« PreviousContinue »
police, and other persons, leaped several in Bishops, one hundred and twenty-five; times from the roof and other parts of the in Licentiates ten; in Candidates, nine; house, and alighted in perfect safety. Se. in ordained and licensed preachers, one veral magistrates and distinguished per hundred and thirty-five; in Churches one sons witnessed the proceedings, and seem hundred and nineteen; and in Communi. ed convinced that, of every means of res cants sixteen thousand two hundred and cuing the inmates of houses, when on fire, forty-two. The Communicants added on from the risk of perishing in the flames, examination last year were twenty-three this simple canvas sheet is the most ef thousand five hundred and forty-six; being fective, the most portable, and the most ten thousand six hundred and fourteen certain of being adopted as an effectual less than were reported in 1832, as added life preserver.
in the same way. Seven thousand two Cream.-G. Carter, Esq., of England, hundred and fifty-two were added last has published a new method of obtaining year by certificate from other churches, cream from milk, by which more cream is
or passed from one of our congregations obtained than in the common way. It is
to another, being three hundred and sixty. as follows: a four-sided vessel twelve inch
six more than were received in the same es long, eight wide, and six deep, is form. manner in the year previous. The total ed of zinc, having a false bottom at half of additions now reported is thirty-thouthe depth; and a perforated zinc plate sand seven hundred and ninety-eight. Of made to fit the vessel and lie upon the these, fourteen thousand five hundred and false bottom.- Pour the new milk into the fifty-six, must be considered as equal to upper part of the vessel, and let it stand the number of persons who have deceased, twelve hours; then through an aperture
or been dismissed or suspended, or who or “lip" left for the purpose, pour as much
were at the time of making the reports in boiling water into the lower part, and let
a state of transition from the care of one it stand twelve hours longer. The cream
session to another, or who for some reawill be so thick that it might be lifted off
son have not been reported as members: with the thumb and finger; but the better leaving, as above stated, the net gain of way is to lift up the perforated plate by communicants of 1833, over the whole rings at the ends, and the cream is com
number of 1832, at sixteen thousand two pletely separated without being at all mix. hundred and forty-two. The baptisms ed with milk; from numerous experiments
now returned amount to twenty.one thouit appears that in this way, four gallons of sand eight hundred and twenty: of which milk will yield 4) pints of clotted cream,'
six thousand nine hundred and fifty were and 40 ounces of butter, being an increase
of adults, fourteen thousand and thirty. of 124 per cent. of cream and 11 per cent.
five of infants, and eight hundred and of butter, over the common method.
thirty-five of persons not distinguished. The baptisms of 1832, exceeded those of
1833, by two thousand eight hundred and The following statistical infor- eighty-three. The funds reported as hav. mation is furnished by the Stated ing been collected in the year preceding
the meeting of the last General AssemClerk of the General Assembly of bly were, for missionary purposes, seventythe Presbyterian Church, along six thousand four hundred twenty dollars with the printed minutes of that and thirty-nine cents; for defraying the body for 1833.
expenses of Commissioners to the Assem
bly, four thousand six-hundred eighty-nine This portion of the Catholic Church of dollars and fifty-eight cents; for different Christ in the world, under one general as Theological Seminaries, six thousand sembly of Bishops and Ruling Elders, three hundred and eleven dollars and styled Commissioners, which, with the twenty-three cents; for the education of Delegates from Corresponding Bodies, in poor and pious youth, principally with reMay last, consisted two hundred and serence to their becoming ministers of the seventy-four persons, comprehends, ac. gospel, forty-seven thousand one hundred cording to the returns now in my posses- fifty-three dollars and sixty-five cents; and sion, twenty-two Synods; one hundred and for the Contingent Expenses of the As. eleven Presbyteries; eighten hundred and sembly, eight hundred ninety-two dollars fifty-five ordained Bishops; two hundred and eighty-seven cents; which give a total and fifteen Licentiates, making two thou- of one hundred thirty-five thousand four sand and seventy preachers of the Gos- hundred sixty-seven dollars and seventypel; two hundred and twenty-nine Candi two cents collected for charitable uses. dates in a state of preparation for the mi This sum is less than the total for the nistry; twenty-five hundred churches : same objects in 1832, by two thousand and two hundred thirty-three thousand three hundred fifty-one dollars and sixty. five hundred and eighty Communicants. seven cents. Eleven Presbyteries have Our increase during the last year has been made no returns of any collections; and
four have reported only on the Commis- studded with populous cities, towns and sioners' Fund.
villages, watered by the majestick Niger, In all the Presbyteries there are several which flows through it for iwo thousand churches which have made no reports on five hundred miles, receiving as many tri. any subject, for some time past; and some butary streams as our own Mississippi, which have never returned so much as presents many objects well worthy the the number of their communicants since attention of England as well as America ; I have been Stated Clerk. Our statistics, and truly has it been said by a writer in however, are much more complete than the United Service Journal, “ What a they formerly were ; and must be regard field is here displayed for mercantile aded as a near approximation to an exact venture! What an opening for the trade statement of the numbers and operations of Great Britain! What a market for her of our whole body.
languishing manufactures! What a means With lamentation that it should be ne. of striking at the heart of the slave trade, cessary, we state the fact of the suspen- by introducing civilization and industry sion of three of our ministers during the across the very route of the principal Caf. last year; two of these for intemperance filas. What a harvest for geographical in drink, and one for heresy in doctrine. and other science, in exploring the Niger Latest intelligence from ihe River Ni- and its tributary streams.
What an op ger.-The expedition fitted out in Liver. portunity for missionaries to spread the pool about a year since, by a company of light of the gospel! in the focus of idolaenterprising merchants for the purpose of try and superstition. hat a glorious navigating ihe river Niger, with a view of chance of converting myriads of heathen opening a communication between the in. nations; and of substituting for ignorance, terior of Africa and England, has not met cruelty and barbarism, the blessed docwith the success which all hoped would tripes of peace, good will and eternal salhave resulted from an undertaking, in vation.” which nothing was wanting which prudent Publick expectation has been much ex care and forethought could supply, to se. cited by late accounts of the progress and cure the objects of the voyage.
hopes of the expedition. The last letters Two steam boats, built expressly for the received in England from Mr. Lander were purpose, one of wood, and the other of of the most cheering nature: but we have cast iron, the latter drawing but two and been favoured with the perusal of a letter, a half feet of water, were the means by received on Tuesday last, from captain which the object was to be effected. A Pearce, of the Agenora, of this city, dated brig of one hundred and seventy-six tons at Prince's Island, by which we regret to accompanied the steamboats, containing a learn that tho English adventurers had not quantity of coal and such articles of mer succeeded in accomplishing the objects of chandise as would meet a ready sale with their voyage; or at least they had met with the natives, and assist them in their pro. unforeseen difficulties, which had greatly gress up the river.
retarded its progress. These vessels were well manned and Mr. Lander, after being six months on armed; mounting together, twenty one the Niger, had only ascended the river as guns, besides muskets, pistols, cutlasses far as the mouth of the Tchadda, about and boarding-pikes, for every individual two hundred and fifty miles from its mouth. on board_a force suficient to keep at bay This point was not reached without much the concentrated forces of all the petty so fighting with the natives, who continually vereigns whose territories border upon the opposed his progress; and consequently Niger, should they attempt to oppose the he was unable to trade but little with them. progress of the expedition. Two officers The fatal disease which has arrested the of the royal navy accompanied the squad- progress of so many British adventurers, ron at the request of the admiralty, for in attempting to explore these inhospitable purposes of a scientifick nature; and a regions, had made dreadful havock among gentleman of talents volunteered his ser his people. Twenty-three have died of vices as a surgeon and naturalist. Mr. sickness—which compelled the expedition Lairs, a distinguished merchant of Liver. to remain at the mouth of the Tchadda, pool, acted as director and supercargo, and until they could obtain a reinforcement of Richard Lander, the African traveller, as men, as well as provisions suited for the guide, interpreter and general adviser of voyage. For this purpose Mr. Lander had the expedition.
left the steamboats and descended the ri. Great interest has been felt in England ver Nun, where he procured new recruits as well as in the United States, for the and a supply of provisions, and was then success of this great undertaking, which on his way back in the schooner Dove, the was to open the hitherto inaccessible por tender of the Agenora ; which vessel was tions of that great continent, to the en to convey him to Brass Town, in the Bras. terprise of the trading community. sa country, a few miles from the coast, This immense and luxuriant country, where, after assisting captain Pearce in Ch. Adv.-Vol. XI.
getting in the cargo of the Agenora, (the Hopes may therefore be indulged of the latter having lost six men by sickness, and ultimate success of the expedition. Should the supercargo, Mr. Joseph B. Anthony, it fail, it will not be for the want of any having been accidentally killed by the exertion which can be made by skill, inbursting of a gun,) he intended pushing dustry and perseverance.-- From the Proup the Niger with all despatch, in order vidence Literary Journal. to rejoin his companions.
Few if any of our readers but mination of this suit, will justify the must have heard of the decision space this brief statement occupies in our lately made by the High Court of papeis
It is a matter of publick notoriety, that Errors in New Jersey, relative to from the year 1823 to 1827, a difference a controversy among the Friends of sentiment, either in relation to fundaor Quakers—the Orthodox on one
mental doctrines or important articles of side and the Hicksites on the other discipline, had arisen among the society
of Friends; which in the latter year pro—relative to some property to duced a separation of the Society.—Prior which each party laid claim. The to this separation, the two parties were decision made, it appears, turned known by the appellation of Orthodox" on the answer to be given to the and Hicksites," the first from their al
leged adherence to the faith of the early question or inquiry—which of Friends; and the last from their partiality these parties is to be regarded as towards Elias Hicks, a favourite speaker representing the real Quaker com with them, although they also claimed to munity, as ascertained from the believe with early Friends. Upon the seprinciples and usages which have held by the society naturally arose, to de
paration, disputes about the large property obtained among Friends, from the termine one of which, in 1828, this preorigin of that denomination? The sent suit was brought into Chancery. decision, it is known, was in fa
A bill for relief was filed in the Court vour of the Orthodox; but few
of Chancery, by Jos. Hendrickson com
plainant, against Thomas L. Shotwell deof our readers, probably, are ac fondant, to foreclose a mortgage given by quainted with the facts establish- the defendant to the plaintiff as treasurer ed, and the scope of the pleadings of the preparative meeting of Friends for employed, in the course of the tri. Chesterfield, for the sum of two thousand
dollars. This sum was part of a trust al. The principle, moreover, on fund, raised by contributions in 1790, by which the decision was made, is the members of the meeting, and placed of wide application, in all contro
under the conirol of trustees to be apversies about property among di- pointed by it. Hendrickson was the trea
surer chosen by the Orthodox; the Hicksvided religious sects. We there
iles had, since the separation, elected Sta. fore think that the following arti- cy Decow treasurer, who claimed payment cle, taken from the Trenton Em- of the money, as the proper representaporium, may properly be placed tive of the trustees under the head of Religious Intel- member of 'either society, finding himself
Shotwell, who at that time was not a ligence, and may afford interesting thus placed between two fires, for his own and profitable information to Pres- safety, in 1829, filed a bill of interpleader, byterians, and indeed to all reli- desiring that both treasurers might be gious denominations in our coun
brought into court, and each party there
compelled to make out his title to the mo. try.
ney. This brought the dis tants face to
face in court, where the right of property THE GREAT QUAKER CAUSE,
was to be determined on the question,
" which is the true society of Friends?" As it is termed, has been decided by the In showing forth, on behalf of the Or. highest state tribunal. The interest iaken thodox, their exclusive right to that title, by the community in the history and ter Hendrickson stated their belief to be "in
those doctrines always held and maintain. vine as well as human nature—that he is ed by the society of Friends or people call one and the same essence with God. ed Quakers; to wit:
“ Second— They deny the doctrine of First-Though they have seldom used the alonement, and contend that man may the word “Trinity, they believe in the have access to his God, without any Meexistence of the Father, the Son or Word, diator-they contend that the crucifixion and the Holy Spirit—that the Son was and sufferings of Christ, if an atonement God and became flesh--that there is one at all, were an atonement only for the leGod and Father, of whom are all things— gal sins of the Jews. that there is one Lord Jesus Christ, by “ Third- They deny the divine inspi. whom all things were made, and who was ration of the Holy Scriptures, and hold glorified with the Father before the world that they contain doctrines and injunctions began, who is God over all blessed forever which are incorrect, and that they are a -ihat there is one Holy Spirit, the pro. mere shadow." mise of the Father and the Son, the lead. Stacy Decow, on behalf of the Hickser and sanctifier and comforter of his peo. ite party, in his answer to the bill of inple, and that these three are one, the Fa. terpleader, filed by Shotwell, studiously ther, the Word, and the Spirit.
avoids a detailed exposition of doctrines; Second— They believe in the atonement alleging that "the society of Friends ac—that the divine and human nature of Je- knowledge no head but Christ, and no sus Christ, the Saviour, were united— principle of authority or government in that thus united he suffered; and that the church, but the love and power of through his sufferings, death and resur God operating on the heart, and thence rection, he atoned for the sins of men; influencing the judgment, and producing that the Son of God in the fulness of time a unity of feeling, brotherly sympathy took flesh, became perfect man, according and condescension to each other. “The to the flesh, descended and came of the great fundamental principle of the sociseed of Abraham and David, that being ety, the divine light and power operating with God from all eternity, being himself on the soul, being acknowledged by all its God, and also in time partaking of the members as the effectual bond of union, nature of man, through him is the good- the right of each individual to judge of ness and love of God conveyed to man the true meaning of Scripture testimony kind; and that by him man receiveth and relating to doctrines of Christianity, acpartaketh of these mercies; that he took cording to the best evidence in his own upon him the seed of Abraham, and his mind, uncontrolled by the arbitrary dicholy body and blood was an offering and tation of his equally fallible fellow-man, sacrifice for the sins of the whole world. hath been, as well tacitly, as explicitly ac
Third-They believe the Scriptures are knowledged by the society.” He alleges, given by inspiration, and when rightly in that the first difficulties and final separaterpreted are unerring guides, able to tion grew out of an attempt "by a few inmake wise unto salvation through faith in dividuals, (now of the Orthodox party,) Christ Jesus—that the Spirit still operates who had long been continued in important on the souls of men, and in so doing fur- stations, gradually and covertly attempting nishes the primary rule of faith; that the to assume and arrogate authority over breScriptures must be secondary, in reference thren never delegated to them, and atto this primary source whence they pro- tempted to impose upon the Yearly Meeting ceed; but as the dictates of the Spirit are a document, in a form designed to operate always true and uniform, all idea and as a written creed, adapted to their peculi. views which any person may entertain re ar views, and believed also to have been inpugnant to the doctrines of the Scriptures, tended as an instrument of attack upon must proceed from false lights."
some faithful, worthy fellow-members, These being the doctrines of the pre- against whom they had conceived personsent Orthodox, and by them alleged to al offence, and subversive of that freedom have been held by early Friends ;-Hen- of thought and individual opinion, which drickson proceeded to state what were the the society of Friends had always chedoctrines of the opposing party. He as
rished and maintained as an unalienable cribes to them
right.” “ FirstThey believe Jesus Christ was
Decow further insists, “that the quesa mere man, divinely inspired, partaking tions and facts, set forth by Hendrickson more largely of that inspiration than other in the original bill, in relation to the schism men; but that others, by resorting to the in the society of Friends, and discrepansame means and exertions may receive as cies among them in regard to matters of great a measure of divine inspiration that faith and discipline, if they exist as is he, and the apostles and prophets, cannot stated, which he by no means admits, can. be, and have not been, set above other men not lawfully or equitably affect the right of --they disbelieve his partaking of the di- the fund belonging to the said Chesterfield
Preparative Meeting-that the legitimate George Fox: that there was no power in inquiry before the court respects the right temporal courts to inquire into spiritual of property, and that no court have a right things, and they therefore declined anto institute an inquest into the consciences swering questions touching doctrines. or faith of members of religious societies They did not accuse the Orthodox of hay. or associations, or subject them to the or- ing departed from the belief of Friends, deal of a creed prepared by those claiming and were willing to share the property acadversely, in order to disfranchise or de. cording to numbers. Their contest in this prive them of their legal rights." He fursuit was only for their share, and not for ther describes the policy of the society of the whole. Friends, as being that of “a pure demo. Upon these pleadings and this testimocracy, all its members having equal rights ny, ihe case came on for a hearing before as brethren and sisters; neither ministers, the late Chief Justice Ewing and Associelders, overseers, clerks, or other officers ate Justice Drake, sitting as Masters in having any eminence over their brethren, Chancery. It was there argued by George in right, authority, rank, or privilege- Wood, Esq. and Isaac H. Williamson, and carries this principle of equality Esq. on behalf of Hendrickson; and by throughout all the ramifications of their Gen. Wall and Samuel L. Southard, Esq. government. “ That all propositions, ques. on behalf of Decow, defendant. In their tions, or other matters properly submitted opinions read before the Chancellor, both to any meeting, were to be determined by judges concurred in the power of the the voice of the majority present.
Court to inquire into the religious docEach party gives its own version of the trines of that Society, in order to settle transactions inmediately preceding and and direct a trust reposed in that society. subsequent to the separation of the yearly On the main question, as to which constimeeting of Philadelphia, in 1827, in which tuted the real society of Friends, although there is less collision about facts, than taking different grounds, they both arabout the motives and views that led to rived at the same conclusion; the Chief the facts.
Justice being of opinion that the HicksUpon the matter thus presented to the ite party had made themselves seceders Chancellor, the parties were referred to by their acts; while Chief Justice Drake a master, before whom, all the facts con. maintained that they were a new sect, sidered material in the cause were to be holding doctrines entirely repugnant to made manifest. In glancing over nearly those held by the early Friends. In cona thousand pages of evidence, taken be- formity to these opinions, a decree in fore the master, we gather, that the prin- Chancery was made in favour of the Orcipal points endeavoured to be maintained thodox claim; and upon which the appeal by the parties, were :
to the High Court of Errors, just deterBy the Orthodox.-Their belief, as set mined, was brought. forth in the answer and original bill of The cause on appeal has been argued Hendrickson—its identity with the belief by Messrs. Wall and Southard, for the of early Friends - ihe spurious character appellant, and Wood and Frelinghuysen, of the Hicksite doctrines, and their re for the appellee, in a manner satisfactory pugnance to those entertained by early to their numerous clients, and eliciting Friends—that the separation of the soci- the admiration of the hundreds who heard ety grew out of the attempt to spread the them. The ingenuity, research, legal prospurious sentiments on the one hand, and fundity, argumentative skill and glowing to suppress them on the other-and that oratory, which successively intermingled, the Hicksites were unsound and unlike continually held the ear of the Court in ancient Friends in belief, and seceders by respectful attention, and delighted the nutheir own acts; that the society of Friends merous auditory, by those who have heard were never, in their meetings, governed these gentlemen, may be better imagined by the voice of the majority, but by the than described. Mr. Southard closed, and sense of the meeting gathered by the the case was submitted to the Court on clerk.
the morning of Wednesday last. On By the Hicksites—That their belief and Thursday, at 4 o'clock, P. M. the council that of early Friends were the same, and having maturely considered the weighty that they believed in the Scriptures, both question, AFFIRMED the decree of the of which points they maintained in so Court below, by a verdict as follows: many words, without permitting them. To affirm-Board, of Bergen; Wood, selves in more trivial particulars, to be of Morris; Merble, of Sussex; Clark, of dragged into details, expositions or expla- Hunterdon; McDowell
, of Middlesex; nations. That they were not separatists Green, of Somerset; Seeley, (Governor) or geceders, but were composed of a ma of Cumberland. jority of the Friends belonging to the To reverse-Champion, of Burlington; Philadelphia yearly meeting. That they Holmes, of Monmouth; Clawson, of Sawere not followers of Elias Hicks, but of lem; Townsend, of Cape May.