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and the testimony of His Spirit through as concerning the disobedient and unHis servants, in long-suffering grace, believing? Is it not distinctly stated, exhorting them to repent, that their in the same Scripture (Deut. xxviii.), sins might be blotted out.

that, " if they hearkened unto the But, though the word of His salva- voice of the Lord, He would set them tion was taken from “ treacherous on high above all the nations of the Judah,"_"

"-"the chosen nation,” the seed earth ?" And, to fulfil this His proof Abraham His friend” still conti- mise, were not the Jews who believed nued to be the object and centre of sent“unto the nations which spoiled God's thoughts and purposes. There- them after the glory” (Zech. ii. 8), fore was the message of reconciliation even the people whom Jehovah had sent after " backsliding Israel ” in the formed for His praise? And foremost north country," the people left of the amongst these messengers was the sword, who found grace in the wilder- great apostle of the Gentiles. True, ness." (Jer. üi. 12-19; xxxi. 1-21.) he ministered the Gospel of the grace

We would here ask, “ When and in of God to all on his path through tehom were these prophecies fulfilled, Greece, Dalmatia, Illyricum, and Rome, if not in the Teutonic race, the people as his Lord and Master had done to whom we identify with the tribes of Samaria, and others not of Israel, Israel, led, at the appointed time, into whilst plainly declaring that “ He was the very places specified—“ the isles not sent but to the lost sheep of the afar off” and “the wilderness of the house of Israel," and that He had people," in the north-there received "other sheep not of that fold, whom into the bond of the covenant, made He must also bring; and they shall His witnesses, and the messengers of hear My voice, and there shall be one His grace to all nations,-pre-eminently flock and one Shepherd.” (John x. 16.) so the Anglo-Saxon race, the heirs of And these “other sheep" were the prithe birthright blessings. And now, mary object of the mission of His sermultiplied and increased into the pre- vant Paul, as he himself

testified, when, dicted "hosts of nations," their “goodly by inspiration of the Holy Ghost, he heritage,” even the land given for an declared the Lord's purpose, as spoken inheritance to their fathers, waits their by the prophet Hosea, concerning the return, though not to the exclusion of cast-off house of Israel: “I will call Judah ; but these must first receive the them My people who were not My Spirit of adoption before they can be people, and her beloved who was not made partakers of the blessing. “Left beloved. And it shall come to pass few in number," as foretold of the dis- that, in the place where it was said obedient portion of Israel (Deut. xxviii. unto them, Ye are not My people, 62), the Jews have indeed been, as Mr. there shall they be called the children Isaacs remarks, "an astonishment, a of the living God," " vessels of mercy," proverb, and a byword among all truly “ afore prepared to glory” (Rom. nations(ver. 37).

But on

what ix. 23-26); the “no people" and " foolgrounds does he add, " From that ter- ish nation" by whom the Jews were rible distinction none could escape : - to be “provoked to jealousy ;' not if escape were possible, it would have therefore the polished and refined made void the word of God ?” Did Greek, or the proud and powerful not the devout Jews at Pentecost es- Roman, but the despised Scythian cape it, and all the churches of Judea and barbarian,"—the long outcast, but that believed ? And, in like manner, not forgotten, house of Israel. Their " backsliding Israel,” reached by the very name had been taken from them, word of His grace, also escaped it, and known only by the name of the having already lost their name, as did peoples amongst whom they so long the believing Jews when they received sojourned, now were they, through Him whom “the nation abhorred." abounding grace, and under the guidWhere are now the descendants of ance and protection of the mighty God those believing Jews, and by what of Jacob, “ to be exalted above all the name are they known, but as Chris- nations of the earth." tians ? - the greater portion of them, With regard, further, to Mr. Isaacs' probably, amongst us in these lands of argument, that "none can claim conthe north, separated, for well nigh two sanguinity with the Jew but those who thousand years, from the doom and have had to take up this cross "(i.e., of curse of unbelieving Judah. And was being “a proverb and byword among not as positive a promise made con- the nations "), ought he not rather to cerning the believing portion of Israel, have said, To bear this curse ? Has he


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not himself so realised the difference between " taking up the cross," reproach for Christ,” whatever the present trial, as to feel how different is any thing that expression implies from the burden of the judicial sentence on his unhappy people persisting in their sin and unbelief? And with reference to his remark on the feeling against the Jews, so long entertained, even by the most eminent Christians, such as Luther; without justifying that feeling, we cannot but recognise in it a further fulfilment of Jehovah's indig. nation against that guilty race (Is. lxv. 12-15), “Because when I called, ye did not answer ; when I spoke, ye did not hear

therefore shall ye leave your name for a curse unto my chosen : for the Lord God shall slay thee, and call His servants by another name"-called after Him whose name the Jew blasphemes—therefore the al. most instinctive dislike of those to whom that name is precious, “ Christ the Lord.” The marked change of feeling, however, in this respect, we quite admit, and hail it as a remarkable sign of the times, together with the interest the Lord's people now so much more generally take in the Jews - typified, we believe, in the closing scenes of his life whom we claim as theil. lustrious ancestor of the Anglo-Saxons.

Great on the throne of the Gentiles, Joseph had forgotten his father's house and all his troubles, and become fruitful, naming his children Manasseh and Ephraim. But at the appointed time, the yearnings of his heart are awakened for his perishing brethren, and, in the consciousness of the mercy he had himself experienced, he pities and blesses them; not, however, from any ambition to be accounted of that despised race, though not ashamed to acknowledge them as his brethren, when all the predictions of his pre-eminence above them (of which they had been so jealous) had been so strikingly ful. filled. And even so with us —" chief among the nations," enriched with the precious things of the earth and the fulness thereof, with the good-will of Him that dwelt in the bush, and raised to power and dignity, with ample means to minister to the temporal and spiritual need of others; it would be but a poor ambition in us to crave, or to pride ourselves on consanguinity with a people still in unbelief, and therefore still under the curse, and strangers to the covenant of peace; but, as true sons of Joseph, acknowledging the

goodness and mercy that have followed us, and made us great, our hearts yearn to bless our poor, perishing, and toolong-neglected kinsmen. And, if we seek to “provoke them to jealousy," pointing to our inheritance of the birthright blessings in proof of our claim to be their long lost brethren of the house of Israel, it is only that, as Anglo-Hebrew Christians, they may be stirred up to acknowledge with us “the depths of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God, and that únsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out.” For such have they indeed been in our case; so marvellous, so unsearchable, that we ourselves have been slow to believe it; and how many hesitate and doubt and refuse to acknowledge it, because they cannot trace every link in the chain of blessing which has raised us from our depths of degradation and misery, as cast out and forsaken, to the exalted position to which, as a nation, the good pleasure of the God of Israel has raised us ; graffed back, as the long predicted “fulness of the Gentiles (Gen. xlviii. 19), into our own olivetree, to make known His salvation to the ends of the earth.

And if the Lord is now teaching us to recognise the truth of our relation. ship to Israel, it is, we believe, in order that we may be stirred up the more earnestly to cry, "O Lord, save Thy people, the remnant of Israel.” “Loved with an everlasting love, and drawn with loving-kindness after Him” who pitied us in our low estate, we plead for them with Him as “the God of all the families of Israel," and because He has so favoured us as

Ephraim His firstborn," and that in contradistinction to Judah, as evident from the whole tenor of the prophecy. (Jer. xxxi.)

When, we would again ask Mr. Isaacs, and all who oppose our claim to that distinction, was that prophecy fulfilled, subsequent to the time of Jeremiah and the Babylonish captivity ? and how can Ephraim have the predestined pre-eminence if merged and absorbed in Judah ? Let our opponents, instead of merely denying or gainsaying our claim, explain the many Scriptures that have been adduced once and again in support of it. To refuse to acknowledge it on ethnical grounds, because of our admixture with other races (though this, we would observe, was predicted of Ephraim), would be as irrelevant as if Joseph's brethren, because of his al.

dote to all that exaltation of Mary that is now-a-days, alas ! so common. For does not Dr. Delitzsch throughout make her subordinate to her Blessed Son ? In her portrait,

as there sketched, we see much of womanly weakness, anxiety, and care ; but nowhere do we find her raised even to an equality with the Saviour, much less to a superior position !

If your Ealing objector will read over the portion that offended him the second time, I think he will, pero haps, be induced to rescind his previous judgment. I am, dear sir, yours truly, Jan. 18th, 1873.


liance with Asenath the Gentile, had refused to acknowledge Ephraim and Manasseh to be as truly and equally with them of the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

In conclusion, we would plead with our Jewish brethren, who have known the tender forgiving love and mercy of One greater than Joseph, no longer to oppose or ignore their relationship to those who have ministered unto them the bread of life. Neither let them cherish the spirit of the elder brother against the long lost prodigal, restored to all the blessings and honours of the Father's house ; but rejoice with Him and them because of their union and re-union in the bonds of the new and better covenant. When Judah and Israel, with one consent, witness to that union, then may we anticipate the dawn of Israel's glory in their own land as at hand. Then also may we hope that Judah, still in unbelief, and hardened in it by their vain expectations and the false charity which upholds their claim to the promises, as Abraham's seed according to the flesh ; -then, we say, may we hope that, by our united testimony, they may be led to acknowledge that “he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly ; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh ; but he is a Jew who is one in. wardly, and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, whose praise is not of men, but of God." (Rom. ii. 28, 29.) Jan. 7.



MARIOLATOR. To the Editor of the Hebrew Christian

Witness. DEAR SIR,--As the translator of Dr. Delitzsch's brochure, “ Ein Tag in Capernaum,” permit me to vindicate the learned author of the little work from the charge of countenancing Mariolatry, which your Ealing correspondent seems inclined to bring against him. I have no hesitation in saying that, had I discovered any tendency of the kind, my pen should never have aided in the circulation of what I hold to be a most direct violation of the second commandment.

I must confess that, on turning to the chapter to which your correspon. dent doubtless refers (that headed “Noon," I think), I was at first inclined to judge as he does; but, on a closer investigation, I discovered, in that portion of the pamphlet, an anti


TIAN COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. To the Editor of the Hebrew Christian

Witness. DEAR SIR,-In reply to a communication in your July number, respecting A Hebrew Christian Collegiate Institution,” &c., I beg to say that I am one of those who believe in the literal fulfilment of Isaiah xi. 12. That the Lord will assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth ;” and though the time for this great ingathering has not yet arrived, still I would fain remind some of the wild olive branches of the debt of gratitude we owe God's ancient people, the olive tree, in imparting to · us Christianity. Can we do better in evincing our debt of gratitude towards that nation than endeavour to return to them the word of life which they once rejected ? Has not God said by His inspired Hebrew-Christian servant, Paul, “They also, if they abide not in unbelief, shall be graffed in; for God is able to graff them in again ?" (Rom. xi. 23.)

Let us who are believers in the power of prayer, consider whether the “remnant according to the election of grace among them being increased and strengthened would not pray more earnestly than we do “ for the peace of Jerusalem," and thus provoke us to jealousy ; for the promised blessing is

“They shall prosper that love Thee." “For if the casting away of them on their rejection of our blessed Saviour at His first coming were “the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be" at His second coming, “but life from the dead ?" (Rom. xi. 15.)

As a very humble means in promot



ing this good work, in furtherance of self; and He is not only Creator, but the above, I beg to offer £10 towards Sustainer and Preserver of the uni. the fund for the establishment of the

verse which He has created. May it above-named institution, if ten persons also be taken as the Firstborn, or LORD be found to give each £10 also. Hoping of all, answering to kinpovópos, or that they whom God has blessed with

heir, in the corresponding passage in the means to do so, will esteem it a

the Hebrews i. 2,—the primary mean. privilege to offer their hundreds, I am, dear sir,

ing leading to the secondary ? This A LOVER OF THE ANGLOHEBREW RACE.

suits the apostle's reasoning, that the creation and preservation of all things

shows his original pre-eminence; and, Queries.

on the same account, Πρωτότοκος εκ

των νεκρων may be rendered not only WHAT HAS BECOME OF THE LAST FIVE LETTERS AND UPWARDS

the Firstborn from the dead, but Lord OF MESSRS. ASHER AND CO.'S of the dead, that He might have in all CHALDAIC, TALMUDICAL, AND things pre-eminence, that He might RABBINICAL LEXICON ?

give to men both their first and their In the year 1866, Messrs. Asher & Co.,

renewed existence, that He Himself Foreign Publishers and Booksellers (of

was the first existing derivative Being, 13, Bedford Street, Strand, W. C.), an

and, in His human nature, the first to nounced a new edition, in grandilo

rise and to enter heaven ; for in Him quent terms, of the above lexicon. It

it pleased God the Father that all ful. was to be published in twenty-five

ness should dwell: and the description

is concluded with the declaration that, parts, under the joint editorship_of Drs. B. Fischer and H. Gelbe. The

by His Death on the cross, He had resecond name disappeared on the ap

stored amity between men and angels pearance of the third part in the by reconciling men-Gentiles as well beginning of 1867.

The following

as Jews-to their Maker. (Col. i. 15parts were published very irregularly,

20.) He is styled absolutely TOV and by no means with the promised IPWTOTOKOV, the Firstborn. (Heb. i. 6.) improvements, up to the beginning of 1871, when the publication stopped altogether with part xxii, at the word

Replies. . Would Messrs. Asher & Co. condescend to furnish some explana

To the Editor of the Hebrew Christian nation on the subject, or be induced to

Witness. make the amende honorable by taking back the unfinished work and repay

SIR,-In reply to the communication ing the disappointed subscribers the

of “ No Compromise" in your January sums which they have, in good faith,

number, I beg to offer what has apadvanced ? I am not the only ag

peared to me, and to other unlearned grieved party.

acceptors of the English version of Could not you and your staff, who

the Bible, a simple explanation of 2 are assuredly the most competent pha

Kings v. 18, 19. lanx for the task, undertake an edition

The duties of Naaman's office seemed of that well conceived lexicon ?

to require that, on certain occasions, ONE OF THE AGGRIEVED

he should accompany the king “when SUBSCRIBERS.

he went into the house of Rimmon to

worship there." On these occasions What is the exact meaning of IIpw

the king "leaned on the hand” of

Naaman. When, therefore, the king, τοτοκος πασης κτισεως ? (See Col. 1.

leaning on the hand of Naaman, bowed 15.) The Firstborn of every creature himself down, how was it possible for seems, at first sight, to favour the

Naaman to avoid inclining his body Arian doctrine that the Son of God is forward also ? But so tender was his Himself a creature. Should it not conscience, that he feared lest such an have been translated Born or begotten involuntary inclination should be rebefore the whole creation ? It was so garded as an act of idolatrous worship. understood by Justin Martyr. The Rendering the verbs in verse 18 in reason assigned immediately by the the past tense seems unsatisfactory ; apostle bids us translate the words so, for why should Naaman single out one because by Him were all things cre- set of idolatrous acts from amongst the ated ; for He who creates all things many in which he had doubtless been can be no part of the creation Him.

accustomed to engage ?




By the Rev. DR. MAR



I have not bettered my condition by the A new, improved, and enlarged Engo recommendation and warning. I have lish edition of Bythner's METHODICA been constantly appealed to for the last INSTITUTIO LINGUE SANCTÆ. Form. score of years, by Hebrew students, to ing a complete, intelligible, and com- point out the errors of Bythner's prehensive Hebrew Grammar.

analysis of this Psalm and of that

Psalm, to intimate Bythner's irrelevant II.

matter in this page and that page ; so CLAVIS PSALMORUM. A revised, con- that a considerable portion of my time densed, and therefore greatly improved was consumed in writing critical notes English edition of Bythner's Lyra Pro- on Bythner, Dee, and Benmohel. phetica Davidis Regis ; sive Analysis Of late, however, my learned ImporCritico-Practica Psalmorum. Being the tunaters have altered their tactics ; most perfect key to the study of the they have abandoned their small and Original of the sublime Book of Psalms. piecemeal measures, and begun to agi

tate for a sifting and thorough refor. III.

mation of Bythner and his translators. An interlineary HEBREW AND ENG- They positively gave me no rest, and in LISH PSALTER. Arranged in lines of

self-defence-to secure a quiet life metrical parallelism. With brief, but

from one quarter at least I have unimportant critical and exegetical notes,

dertaken the task, and here is its perin which the many egregious and re

formance. Its completeness and acprehensible philological inaccuracies curacy will speak for themselves ; I which disfigare and disgrace the inter

have only to offer a few state ents re lineary translations of Montanus, Wal

specting some of the principal features

of alteration which I deemed incumton, and others, have been carefully guarded against

bent upon me to make.

1. I dispensed with the Chaldee, A FEW WORDS FAMILIARLY ADDRESSED Arabic, Syriac, Greek and Latin quoTO HEBREW STUDENTS.

tations-in which Bythner abounds.

Those quotations, instead of expediting I have been importuned upwards of

the student's progress, rather retard it. these twenty years to prepare a useful

The study of Hebrew is the learner's cade mecum for the Hebrew student.

immediate object, and I have endeaI must confess that I have no taste

voured to give him the full value of the nor do I think it to be my calling-for

Hebrew word or sentence which he is writing elementary works ; I have

now analysing. Woe betide the protherefore endeavoured, invariably, to

gress of a foreigner in the English lanrecommend Bythner's LYBA PRO

guage, if he-the German or FrenchPHETICA, either the original LATIN, OT

man-set about reading the Vicar of the English translations of the same,

Wakefield under the auspices of Littleby Dee and Benmobel. I felt, however, ton's learned English Dictionary. in duty bound to warn my Hebrewlearning friends of the overwhelming 2. I have eschewed the constant number of inaccuracies which mar both references to the numbers of the rules the original and the English versions. in the grammar. I know the waste of

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