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ponents. After enumerating, un at Philadelphia, pro re nata, June 2d, 1741, der seven specifications, the things William Tennent, Jun., Eleazer Wales,
ubi p. p. sederunt Messrs. G. Tennent, which they consider as offensive John Rowland-Elders, David Chambers, and censurable, they say—“For James Henderson; together with corresthese and many other reasons, we
pondents, Messrs. William Tennent, Sen., protest before the eternal God, his Samuel Blair, Charles Tennent, David holy angels, and you, reverend ander Craighead, Richard Treat-Elders,
Alexander, Alexander Hutchinson, Alexbrethren, and before all here pre- John Ramsey, Samuel Jarvis, Francis sent, that these brethren have no Alexander, William M'Cray, Thomas right to be acknowledged as mem Flemmings, Robert Walker. Mr. G. bers of this judicatory of Christ, Rowland, Clerk, pro tempore —Post meri
Tennent chosen Moderator, and John whose principles and practices are dien- Whereas ihe aforementioned New so diametrically opposite to our Brunswick presbytery and correspondents doctrine and principles of govern- have all along hitherto been in a state of ment and order, which the great union with the other ministers in these King of the church hath laid down the Presbyterian persuasion, as joint mem;
parts of the world, who are professedly of in his word”—They then state bers with them of one united Synod; and distinctly the reasons and conside- whereas the greater part of the other rations which, in their judgment, members of said Synod, with us in Sy
nod met, did yesterday, without any just render it wrong, and preposterous ground, protest against our continuing in the extreme, that those whom inembers with them any longer, and so they oppose should any longer be cast us out from their communion. The considered and treated as mem
presbytery and correspondents thus turned bers of the Synod, and conclude off and protested against, first came toge
ther to consider how they ought to conthe whole with the signature of duct themselves in their present circumtheir names.
slances, for the fulfilling the work and The record made when this pro- charge committed to them by the Lord testation was read in the Synod is
Jesus Christ, as ministers and rulers in
his house: and they do agree to declare, as follows:
that the aforesaid protestation of their “ A protestation was brought in by Mr. brethren against them is most unjust and Cross, read and signed by several mem
sinful: and do moreover agree that it is bers, which is kept in retentis. [It is co their bounden duty to form themselves pied at the end of the book.] Upon this into two distinct presbyteries, for the it was canvassed by the former protesting carrying on the government of Christ's brethren (the New Lights) whether they, church; and do accordingly agree and apor we, were to be looked upon as the Sy. point that Mr. William Tennent, Sen., nod. We maintained that they had no
and Mr. Richard Treat, be joined to the right to sit, whether they were a majority standing presbytery of New Brunswick : or not-[this was one of the points main- and that Mr. Samuel Blair, Alexander tained in the protestation). Then they Craighead, David Alexander, and Charles mutioned that we should examine this Tennent, be a distinct presbytery, distinpoint, and that the major number was the guished by the name of the presbytery of Synod. They were found to be the minor London Derry. Mr. George Gillespie, party, and upon this they withdrew. Af- though not present now, having declared ter this the Synod proceeded to business." to us his willingness and desire of joining
with us, is likewise appointed a member of Such is the record of a schism said presbytery. Mr. Hutchinson having which continued for seventeen manifested his inclination to join with the years. The whole of the presby- presbytery aforesaid, but desiring some
further time of consideration, bis desire tery of New York were absent
was granted; and it was likewise ordered from this meeting of Synod; and that upon his application he shall be rewe think there is much reason to
ceived as a member thereof-Appointed suspect that their absence was not
that the presbytery of London Derry meet a matter of necessity but design.
upon the 30th of this inst., June, at White
clay Creek, and Mr. Blair to open the The following day the Presby- presbytery with a sermon. It is further tery of New Brunswick met, and agreed and appointed, that these presby. their first minute is as follows:
teries of New Brunswick and London
Derry do meet at Philadelphia, on the 2d “At a meeting of the presbytery held Wednesday of August next, in the capa
city and character of a Synod-Mr. G. On the other side, the most streTennent appointed to open the Synod by
nuous advocates of Congregationa sermon, at 3 o'clock, P. M.–Adjourned to 3 o'clock, afternoon-Concluded with alism, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. Pierprayer."
son, and Mr. Pemberton, and inThe next day after the preceding York, which was then the nursery
deed the whole Presbytery of New record was made, we find the fol
of Congregationalism, retained lowing
their connexion with the old Synod, “ Inasmuch as the ministers who have and appear to have been in great protested against our being of their com esteem in that body-although munion do at least insinuate false reflec. constantly pleading and proposing tions against us, endeavouring to make people suspect that we are receding from
measures for the readmission of Presbyterian principles, for the satisfac. the New Brunswick brethren, till tion of such Christian people as may be the year 1745. And wher, at this stumbled by such false aspersions, we period, they withdrew and joined think it fit unanimously to declare, that
those who had seceded four years we do adhere as closely and fully to the Westminster Confession of Faith, Cate previously, they probably did it, chisms and Directory as ever the Synod not with the expectation of fosterof Philadelphia [did), in any of their pub- ing Congregationalism, but from lick acts and agroements about them their attachment to Mr. Whitefield, Mr. Blair, appointed to draw up an account of the differences in our Synod for some
and their love of the revival of reyears past, which have at last issued in ligion, which he and Mr. Tennent this separation, against the time of our had been instrumental in producmeeting in Synod, that it may be prepared for the publick, if need be–Mr. G. Ten. ing, and which the New Brunsnent appointed to write an answer to the wick brethren generally, were now, protest made by our brethren, wherein in common wish themselves, earihings are most unjustly represented.” nestly labouring to promote. They
The above statement, relative had influence enough, when the to the Westminster Confession of Synod was formed, to get a referFaith, Catechisms and Directory, ence introduced to their favourite is verified by the records of the adopting act of 1729, of which, as N. Brunswick Presbytery, from we have seen, Mr. Dickenson was the time it was constituted, in 1738, probably the projector and author; till it became a part of the Synod and to this the others consented, of N. York, in 1745. The whole with a view, doubtless, to consoliof the proceedings of this Presby- date the strength of the whole partery were strictly Presbyterian; ty that stood as advocates of the nay, they sometimes exercised a revival of religion. But the whole higher toned Presbyterianism than proceedings of the Synod of New can easily be justified. They not York, while acting in a separate only required the adoption of the capacity, were as strictly PresbyWestminster formularies without terial as those of the Synod of Phiany qualification, and appointed ladelphia. The truth is, it became renewed trials and a second Latin a point of importance for each Exegesis at ordinations, but they party to satisfy the publick that claimed a right to determine what they were real Presbyterians; and salaries iheir members should re- thus the rival Synods were senticeive from the people who called nels on each other, in this partithem; and in one instance directed cular-One known Congregationan addition to be made to a salary alist, at least, the Rev. Jedediah that was proposed. It is evident, Andrews, and we believe several therefore, that the love of Congre- others, remained with the old Sygationalism, or lax Presbyterian- nod: and the Synod itself correism, was not the cause of their se. sponded, in the most friendly manparation from the old Synod. ner, with the Congregationalists
of Connecticut. In every view of and Samuel Blair; and the addithe subject, therefore, the opinion tions that were made to the Preswe have expressed, that it was not bytery up to the year 1745, were a difference about church govern- chiefly native Irishmen,-as his fament, so far as Presbyterianism ther, and brother Charles, and and Congregationalism were con Samuel Finley, with several others. nected with that topick, but an ef- Mr. Treat, who was an early and fort to awaken a slumbering church active member, was, we believe, from a state of spiritual lethargy, from New England; but he never and the effects of that effort (in appears to have been partial to which human passions, and infir- Congregationalism.* In military mities and errors too often appear- phrase, the battle was fought and ed) that produced the division of the the victory won, before the ConPresbyterian church, which began gregationalists became open and in 1741, and continued till 1758. avowed auxiliaries of the New
We are now prepared to notice Brunswick Presbytery. We have what we take to be two errors in seen that others joined them, and the statements contained in Pro- that a Synod was formed, while fessor Miller's first letter-The as yet the leading Congregationfirst is found in the following sen- alists, Dickinson, Pierson and tences.
Pemberton, with the whole Pres" It is due to candour to say, that the bytery to which they belonged, Congregational part of the ministers, and had their standing in the old Sythose who sided with them, appear to have nod, and were in fact caressed by been more ardent in their piety, than tho strict Presbyterians. At any rate, it is
that body. There is no doubt undoubtedly a fact, that they urged'in the but that they wished well to the judicatories of the church, with peculiar same cause in which Mr. Tennent zeal, their wishes that great are should and his associates were engaged, be exercised respecting the personal piety and laboured to promote it.
But of candidates for the holy ministry; and that a close examination on experimental
as we have said, they were not religion should always make a part of tri leaders but followers in this cause. als for license and ordination."
As early, we believe, as 1742, Mr. The error of this statement con- Dickinson published his famous sists in representing the Congre- and excellent DIALOGUE; but who gationalists as leaders, which none were its recommenders in the Presof them were, and only a part of byterian church, selected as having them followers, in the efforts made the most influence in it? They to awaken a spirit of piety in the were Gilbert Tennent, William Presbyterian church, and to guard Tennent, Samuel Blair, Richard that church against the introduc- Treat, Samuel Finley and John tion into her ministry of men un- Blair-all, except one, Irishmen, acquainted with experimental re- either by birth, or by parentage; ligion. Mr. Gilbert Tennent was the original proposer and advo
* The writer was informed by his father, cate of both these measures; and this excellent man was one of Mr. White
who was a cotemporary of Mr. Treat, that neither he nor those who were as field's converts. Mr. Treat had been a set. sociated with him in the original tled pastor for some time, when the preachPresbytery of N. Brunswick, were ing of Whitefield convinced him that he Congregationalists by education, tal religion. He was greatly embarrassed
had never known any thing of experimennor, so far as is known, by choice and distressed, and asked the opinion of or preference; unless Mr. Wales Mr. W. whether he should continue to was an exception, and of this preach or desist. Whitefield advised him there is no evidence. Besides Mr.
io continue. He did so, and soon became
comfortable in his own mind, and a man Wales, his first associates were
of exemplary piety and great ministerial his brother William, John Cross, usefulness.
and all, without exception, as real denied) that they, and they only, and firm Presbyterians as any in were the strict Presbyterians. That the Synod of Philadelphia. The such was not the fact, we think we truth is, that both among Pres- have conclusively shown. A nabyterians and Congregationalists, tive Irishman, and a strict Presand quite as many among the lat- byterian, was the first mover of ter as the former, the Whitefield- reformation in the Synod of Philaian revival of religion had bitter delphia. Those who openly joined enemies as well as ardent friends. him, when opposed and cast out, The government of Yale College, were mostly of the same character, of which Mr. Clap was then pre- for four successive years. Then sident, as well as the government they were openly joined by Conof the colony of Connecticut, was gregationalists—who, no doubt, hostile the revival. David loved their cause from the first, Brainerd, now celebrated as a pat- and did something to promote it, tern for missionaries, was, for a sin- but who, till this period, remained gle indiscreet speech, inquisitori. in connexion and esteem with the ally sought after and ascertained, adversaries of those with whom expelled from Yale, and could ne- they at last formed a connexion. ver obtain a restoration. Mr. Fin- Such we think is the fair stateley, afterwards Dr. Finley, and pre- ment of facts-We verily believe, sident of the college of New Jer- after a laborious investigation, that, sey, for travelling and preaching as stated above, the Synod of New in Connecticut, was taken up, un York were as strictly Presbyterial der a law of the colony, and hand as the Synod of Philadelphia. In ed from one constable to another, both Synods, there were a few till he was carried out of the colo- who retained Congregational preny.* Professor Miller's error ap- dilections, but in neither, after the pears to have proceeded from tak- separation, did these few indiviing for granted, what indeed the duals oppose the wishes and the members of the old Synod endea- doings of the large majority, who voured to have believed,(but which were in feeling and principle, as their opponents always strenuously well as in practice, friends to strict
Presbyterian government. * A pupil of Dr. Finley, the late Ebe For want of space, we are renezer Hazard, Esq., informed the writer, luctantly obliged to defer our nothat as soon as Dr. Finley had paid the pe- tice of Professor M.'s second error, nalty of the law, by being carried out of the colony, he mounted his horse and rode
till our next number. back again.
(To be continued.)
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
Napoleon.-It appears by the per, the events and dates by which last accounts from Paris, that the his life and death were distinstatue of this extraordinary man is about to be replaced, on the column composed of the cannon Napoleon born
Aug. 15, 1769 which he took from the hostile ar
Entered the school at Brienne 1779 mies which he defeated. It may Lieut. in the 1st of Artillery at La
Passed to that of Paris
1783 be interesting to see, in the follow
Sept. 1, 1785 ing table taken from a French pa- Captain
Feb. 6, 1792
Oct. 19, 1793 Farmer states, that it is a very common General of Brigade Feb. 6, 1794 opinion among surveyors and woodsmen General of Division Oct. 16, 1795 of the western states, that the beech tree General in Chief of the Army, In
possesses the non-conducting power asterior
Oct. 26, 1795 cribed lu the cedar. “I presume,” says General in Chief of the Army of he, “ I have passed a hundred oaks which Italy
Feb. 23, 1796 have been stricken, and although beech is First Consul
Aug. 13, 1799
more common than any other timber, I Consul for Life
Aug. 2, 1802 have not discovered one of that kind.” Emperor
May 18, 1803 Crowned
Dec. 2, 1804 edition of the Bible has recently been pub
The Holy Bible in Canton.—A second First abdication at Fontain
lished at the Anglo-Chinese College, Mableau
April 11, 1814 lacca; it is a large and beautiful octavo in Mounts the throne again March 20, 1815 21 volumes, and has been printed with Second abdication
June 22, 1815
new blocks. Landed at St. Helena Oct. 16, 1815 Died
May 5, 1821. Ten Miles of Paper.-Paper used to be Chloride of Soda is said, in the London but in the march of improvement,” sta
sold by the sheet, the quire, or the ream ; Lancet-a medical work--to be an effec. tionary will not remain stationary, and so tual cure for a burn. It is stated in that it is now sold by measure. The following journal, as an example, that an attorney order was received from a pottery firm the in attempting to put out the flames that other day. The writer, it will be obhad attacked the curtains of his bed, got served, gives his orders with as much in: his hands burned, blistered, but not broken. difference as though they were not at all He sent for a couple of quarts of the lo- extraordinary :- Gentlemen-Please to tion, (4 oz. of the solution to a pint of wa
send us ten miles of your best printing ter) had it poured in soup, plates, wrapped tissue paper, in length; 6 miles to be 30 his hands in lint, as no skin was broken; inches broad, 4 miles, 22 inches broad-to and so kept them for some time. Next be wrapped on wooden rollers, according morning he was so perfectly well that
to the plan given to Mr. George Fourdrionly one small dried patch of burn re nier.” The object of having the paper of mained; yet an hour and a half had elapsed such great length is, that it may be printbefore the application. It is added that
ed from engraved cylinders, in the same the same remedy is sufficient to heal scalds and a black eye.
way as calicoes, &c.—London paper.
The first newspaper was printed in EngHouses. Inhabitants. land in 1559, and is entitled “The English In London there are 174,000 1,400,000
Mercurie,” which, by authority, was imParis
45,000 774,000 Naples
printed at London, by Christopher Baker, 40,000 360,000
her Highness's (Queen Elizabeth) printer. Vienna
7,500 300,000 St. Petersburgh 9,500 450,000
Fredericksburg, (Vir.) Aug. 28.
Earthquake.-A smart shock of an Mount Vesuvius has been in a state of earthquake was felt in this place about eruption since the 28th of May, and is half past six o'clock yesterday morning, daily thronged with thousands, many of
accompanied by a loud rumbling noise. whom pass the night at the brink of the Its duration was probably from ten to fif. crater; among them are considerable num. teen seconds. The vibration was very bers of English. At about fifty paces from
sensible, rattling the glass in the windows, the burning bed of lava, booths are erect
and shaking the furniture in the houses. ed for supplying refreshments.
Many persons were considerably alarmed. A Petrifaction.-Baron Steuben died of It was indeed the severest shock rememapoplexy at Steuben, Oneida Co. N. Y. in bered ever to have been felt in this place. November, 1795. Agreeably to bis re. Its course was nearly from west to east. quest his remains were wrapped in his
Fire Escape.-A late London paper cloak, enclosed in a plain coffin, and depo- gives an account of the trial of a very sited in a grave without a stone. Many simple invention for rescuing persons from years after, we learn by a memoir in the the chambers of houses on fire, when reN. Y. Com. Advertiser, his body was dis
treat by the staircase is cut off. The apinterred for the purpose of burial in ano
paratus of a broad sheet of canvas, with ther place, and it was found to have pass
numerous loop holes at the border, to aded into a state of complete petrifaction, mit the grasp of persons in attendance in and is believed to remain in that state of the stretching of the sheet. The foreman preservation to this day. The features of and firemen of the Protector Fire Office, his face were as unchanged as on the day and a considerable number of scientifick of his interment.
and other persons were present. The canBeech Trees proof against Electrical vas being stretched by the assistance of Fluid. A correspondent of the American the firemen, a young man, sergeant of