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Letters between Mr. Wilkes, and the Rev. Mr. Horne. 243 and by yourself afterwards. You con-' Mr. Reynolds is a bold man, tho' firmed to us what had been faid by he is made to blush so often. Some Mr. Horne. I desire you to ask any months since before forty gentlemen of the dozen Gentlemen present, whe at the London Tavern I was driven to ther I have not exactly stated the fact. mention these scandalous views upon the · The letter from Montpellier is dated Town Clerk's and Chamberlain's offices; Jan. 3, 1766. Will you please, Sir, and from thence occounted for the treatto name any one gentleman, who read ment I received from some gentlemen in it prior to the late dispute between that Society, because I could not concur Mr. Horne and myself, and likewife in thofe things, and in some others of to your own declaration, that " Mr. a like dishonourable nature. Mr. ReyHorne told you he had always the same. nolds is modelt enough to blush, tho' opinion of Mr. Wilkes.". I am, Sir, not modeft enough to avoid the occayour humble servant, J. WILKES. fion. Though I did not mention Mr.

Reynolds 's name aloud, he understood To the PUBLISHER. me: He blushed!, was silent, and hung SIR,

down his head : His confusion was viI WILL not have any

news-paper fible to all present, and was increased controversy with Mr. Wilkes; but by the harmless question of one genfince he has called upon me, I will give tleman, wito innocently asked Mr. my attestation to what I know. Reynolds whilst I was speaking, whom

Mr. Horne has told the truth as far I meant about the Town-Clerkship? as he has used my name in his letter to To which Mr. Reynolds return no anMr. Wilkes. It is likewise true that swer, and yet was understood by his Mr. Wilkes did, after Mr. Horne's face. Afterwards he recovered himletter to his brother, deny to me self sufficiently to deny it privately in that he approved his brother's attempt. conversation, to several gentlemen :

I never did refuse to do Mr. Wilkes But he then gave a very different acjustice: I was called upon in the Public count to them from that which he has Advertiser, Jan. 18, anonymously, but now declared upon his honour. He did not obey that anonymous call : acknowledged a conversation between Mr. Wilkes afterwards told me I ought us on the subject; but denied that to answer that call: I was of a different came to me, and insisted that I went opinion : I should have answered it if to his house and proposed it to him. Mr. Wilkes had put his name to it; It is not pleasant to ask gentlemen to but I must have answered it contrary attest things in the papers ; however if to his wishes, the fact not being as Mr. Reynolds will deny these circum. Itated by him.

ftances, I am sure a fenie of truth and Fenchurch-street,

honour will induce them very readily 30th May, 1771. RICHARD OLIVER. to give their attestation,

Your endeavour to make mie appear To Mr. JOHN WIL KE S. inconsistent, by.“ supposing you ať L E T T E R VIII.

one time as lacrificing your friends to SIR,

your own advantage, and at another MR

to declare upon their honour with great cause to the private advantage of as little fcruple as Jews fwear on the your friends.” No such thing, Sir, I New Testament. Alas ! The Policies have not to misrepresented you; I allow will enrich the one no more than the that you pretended your friends and the Town Clerkship the other. And Mr. great cause as each best suited your Wilkes whole “ heart is at present purpose; but merely for your own too full to say one word, except his feel. private advantage, regardless of eiings of gratitude ;” will some time ther. hence say to them as he does now to You say (as you did before) that Mr. Wildman Deliver in your ac- you did not approve your brot ersato count on oath : I will follow you in- tempt; although, not approint it, to Westminster-Hall."- Mr, Wildman, he thall have your vote. You tuc 10, Şir, will find you there.

HI 2

244 Leiters between Mr. Wilkes and the Reo. Mr. Horne, it is true; but I did not believe the place in the city." The disposal of all truth of what you said. Your brother would be much more lucrative to you uled the argument of your approba- than the possession of one; and if'intion very strongly to me as well as to Itead of a shart your candidates were others. I know that, like you, he all able, like Mr. Reynolds, to adhas since choten to deny it. Unfor vance the price of the office, your gain tunately for you both, Sir, he has would be less precarious. made a written application. He ap Will you content yourself, as yoų plied to me on the firft of Auguit. On have hitherto done, to deny all and the fourth, I wrote him the letter which leave it on your own bare authority? I have published. On the fixth he I believe you will; for I know that wrote thus to Mr. Bellas, addressed to you cannot defend yourself a moment him at Farnham in Surrey:

without being driven to an impudent “ St. John 'Square, Aug. 6, 1770, maniteft contradiction of the most con. Sir,

fiftent circumstances; the best attefted “ I applied the last Court Day to truths; the most notorious facts; and Mr, Towers to nominate me at the the clear testimony of some of the meeeing of the Fifhmongers Company, most respectable public men in the as Mr. Pearson was out of Town he world, I mean Mr. Oliver, Mr. Towns. did not chuse to risque it, he said Mr. end, Mr. Sawbridge, Mr. Glynn, Sir Sawbridge's refusal had made them Robert Bernard, Mr. Bellas, Mr, very angry. Their Fine is raised Lovell, &c &c. These, with a great from $15 to 625, and the Livery number of other gentlemen of conabout twenty Pounds, when you have fiderable character in private stations, a little leisure I should be exceedingly have been witnesfes to the whole of my obliged to you if you would favor me conduct; to them I Mall be forced fres with a few lines and whatever direc- quently to appeal, and with the most tions you give I shall always be happy perfect confidence I trutt my character to act with your approbation.

to their affirmations against the declaA fhort time past I hear a vacancy rations upon honour of such men as Mr. had like to have happened in the Reynolds and Mr. Humphry Cotes. Chamberlain's office. Sir S. T. Jansen

JOHN HORNE. was dangerously ill. My Brother is firmly determind not to accept any To the worthy LIVERYMEN of the Place in the City; and as he very kind

City of LONDON. ly has assured me should approve of my GENTLEMEN, offering my services to the City when a MR. Horne having drawn my name Vacancy was to happen, and would do out very unfairly in a dispute in me all the service in his power, it which I apprehend I am not the leait would make me very happy if you concerned, I feel myself under the newould give me your advice, and should cellity of justifying my conduct from my deign of offering myself meet the falle and malicious charges which with your Approbation, I am sure the Mr. Horne has wantonly brought Livery of London are sensible of against me, to prejudice me in a purthe very great Obligations they lie un- fuit, which I trust you, gentlemen, will der to you and my Brother

. I thould cer- think fair and honourable. tainly succeed. I am Sir, your much Last August thrre was too much pblig'd and most obedient servant, reason to apprehend a vacancy in the

Heaton Wilkes" Chamberlain's Office. Now, Sir, what subterfuge ? Did Presuming that my near relationship you approve, or did you not? If you to John Wiikes, Etq; could be no ob. did not approve, what credit can for jection to my offering my seşvices to the future be given to your brother ? you, I applied to Mr. Horne and Mr. And whose testimony will you employ Bellas for their affiftance. Mr. Horne's to prove that you were not to have a answer was, Mr. Wilkes, you know I Jhare in the office? You are very dif am no liveryman, but I will do you all freet when you refuse to " accept any the service in my power. I then ad


Letters between Mr. Wilkes, and the Red. Mr. Horne. 245 ded, Mr. Horne, I am not intimate that whenever a vacancy shall happen, with Mr. Townsend, you are, I shall I thall take the earliest opportunity of be much obliged to you if you will offering my services. I am, Sirs, speak to him. This was all that par

Your most obedient servant, led. In this, as on many other oc- St. John's-Square, casions, Mr. Horne has thought fit to 31 May, 1771. HEATON WILKES. change his opinion, and to charge me with a conduct, I should be as much To the Rev. Mr. H OR NE. alhamed of, as of the part he is noru

L E T:TER VI. acting.


Princes-Court, May 31.

I Y vassed some months before I was a free Cotes and Mr. Reynolds more than man, and have continued it to this Mr. Wilkes. Whether either of those time, is a shameful fa!shood. After I gentlemen will think it worth their mentioned it to my brother, I told my while to anfwer a man, whofe characintentions to many of my friends. Í ter for veracity has long been forfeited, declare, on my honour, I have not to I cannot say: my own ftrictures shali this hour asked any one liveryman for be few. his vote. From my friends I met with You declare, “ Some months, be. a general approbation of my inten- fore forty gentlemen at the London tions; and when our worthy and able Tavern, I was driven to mention these Chamberlain quits the post, I can claim fcandalous views • upon the Townmany unalked promises.

Clerk's and Chamberlain's Offices.” At Gentlemen, though from Mr. Horne's the meeting on the isth of last Decemlying accusations, my brother, from ber, after I was gone, you abufed me the delicate sense he has of his public. for near two hours, and was frequentfituation, may not chuse I should claim ly called to order. You 'threw out any merit from our connexion, I hope many dark and suspicious infinuations, near relationship will not be imputed but did not mention, as I am told, á to me as a demerit; and I am fatisfied single word of the Town-Clerk's or the only reason why my brother disap- Chamberlain's Office. I complained of proves of my intention, is the report the bafenels of your conduct to several he was to have a share.

of my friends, to Mr. Sawbridge in I desire to appeal to Mr. Oliver for particular. I told him, that from mothe truth of the following conversa- tives of delicacy, as my own private tion, which passed at his house at Put affairs were frequently the subject of pey, on which Mr. Horne has ground. the society's deliberations, I had hi. ed his charge of my brother intending therto always retired early, but that at to have a share.

the next meeting I meant to desire Mr. Oliver told me, that as he and their permislion to continue the whole his brother had subscribed so very time, to answer any questions, either largely, Mr. Wilkes's family, and par- of a public or private nature, and to ricularly myself, ought to have contri- give the fullest explanation poffible of buted more. I told him I had at first every thing. The next meeting was subscribed one hundred guineas towards on the 22d of January. It was very the payment of my brother's debts, full. I then took notice to the society, and he knew several fums I had paid " that many oblique invectives had fince; that I had not been in a profit. been thrown out against me at the for. able trade, and my fortune was very mer meeting after my departure; that far from large; that should I succeed, I had hitherto made it a rule to retire by the generosity of the Livery, Í before any private business, relative to thould then have it in my power, and it myself, became the subject of their dehad always been my with, to be able to liberations, lett my presence should be affist my brother niore liberally, thought to influence any gentleman

Long may our present upright Cham- that the most unfair advantage had berlain hold the office; and give me been taken of this, to calumniate me leave to declare, with all due respect, in my Abfence; but that, with the per



246 Letters between Mr. Wilkes, and the Rev. Mr. Horne." miffion of the society, I should conti- had any conversation with you about due among them that whole evening; being Town-Clerk.and I desired any gentleman who had Your answer to Mr. Cotes is evasive. the least doubt about any part of my You faid, that he was nearly concerned conduct, public or private, to ftate the in the fraudulent business of D'Eon's doubt, and the most explicit answer policies. He has dared you to the should directly be given to every par. proof. Have you advanced one word ticular; that I had no reserves of any to bring that charge home to him ?? kind for that fociéty, that I should be Have you disproved any article of the unworthy of their protection, if I did charges he made against you for your pot fully explain to them the whole of public conduct in the business of the my conduct, all my past actions, all fu- Middlesex and Surrey petitions ? Among ture Views for myself, relations, or your wonderful qualifications, you polfriends, of which I was fufpected, and less the fingular ingenuity of reconciling that I knew them to be fair and ho. friends, ' who both tell you that they pourable, able to stand the test of the rever quarrelled. The man in the most rigid enquiry." What was your world, who has the least milk of human reply? You only said, that you thought kindness, whose whole composition is I meant to attack you, and that I had rancour and malevolence, who has car. not been named by you. I answered, ried the torch of discord from friend " I ftand in the memory of the society, to friend, now pretends to set up for if-for near two hours together you had the amiable character of being fond to pot, at the laft meeting, made a conti- spread friendships, and to cover heats. nued invective against me, and been up In my former letter, I called upon on that account several times called to Mr. Alderman Oliver “ to late to the order.". You did not venture to deny public every thing which has passed be. it. I called upon you again, to bring tween us, relative to the Chamberlin/hip.' any one charge againft me, and to state You did not mention any conversation your objections to any part of my con. between Mr. Oliver and 'me: You con-' duct. I added, that I wished for the fined yourself to what passed between fullest enquiry; that I despised the idea the alderman and my brother. In his of secrets or subterfuges before gentle- answer of this day, Mr. Oliver says, men of known. honour, and that the “ It is likewise, true that Mr. Wilkes manly way was for you then to stand did, after Mr. Horne's lett r to his forth, and to bring the accusation face brother, deny to me that he approved to face. You shrunk back, covered his brother's attempt." I again, Sir, with confufion and rage. The society, call for the whole of every conversation on the same day, notwithstanding the between the two aldermen on the subopposition you made, gave the world ject. He has particular: their sentiments of me in the resolu- He ought to confirm the rest. tion, “ That the public conduct of Mr. Oliver fays, “ I never did re. Mr. Alderman Wilkes, fince his en- fuse to do Mr. Wilkes justice: I was Jargement from the King's-Bench Pri- called upon in the Public Advertiser, fon, has been such as merits the appro- Jan. 18, anonymously, but did not bation of this society." From that obey that anonymous call:"-" Mr. moment you have incessantly laboured Wilkes afterwards told me I ought to the diilolution of that noble and pa. answer that call : I was of a ditferent triotic fociety, against which neither opinion: I should have answered it if your open attacks, nor your secret Mr. Wilkes had put his name to it; frands, will prevail. You ask, "it but I must have answered it contrary Mr. Reynolds will deny these circum- to his wishes, the fact not being at all stances, which you have mentioned, ftated by him.” The passage alluded as wliat pafled in private conversation to in the Public Advertise of Jan. 18, at the London Tavern relative to him- is as follows. fell. He has already declared to the {"! Quere to Mr. Alderman Oliver. public, " that he never at any time


Letters between Mr. Wilkes, and the Rev. Mr. Horne.

247 Did not Alderman Wilkes tell you so much profaned the sacred name of at Guildhall, the day after the first ap- friend, as Mr. Horne. Mr. Morris's pearance of the letter signed Scourge, letter proves, that you declared to him, that he was not the author, nor was you had always the same opinion of he concerned in it directly or indi. Mr. Wilkes.". and your letter from rectly, nor did he know of the publie Montpellier demonstrates that you were cation; and did you not communicate guilty of a falfhood when you made this intelligence to Mr. Horne?" Ar. that declaration. Oliver's name had appeared in the pa You have examined the original let. pers the day before, in a controversy be- ters, which I left at the Printer's. I tween Mr. Horne and an anonymous am sure you found my quotations exact. author, to save Mr. Horne, as he I repeat that I expect the like opporthought, but he had refused Mr.Wilkes tunity of examining the quotations you juftice. I now repeat the quere, and de- have made. fire that it may be answered, and whe. The first paragraph of your eighth ther I did not mention to him, in con letter is the last on which I shall refidence, the real author, and how I mark. You say, “ Mr. Cotes and camie by my information. Will the Mr. Reynolds seem to declare upon their alderman please likewise to explain, in honour with as little scruple as Jews what our political aims differ?

swear on the New Testament." Pray, You pretend to appeal to "the clear Sir, where do Jews fwear on the New testimony of some of the most respec- Teftament? Is it in the country of untable men in the worid," and you give faithful echoes? In England, and every us a list of names, as of your friends, other country, I know Jews fwear on and of persons ready to confirm your the Old Testament. There is a Pen. assertions. How came you to omit tie tateuch provided on purpose for the honoured name of your bosom friend, oaths to be administered to Jews in all Samuel Vaughan, Esquire, whom you our courts of justice and public offices. have always defended? He might por. You are as unlucky now in your acsibly be made more useful than the count of the oaths to be taken by the whole lift you have given. I defire you Jews, as you were a few weeks ago to bring the testimony of Mr. Saw- about the Sheriff's oath, which you falbridge, or Mr. Glynn, to any one fact fified. I wilh to know what oath, on which has been disputed. Do you now what book, old or new, is likely to dare to mention Mr. Glynn in the lift bind an Atheist parson. The honour of of your friends, when you know what Mr. Cotes and Mr. Reynolds will, I character you gave of my worthy col- dare say, remain unspotted till Jews league, that great and upright lawyer, are sworn on the New Testament. to several gentlemen, whose attestations

I am, SIR, are ready, when called upon, conclud.

Your humble servant, ing with these remarkable words. “I

JOHN WILKES. do not know which is most contemptible, his head or his heart.” Will you To the PUBLISH E R. deny this, or that you wrote the letter SIR, to the Freeholders of Middlesex, figned S Mr. Horne in his eighth letter A Freeholder of Stanwell, printed in


to Mr. Wilkes has thought fit to the Public Advertiser, in which you continue the fory about my being fay, “I know Mr. Glynn's principles Town Clerk, I thall submit the folto be as firm, and his heart as incor. lowing facts to the public: they will ruptible as his conduct is modest and beit determine on . which fide truth moderate, and his abilities uncontradi&t. lies. ed?” That letter concludes, “ Com The beginning of June last I accom. plete your work, and place by the side panied Mr. Horne to several gentleof your glorious, persecuted Patriot men's houses in Westminster for subWilkes, his strenuous and disinterested scriptions for the widow Bigby. Upon defender, Glynn." No man has ever our return into the city, Mr. Horne so grossly contradicted himself, and told me, that Mr. Wilkes and he had


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