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Lod. Wrench his sword from him.
I bleed, sir; but not kill'd.
Lod. Oh thou Othello! that wert once so good,
Why, any thing :
Lod. This wretch hath part confess'd his villainy.
and he consent in Cassio's death?
Oth. I do believe it, and I ask your pardon': -
Iago. Demand me nothing: what you know, you know. From this time forth I never will speak word.
Lod. What! not to pray ?
Torments will ope your lips. Oth. Well, thou dost best.
Lod. Sir, you shall understand what hath befall'n,
Oth. Oh villain !
Most heathenish, and most gross!
of a DAMNED slave,) The folio reads “of a cursed slave,” in opposition to the two other authorities. “ Practice " is, of course, contrivance, as in Vol. iv. p. 370, and in various other places.
9 – I ask your pardon.] The folio alone has “ I ask your pardon,” the 4tos. you for “your ;” and in this part of the scene there are some other trifling variations not requiring especial notice, and not at all affecting the sense.
1- in the INTERIM] “ Interim " is the word in the folio and in the 4to, 1630 : it is nick in the 4to, 1632. In the next line the folio reads, “Oh thou pernitious caitiff!”
Oh, the pernicious caitiff !--
I found it in my chamber;
Oh fool! fool! fool !
with us :
fault be known
Oth. Soft you; a word or two, before you go.
? And he bimself confess'd, but even now,] The folio and 4to, 1630, read “confess'd it but even now," and the 4to, 1622, “confess'd it even now.” The sense clearly requires the omission of it.
3 — Come; bring him away.] The folio, 1623, omits “him,” found in the other old copies : the corr. fo. 1632 has them for “him ;” but the change is not required, unless we suppose Lodovico to refer to Othello as well as to Iago.
• Speak of me as I am,] Thus the folio and 4to, 1630: the earlier 4to, “Speak of them as they are."
5 Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away,] The folio has Iudean, and the 4to, 1622, Indian, and to these authorities the commentators referred; but they left unnoticed the 4to, 1630, which, like the earlier 4to, has Indian. Theobald, Warburton, and Malone, are at variance whether the 4to, 1622, reads Iudean or Indian ; but there can be no doubt that Indian is there the word. The meaning
Richer than all his tribe; of one, whose subdued eyes,
[He stabs himself®. Lod. Oh bloody period ! Gra.
All that's spoke is marr’d.
Cas. This did I fear, but thought he had no weapon,
Oh Spartan dog!
[TO LAGO This is thy work: the object poisons sight; is very clear, the allusion obscure ; and the probability is, that Shakespeare referred to some known fable of the time, now lost. Theobald contended for a reference to the story of Herod and Mariamne. It was formerly thought that the balance of the old texts was equal, folio being Iudean, and the 4to, 1622 Indian, and it is somewhat surprising that, on a question of the kind, no resort was ever had to the other contemporary authority, differing in many places from the 4to, 1622, and from the folio, 1623, and printed from some separate manuscript. Had Iudean of the folio, 1623, been right, the word would hardly have been printed Indian, in the 4to, 1630, supposing the editor to have referred to the folio. On the whole, we reprint “Indian.”
6 Their MEDICINAL gum.] Here again the 4to, 1630, comes to our aid on the balance of evidence, the folio reading medicinable, and the 4to, 1622, “medicinal :" the 4to, 1630, also has “medicinal.”
? WHERE a malignant and a turban'd Turk] The corr. fo. 1632 has When for “Where.” We may presume, perhaps, that the actor of the part of Othello, whom the old annotator saw, recited When for “Where;" and the two words were, as we have seen, often confounded by the old printers.
8 He stabs himself ] A stage-direction from the corr. fo. 1632, and such have usually been the words employed in modern editions, derived from the 4to, 1622 : they are wanting in the folio, 1623, and, almost of course, in subsequent impressions in the same form.
9 Dies ON THE BED.] So the corr. fo. 1632, for the ordinary stage-direction, Dies. Othello casts himself upon the bed where Desdemona was lying, and thus “died upon a kiss :” in this way he became part of the “ tragic loading of the bed” mentioned by Lodovico. The usual stage-direction, “Falling upon Desdemona," seems needlessly coarse and clumsy.
1 Look on the tragic loading of this bed ;] Here the text of the folio is evidently preferable to that of the two 4tos, which absurdly have lodging for " loading :" this fact seems to show that for the 4to, 1630, the folio, 1623, was not resorted to.
Let it be hid.—Gratiano, keep the house,
? For they succeed on you.] The two 4tos. read “For they succeed to you :" our text is that of the folio, 1623. Gratiano was uncle to Desdemona; and it is hardly to be supposed that Othello left any known heirs behind him : Gratiano, therefore, took possession of "the fortunes of the Moor " in right of his niece. “Censure,” in the next line, means, as not unfrequently before, sentence.
3 Exeunt.] Such is the final stage-direction in the folio, 1623 : in the 4to, 1622, it is Exeunt omnes; but it seems probable, that the performers, of old, did not go out, but that the curtains in front of the stage were closed before them, and before the “ tragic loading " of the bed, which could not easily have been removed. Exeunt may only mean, that the actors who remained alive, retreated so far back on the stage, that the curtains could be drawn between them and the audience.