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such a shower of sweets upon us, ed La Favorita. The grounds are that we were overwhelmed. One well laid out and abound with shot struck Mrs. G. near the eye, game. The house is Chinese in giving her a wound which smarted form and decoration, and has many for hours, but she escaped better old, and some splendid ornaments. than a Sicilian lady, whose eye was The palace of the hereditary prince seriously injured, on some former is in a delightful situation, but is occasion of this kind. The street not magnificent, considered as a was crowded to excess, and the royal residence. At Bagharia, are balconies of the houses filled with several country-seats of distinpeople assembled to see the whim- guished families. One of them, sical spectacle. Before it began, that of Prince Palayonia, is resome of the common people were markable for a great number of marching through the streets in statues of grotesque monsters. A masks, dancing and beating the former proprietor chose thus to packs upon each other's shoul- embody the works of a foolish ders with clubs. The whole scene fancy. was exceedingly ridiculous, but The pleasantest excursion that the masquerades and sugar-plum- we have made from the city, was fighters of Palermo, must yield the to Piana di Græci. This is a vilprecedence in folly to the thou- lage about 14 miles from Palermo, sands of our countrymen, who inhabited by the descendants of on great anniversaries transform some Albanians, who fled from the themselves into brutes.
Turks three or four hundred years 19th.—The neighbourhood of since. There are three other vil. Palermo abounds with interesting lages of the same people, whose objects, and our excursions have number we were told amounted afforded much pleasure. On the to twenty thousand. They speak north, is the lofty peak called the Albanian language, and preMonte Pelegrino, the ancient Mons serve their religion, though they Eveta, where the Carthaginians call the Pope their head. They found impregnable positions dur- baptize by immersion, and their ing the Punic wars. It is now es- priests marry. The service of the pecially remarkable for having church is performed in Greek. been the abode of Saint Rosalio, They have a bishop in Palermo, the patroness of Palermo. This and another in Messina, and a seyoung princess, according to tra- minary in each of these cities. La dition, left the court to devote her- Piana is situated among the mounself to a contemplative life, and tains south-west of Palermo, on dwelt in a grotto which we enter- very elevated ground. The road ed. Here her remains were dis- to it, with the exception of the covered, most fortunately for Pa- first three or four miles, is almost lermo, for being carried in proces a continued ascent. It winds over sion to the cathedral, they deliver the hills in the most picturesque ed the city from the plague, and manner. The views of the mounever since, on the 15th of July, the tainous country through which it procession is repeated, and a great passes, and near Palermo, of that festival celebrated! We saw the city, its charming plain, and the statue of the saint in the grotto, lofty heights around it, are some and what was more interesting, on of the finest that I have seen. the top of the mountains enjoyed I will not weary you with a parmost charming views, extending to ticular description of the buildings the island of Ustica on the north, here. We have visited a number and to Etna on the east.
of churches, on the decoration of At the foot of Monte Pelegrino, which immense labour and exis a country-seat of the King, call- pense have been lavished. In se
veral, the walls and ceiling are al- remember any picture or descripmost entirely covered with Mo- tion which equals their horrid apsaic; and marble, porphyry, gild- pearance. ing, statues and pictures, have
(To be continued.) been heaped together, in a profusion which excites astonishment. Yet they seldom produce elegance. We hesitated as to the propriety There is too much that is gro. of inserting the following article in tesque or gaudy. The effect of the Christian Advocate, till friends the Mosaic especially, is wholly whose opinions we thought deserdisproportioned to the labour ved regard, advised its republicawhich produced it.
tion in our pages. More than twenIn the suburbs, at the Capuchin ty years have elapsed since it apconvent, there are catacombs cut peared in a pamphlet form, and out of the rock, where the air has copies of it are now rarely to be the singular property of preserve found. A large part of the article ing the corpses, which, during a is made up of suggestions and realong course of time, have been sonings applicable to vacant conplaced in them. The bodies are gregations in general, as well as to first dried over a fire, and then that to which they were originally clothed and deposited in orna- addressed. The pamphlet excited mented chests, or set up in niches. a good deal of publick attention at On the 2d of November, in each the time of its first appearanceyear, the relatives of those who the autumn of 1812, when the edionce inhabited these clay tene: tor resigned his pastoral charge, on ments, thus unnaturally kept from accepting his appointment to the corruption, visit them and clothe presidency of the college of New them anew. We were told that Jersey. three thousand bodies are pre- Advice and Exhortation, addressed served here. The Sicilians are said not to
to the People of the Second Preswant natural talent or courage,
byterian Congregation, in Philabut they are buried in ignorance,
delphia, on resigning the Pasto
ral Charge of that Congregation. enslaved by superstition, and enervated by their climate. Hence,
By Ashbel Green, D. Ď. the animal part of nature has an
MY DEAR PEOPLE, -On the disodious preponderance with them. solution of the pastoral relation To indulge the appetites and to which I have sustained to you for sleep, constitute quite too large a more than five-and-twenty years, part of their existence. I cannot I am now to offer you my parting put upon paper, the accounts I advice and exhortation. These I have received of the grossness choose to deliver to you from the which deforms even the higher press, rather than from the pulpit, people among them. In dealing, for several reasons, but especially it is necessary to guard against for this, that you may possess them every body, and cheapen, or give permanently, and be able to consult twice as much as it is worth for them deliberately, and to review every thing
them often-That they may, perThe principal, or Corso-street, haps, admonish and profit you, is more crowded than any that I when the lips which have so often have seen. Pickpockets abound, addressed you, shall be silent forand the beggars are more nume- ever, and the hand which here rerous and importunate than you cords my last counsel shall have can well imagine. They are so mouldered into dust. It does not deformed and filthy, that I do not seem unreasonable to hope, that
what I may say on this occasion I would not be without concern; rewill claim your special attention membering, nevertheless, that the and remembrance, since it is likely responsibility which most demands to be dictated by more than an my regard is not to man, but to usual solicitude to discharge my God-not to you, but to our comown duty, and to promote your
mon Lord. best interests. Allow me, then, to I. I shall first call your attention speak to you in a style of great to some duties specially incumbent freedom and plainness—as a father on you in consequence of my reto his children.
moval; and which will be incumYou have, I think, a right to be bent, as often as one or both of told the reasons why I have con- your pastors shall be removed, sented to leave you— They may all whether it be by death or otherbe resolved into this I have been wise-At such times abhor the made to believe, that I should re- thought of deserting the congresist the plain intimation of duty in gation to which you have belongthe providence of God, if I did not ed, if not urged to it by the most yield to the call which takes me absolute necessity. At other times from you. My settled expectation it may be more allowable to make certainly was, to live and die in a new election of the religious so
But a minister of ciety with which you will be conthe Gospel, is in a peculiar degree, nected; mindful however, that a not his own: He is devoted to the person who, at any time, is given service of Christ in the gospel, to change in this particular, is not and is bound to forego his own likely to be either a steadfast or a inclinations and plans, whenever growing Christian. Under a conthe Master and the cause which viction of this truth, I have never have a commanding claim upon encouraged, in a single instance, him, require him to make the sa even those advances wbich have crifice. This sacrifice, therefore, sometimes been made by members it was not for me to refuse: and it of other congregations, to join that seemed the less difficult to make it of which I was pastor. But when when I reflected, that you had al a congregation is what we denoready had the services (I wish minate vacant, it is then with it a they had been more valuable) of time of necessity. It needs all its my best and most vigorous days; strength and resources of every and that if I should remain with kind, and its members should conyou, the gradually increasing de- sider it as highly dishonourable pression of my voice would pro- and unchristian to forsake it, unbably, before long, render me inca- less compelled by motives of a pable of satisfying you with my truly conscientious kind. pulpit addresses. On the other Let me also remind you, that at hand, if I were at all capable of such a season it is not only pefilling the sphere of usefulness to culiarly important to hold togewhich I was called, it was, in the ther as a society, but also to cultiestimation of competent judges, vate real harmony and unanimity of greater extent and importance among yourselves. To keep tothan the pastoral charge of any gether only to contend, is worse congregation whatsoever. These than to separate. The preservaare, in substance, the considera- tion of the peace of the church is tions which have induced me to ever, indeed, an object of such accept the unexpected appointment high importance, that the man who which separates me from you; and disturbs it can never be considered I hope they will satisfy the candid in any other light than as either and considerate. To satisfy such very criminal or very unfortunate,
unless the purity of the church it- holding forth the word of life; that self, indispensably calls for the in- I may rejoice in the day of Christ, terruption of its quiet. But as the that I have not run in vain, neither evil of controversies and conten- laboured in vain.” tions in a particular congregation, Before dismissing this topic, is of the very worst consequence there is one thing more which i when it is vacant, this evil is then must by no means omit.-It is, to be specially deprecated and that nothing will more contribute avoided. Remember, as peculiar to your being " at peace among ly applicable to the case before yourselves,” both when vacant and us, the admonition of Solomon* at other times, than keeping strict“The beginning of strife is as when ly to the principles and forms of one letteth out water: therefore the Presbyterian Church, as laid leave off contention, before it be down in our public standards of meddled with.” Divisions in all doctrine and government. By societies, but most of all in reli- these standards, try carefully all gious societies, are easily begun, doctrines, and conduct scrupulousbut extremely difficult to end. ly all your proceedings. Esteem Guard, therefore, with a truly re it no hardship or oppression-esligious vigilance against the begin- teem it as an unspeakable privilege nings of them. Indulge in no irri- and advantage, that these standtating and censorious language; ards are given for your direction have no parties or cabals; with- and control. In this light, I most draw not your confidence from seriously assure you, I regard your elders, or from others whose them, after all I have read, heard, fidelity you have proved; be ready and seen, relative to the doctrines, to make personal concessions for discipline, and order of the Church the general good; let all feel the of Christ. It is my solemn and importance of yielding something deliberate conviction, that the systo the convenience and opinions of tem we have adopted, is not only others; keep in mind the great and fully warranted by scripture, but well known principle that the ma most admirably adapted to the jority must govern and the minor- state of society in this country, ity submit; learn to acquiesce in and, indeed, to the principles of some things which you could wish human nature itself. It secures were otherwise ordered. In a liberty, and it insures order—abide word, and that the authoritative by it closely, and it will be your word of inspiration-* Let no- guide and your shield.* thing be done through strife or II. The choice of a minister of vain glory; but in lowliness of mind the gospel, is the next point, in let each esteem other better than order, which demands your atten. themselves. Look not every man
tion. The members of a church on his own things, but every man and congregation, while they are also on the things of others. Let vacant, should be much and earthis mind be in you which was nestly engaged in prayer to God, also in Christ Jesus-Do all things that he would send them a pastor, without murmurings and disput- “after his own heart.” Pastors ings, that ye may be blameless and were among the ascension gifts of harmless, the sons of God without Christ; † and to him should every rebuke, in the midst of a crooked eye and heart be directed, when and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; * I would recommend that every fami
ly in the congregation make it a point of
Christian duty to keep a copy of our Con-
fession of Faith, &c.
one is to be chosen to a particular ly, and yet discreetly and judicharge. Infinitely more may de- ciously, to the hearts and conpend on this, than on all other sciences of his hearers. Is he in means and efforts which can be the habit of digesting well what employed without it. That people he delivers from the pulpit? Or who do not receive a pastor in an are his addresses extemporaneous, swer to prayer, have, indeed, much loose, rambling, incorrect, and inreason to fear, that they will not coherent? Does he instruct and receive a blessing with any one reason in his sermons? Or is he whom they may elect.
only, or chiefly, a declaimer? Has In this, as in every other in- he a suitable variety in the topics stance, prayer is not only the insti- which he discusses? Or are his tuted means of obtaining from God discourses all of one kind, and in what we desire, but it has also a the same strain? Will he be likely natural and direct influence on the to declare to you,“the whole counminds of those who use it, to pre- sel of God” without reserve, or pare them for the blessing sought, timidity? Is his manner of adand to lead them to all the mea- dress in the pulpit agreeable and sures calculated to secure it. interesting, and sufficiently popuWhatever we pray for earnestly, lar? Is he a man of a fertile mind? we are disposed to seek diligently, Or is he only a plodder and imitaand to exert all our vigilance and tor of others? What is the meacare to obtain.
sure of his general talents and furIt is, therefore, perfectly consis- niture? Has he a considerable tent for me to recommend, that fund of knowledge-especially of while fervent and continued prayer theological knowledge Does he is used, you should, in selecting make theological attainments the the man by whose ministry you chief object of his pursuit; or is and your children are to receive the study of divinity only a by-busi“ the dispensation of the gospel” ness with him, while his time and -infinitely momentous in its con- attention are principally given to sequences-make the following in- general science, or to some object quiries, in regard to every candi- not immediately connected with date for your choice.- What is his his professional calling? Is he a estimation for piety? Is he not only diligent and laborious man, who a man of real religion, but is he may be expected to make improveeminent and exemplary in religion? ments, or at least to continue to do What is his character as to ortho- as well, throughout his ministry, doxy? Is he not only considered as he does at first? Is he likely to as generally sound in the faith, but adorn and recommend religion, by is he free from all suspicious pe- showing that his practice, out of culiarities, which often increase the pulpit, is governed and direct. with time, and at length, in some ed by the doctrines which he decases, prove infinitely mischievous? livers in it? What is his natural What is the complexion of his temper, and what are his social hapublic discourses? Does he preach bits? Is he affable and courteous, in such a general and equivocal conciliating and accommodating, manner, that you cannot clearly and yet firm and unwavering? Is discover his sentiments and sys- he a prudent and discreet man; or
Or does he bring forward is he heedless, harsh, rash, hasty, plainly, fully, and frequently, the irritable, resentful, offensive, or ingreat and distinguishing doctrines trusive?' Will he be able and disof the gospel, illustrate them per- posed to take his part in endeaspicuously and distinctly, and ap-vouring to promote the general ply them powerfully and pungent. interests of religion, and of our