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may authoritatively consider and The next year (1729) presents determine such appeals; that is, us with the far-famed adopting may set aside entirely what has act, which was drawn up by the been done in the courts below. committee of overtures, of which Great care is taken in the three the excellent Jonathan Dickinson first articles that no acts shall be -a true Calvinist, but in feeling imposed on those who conscien- and views a real Congregationalist tiously dissent from them; and yet, - was a member; and we have not in the last resort, that dissent may a doubt that the report of the combe condemned and overruled. mittee, as well as the articles al
It was soon found, that although ready quoted, were from his pen. the Synod was “universally pleas. The record is as follows, viz: ed,” and piously celebrated this " The committee brought in an overture "composure of their difference," upon the affair of the Confession, which
after long debating upon it, was agreed the wound was not healed, but only
in hæc verba. skinned over. .-Would that their
" Although the Synod do not claim or successors had learned wisdom pretend to any authority of imposing our from their example, instead of imi- faith upon other men's consciences, but tating it! The truth was, the strict and abhorrence of such impositions, and
do profess our just dissatisfaction with Presbyterians were overreached in do not only disclaim all legislative power this affair; and when they discover and authority in the church, being willing ed their error, they took measures
to receive one another as Christ has refor having the Westminster Con- ceived us to the glory of God, and admit
to fellowship in sacred ordinances all such fession, Catechisms and Directory as we have grounds to believe Christ will put in place of all substitutes, and at last admit to the kingdom of heaven; made binding on all the members yet we are undoubtedly obliged to take of the Synod; and yet we shall
care that the faith once delivered to the find that their adopting act itself, us, and so handed down to our posterity:
saints be kept pure and uncorrupt among did not, in the judgment of a con- And do therefore agree, that all the minissiderable part of the church, reach ters of this Synod, or that shall hereafter this object.
be admitted into this Synod, shall declare In the year 1728, the records Confession of Faith, with the Larger and
their agreement in and approbation of the exhibit the following minute: Shorter Catechisms, of the Assembly of
“There being an overture presented to Divines at Westminster, as being, in all the Synod in writing, having reference to essential and necessary articles, good the subscribing of the Confession of Faith, forms of sound words and systems of &c.—The Synod judging this to be a very Christian doctrine; and do also adopt the important affair, unanimously concluded said Confession and Catechisms, as the to defer the consideration of it till the next
Confession of our Faith. And we do also Synod; withal recommending it to the agree, that all the Presbyteries within our members of each Presbytery present, to bounds shall always take care not to admit give timeous notice thereof, to the absent any candidate of the ministry into the ex. members; and 'tis agreed that the next
ercise of the sacred function, but what debe a full Synod."*
clares his agreement in opinion with all the essential and necessary articles of said
Confession, either by subscribing the said * In the year 1724, it was determined Confession of Faith and Catechisms, or that the Synod might be a delegated body. by a verbal declaration of their assent The arrangement was as follows:-- It was thereto, as such minister or candidate “concluded by vote, that the Presbyteries shall think best. And in case any minisof New Castle and Philadelphia do yearly ter of this Synod, or any candidate for the delegate the half of their members to the ministry, shall have any scruple with re. Synod, and the Presbytery of Long Island spect to any article or articles of said two of their number. And it is further ordered, that all the members of the Synod do attend every third year, and that if, in Synod) shall carefully attend, notwiththe interim, any thing of moment do oc. standing the above delegation. And it is cur, whereby the presence of all the mem further agreed, that every member of the bers may be thought necessary, they (up- Synod may atlend as formerly, if they see on notice given by the commission of cause."
Confession or Catechisms, he shall, at the were to conform, with a provision time of his making said declaration, de. that any one who should plead clare his sentiments to the Presbytery or Synod, who shall notwithstanding admit conscience might refuse, and yet him to the exercise of the ministry within
be treated with the same friendour bounds and to ministerial communion, ship, kindness, and brotherly love, if the Synod or Presbytery shall judge his as if he had not differed from the scruple or mistake to be only about articles
sentiments of those who consciennot essential and necessary in doctrine, worship, or government. But if the Synod tiously kept close to the rule. It or Presbytery shall judge such ministers or plainly put it in the power of any candidates erroneous in essential and ne- Presbytery to declare as many arcessary articles of faith, the Synod or
ticles of the Confession of Faith Presbytery shall declare them uncapable of communion with them. And the Synod and Catechism as they might do solemnly agree, that none of us will choose, to be not essential and traduce or use any opprobious terms of necessary in doctrine, government, those that differ from us in those extraessential and not necessary points of doc. bers who rejected these articles,
or worship,” and to receive memtrine, but treat them with the same friendship, kindness, and brotherly love, as if into fellowship and good standing they had not differed from us in such sen in the church at large.—Thus one timents."
corrupt Presbytery might corrupt In the afternoon of the day on the whole church. In the religious which the foregoing act was adopt- act with which the Synod again ed in the morning, all the members concluded their attempt to heal of the Synod then present, with the their differences, we doubt not exception of one who declared him- their sincerity, or their belief, at self not prepared,
the time, tirat “unanimity, peace, “After proposing all the scruples that and unity had marked their proany of them had to make against any arti. ceedings in this interesting concles and expressions in the Confession of cern; and yet the minutes of the Faith and Larger and Shorter Catechisms
very next year show, “ that some of the Assembly of Divines at Westmin. ster, unanimously agreed in the solution persons had been dissatisfied at of those scruples, and in declaring the the manner of wording the last said Confession and Catechisms to be the year's agreement about the ConConfession of their Faith, excepting only fession." Explanation, indeed, some clauses in the 20th and 230 chapters; soothed and satisfied those indiviconcerning which clauses the Synod do unanimously declare that they do not re
duals who were then present in ceive those articles in any such sense as the Synod; but Professor Miller's to suppose the civil magistrate hath a con. statement is wide of the fact, when trolling power over Synods with respect he says that this adopting act to the exercise of their ministerial authority, or power to persecute any for their was, at length, peaceably acquireligion, or in any senso contrary to the esced in by all.” Some' immeProtestant succession to the throno of diately left their former connexion, Great Britain.
and joined the Secession church, in “The Synod observing that unanimity, peace and unity which appeared in all consequence of this act. Such, we their consultations and determinations re.
have been well informed, was the lating to the affair of the Confession, did case with a pious ancestor, (who unanimously agree in giving thanks to we believe was a ruling elder) of God, in solemn prayer and praise.”
the late and present Doctor Hoge; We consider the foregoing adopt. and the family remained in that ing act as one of the most curious connexion up to the time when compositions that we ever read. the late Doctor Hoge returned to It seems to us to give and take, the church from which his father, say and unsay, bind and loose, from or grandfather, had departed. the beginning to the end. There From a manuscript now before us, is, as we think, an abortive attempt prepared by the late venerable Dr. to lay down a rule to which all Rodgers, of New-York, giving a
historical account of the congrega
tained therein-being willing to remove, tion of which he was pastor, it ap
as far as in us lies, all causes and occa
sions of jealousies and offences in relation pears that in the year 1756, the
to that affair, and openly before God and dissatisfaction of a number of the the world to testify that we all, with one members of that congregation, accord, firmly adhere to that same sound which had been of long continu- doctrine which we and our forefathers
were trained up inance, occasioned their leaving
We, the ministers of the Presbytery of their previous connexion, and form- New Castle, whose names are under writing the congregation of which the ten, do by this our act of subscribing our two Doctor Masons, father and names to these presents, solemnly declare son, were afterwards the distin and testify, that we own and acknowledge
the Westminster Confession and Categuished pastors. We have seen
chisms to be the Confession of our Faith, what dissentions existed from the being in all things agreeable to the word first, among this people, produced of God, so far as we are able to judge and mainly by the conflict between discern, taking them in the true, genuine, Presbyterianism and Congrega- Adam Boyd,
and obvious sense of the words.
Thomas Craighead, tionalism; and there is little rea Joseph Houston, George Gallespie, son to doubt that the adopting act Hook,
John Thomson, had its influence in fostering and Hugh Stevenson,
Thomas Evans, perpetuating the dissatisfaction of Joseph Anderson,
William Steward, Alex. Hutchison. the strict Presbyterians, till it ri
The truth is, the Congregational pened into a formal secession.— party not only acquiesced, but reBut the dissatisfaction was not con
joiced, in “ the adopting act;" but fined to individuals or congrega. ihe genuine Presbyterians when tions. The whole Presbytery of they came to reflect, and to perNew Castle found it necessary to ceive the real tendency and practisatisfy both themselves and their cal effect of this act, were greatly people, by an act less equivocal dissatisfied. Some, as
we have than that which was passed by the
seen, left the church, and others, Synod. In the year following this where their numbers enabled them memorable doing of the supreme to do it, used their influence in the judicatory, the whole of the minis- Presbyteries to which they beterial members of that Presbytery longed to preserve order and oradopted and made known the fol- thodoxy there, and gradually to lowing declaration, viz:
recall the Synod from what they
considered, we think justly, an inAt White Clay Creek, 7ber 22, 1730. jurious lenity, and an aberration Whereas divers persons, belonging to from the principles of the original several of our congregations, have been stumbled and offended with a certain mi. compact. Nor were these endeanute of the proceedings of our last Synod,
vours unattended with a measure contained in a printed letter, because of of success. some ambiguous words or expressions con
(To be continued.)
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
Wonders of the Creation.—The follow atom. The one taught me that this mighty ing paragraph is from the eloquent Cual globe, with the whole burden of its people
and its countries, is but a grain of sand on About the time of the invention of the the high field of immensity; the other telescope, another instrument was formed, teaches me that every grain of sand may which laid open a scheme no less wonder harbor within, the tribes and the families ful, and rewarded the inquisitive spirit of of a busy population. One told the insigman. This was the microscope. The ono nificance of the world I tread upon, the led me to see a system in every star, and other redeems it from all insignificance ! the other led me to see a world in every for it tells me that in the leaves of every
forest, and the waters of every rivulet, port, to instruct the few that may be un. there are worlds teeming with life, and educated, and to preserve in full the numberless are the glories of the firma- learning of those that have been taught. ment. The one has suggested to me, -Such institutions must have a good that, beyond and above all that is visible moral effect in causing the time of some to man, there may be fields of creation to be usefully, instead of injuriously emwhich sweep immeasurably along, and ployed. It will raise the laudable amcarry the impress of the Almighty's hand bition of our mariners, and probably attract to the remotest scenes of the universe ; more associates. The number of native the other suggests to me that within and seamen is now too few for our extended beneath all the ininuteness which the aid and extending commerce. In war, our ed eye of man has been able to explore, navy would constitute the right arm of our there may be a region of invisibles; and defence, and the shield of our maritime that, could we draw aside the mysterious trade; but in war, it is probable most of curtain which shrouds it from our senses, the foreign sailors would leave us. we might see a theatre of as many won It is further proposed that another meders as astronomy has unfolded, a universe morial shall be prepared to ask of Congress within the compass of a point so small as the establishment of schools for tuition in to elude all the powers of the micro- practical seam
amanship scope, but where the wonder-working Every thing that is possible ought to be God finds room for the exercise of all the done to auginent the number of our galattributes where he can raise another me. lant tars, and to raise still higher the chanism of worlds, and fill and animate standard of their merit in every respect. them all with the evidence of his glory.
Scotch Church.—The General AssemIndian Names.—The circumstance that bly of the Church of Scotland has adopted the name of Black Hawk has been recent the annexed resolutions, touching the antily given to a large ship in Philadelphia, scriptural systems of national instruction reminds us of the great prevalence of the maintained in Ireland. They breathe the same kind of simple but effectual memo. manly and pious spirit of John Knox. rials throughout the country. There is “i 1st. Resolved, That the General Asno danger that the red men will be forgot. sembly, being convinced that the only sure ten. Eight of the States, not to mention foundation of sound morality and useful the territories, have Indian narnes. They knowledge is to be found in the revealed are Massachusetts, Connecticut, Ohio, Word of God, are of opinion that no counIllinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, tenarice from the government of the realm and Mississippi. So have all the great ought to be bestowed on any system of bays and harbours on the coast of the national education of which instruction in Union, the Penobscot, Casco, Narraganset, the floly Scriptures does not form an esChesapeake, &c. So have the rivers, the
sential part. Kennebec, Saco, Connecticut, Merrimac, “ 2d. That they have observed with Mohawk, Susquehannah, Roanoke, Poto much regret and disappointment that a mac, most of the Southern streams, all system of national education is still mainthe great waters of the West, the North. tained in Ireland, in which no adequate ern lakes. In a word, the whole breadth provision is made for the daily reading of of the country is charged with the indeli ihe entire Word of God in the authorised ble memory of the brave race whose version, without note or comment. canoes and cabins, fitlest emblems of their " 3d. Thai they therefore feel it incumown vanishing frailty, have been swept bent upon them, as representing a branch like themselves from the face of the land. of the Protestant Church, to petition parWell! let them be remembered! 'Tis a liament against any further countenance poor acknowledgment at the best, for the being given to such a system.” cession of a hemisphere,-poor atonement The resolutions were carried by a vote for the extermination of its primeval mas of 157 to 58. ters. Let their eternal epitaph stand as Extract of a letter from Dr. Waterhouse, it is, written in the 'rocking pines of the
published in a Boston paper.-Putrefacforest,' and in the blue rivers that flow by. tion - How many of us, blind mortals, are their fathers' graves. Let them die, if led by the nose into error! It is a comdie they must, but let them be remem.
mon opinion that putrefaction, and the bered. - Boston Journal.
bad smell thence arising, will infallibly Scaman's School.- A petition to Con generate contagious and infectious disgress, with numerous respectable signa- tempers. If this were actually the case, tures, says the Boston Centinel, is still be what would become of tanners, curriers, fore the public for further subscriptions, butchers, glue and cat-gut makers-not which, we presume, it is daily receiving. to mention surgeons ? The putrefaction The object is to induce the National Le of animal substances is less dangerous to gislature to provide Schools in the large human life than confined air, or the effluseaports for American Seamen while in vium of any one body whatever; whether
the body be a rose, a pink, a lily, or a ed manner, “if you touch him with this dead rat. The nose is a faithful sentinel you will perceive he has lost all his to the outpost of life; but neither that nor power.” I did so, and was nearly knocked the other ones, the eye, and the tongue, flat on my back: the shock was most seare infallible guards. I had rather sleep vere, though the eel did not appear to be after all, to the leeward of S-s famous the least agitated; of course my friend piggery, than in a canopied and curtained was highly delighted. room, in which were placed pots full of Scenes of great diversion are occasionthe most beautiful and sweet smelling ed among the English sailors who come flowers our gardens afford. They have an to Starbrock, by electric eels; they are effluvia, especially the yellow ones, perni. told to bring them to be cooked. Jack cious to health and dangerous to life. Nor bares his arm, and plunges his hand into would I sleep in a close room, with seve. the jar, and in a moment receives a shock ral dishes of chlorides or chlorinc; because, which benumbs him; he looks round in if it chase away a stench, it may leave be wild amazement, and then at the eel, all hind a poison.
the while rubbing his elbow. “ Try again Noise of the Anvil.—A blacksmith of Jack for a bottle of rum;" he does so, Milan has to the comfort of his neighbours, grasps the eel firmly, grins end swears at especially the rich, successfully practised
“the beggar," receives shock after shock, a very simple contrivance to diminish in a drops the eel in despair, and runs off as if remarkable degree, the loud noise caused
the devil had struck him. , A little dog by the percussion of the hammer on the
was thrown into the jar one day in which anvil. It is merely to suspend a piece of there was an electric eel, and was so pa. iron chain to one of the horns of the anvil, ralysed that it sunk helpless at the bolwhich carries off a great portion of the tom, and was got out alive with some acute sound usually produced.
difficulty: and a horse that happened to Shipping and Emigrants at Quebec.- thrown back on its haunches, and galloped
drink out of the jar, was immediately Comparative statements of arrivals, ton.
off with mane and tail on end, snorting nage, and emigrants, for the last four
with terror.— Transatlantic Sketches, by years, compiled up to the 9th July in each
Capt. Alexander. year, from the Quebec Exchange books. Years. Vessels. Tonnage. Emigrants. brary at Carlsruhe of seventy thousand
Libraries in Germany.—There is a Li1829 366 99,961 6,528
volumes; at Heidelberg one of fifty-thou1830 421 108,659 15,935
sand volumes; at Darmstadt, thirty miles 1831 497 130,051 32,327
from Heidelberg, there is a library of 1832 544 146,112
eighty-five thousand volumos; at May1833 473 122,827 12,989
ence another of ninety thousand; in the Mr. Mallet has invented screws for the
commercial city of Frankfort, still another purpose of splitting stones and slate into of one hundred thousand volumes, which jaminæ, instead of blasting with gun.pow.
evinces the spirit of the enlightened mer. der. The process is as follows:-Juinper chants of that city. As the traveller holes are formed in the direction of ihe
leaves the latter place for Gottingen, he proposed fracture, as at present; but in. stops at Giessen, not far from thirty miles, stead of filling them with gun-powder, a
and in this small university he is surprised split female screw is inserted to each hole,
to find a collection of only twenty thouand the fracture is effected by the inser.
sand volumes; but he soon learns that at tion of conical male screws. The success
Marburg, twenty miles farther, is another of his mode was proved by the Commis.
of fifty-five thousand; and Cassel, sixty sioners of Public Works at Dublin.-Not
miles from Marburg, a third, of from only all risk from the blast are thus avoid- ninety to one hundred thousand volumes. ed, but the operation is performed more
At Gottingen, the library amounts to cheaply, and from its slowness, incom
three hundred thousand volumes, all colparably better.—Lon. Gardener's Mag.
lected within less than a century.
At Wolfenbuttel, a small town of less An Electric Ecl.-I was standing in the than seven thousand inhabitants, and gallery of a half-pay officer (now a plan. about forty miles from Gottingen, there ter,) when I observed a large jar in the is a "library of two hundred thousand garden; I enquired what it contained, and volumes. Proceeding still north to Hamwas told, an electric eel, " but,” said my burg, the commercial and city libraries friend, “I have had it a long time, it is amount to more than one hundred thousickly, and lost its electrifying powers." saud volumes. At Weimar, eighty miles I went to examine it, and saw a brown from Gottingen, there is a library of one flat headed, broad tailed eel, four or five hundred and ten thousand volumes ; at feet long, with a look of “ noli me tan Jena, ten miles farther, another of thirty gere" moving slowly round the inside of thousand; at Leipsig two libraries of one the jar. The planter then taking up a hundred thousand; at Halle one of fifty piece of old iron hoop, said in an off-hand thousand; at Dresden, the capital of Sax.