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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.

Easton, (Pa.) March 1. tion of the time of some of his family to Something Nero.-We witnessed a few the rearing of silk worms and manufacdays ago at the Swan Tavern of Mr. John ture of silk. It would be a pleasant reBurt, of this place, something which cer creation rather than a task, and would be tainly deserves to be recorded among the a source at once of handsome profit and inventions and discoveries of the present agreeable pastime.-Banner. day. Mr. B. has succeeded in the profita The Trombone.-In Gardner's “Musick ble desideratum of making his fire pay for of Nature," it is stated that the musical itself, by burning coal and limestone toge- instrument known by the name of Tromther, in nearly equal parts.-The fire must bone, is the Sackbut of the Scriptures. be kindled in the morning with pure coal, One of these instruments was discovered but through the day rather more lime

in Herculaneum, where it had been for stone than coal is used. He thus saves

nearly 2000 years under ashes; the lower several bushels of coal per week, and pro- part of it was made with bronze, and the cures several bushels of lime. The pro

upper, with the mouth piece, of gold. It cess in stoves of the common construction

was presented by the king of Naples to is rather troublesome, as the lime must be

George III. of England, and from the motaken out soon after it is thoroughly burnt; del, the modern Trombone used in milibut Mr. B. hopes to construct a stove or

tary bands with so much effect, was facellar furnace which will answer a better

shioned. purpose. To all appearances the stove emitted as much calorick as when filled

Russian Annual.—The first publication with pure coal—the cylinder was, as usual,

of an annual has just taken place at St. in a red heat.

Petersburg. It is in German, and is or

namented with several attractive plates, Origin of Disease.— I tell honestly what

amongst which are a representation of the I think is the cause of complicated mala

gigantick Alexandrine Column, lately dies of the human race; it is their gor.

erected in the Russian metropolis, a view mandizing and stuffing, and stimulating

of Kuero, in Finland, a Finland Woman those organs (the digestive) to an excess,

in her national costume, and views of hereby producing nervous disorder and

Adrianople, and the Mosque of Sultan irritation. The state of their mind is ano

Selim in that city. ther grand cause, the fidgetting and discontenting yourself about that which can

The Great Canal of Gætha.- This magnot be helped; passions of all kinds, ma

nificent water line, which passes through lignant passions and worldly cares press

the heart of Sweden, and unites the North ing upon the mind, disturb the cerebral

Sea and the Baltick, was opened with action, and do a great deal of harm.

great solemnities on the 26th September Abernethy.

last. It will admit vessels drawing nine

feet and a half water, and two and twenty Ancient Coin.-We have in our posses. feet in width, and they make the passage sion a pine-tree shilling, coined one hun. into the Baltick in eight days with the aid dred and eighty.one years ago. It is very of steam boats across the lakes which oclittle worn, the impression being nearly as cur on its line. It has been two and twenfair as when issued from the mint. On

ty years in construction, and costs rather one side is the representation of a pine.

more than 10,430,000 dollars, of which tree, and the words“MASATHYSETS," 6,378,334 dollars were contributed by the IN, and on the opposite, “NEW ENG.

state. LAND, AN. DOM. 1652, XII." It is of about the size and weight of a Spanish

A friend, in whose judgment we have crossed pistaroen.-Barnstable Journal.

confidence, who has perused with great

pleasure a recent publication—"A Brief Tennessee Silk.-We have a specimen Exposition of the Constitution," by James of sewing silk manufactured in this coun. Bayard, Esq., of the Philadelphia Bar, ty, a few miles from Nashville, which is says "This work evinces a sound and truly beautiful-nut inferior, we venture discriminating judgment, prepared for the to say, to the best Italian. It is soft, flexi- undertaking by an extensive examination ble, sinooth, and strong, and is deficient in of all the authorities upon the subject. none of the qualities of excellence. If The size and price of this neat volume Tennessee can produce such silk as this, render it peculiarly appropriate for the use why should we not be supplied from our of all tbose who desire to acquire a knowown resources? The farmer might, with- ledge of the principles of their governout materially interfering with any of his ment, but whose pursuits, or tastes, renusual operations, devote a sufficient por der it inconvenient or impossible to study

in detail Constitutional Law. It is there. ready for the printer's use. It is cast in a fore highly useful for schools and colleges, little mould by one, its sides smoothed on and the language and arrangement have a piece of marble by another, its height been adapted for this purpose. The Con: regulated by a third, and its face exastitution is examined in its own order, and mined by a fourth. By this means, innuafter its own arrangement. Each section merable numbers of these little leaden and article has a distinct commentary, messengers are made in a day, which, if and thus any instructor of ordinary abili. each individual finished a particular type, ties is rendered competent to employ the would make the work of a few hours a book. All technical terms are avoided, complicated and almost endless process. except when absolutely necessary, and In all employments, whether mechanical, these accompanied by an explanation. intellectual, or physical, the importance of The authorities are referred io in the system and order must be apparent, to notes."

insure success and the full realization Systematick Labour.-The importance

of successful experiment.-Northampton of systematick industry, and suitable divi

Courier. sions of labour, is not apparent to every

Ancient Plants found with Egyptian one. The utility of it is made plain by Mummies in Tombs.-A memoir has redemonstration. In the business of making cently been read at the Medico-Botanical pins, not less than five individuals are em Society on this subject, by M. Bonastre. ployed, through whose hands every one It appears that fruit is frequently met must pass before it is finished. One draws with in Egyptian lombs, enclosed in basthe wire, another cuts it, and a third sharp- kets variously coloured. One of these, ens the point. One makes the head, and the Mimusops elengi, is a proof of the another puts it on the pin. By this clas great vicissitude to which Egypt has been sification of labour, it is said ten men can exposed, for this vegetable has entirely make 48,000 per day; whereas if every disappeared from the soil. No botanical man finished the several parts himself, by work yet published in that country makes going through the different operations mention of this plant; it is only found in personally, he could finish but 20 per day, the island of Amboyna, and some of the giving but 200 for the ten men, instead of isles of the Indian ocean. Myrrha and The 48,000. The process of making type Bdellium in large fragments are also is of a similar kind. One of these litile found. The fruit of the Rhamnus lotus, pieces of metal, containing on the one end and that of the pine (Pinus lotea) havo (:) a colon, for instance, has to pass also been discovered in the same way, geihrough four or five separate hands before nerally in votive baskets full of offerings.

fieligious Intelligence.

a

We appropriate a considerable quired in poverty that they may part of the space allotted to this obtain a Bible, or a New Testadepartment of our miscellany for ment; and how great therefore is the present month, to a selec- the obligation of Christians who tion from “ Monthly Extracts": can afford it, to contribute libeof the British and Foreign Bible rally and cheerfully, to send this Society, for November last, which inestimable treasure to the destihave just come to hand. We tute. 3. That in spite of all opask for these extracts care- position, the Holy Scriptures are ful perusal from all our readers, gradually becoming diffused among and to mark and meditate on the the Roman Catholicks; and 4. following particulars:-1. How What a horrible and lamentable many are deprived of that precious superstition that must be, which volume of God's revealed will prevails among some of the priests which we so richly enjoy, and for of the “Man of Sin,” under the which few are half as thankful as influence of which they burn the they ought to be. 2. How many Bible-Not, let it be observed, a there are who willingly part Protestant translation, but with a portion of the pittance ac made by a member of their own

one

communion, and by competent and Scriptures, for the people then under my approved judges of the same com

charge; which they were pleased to grant munion, declared to be correct and digen. This boon was received with gra

on easy terms, and gratuitously to the infaithful. Can they be Christians titude by the people. Joining that with in more than name, who treat with other similar favours which I have since such indignity the sacred deposi- obtained for the poor people now under tory of Christian faith and hope! my charge, I feel myself called upon to Let our readers adopt, in behalf gations to the British and Foreign Bible of these wretched men, the cruci- Society. fied Saviour's expiring prayer

This parish is one of the largest and “ Father forgive them, they know rudest parishes in Scotland: its length is

60 miles, its breadth above 20: the popu. not what they do."

lation about 3000, the one-half of which is Roman Catholick. We had till lately but

one parochial school. This school could From the Secretaries of the Liverpool do but little to diffuse knowledge over so Auriliary Society.

vast and darkened a surface. have en

deavoured to remedy this evil, by supply

Nov. 1, 1832. ing the desideratum of schools. There At the request of the Committee of the are several subsidiary schools now in the Liverpool Auxiliary Bible Society, we beg parish. These schools are situate in loto submit the following proposition to the calities where Popery chiefly abounds. kind consideration of the Committee of The population of one of these districts is the British and Foreign Bible Society. almost exclusively, of that persuasion,

The Committee here have, for some amounting in number to upwards of 900 time past, supplied emigrants proceeding souls. In the winter of 1830, I made out to British America, and to Australasia, a statistical sketch of their condition as to (viz. New South Wales and Van Die- ordinary literary knowledge, of which the man's Land) with grants of copies of the result is as follows: Holy Scriptures; of which many of them

985 were destitute. But emigration has of Whole population late so increased, that our funds are ina

From six to twenty years, unable to
read

337 dequate to the purpose of continuing such supply. We therefore earnestly hope that

From six to twenty years, unable to
read and write

399 the Parent Society will undertake this work of Christian benevolence; and we

Of all ages above six years, unable
to read

686 shall have great pleasure in acting as their almoners, and seeing that their

Of all ages above six years, unable
to read and write

829 bounty is properly applied. Some idea of the extent to which emi.

In this necessitous district I have got a gration has proceeded from this port may respectable school established. This exbe obtained from the following statement. tensive population is nearly totally ignoFrom the 1st of January to the 10th of

rant of the contents of the Sacred VoSeptember, 1832, the number of vessels

lume. No way occurs to me so effectual, and emigrants have been

or even practicable, for bringing them to To British America, 60 vessels, 3000 emi the knowledge of divine truth, as introgrants.

ducing the Bible as a class book in the To Australasia, 10 vessels, 1500 emi- school : the children are in the first place grants.

familiarized with the word of God, and,

through their instrumentality, its inestiWe have here a very intelligent agent, mable treasures may be unfolded to their who would make it his business, person parents. This is a pressing case. I trust, ally, to inquire into the condition of emi. according to my earnest request, that your grants, with respect to their wants of the Society will grant me 200 copies of the Holy Scriptures; and who would furnish Gaelick Scriptures; with power to distrius with a detailed Report of every case, bute them gratuitously, in certain cases, for the information of the Parent Society. among the scholars ; say, as prizes to me

rit, or when the individual is very poor ;

and to dispose of them, in other instances, From a Ministo in the North of Scot

at such prices as may be procured, and for land.

which I shall account, as you may direct.

The one half of the above number of co

Oct. 29, 1832. pies might consist of the New Testament Upwards of four years ago, I applied to only; the other half, it were desirable, your excellent Sociсty for a supply of the should include both.

cese.

From Dr. Pinkerton.

tament among the Catholics of that dioBasle, July 18, 1832. He gave me the names of several From Bern, whence I last addressed well-disposed Clergy, to whom I purpose you, I proceeded io Neufchatel. There,

to write. As Professor Gessner's stock of as in Lutzerne, several persons whoin I copies was exhausted, he begged for a wished to have seen were absent; but i supply from us of 50 Lutheran Bibles, and had much conversation with Mr. Narbel,

100 Van Ess's Testament, which he enthe Minister of a small independent gaged to distribute conformably to our Church, of which there are now four in

Jaws. the Canton, to whom the King of Prussia

Leaving Freiburg, I proceeded, by way has lately granted full toleration. Mr. of Waldkirch, and Hornberg, through the Narbel says, that they have had cheering ravines and mountains of the Black Forest, revivals, and that pious persons may now

to the Moravian Settlement of Königsbe counted by hundreds, in different parts feld. Having never been there before, I of the country. How different from the

tried to gain as much information as posstate of things fourteen years ago, when sible respecting the state of the Scriptures I first visited Neufchatel? Mr. Narbel is among the surrounding population. In one of the five Members of the Committee many parts of the famous German forest of the Society for Religious Books, to

the families of the peasantry are well sup. whom we have entrusted supplies of the plied with Testaments; and this has led Scriptures from Frankfort and Paris. The numbers to apply to the friends in Königscirculation is proceeding steadily, and the feld for the whole Bible, even in the transScriptures are extensively read. I next lation of Luther. Other districts of this visited the Moravian Establishment at

extensive tract of country, mostly covered Montmirail; where Mr. Richard, one of with pine, and where the deep rocky the Ministers, asked for a supply of 60 glens, mountain torrents, and stony fields, Bibles in German and French, with 20 draw forth the utmost efforts of the inha Testaments for distribution in the usual bitants to gain a scanty subsistence, are way; which I promised to send to him. not yet adequately supplied with the Holy

In this place I have had an interview Scriptures. Dr. Franze, to whom I last with the venerable Antistes of Båsle, Pre- year sent a grant of copies, told me, that sident of the Bible Society, who gave me

he cannot obtain money for them, the peosome favourable accounts of their trang. ple are so poor. I referred him to our actions during the year. They had expe- rules, which allowed of gratis distribution rienced, in a pleasing degree, the tendency where poverty forbade any returns. of public affliction to promote personal

This being the residence of the Catholic piety. Since their unhappy civil conten. Bishop, 1 resolved to call upon him, and tion began, their public and private meet- endeavour to persuade him to aid the disings for religion have filled, and their tribution of the Scriptures in his extensive missionary and other pious institutions diocese. Accordingly, about eight o'clock have enjoyed a degree of public attention the following morning, I was introduced and support greater than they had ever

to him in his garden, and met with a civil received before. To the Swiss troops, reception, and, after discussing the subject who were quartered here for some time, with all possible freedom on both sides for they had distributed 9000 Testaments; upwards of an hour, the Bishop begged to of which about 2000 were given to Catho be supplied with 1000 Van Ess's and 200 lics and earried into the Catholic Cantons. Gossner's Testaments; which he engaged How much the Bishop of Chur dreaded to distribute according to our rules, and the effects of these books upon the men, render an account. He said, he believed will be seen from his Circular to his Cler: that he could do much good among his gy. The Antistes prayed for a fresh sup- people in putting the Testament into their ply of 1000 Gossner's Testament, which I hands, especially in these times; adding, engaged to send them.

that his diocese included 462,000 souls. He finally begged for an Italian and a French Bible, for his own use; which I.

promised to send him. This act of the From the Same.

Bishop's will encourage the Clergy in the Stutgart, July 28, 1832. work, whom I have supplied with copies I left Båsle on the 19th; and next day during this tour; and enable them to proreached Freiburg, where I made the ac ceed with less fear of censure. quaintance of Professor Gessner, a welldisposed Catholic, who for some time past has been endeavouring to supply the stu

From the Red. George Scott. dents with the Scriptures which he re

Stockholm, Oct. 5, 1832. ceived from Basle. He conducted me to The Agency* have granted several Mr. Held, who told me, that, when Secretary to Wessenberg at Constance, he had * Established by Dr. Paterson, in his circulated about 70,000 copies of the Tes- last visit to Sweden. Ch. Adv.-Vol. XI.

S

small parcels of Bibles and Testaments to From the Secretaries of the Barbadoes persons residing in Stockholm and the

Auxiliary Society. neighbourhood, and are happy to discover

Barbadoes, August 30, 1832 a disposition to exertion and inquiry on

A few weeks ago we sent you a Bill for the great subject they have before them. 501. as the first fruits of our labours in As the beginning of good days, the Agency this island. In a short time we hope to respectfully transmit the following cir.

be enabled to forward you another Bill of cumstances, which are of very recent oc.

the same amount*, the Treasurer having currence :

about 301. in hand. Subscriptions are still A pious peasant from Sonala, in the coming in, and the sales are going on. diocese of Arke, twenty-eight Swedish

Since the departure of your respected (about 170 English) miles from Stockholm,

Agent, the Rev. James Thomson, we have called on Pastor Warnke here, and men.

formed Ladies' Society, to co-operate tioned, that in the parish where he resided

with the Auxiliary in town. We have he knew many earnest seekers of salva

also requested the Rev. James Rathbone, tion, who frequently met together to edify

Wesleyan Missionary, and two other Memeach other. Pastor Waroke informed him

bers of the Committee, now residing of the generous proceedings of the British

there, to form a Branch Society for the and Foreign Bible Society, whereby Bibles

Parish of Christ Church; but they have and Testaments might be obtained by the

not yet succeeded. poor at an exceedingly low price, or even

Bridge Town, which contains about without money if the case seemed to war

30,000 inhabitants, has been divided into rant a gift. Scarcely had this peasant ar Districts; and Visiters have been aprived at his parish, when, in the midst of pointed to each. They have visited a several serious persons, he heard a female

considerable part of the town, calling at declare, that she had not in her possession each house ; and have found ibat by far a single religious book of any sort, and

the greatest part of the people are destiwould rejoice to have such, in which she

tute of the word of God: many never had could read at leisure hours: our peasant either a Bible or Testament; and the gerelated what Pastor Warnke bad seid re- nerality of those that had, lost them in the garding Bibles and Testaments, and those

dreadful hurricane of 1831. In a few dispresent collected 32sk banco (about 1s.), tressed cases, where they were likely to which they sent to Stockholm, and with

be well used, the Committee have given great thankfulness presented, to purchase Bibles or Testaments: but they have prea Bible for the poor yet pious woman. ferred selling at cost price; and have met A young

and zealous but not rich work. man here has, for some time past, employ the amount in small weekly or monthly in.

the plea of poverty, by engaging to receive ed his few leisure moments in visiting the

stalments. In this way we have circulated cottages of the poor, to inquire whether

87 Bibles and 67 Testaments. We have they possess the word of God; and has discovered a lamentable deficiency. Many of Bibles is nearly exhausted; and we are

many Testaments on hand, but our stock of these have, with tears of grateful joy, much afraid that we shall not be able to received a Bible or a New Testament at a

meet the demands of those who have be. reduced price: to some a gratis distribu- gun and are expected to begin to pay for tion has been made. This man met an in

them in small weekly or monthly sums: teresting boy in the street, and asked him

we therefore beg you will be kind enough if he possessed a Testament: the boy answered in the negative: being further ships bound for Barbadoes.

to send us a supply, by one of the first asked if he wished to have one, and how much he could afford to give, he answered, he anxiously desired such a book, but could not possibly give more than 8sk

From Correspondents at Toulouse. (a little more than 3d.): a New Testa

Aug. 17, 1832. ment was produced from the pockel of the We have been favoured by your Letter inquirer; and the boy, on receiving it, of the 2d instant, and beg to offer our sinclasped his hands together, and in the middle of the street praised God for at contains. Your aim and ours is the same

cere thanks for the friendly expressions it last sending him what he had long de -to spread that word, by which the will sired. Twenty-four soldiers, who have for of our Heavenly Father has been to save some time been in Stockholm from a dis

believers. To your Society it has been tance, and are abo to return home, hear. given to be, in His hand, the powerful ining from the same man that they could strument of gathering nations round that obtain New Testaments at a reasonable Light of the world ; and every Christian rate, bought 24 copies, paying 16sk banco can but deem it a high privilege to be alfor each

lowed, in assisting your exertions, to

This has been since received.

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