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render to his fellow men the most impor- of Montauban, of which the following is a tant of all services. To you, who have translation :the immense advantage of living in a land
" Montauban, April 14, 1832. where the Bible is an honour, and where, though prejudiced minds may deny it, the
"I thank Mr. B- for the present of influence of the Bible is exerted, spread the Bible and New Testament, of the ediing the Bible is an act of faith: to us, Sir
tion of 1831. A long examination was not and much honoured Brother, who are call. necessary to convince me that the latter ed upon to water a parched land, and to
is in every respect conformable the edispread the word of God where it has
tion of 1759, by M. le Maistre de Sacy, hardly been known, faith is often changed with the approbation of the Clergy of into sight. The distributions that have
France. There is, therefore, no objection taken place have produced already a visi.
to its circulation among Catholicks. ble effect: the authority of the Bible, so
Signed, long discarded, is assuming its d'le im
“L. Guil, Bishop of Montauban." portance on the minds of many, and pre We trust this Letter will produce some paring abundant fruit for the time of the
effect. We have tried to unite Christian Lord. That word is now creeping into charity with the expression of the deep afmultitudes of families, in almost every fiction we have experienced on learning village and town: there it may remain that the word of God has been burnt: this hid for a while ; but soon, when the spirit affliction has been great: but we are com, of inquiry shall be more universal, it will forted by the conviction, that if the blood be referred to as the only infallible guide. of Martyrs has ever been the seed of the Never did the moment appear to us more Church, how much more shall the ashes important: the struggles and oppositions of the divine word become the principle of we meet are a certain evidence of the im
a spirit of investigation among those who mense good which is preparing.
have been the witnesses of its burning :The conversion of M. De B and
and perhaps even the priests themselves the great sales of New Testaments which
will feel remorse, and, seeking to excuse have taken place in that part of the coun
their action in their own eyes, will read try, have caused a great indignation among the Bible to find precedents, and may by some of the clergy; of which the follow
that means be brought to Him, who is the ing extract from the Letter of one of our
Way, the Truth, and the Life. pedlars (a Roman Catholick) will give you an idea. It is dated Aug. 12, 1832:-"I have received your last envoy of New Testaments at Montrejeau : it would have been sold instantly, had not the priests ex MEASURES
ASCERTAIN erted themselves to prevent their sale : WHETHER ASAAD SHIDIAK WERE the very day they arrived, they preached
LIVING. that the books I sold were very bad.” We have written instantly to the pedlar a very The story of Asaad Shidiak is long Letter, to be communicated to the known to all the friends of Evanpriests of the different parishes where the New Testaments have been burnt, and to gelical missions throughout the all those he may visit. We deplore, in world. There is little if any reour Letter, the blindness of those, who maining doubt, that he has died a call themselves Christians, and condemn the book on which Christianity rests: we
martyr to the faith of the gospel, explain this circumstance, as the continu under the cruel and relentless perance of that spirit of opposition which, our
secution of the Maronite Papal Lord himself announces, would ever pur- Patriarch of Canobeen, in Syria. sue truth and its disciples: we deplore But the following account of the this error; and express the heartfeli pity we experience for those who, thinking to
measures taken to ascertain the withstand men, wage war against God. fact of his death, which we extract We then explain our aim in spreading the from the Missionary Herald for Bible; and forcibly represent the state of February, is deeply interesting, immorality and unbelief in which multitudes are plunged, and our deep convic
and conveys important information that the word of the Lord is alone
tion on the change that has taken powerful, and the only means of bringing place in the state of things in Syihem again to faith and good works. We ria and the Holy Land-a change then discuss the question of the Edition of most auspicious, we hope, to the De Sacy being Roman Catholick ; and give them the copy of the Certificate de
success of evangelical missions in livered to one of our pedlars by the Bishop that extensive and most interest
ing part of the world—The forti. ing wine publickly. Indeed the wine tude, decision, and perseverance
stores are always full of these men, but in of Mr. Tod, must command the cipline. The following morning I set out
other respects they showed excellent disadmiration of every reader-We in company with Wortabet and my bropublish about half the account this ther P. for Acre, situated at the other side month, and hope to insert the re
of the bay, and distant about seven miles. mainder in our next number.
We proceeded by land, and met a convoy of sick and wounded, coming on cavalry
horses to the Egyptian hospitals on mount In the last number, says the Missionary Carmel. Shortly afterwards the dead boHerald, mention was made of a journal of dies, which we observed floating on the Mr. Tod, an English merchant at Beyroot, water, announced our approach to a late relating to a recent excursion to the con scene of conflict. Acre had been taken vent at Canobeen, to ascertain whether by assault the preceding Sunday; but Asaad Esh Shidiak were living. Extracts
Ibrahim Pasha was three miles from the from that journal will now be given. It city, in the summer residence of his prewas addressed to the Rev. Isaac Bird, mis. decessor, who had already been sent off to sionary of the Board at Beyroot, and dated Egypt. We arrived there at four P. M. June 26, 1832.
and were immediately directed to the ball It will be observed, that twelve days of audience. As soon as the Pasha per. elapsed from the time the Emeer Besheer ceived us approaching, he welcomed us in became acquainted with the object of the that engaging manner for which bis favisit to Acre to Mr. Tod's arrival at Ca- ther, Mohammed Ali, is so celebrated, and nobeen; so that, in all probability, the the usual Oriental salutations were ex. Maronite patriarch had notice of his com changed. Wortabet cut them short, howing in time to remove Asaad to another ever, by requesting a private audience. place, if living. The journal, however, Instantly,” said the Pasha, and rising, increases the probability of his death, led us into his cabinet. “Now, dragowhich was before very strong.
man,” said he, “ do you interpret exactly Rev. and Dear Sir-On passing through what the gentleman has to say." Sidon, on my way to the camp of Ibrahim The Pasha having been informed who I Pasha, I made a proposal to your worthy was, of the acquaintance I had with his friend Wortabet to accompany me, which father in Egypt, and so on, I directed he gladly accepted; and a boat being Worlabet to open the subject of our visit found on the point of starting for Haifa, in the manner we had agreed upon; when we immediately got on board and put to he begansea. Scarcely had we cleared the har. “We have come to tell your highness bour, when this zealous and devoted ser of a most important matter, one which is yant of God commenced preaching in of deep interest to many on both sides of Arabick to the crew and passengers. the great ocean." They were a mixed company of Moham. “ Well, what is the matter?" medans and Christians, and I was much W. “It is a thing which is a shame to struck with the attention with which they all countries and kings, a thing wbich bas listened to the discourse. It was an expo- been done contrary to all justice and right, sition of the Sermon on the Mount, and and which there has been no one to inpart of the Gospel of John. From these
quire into.” he discoursed more than two hours, and Pasha. “ What is it?" then entered into an examination of some W. “A certain man by the name of points of Mohammedan doctrine, particu- Asaad Esh Shidiak, was instructor in Ara. larly their Ramadan fast, during which bick to some American gentlemen in this they were required to eat and drink no country, and while in this employment, it thing from morning to night, for a whole so happened that he heard many things month. This, he said, could not be of di- contrary to his religious opinions in which vine origin, because not of universal appli- he had been educated. This led him to cation; instancing the inhabitants of high search into the holy book which is the latitudes, where there was perpetual day foundation of the Christian religion, and for weeks and months together. This he discovered that many of his opinions staggered them; but one of the more in. were wrong. So he determined to give telligent of them said they might fast by up his errors and follow that book. But means of a watch: to this it was answered the Maronite patriarch, hearing of this, the Koran does not specify a period of so was angry, and commanded him to contimany hours, but expressly says from sun nue to worship his images, and such like, rise to sunset.
and finally threw him into prison, where, Next day (May 30th) we arrived at if alive, he has been lying seven years, Haifa, where we found a battalion of and there is nobody to inquire into the Egyptians, several of whom I found drink cause of his imprisonment."
Pasha. “I have never heard of this mat. We then expressed our most cordial ter."
gratitude for the kind manner in which W. “True, effendim ; but there was a he had received us, and took our leave. Pasha who knew of it."
Next day (June 2d) we waited on the Pasha. “This matter concerns the Pasha, and handed him the following meEmeer Besheer,” (prince of the moun. mento written in Arabick. “ Asaad Esh tains.)
Shidiak, imprisoned by the Maronite pa. W. “True, effendim; but he closed his triarch in the convent of Canobeen, under eyes that he might not see, and his ears ground, and that for several years past, that he might not hear."
because he would not worship images, nor Pasha. What is the reason why this pictures, nor pray to the dead.” Ibrahim man would not worship images and pic. put the document carefully up, and said tures, and pray to the dead, and so on?" he would show it to the prince. The latThen, without waiting for an answer, he ter arrived that afternoon in the camp. added, “Where was he imprisoned?" We allowed the next day, being the
W.'” In the convent of Canobeen.- Sabbath, to elapse without pressing the This merchant is anxious that you deliver Pasha further; but on the fourth we again over this man to him, and by so doing you waited on him, and, as before, were adwould not only lay him under deep obliga mitted to a private audience. tions to your highness, but cause great joy Fasha.“ Í have inquired of the prince among inany both in Europe and America. respecting Asaad, and he affirms that he The patriarch at three different times has is dead." given out that he was dead, while in fact W. "So it was given out when we knew he was alive; though he affirms that he is he was alive.” dead, we are warranted in disbelieving the Pashu. “Come again at the Asr,” (half report. We wish your highness to au. past three.) thorize a search to be made for this man, We returned accordingly at the Asr, and that the matter for the moment be when he received us warmly, sent every kept a secret, lest the patriarch either re one away to be alone with us, and taking move or kill his prisoner."
Wortabet familiarly by the shoulder, and Pasha. “I shall mention the subject putting his face close to him, said, “All is only to the Emeer Besheer, and the mat. well-your business is finished-dismiss ter shall remain among ourselves. But every fear. I have spoken to the prince, where do you say he is confined?" and he offers to give six soldiers, if you
W." In the convent of Canobeen, in a will give an Englishman to accompany dungeon below ground.” [Such was the them." report.)
I said, “I will go.” Pasha. " Write me the name.”
“Very well,” said the Pasha, smiling; W.“ We will bring it to you in writing "to-morrow I will give you a tezkereh," hereafter.” (After a pause W.continued,) (a written order.) “ It would be doing God service were you
I said, “ May it please your highness, to allow every man under your govern.
as soon as possible; I am anxious to proment to worship God according to his
ceed.” conscience. If a man now worship God “No, no," said he," you must stay with in spirit and in truth, he cannot do so, us a little longer.” through fear of this patriarch; but if you We thanked him, and retired. will permit every Christian to follow what June 5. Waited upon the Pasha for the he finds in his holy books, you will do a tezkereh, when he called Hanna El Bahh. most acceptable deed."
ri, his chief secretary, and charged him to Pasha." At present this is difficult. go to the prince, and tell him to give to We must indeed provide for what the Mr. T. six soldiers, and full authority to great God requires of us, but now we have search the mountains for Asaad Esh Shi. war before us. I also have read books diak. If found alive, he was to be delifrom the English, and they say many good
vered up to me. things about religion, but they say we
Our business with the Pasha being now must first provide for war.* However, accomplished, I felt myself strongly please God, we shall establish here the moved, thinking I might never have anosame religious liberty as in Egypt. I ther opportunity, to sound his feelings have put an end to the vexations hitherto still further on the important subject of experienced by the pilgrims to Jerusalem. religious toleration. So I said to him, Now they may go and come, and no inan “ With your bighness' permission, I should dares demand money from them, or annoy be glad to be indulged with a single word them in any way.”
more in a private audience."
“Certainly,” he answered, and the It is not obvious to what English room was soon cleared, when I proceedbooks the Pasha here alluded which ed:Laught such doctrine.
" The religious toleration of which I
have been a witness in Egypt, and the The Pasha appeared embarrassed, and a mercy you have now extended to a perse. pause ensued. cuted Christian here, emboldens me to “ This," said he, “is a marvellous quessubmit to your highness another question. tion. I cannot answer it now. I have It is of great publick interest, and I hope war before me with the Turks. We have it will be taken in good part. In past ages the law-but I do not know all the lawit has been said in Europe, that if a Mos- however, when our military operations lem left his religion and became a Chris. shall be terminated, we shall practise here tian, his life must pay the forfeit. Since the same religious toleration that exists in then, light has come down upon the world, Egypt.” and men now think differently from those His answer was as favourable, perhaps, of former times. Whai I would ask is, as could have been expected under the whether now a Moslem would really be circumstances. put to death for changing his religion?"
(To be concluded.)
View of Publick Affairs.
We have seen no advices from Europe more recent than the 16th of January from Britain, and of the 12th of the same month from France; and the intelligence is not of much general interest—The state of Europe remains nearly the same as at our last report — The prospect of a general war is represented as much less threatening than it was a short time since.
Britain. The new British Parliament was to meet early in February. The London Globe of Jan. 7th gives the following official result of the recent elections:-England, Reformers, 394, Conservatives, 110—Scotland, Reformers, 44, Conservatives, 9Ireland, Reformers, 80, Conservatives, 25.—Total Reformers, 518—Conservatives 144. Some severe shocks of an earthquake had been felt at Swansey, and the surrounding country, to the distance of thirty miles. There were three shocks, the first having oc. cured on the 28th of Dec. This was rather slight, and principally felt towards the coast. The second occurred on the following day, early in the morning, and was felt by every person either asleep or awake. The third excited considerable alarm, and took place about 8 o'clock on the subsequent morning. The bells rung in many of the churches and houses--chimneys were thrown down-walls gave way-several houses opened, from the roof to the ground, nearly an inch in width-many sunk from two to four fee:, and all vibrated in such a manner that their fall was momentarily expected. It 'asted almost four seconds and was accompanied by a sound which is described to have been truly terrific. A most destructive fire broke out in Liverpool on the night of the 14th January, which laid a number of warehouses and dwellings in ruins, and destroyed a vast amount of property. The renewal of the Charter of the Bank of England was an absorbing topic. The general impression seems to be that it would be renewed, limiting, however, the extent of the exclusive privilege of the Bank to a much smaller circle than that fixed by the existing arrangements. The Joint Stock Banking Companies cannot at present be established within 65 miles of London. It will probably be proposed to allow them to be established within about one third of that distance. A large additional military force-several regiments—was on the point of being sent to Ireland by the British Government. The county of Kilkenny was in a very distracted state. Twenty-two houses had been attacked by the Whitefeet, prin. cipally with a view of dispossesing holders of land taken in opposition to the regulations of the Whitefeet. Thirty persons were committed to the county jail, during the month of December, for alleged offences against the Government. The collection of tithes was again the exciting cause. Many cases of the Cholera were constantly occurring, and robberies and murders in all quarters of the island.
FRANCE.—The French Ministers have resolved to retain the Duchess de Berri as a prisoner until she can procure a guarantee for her future good conduct, instead of proceeding to her trial. 1200 Carlist youths went in procession to the hotel of Chateaubriand, to compliment him as the friend of the Duchess. It was this which excited the publick feeling, and rendered it nocessary to adopt some decisive course respecting
her. Six of the Paris Journals had been seized, for giving favourable notices of the procession of the Carlists. It is said Joseph Buonaparte some time since proposed to the Chambers, to ascend the Throne as the regent of Napoleon II. The discovery of this attempt at negotiation, excited much interest. It appears by a letter from Brest, of the 8th of January, that “ Orders have been received to fit out three ships of the line with the utmost expedition, taking those which can be soonest got ready. There is do certain information as to the object of this armament, but there are said to be good reasons for believing that an expedition to Hayti is in contemplation.” King Louis Philippe left Cambray on the 8th-On passing through Cateau Cambresis, Marseilles, and Avesnes, the King and Princes alighted and reviewed the National Guard of the several towns. The King then proceeded to deliver the crosses of the Legion of Honour, to those who had distinguished themselves in the siege and capture of the citadel of Antwerp. This was also accompanied by an address of the most flattering kind to the whole army.
SPAIN.—Private accounts represent the health of the King of Spain, such as to render his speedy death very probable, indeed almost certain. The condition of the country is, therefore, extremely precarious. On the 31st of December, a number of personages of high rank were summoned by the Queen to the palace, where a certificate was then read by the Minister of Justice, to the effect that the King had in his chamber that day signed a decree, revoking and declaring to be of no effect, the decree extorted from him during his illness, relative to the succession of the throne. The effect of the present revocation is that of rendering heiress to the throne the present In. fanta, to the exclusion of Don Carlos, the brother of Ferdinand, an exclusion which there is every reason to believe, will not be tacitly assented to, either by Don Carlos, or by the Apostolical party.
PORTUGAL.—The news from Portugal is unfavourable to Don Pedro. On the 7th January, a heavy cannonading took place from the Miguelite batteries, which lasted for three hours, and occasioned great destruction to the houses in Oporto. On the morning of the 8th, a heavy firing commenced from Miguel's two batteries at the north of the harbour, which was returned occasionally from the Castle of St. John de Foz. Sartorius's squadron was still at Vigo, and not a single cruiser of Don Pedro's was to be seen off Oporto. Other accounts however state, that General Salignac had arrived at Oporto, to take the command of Don Pedro's army; and that from this circumstance, and the arrival of a considerable reinforcement of French troops, sanguine expectations were entertained of a successful general battle with the forces of Don Miguel.
ITALY.--At the last accounts from Italy, a new volcanick eruption of Mount Vesuvius was in progress. It threatened to be very destructive. It is stated that the Courts of Naples, Turin, Florence, and Rome, have concluded a defensive alliance against every internal reaction and foreign aggression.
HOLLAND AND Belgium.— In reply to the new propositions submitted to him by England and France, the King of Holland has sent a counter project, the particulars of which are not stated. The Editor of the London Times, reprobates, in very strong language, the obstinacy of the King of Holland, in refusing the articles of pacificafication proposed to him; and protests against any farther delay in compelling him to accede to the terms proposed. The King of Holland has conferred the highest honours in his gist on General Chasse, whose character appears to stand high both with friends and foes.
PRUSSIA AND Austria have on the whole, says a London paper, better hopes for the preservation of peace than we at one time entertained. These arise from some clearer insight into the condition of Austria and Prussia. The King of Prussia is universally beloved and honoured by the inhabitants of Prussia Proper, who would go all lengths with him in any cause in which he may choose to embark. They were once French, and no little pains have been taken of late to instil afresh into them the love of French principles and French union; so that one of the first events of a gene. ral war might be the dismemberment of the kingdom of Prussia as at present constituted. Here, therefore, a grand obstacle is interposed. The King, too, personally, is averse to it, except controlled by imperious circumstances; and though the Crown Prince is disposed to run all hazards, his popularity is as small as that of his father is great, and in the event of the demise of the reigning Sovereign, the effective power of the kingdom might therefore be expected to be weakened.
Austria is poor. Her credit is bad. Her Five per Cent. bonds are about 84– under the price of our Three per Cents. while the firing of the first shot would drive