The Oxford Handbook of Evidentiality
This volume offers a thorough, systematic, and crosslinguistic account of evidentiality, the linguistic encoding of the source of information on which a statement is based. In some languages, the speaker always has to specify this source - for example whether they saw the event, heard it, inferred it based on visual evidence or common sense, or was told about it by someone else. While not all languages have obligatory marking of this type, every language has ways of referring to information source and associated epistemological meanings. The continuum of epistemological expressions covers a range of devices from the lexical means in familiar European languages and in many languages of Aboriginal Australia to the highly grammaticalized systems in Amazonia or North America. In this handbook, experts from a variety of fields explore topics such as the relationship between evidentials and epistemic modality, contact-induced changes in evidential systems, the acquisition of evidentials, and formal semantic theories of evidentiality. The book also contains detailed case studies of evidentiality in language families across the world, including Algonquian, Korean, Nakh-Dagestanian, Nambikwara, Turkic, Uralic, and Uto-Aztecan.
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Achkay addressee Aikhenvald 2004a Algonquian analysis aspect assertion Bodic languages Cariban languages Chapter clause clitics cognitive construction context contrast copula Dargwa dential described dialects direct discourse discussion distinction dizque Dubitative egophoric enclitic encode epistemic modality event eviden evidence evidential markers evidential meaning evidential strategies evidential systems example express firsthand Formosan languages function Gitksan grammatical evidentials grammaticalized hearsay indicate indirect evidential inference inferential evidential inflectional information source interrogative knowledge Korean lexical linguistic Mamaindê marking mirative morphemes Nambikwara narrative narrator non-firsthand non-propositional evidential non-visual sensory occur one’s OXFORD HANDBOOK Papafragou participle particle past tense perception perfect perfective aspect perspective present proposition Quechua question quotative reference reported evidential Saaroa San Roque semantic sentence speaker stereotypes story suffixes Tariana third person tial Tibetan tion Tsou Tukano Tukanoan Turkic Turkic languages Turkish unmarked Uralic languages utterance verb verbal versus visual evidential volume Wayana Witoto Witotoan languages