofore remarked, that these objects temporal good-every present enare to be regarded by us as of the joyment, as well as all future hapfirst and highest importance. But piness; and therefore that the very having done this, he dictates three air we breathe, the health we posother petitions, in which we are to sess, the food we eat, the cloches pray for ourselves-for those fa we wear, in a word, every thing vours, or mercies, in which both that contributes to
our earthly our temporal and eternal interests comfort, does actually come to us are involved.
as “a free gift.” Man, by the vioIn the fourth petition, which is lation of the first covenant under “Give us this day our daily bread,” which he was placed, forfeited life we pray, says our Catechism, “That itself, and consequently every thing of God's free gift we may receive appertaining to it, into the hands a competent portion of the good of divine justice. It is through things of this life, and enjoy his the intervention of Christ the Meblessing with them”-You ought diator, that all our earthly blessconstantly to keep in mind, myings are bestowed upon us. His young friends, that you should redeemed people receive them in supplicate and receive the protec- the channel and as the gift of cotion and bounties of God's com venant love; and unconverted sinmon providence as “a free gift.” ners ought to receive them, as This is too often neglected or for- proofs of the divine forbearance, gotten. The forgiveness of sin, and as affording space, and opporCh. Adv.-Vol. XI.