Page images
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

View of the Univerje.

61 of these ; which is Man! And yet, therefore descend not in cataracts, when they are all survey'd, as nicely but kindly drops. as they can be, whether by our un Who can view the structure of a allifted senses, or the help of telescopi- plant or an animal; the indefinite numcal glases, the assistance of micro ber of their fibres, and fine vessels, scropes, in the smallest parts of mat- their dependance upon larger, and the ter, will go on to discover as many several members upon them, and the apt new wonders, as those which have als disposition of all these; the provision ready been made known to us. New that is made for reception and distribukingdoms of animals; new architec- tion of nourishment; the effect of this ture, and curiosity of workmanship, nourithment, in extension of the veland economy. So that as before our fels, stretching the vegetable, or ani. conception fainted, in those boundless mal, gradually, to its full and deterjourneys we were obliged to take thro' ninate growth; maintaining the mo.. the expansive vastness of the universe; tion of the several Auids, repairing the here, on the other hand, we tire our decays of the body; and comforting felves with fruitless researches into the and preserving life? Who can take principles and constituent parts of it. notice of the various faculties of ani. Both the beginnings and the end of mals, their arts of saving, and prothings, the least and the greatet, all viding for themselves, or the means conspire to perplex us. And, which by which they are provided for; the ever way we prosecute our enquiries, ules of plants to animals, and of some we still fall in with fresh subjects of animals to others, and of the genera. amazement, and fresh reasons to be- lity of them to inankind; the propa. lieve, that there are more and more gation of the several species out of behind, that will for ever escape our their proper feeds (without confusion !) cagereft and most successful penetration. the ftrong inclinations implanted for We have philosophy, indeed, but, the that purpose ; and the tenderness, even misfortune is, it dwells but in the of the fierceit to their young: Who, furface of nature.

can view all this, and not confess a It appears, then, plainly enough, design, and an omnipotent designer in the parts and model of the world, The meanest infect, which scarce ap. that there is a contrivance, and a re pears at all, to our naked eye, will, spect to certain reasons, and ends. when viewed through a microscope Why else is the sun placed near the present a prospect, a thouland times middle of our syitein; but for the more curious, and surprising, than more convenient dispensing of his in- the finest piece of mechanilin, that Agence to the planets, moving about ever was made by man I for my own him? Why else does the plane of the part, as I cannot but acknowledge, earth's equator, interfect' that of her that I am fearfully, and wonderfully orbit, and make a proper angle with formed; I likewise believe, as firmly, it, but in order to diversify the year, that some superintendant hand hath and create a useful variety of seasons ? conducted and protected me, from Many other things of this kind, tho' my birth, to this present moment; or a thousand times repeated, will be als that, in the words of the inoft facred ways delightful oblervations to good of all writings.“ There is a God, men and true fcholars: None of whom in whom I live, and move, and have can observe those vapours which a

my being." scend fron the sea, to meet in clouds Who, then, that judges of this God, above, and fall back again, after con- by his works and his mercy, will be densation, without understanding the afraid of that death, which must bring purpose of this providential distillation us one Itage nearer him ? Nay, who to be a division of the water from its knows, but that what we call Death, groller falts, that, by rains, and chews, , may be our real, and proper, life, and at may return upon, and fupply the this, which we think our life, a kind fountains and refrething rivers, nour of dark, and dreaming, ipterval, from ithing the vegetables by Thowers, which which death only comes to asvaken,




On the Respea due in the Dead. and redeem us? For my part, I look For me, fuffice it, to have taught the forward on the hour of my dissolution, muse, with the hope, and expectation, of The tuneful trillings of lier tribe to escaping mariners, who having been hun; finking all night long, in a rudderless, And rais'd her warmth, such heavenly and foundering vesel, discover, with themes to chule, the dawn of the morning, the open As, in pait ages, her best garlands, ing coast of some lovely, though unknown country! I support life, as

He, who beyond the power of man my duty, rather than enjoy it, as my

could write, with.

Wou'd still fall Mort of him, who

acted well : Yet murmur not, proud heart! if here delay'd,

To flow in sound, or turn a period right, A wand'ring pilgrim, through this. But wrongs to pardon, or good deeds

Is but in fairytowers of praise to dwell. life's cold fade,

require I must not yet, in Heaven's wide search rejoice :

Is, (in substantial meaning) to excel. O! be the will of God, not mine, What, tho' my wishes ftrain beyond obey'd !

my power, Wait, my impatient soul, his wiser That thou'd bút urge my speed, to choice:

reach its goal : Trust the strong hand, by which those Whence, on the wretched I may comworlds were made;

fort thower, And to his pleasure tune thy willing And, with dear pity, feast my hun.

voice. If I not yet shake off this earthly load, Be action, then, henceforth, my life's Sure there is business, worth my life's

wide sphere; best aim,

Oh! there are things, iny heart even And he who tires, tho' on a lengthoning

burns to do: road,

All has been said, that's worth a wise Is faintly sould, nor inn's, at last,

inan's ear; in fame.

But much may be perform'd, that's

greatly new!

gry soul.

[blocks in formation]


N artist, whose name will proba- Behind, was the first out-line of the

bly be one day famous, brought vart Mausoleum, worthily numberi me a sketch this morning of a history among the world's wonders: In the piece, upon a subject, that I do not fore-ground herself; grasping in her remember to have yet seen treated : It hand a cup, wherein was wine mixed was the story of ARTIMESIA. Around with her husband's ases. Her lips the embers, left from a vast funeral were opening to receive the draught; pile, yet glowing in their alhes, ftood and, in her eye, fat grief unutterable. the orators of Greece, speaking the Her eloquent countenance express'd the praises of the dead MAUSOLUS; near solemn joy, with which she heard liis them, in groupes, the Carians of praises; the sense of horror at the highest rant, attending the recital of precious potion; and superior to ali his actions, with countenances which the pride of facred love, which was 'expreiled equally the distress they felt about to make herself his monument; for their lutt fovereign! the heart and to receive into her living veins der felt fatisfaction, with which they husband. heard, and joind the funeral applause, I have no praise for the design; I am and the astonishment wherewith they not worthy to speak in coininen Intion owned the power of Grecian eloquence of it. . There is a kind of merit, of


[ocr errors]

On the Respect due to the Dead.

63 wwhich all eyes are judges; though not Of all methods of bestowing the all equally; and there are works which dead body, perhaps that of burying, can best praise themselves. The piece is next to Artimelia's, the most dilrecallid the story to my thoughts, with gustful. Burning was preferable in all it's circumstances : And I could reason; and it was prefer'd while the not but reflect how often we read the original materials were to be had. singular events of past times without While the asbestos could be wove into consideration. The strangeness of the a sheet, which, wrapping up the body, story plays with the iinagination, but might be laid upon a fire, and taken we examine it no farther. Perhaps away entire afterwards, containing there cannot be a better way of find the unmix'd afhes, every one acknowing the secrets of our hearts, than by ledged the preference : But the incombringing their sensation to the test by bustible materials faild: or barbarous thete surprising incidents; nor a wor. ages loft. the art of working them. thier employnient of our reason, than However, Scotland abounds with it the examining, without all prejudice at present; and the art, though dorof received opinion, whether the ac mant, is not irretrievable. The little tions, so much celebrated, are, or are urn, this way, contain'd all that the not, what they are reprelented. Our fire had left, unmix'd with baser mathearts will go along with our reason in ter; and the virtuous Romans could, these examiniations; and will be the in their solemn and important hours, best guides to lead it's resolutions. apply themselves to the ashes of their

I desire the ladies to begin with the ancestors, as Hector's widow to his present subject, and tell me, when they tomb; to recollect before them, and, have examined their own hearts, whe as it were in presence of the person, ther they think well or ill, greatly or what would, and what would not bemeanly, of this queen of Caria: And, come those who were descended from in fine, whether they read the account hiin. witis pleasure, or with horror! The At present, when the dead is laid heart is the best judge; for 'twas the into the earth, he is forgotten; we heart of Artimefia evidently, and not cannot, without horror pursue the idea her understanding, which dictated this of him farther : And, while he is thus fingular proceeding. I will not con devoted to oblivion, the effect of his tradict that 'tis with reverence we read decaying body, muft hurt the living. the itcry. There is a certain dignity It would be difficult to conceive, what in the conception, mix'd with horror : becomes of the numerous dead of this and a very ingenious author * has vast city: we know the surgeons rid 1:wn, to demonftration, that this us horribly of some of them; but the addition to what is in itself great, al. rest are viitly an over-proportion to way impresses the sublime. But if the fjets allotted for their reception : we allow the action all this praise, and And the conception in this view, beinore the praise, I feir, is of a wrong comes at once terrible and affecting. kind; for the character of the tender

We pay a vast, and heavy tribute to sex, is delicacy: This was certainly the dead, when we deposit them where fhock'd in the Cannibal undertaking; they must, and plainly do, offend the and, perlaps it would be worse, if we living; but there is yet another facripursued the idea but a little farther. fice we make to them, greater than all

The reverence wę owe the dead, that is recorded of the Queen of Caria. hould be most faithfully oblerved, be We sacrifice to the dead, ' nay, to causi qurselves fhall want it. You, those dead of whom we know nothing, friend, who read, and I who write, and with whom we never had the lea't mult inoulder into dùit together : And concern, the fortunes of the living. what we pay those of a day before us, There are too many who wonld feel will naturally be returned to ourselves. this bitter truth, tho' we should not

proceed to farther explanation. The

thousands who have Itarved in former * Mr. Bourke. publick mournings, and whole hearts


Public-Heuse Politicians. bleed at the apprehension of that something farther, Who should com, which is now in fashion, need no ex. plain? But the great office, from politor of this fad text. They waited which general mournings are ordered, with despairing eyes

the appearance of never flues its decrees, except when the Gazette, which was to pronounce the princes of our own royal family upon them, and their children, the are called to Heaven. terrible and irrevocable sentence of The earl marthal gives such orders death by famine.

as are meant to be general : Those of Let not the expression here be ftrain- a lord chamberlain are directed only ed from its true meaning, it is not the to the court. They uled also to he lord high chamberlain who pronounces confined to the court only; but folly, the decree, it is the much more power- and an affectation of importance, have ful lord high fashion. The king, who now made court mornings general; muft himself put on the robe of and swallowed this distinction. mourning, naturally, and, most pro Ourselves have passed the sentence perly, expects that those in attendance of bankruptcy and beggary upon our on his person, and on public ceremo fellow subjects: The court is innocent, njes, should appear in the faune habit. But what it does not caule, it may reIt is no more than we used to allow dress. If the orders for mourning exourselves : Those who attended in a prefled that it should be worn only at family to wear inourning with their court, there would be an end of all master ; and it is a piece of high civi. the mischief; and we have fo 'excel: lity to put on black when we make a lent a king, that if this humble re. formal visit to those in mourning: monstrance against ourselves may be This ceremony, which we use amongit fo fortunate to make its way to his maourselves, surely is due to our 10- jesty's feet, I doubt not but that or vereign; or if he pleases to expect some other way, the ill will be redressed.

Y and ; ,

[ocr errors]


OU are a person constantly read, and with a wise [neer in his face, cries, wise men as fools; as one of the latter, according to the language of our street, believe me, I often take up your ma it is a phrase of approbation and kindgazine, and with the spirit and genius ness. I have heard myself called of a Dutch commentator, make re a comical son of a b " a thou. marks on each article, to the great ad. fard times, with a great deal of plea. miration and inftruction of an unlet- sure. Another, after a large puff of tered neighbourhood, all politicians ! tobacco, cries,“

aye, aye, let 'em do I allure, you, Sir, your inagazine, as they please; but take my word, we and about two gallons of beer, is the shall all find at last, that this is special afternoon's entertainment of ine and beer.” And thus, as all politicians of my neighbours, when we fight over all our class, we drink, finoke, and settle the battles of the past years, and give the nation, till our wives adjourn the wonderful reasons for the conduct of assembly : poor wonien! they have the Ministry, Wilkes, Horne, the Bill little notion of passive obedience. of Rights, &c. One with a political Your opinion, Sir ;--don't you think thrug lighs and cries, “ Well-I cou'd our society as wise and respectable, and fay to victhing-but-my service to you, full as capable of fettling the affairs of neighbour;" another, perhaps, inter- the nation, as any of the pompous prerupes me in the toidule of a sentence, tenders at present ?




[ocr errors]

ASP ASIA, the celebrated Åthenian Courtezan.
A a

Megara is thought the place fairs, and reaped great advantage from
where the began to be distinguished, her councils. "Indispensable avocations
both for her person and talents; the not allowing him to dress up his
bad, indeed, an inexhaustible fund both speeches with that comptness and glow
of genius and wit, and her natural correspondent with his ideas, the allitt-
gift was so improved by a close study ed in the composition, and occasionally
of rhetoric, that he rivalled the most drew up whole speeches, which he de:
eminent professors of that science. livered in public, and often without
Besides an acquaintance with the other one single alteration.
branches of philosophy, she was well Alpafia is said to have done Pericles
versed in politics; and poetry, it seems, good turns of another kind. Before
had likewise fome fare of her applia her marriage it was customary with
cation ; a collection of verses being her most fanguine hearers, to bring
published in her name, soon after hier their wives to her ethic lectures, without
deceale. Aspasia could not be insen- any apprehention of being infected by
fible of such extraordinary qualifica. thé seraglio, though annexed to the
tions, and accounting Athens the only academy. This confidence which hus,
theatre worthy of her appearance, this bands themfelves taught their wives to
ther she repaired, taking with her a entertain, that their character was not
company of pretty girls, whom The had the least exposed by an intercourse
thoroughly instructed in the art of with Alpaga, increased on her mars
making the most of their attractives; ringe with Pericles; and he, though so
and here she opened a school of elocu- fond of Alpafia, not being without
tion, together with a feraglio for gal. fome transient likings, or concealing
Jantry These professions drew about policy under intrigue, she was lo pli-
ber most of the young Athenian gen- able as to procure him favours from
tlemen, fome for instruction by her the desired objects. Certain it is, that
Jectures and conferences, and others such a charge, together with an ar-
for sensual gratifications with herself raignment of impiety, were brought
or her pupiis. Among her disciples against her. Pericles left no stone un.
and inamoratos, were some illustrious turned on behalf of a wife who had
naines : She taught Socrates rhetoric; deserved fu well of him, and, if the
Pericles, one of the heads of the state, was acquitted, the compassion which
became passionately enamoured with intreaties, humiliations, and even tears
her; and, according to Plato, Plutarch from fo illustrious a perfon, raised in
and Athenaus; both those celebrated the sympathizing judges, effected her
persons affiduoully frequented her deliverance, more than any strength of

vindication or of interest. Pericles made it his business to fee Notting proves the great sway which Alpafia twice every day; and his wife Pericles boie in his republic more, being disagreeable to him, he reálily than his involving it in two wars, coincided with the passion which ano- without any motive of intere” or hother bad conceived for her, to relieve nour prompting him to such hazards; himself, by making hier over to this new and both there wars he kindled at Al. galiant.

patia's requelt. The Sainians and MiNow, engrosied hy his love for Af- ielians quarrelling about the possession pafia, he married her, and without any of the town of Priene, an action enabatemewt of his ardour after having fued, in which the former liad the ad. lier under his roof; faluting her with it vantage. Asp via, fearing for her nakiss was the last thing he did at going tive place, prevaileil with Pericles to abroad, and the first on his coming file with the Milesians; and accordliome. It was not merely beauty, and ingly the Atheniin auxiliaries, sent by a light wit, which had endleared her to his initigation, urned the scale of

Vol. VII.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »