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made to the presbytery, and op- scribitur--Hugh Stevenson-at posed the settlement of another the head of Christiana Creek, Sept. pastor. Preparatory to a solemn 13th, 1726." It farther appears, suspension of Mr. Wade from the that a meeting of this presbytery exercise of his ministry in Wood. was held at Philadelphia, in 1729, bridge, the presbytery formed the (we presume during the sitting of longest minute which is found in the Synod) and one day before the their records, a part of which is passing of the adopting act, we as follows—“Whereas for these find the following subscriptionseveral years we have endeavoured “At Philadelphia, Sept. the 18th, to accommodate the differences be- 1729—do own the Westminster tween Mr. Wade and the people Confession of Faith, before God of Woodbridge, after some time, and these witnesses, together with at his own proposal, we admitted the Larger and Shorter Catehim as a member of our presbytery, chisms, with the Directory thereto and he submitted himself willingly annexed, to be the Confession of to our Constitution, which we hoped my Faith, and rule of life and manwould have been effectual for the ners, according to the word of taking away these unhappy divi. God"-Sic subscribitur-John sions, but to our sad disappoint- TENNENT." ment we have found them continue From the statement now before and rather increase.” Here was the reader, we think, as already a Constitution made known and intimated, that the strong probabiadopted-Could this be done in lity is, that at the first meeting of some verbal conversation only? If the original presbytery of Philanot, there must have been some- delphia, and as the basis of union thing in writing, on the missing and future action, there was a for: pages

of the old records, for noth- mal and written declaration that ing that remains can be called a the Westminster Confession of Constitution. 8. There is docu- Faith, Catechisms and Directory mentary evidence, that some years for worship, should form the before the adopting act of the Sy- Standards, or Constitution, of the nod in 1729, in one presbytery at ecclesiastical body then establishleast, that of New Castle, a regu- ed; and consequently that the lar and formal subscription to the statement of professor Miller in Westminster Confession of Faith regard to this point is not correct. was required of all who received If it be asked, why did the Synod license to preach the gospel in think it necessary to pass the de. that presbytery. From the records claratory act of 1729, if, according of the presbytery now before us, to our opinion, the same thing had we transcribe, from a page set been done by their predecessors ab apart for the purpose, the follow- initio?—we think ihe question is ing items—“I do own the West- easily answered. The original minster Confession of Faith as the presbytery had become so large, Confession of my Faith-Sic sub- that in 1716 it was divided into the scribitur-WILL. M'MILLAN---at four presbyteries mentioned by White Clay Creek, Sept. 22d, professor M., and a Synod was 1724.” “I do own the Westmin- formed of the whole. When these ster Confession of Faith as the presbyteries came to act separately, Confession of my Faith-Sic sub. they did not act uniformly, in rescribitur-ARCHÍ. Cook-at the gard to the point in contemplation head of Christiana Creek, 7br. _Of this there is inferential evi1726.“I do own the Westmin- dence of a conclusive character, in ster Confession of Faith as the the records of the Synod. We Confession of my Faith-Sic sub- have seen that the presbytery of

New Castle, following, as we think, or a considerable part. This gave the example of the mother pres- great dissatisfaction to the strict bytery, formally adopted the West- Presbyterians. Collectively taken minster Confession, Catechism, they were still a considerable maand Directory. Whether this was jority, they were ardently attached done in any other of the three re to the Scotch Forms; they knew, maining presbyteries we have not as we believe, that these were the ascertained-probably it was. But basis of the original association, that it was not adopted in all, is and were still the Standards in a clear from the controversy which part of the ecclesiastical bodies arose, and of which professor Mil- composing the Synod, and they ler gives an accouni. Congrega- thought it both reasonable and tionalism, brought in by the mem- highly important that they should bers who came from New Eng- be so in the whole. Hence their land, prevented the explicit adop- zeal for an adopting act of the ention of the Westminster Confes- tire Synod, which after some years sion in the presbyteries in which of controversy they obtained. these members formed a majority,

(To be continued.)

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

From the Christian Observer for receiving it. It were surely but fair in the months of April and May last, such cases to allow the party to know what we extract several of the first arti- heavily charged; whether letters, newspa

are the general contents of a packet thus cles for this department of our pers, a pamphlet, or a deed and valuables, work the present month. The first &c.; and then to leave him to take it or not, article contains information which

as he sees fit. It is an extortion unworthy would have been of use to our

of England to charge heavy sums, at per

ounce, for wrappers and packthread, selves if we had received it sooner. which foreigners, ignorant of our PostIt may be of use to others.

office regulations, lavish as freely as if

they were sending by an errand cart. We American packets are frequently sent to

should not have said so much opon so trius (generally newspapers or reports of so- fling a matter, were it not that it operates cieties) directed to be delivered free of as a literary and religious embargo becharge at our publisher's, but which the

tween countries which ought to rejoice parties who undertake to convey them

in cultivating a mutual friendship. The drop into the Liverpool Posl-office, whence

American Post-office circulates pamphlets, they arrive in London with a postage of &c. for a few cents, to a distance of two from eight or ten shillings, to two or three

thousand miles; while in our small island pounds. A single newspaper, or penny.

every thing beyond a sheet of paper is tract, wrapped in brown paper, is some

charged with a prohibitory postage. Our timos charged fourteen or fifteen shillings.

American friends who carelessly drop Such packets we are obliged to decline huge parcels into English Post-offices will taking in; and we fear that some of our

be astounded to learn that the charge trans-Atlantick correspondents, in conse

from Liverpool to London is 3s. 8d. per quence, blame us for supposed negligence ounce, 2. 18s. 8d. for a pound weight, in not noticing their favours which are

and a large octavo volume weighs several lying useless in the post-office waste-room. pounds. The whole system is preposteWe conjecture that among these returned

rous. A large double newspaper, in virpackets are several Temperance Society

tue of four-pence stamp-duty, pays noand Colonization Society Reports; but the thing in postage; whereas the same paLondon Post-office will not allow any clue

per, if inclosed, would pay, in many parts to the contents of such a packet without the of the island, more than its weight in silpayment of the postage ; and has even the meanness to seal up the ends, lest the Among the valuable curiosities in the party should see that it is only an old British Museum, is a copy of Luther's newspaper, or something not worth tak. German Version of the Bible (the last ediing in at so heavy a cost, and thus decline tion superintended by himself), printed

ver.

in 1541. It was purchased for the Muse- accomplish this pious work, was 558,921 ; um for 2551. at the sale of Mr. Hibbert's consequently, each soul cost one mass and Library, a few years since. It contains nine-tenths, or thirty-four shillings and the autograph of Luther himself, and also fourpence.” those of Bugenhagin, Melancthon, and It would be impossible to imagine any Major, thè fellow-labourers of Luther in thing more exquisitely absurd if it were the great work of the Reformation. not most basely fraudulent, than such a

Bishop Warburton says in one of his pretended balance-sheet drawn up with all letters to Bishop Hurd? “ Take a plain the accuracy of a hospital cash-account, man with an honest heart, give him his or a Bible Society's Annual Report. It is Bible, and make him conversant in it, and

no wonder that Roman Catholicks found I will engage for him that he will never ample funds to support missions, if their be at a loss to know how to act agreeably reports could detail facts like these. Proto his duty in every circumstance of life. testants can only enumerate the number Yet give this man a good English transla- of their missionaries, schools, catechution of Aristotle's Ethicks, one of the mens, and communicants, with such hope. most complete works for method in its ful facts as may have occurred within kind, and by the line he has got to the their earthly knowledge of penitent in. end of it I dare say he will not under- quirers, consistent converts, and dying bestand one word he has been reading."

lievers; but what a peg for a Bible or MisMr. Irving has been deposed from the sionary Society speech would be a resoluministry by the presbytery of Annan. The

tion to the following effect : “ Moved by and seconded by

and resolved una. chief of the allegations in the charges nimously, that during the last year, by against him, was his perilous statements

means of the Society's labours, 14,276 souls respecting the person of our Lord. He had gone to heaven at an expense of 34s. urged in substance in reply, that he did 4d. each." The newspapers, last year, not consider our Lord's nature as peccant mentioned a late Spanish law-suit, in but only as peccable ; but there cannot be which the heirs of a rich man sued the a shadow of doubt that his whole theolo- church for the recovery of moneys paid gical system is at utter variance with under the will of the deceased, to pur. The doctrines of the Church of Scotland, chase at the fair market price, twelve thouunder whose authority he exercised his sand masses for his soul; whereas the ministry, as, we lament to say, it is with priests, though they took the money; oba higher and infallible standard.

jected to the labour, and the Pope, at their A new brotherhood of Kvights Tem- request, abridged 'it, pronouncing that plars are trying to revive in Paris the ab- twelve masses should be as beneficial as surd mummeries of the dark ages. They twelve thousand. The Council for the lately came to mass clothed in white tu. Church, in answer to this allegation of nicks ornamented with red crosses, with non-performance of contract, produced plumes on their heads, and large swords the Pope's certificate, that the soul had in their hands, as if they were on their been delivered by the efficacy of those march to vanquish the Saracens. To what masses, and that value being thus re. purpose this phantasmagoria in the nine- ceived, there was no breach of contract. teenth century? Do they hope that either This argument, we presume, gained the Popery or chivalry will gain converts by cause; but it does not seem to have octhese absurd exhibitions ?

curred to either party to follow out the inEnglish Protestants in the present day, ference, which is, that if one mass will do, who view the doctrine of purgatory in there is no use in paying for so many, and an abstracted form, apart from the jug. that Popery is in this, as in other respects, glery and practical absurdities with which the grossest impostor which the world has it has ever been inseparably connected, ever produced." Would that the publicacan scarcely estimate the magnitude of its tion of such facts as the above, would put evils. We discern these more graphically Protestants upon their guard against the when we read such statements as the fol- seductions of a superstition which is said lowing, which was stuck up three or four to be making many converts in our highly years ago in the churches of Madrid. favoured land. «« The sacred and royal bank of piety has It is common in Germany, and causes relieved from purgatory, from its establish no ridicule, notwithstanding the prevament in 1721, to November 1826,

lence of Neology and Infidelity, to impose 1,030,395 souls, at an expense

baptismal names; such as were, not with of .

£1,720,437 perfect justice, or even accuracy as to the 11,402, ditto, from Novem.

fact, made a ground of reproach to the ber, 1826, to No

English Puritans and Parliamentarians. Vember, 1827

14,276 For example: Trangot, trust in God;

Gotlib, love God, Theophilus; Gottlob, 1,041,797

£1,734,703 praise God; Leberecht, live uprightly ; " The number of masses calculated to Fridrich, Frederic, peaceful, Irenæus ;

Gottfried, Peace of God, Godfrey; Gott sy like satin, and susceptible of a very hilf, help from God.

fine polish.-Genesee Farmer. A friend has kindly favoured us with the standing in Duxbury, county of Plymouth,

Large Apple Tree.-There is at present following interesting paragraph. People who are not in the habit of look and fruitfulness. This tree is over forty

an apple tree remarkablc for its age, size, ing into statisticks are not aware of the feet in height, branches very wide, spreadvast disproportion in the density of the ing and large ; the circumference of the population between the different sections trunk, eighi inches from the ground, is of the United States. New England is sixteen feet; and four feet from the ground far more densely settled than any other it spreads into two branches, one of which section of the country. In fact, the po- is nine feet in circumference. These pulation of Massachusetts which, in this respect, far exceeds that of the other New again spread, the larger into three, the

smaller into two branches, each of which England States, presents a greater num. ber to the square mile than many of the equals an ordinary apple tree in size. It countries in Europe, even including some

covers with its branches a space of ground of those which have for centuries been thirty-one paces in diameter. In iis most considered populous kingdoms. Spain, for apples for winter use, and not many years

fertile days, it bore seventy-six bushels of instance, has an average of but sixty. three individuals to the square mile; Scots since, the fruit made ten barrels of cider,

besides thirty bushels for the cellar. Its land but seventy-one; Denmark but seventy-sir; while Massachusetts has seventy; It still is quite productive and sound, the

ascertained age is near one hundred years, eight. We subjoin a list of the several states of the Union, with the number of The fruit is of a pleasant sour, rather ten

upper and lower branches bear alternately. inhabitants to the square mile in each re

der, but keeps well all winter.—New Engspectively, viz:

land Farmer. Massachusetts has 78 to the square mile; Connecticut, 63; Rhode Island, 62; New Egyptian Nerospaper.-A journal is York, 44; New Jersey, 38; Delaware, 38; now published at Alexandria, under the Maryland, 32; Pennsylvania, 29; New title of Miszer Wekaiesi (Egyptian News). Hampshire, 28; Vermont, 28; Ohio, 25; The vignette of this paper, in opposition to South Carolina, 18; Virginia, 17; Ten: the Ottoman Crescent, presents half a nessee, 17; Kentucky, 16; North Caro- sun, shining forth from behind a pyramid, ina, 15; Maine, 12; Indiana, 10; Geor on the side of which stands a flourishing gia, 9; Alabarna, 6; Louisiana, 5; Illi- young palm tree. On the left of the vig. nois, 3; Mississippi, 2; Missouri, 2.-Bos nette are these words:-Printed at the ton Atlas.

office of the Divan of Events in the Royal

Castle." This paper, which is in the AraThe Ailantus glandulosa is an orna bic and Turkish languages, gives no polimental, or timber tree, a native of China, tical news, but is confined to civil and miof recent introduction into our country. litary subjects, which have merely a loIt is frequently known by the name of the cal interest.

Tree of Hearen, probably from its rapid and tall growth. For planting in streets

Expedition in Travelling.– A gentleand parks it has already become popular. man who lest Germantown on Thursday We have seen at Providence, (where we morning, taking the rail road line from believe it was first introduced,) and at Philadelphia to New York, reached that Philadelphia, trees that have been planted city in time for dinner, staid two hours out eight or ten years, which are gene- there, and reached Newport, (R. I.) the rally and greatly admired. They have next morning. After a stay of six hours also been more recently, but extensively, he returned to New York, and spending planted about New York. The Ailantus two hours again in that city, reached Phiwas introduced into the Albany Nursery ladelphia in season to take an early afterabout six years ago, where it withstood

noon trip on the Germantown road to the severe winter of 1831-2, and where it meet his family, Friday being the only has since been extensively multiplied. day on which he had been separated from The growth is very rapid, often ten feet them. The distance travelled is about 525 or more in a season, in young trees. The miles. leaves are large, resembling much the su A Curious Fact.-A letter from Wheelmac, unequally pinnate, with foot stocks ing says—" Another circumstance which from one io three feet in length; and it I consider a singular one, never having has numerous green flowers in a tormi seen it mentioned as having taken place nate pedicle. The flowers are monecious, any where else, is that the martins, and and ii is not known that the female plant even the domestick pigeons left us during is yet among us. The tree grows well the prevalence of the disease-[Cholera) upon a poor soil, particularly if it is cal- they are now [14th ult.) returning, which careous. The wood is hard, heavy, glos- I take to be a good omen. Was this in

stinct, or what other cause induced them these twenty-nine were intemperate to abandon their friends?”

drunkards, and their average ages, thirtyCity of London.-London measures se

eight years. It is believed that the other ven and a half miles in length, from east

nine had lived sober lives, and their ave. to west, by a breadth of five miles from rage ages were seventy-one years. north to south. Its circumference, allow.

W’yoming Monument.—On Wednesday ing for various inequalities, is estimated last the corner stone of the Wyoming Moat thirty miles, while the area of ground nument was laid, and it is said that eighty it covers is considered to measure no less skeletons have been found, and were than eighteen miles square.

placed within the monumental sepulchre. A trader in bees, during the last month, There is scarcely one that has been exacarried safely several boxes of hives from mined but presents the marks of the tomaKennebeck, in Maine, to Quebeck. He hawk on the head. travelled during the night, and set his Moravians.-The latest statement of bees out during the day to feed and con. the Moravian brethren makes the whole tinue their work, which they did with number of their sect, dispersed over the their usual activity and regularity.

globe, to consist of not more than 16,000 Interesting Fact.-Comparative length members. Notwithstanding this, they of life of drunkards and sober men. Dur. maintain 127 missions for the conversion ing the last six months thirty-eight adults of the heathen, at an annual expense of have died in the Boston Almshouse. Of $60,000, £9000.

Heligious Intelligence.

RETURN OF REV. MR. PINNEY FROM

AFRICA.

tachment, as by coming to this country, and here spending his

time during the rainy season on While a number of ministerial the African coast, in the service brethren were coming together at of the Board under which he acts a weekly prayer meeting, in the —intending to return as soon as study of the editor, on Monday the periodical rains at Liberia shall morning the 8th inst. Mr. Pinney cease. For ourselves, we consider entered among them. Our sur this movement of Mr. Pinney as a prise at seeing him was great; and new instance of his zeal and deour pleasure in conversing with votedness, and of his discernment him since, has not been small

. and prudence also. It was our He arrived on the evening of the opinion, which we expressed to 6th, (Saturday) and although he him in a letter after the death of had preached in the Northern Li- Mr. Barr, that he ought not to berties of the city on the previous go to Africa without a fellow misday, we had supposed him to be sionary. But he had made all his still in Africa, till he approached to arrangements for the voyage, and take us by the hand.

thought it his duty to proceed. Mr. Pinney states that he left He has gone; he has seen the counLiberia just after the commence try; he has made an excursion ment of the rainy season-He into the interior, as far as a nafound, upon calculation, that his tive prince, through whose counexpenses, if he should remain idle

try he had to pass, would permit there, (as all are compelled to him to proceed; he has acquired do while the rainy season lasts) much useful information; and he would more than equal the ex has been acclimated, so far as this pense of a voyage to Philadelphia. can be effected by passing happily He therefore believed that he could through two turns of the country in no way so well serve the mis- fever, which he represents as by sion in which he is engaged, and no means so terrifick, since the to which he feels an unabated at- right method of treating it has

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