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prevailed among the people, it was that it lay where the ruins of Tell useless to contend against Rome. Hûm now stand. It was to CaperWhat business and prosperity must naum, too, that the disciples were have been witnessed in these towns
returning, after witnessing the miraand villages of Gennesaret! Who- culous feeding of the five thousand, ever stands by the baths of Tiberias, when Jesus had gone away so as to and views the town and lake, has in be alone for a time; but a storm the background the mountain of Safed, which arose on the lake, and burst and on the distant horizon, snow- upon the disciples about the middle capped Hermon bounds the prospect of their passage, threatened them before him, and from Tiberias north- with drowning;
Jesus, however, walkwestward a smiling landscape, planted ing upon the water, came to their aid, like a garden, and dotted with numer- and, contrary to their expectations, ous houses, like the shores of the
they found themselves at the end of Lake of Zurich from Zurich to Rap- their voyage: that is to say, at the hapers-wyl.
ven, or landing-place at Capernaum. The ruined site of Tell Hûm lies But the next morning, the people saw on the north shore of the lake, an that the one boat which had brought hour's journey from the spot where Jesus across was gone, and they knew the Jordan empties itself into it that the disciples had left long ago, (after flowing lazily between banks, but that Jesus had not accompanied on one side steep, and on the other them. Thinking that Jesus had gone forming a delta-like fruitful plain), by land, they took some boats from throwing up as it enters it a mass of Tiberias, which were moored at Bethwhite foam, -and stretches itself for saida, and the place for which they a mile or two along the strand : its steered was again Capernaum, where breadth on the land-side is about half they sought and found Jesus. Thus of this distance. If the important we become impressed with the contown, whose houses were once mir- viction that Capernaum was opposite rored here in a long line in the Bethsaida Julias, and that the scene lake, was not Capernaum, or, accord- of most of the works of Jesus was the ing to stricter orthography, Caphar- land round about the northern shores naum, what other town can it have of the lake, as it was prophesied in been? Robinson and others, who place the book of Isaiah: “ The dimness Capernaum farther south, not far from shall not be as in the days of her Megdel, the ancient Magdala, and near vexation, when at the first He lightly Ain-et-Tîn(the Fountain of Figs), must afflicted the land of Zebulun and the give an answer to this query. If land of Napthali, and afterwards did Josephus, in a battle which he fought more grievously afflict her by the way with the Romans at Bethsaida Julias, of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of fell with his horse to the ground, and the Gentiles. The people that walked in was carried, severely wounded, to a darkness saw great light; and on place called Kepharnome, this seems them that sat in the shadow of death to fix the site of Capernaum, where light is sprung up." Josephus hoped to find a refuge and “ Besides the mild air," says Josea physician, as the nearest town to phus in his description of the country Bethsaida Julias, which lay to the of Gennesaret, this also conduces east of the influx of the Jordan. And to its fertility : namely, that the soil if Jesus, when informed of the execu- is irrigated by an exceedingly good tion of John the Baptist, went over spring, which the country people call in a boat to Bethsaida with His dis- Kapharnaum; many consider it as ciples, and the people followed Him connected with the river Nile, because thither by hurrying along the shore fish swim out of it into the lake, which in crowds,-arriving before He did, - are very much like the Coracinus this seems to make it clear (if we re- (so called from its raven blackness) gard Capernaum, the chief station of of Alexandria." It is Gennesaret, His ministry, as the only town from strictly so called, of which Josephus whence Jesus could have departed, here speaks, the lovely strip of land, and where the people had collected)- which, near Khan Minyeh on the
north, and Megdel on the south, is the Fountain of Figs or to any other & bounded by hills which slope down mile or two off, to fetch water to towards the sea. If this spring of drink. But the richer folks, would, Kapharnaum was one that acquired doubtless, find the spring water more its name from that of the adjoining palatable, from its greater purity; town, this town must have beer in for what squeamish citizen would care the neighbourhood of Khan Minyúa, to drink the water of the river or lake where Robinson places it, and Tell that washed the shores of the town, Hûm, which lies an hour's journey in which people not only bathed and farther northward, is not to be con- washed, but into whose waves all the sidered as ancient Capernaum. But refuse of the town must have been the account of Josephus is not fully
thrown? reliable, because it has not a look of We cannot, however, deny, that a probability about it. The name Ka- tradition has been handed down to pharnaum (Kapernaum) as we have us which places Capernaum to the already remarked, means “ Nahum's north-east of the land of Gennesaret Village.” Now it was certainly cus- strictly so called, where now stands tomary to name places after springs a place called El Ghuweir, near the in the neighbourhood, -as for exam- modern Khan Mîngeh. Khan, in the ple, the lovely gardens of Engedi, Oriental dialect, means an inhabited which Solomon laid out, the name of one-storied building, erected for the which signifies, “ Goat's well," and accommodation of travellers, with Warmbrunn, in Silesia, so named shelter and a night's lodging: and from its sulphur-springs. But that answers to the Latin diversorium ; a spring should have the word “town" but it is not an inn, but rather a free (Kefar) attached to its name, is un- shelter or lodging house. Thus the heard-of; the account of Josephus monk Quarestinus, in his entertainsounds as contrary to reason as if I said, ing work on the Holy Land (which “Between Soden and Hochheim in the appeared in 1639 in two volumes), plain of Taunus is a "sulphur-spring says, in vol. ii., sect. 868, “At the called the town of Weilbach." But present time all that is to be seen if we correct the account by suppos. where Capernaum stood, consists of ing the name of the well to have been some old ruins and a wretched divernot Kapharnaum, but 'Ain Kaphar- sorium, called in the Arabian tongue, naum (Spring of Nahum's town); and Menich," this evidently meaning taking it for granted that one of the Khan Mînyeh, between which and springs near Khan Minyeh is meant, the lake-shore the so called “Founeven if it were Tabigha (Tabika) the tain of Figs " has its source beneath farthest from Capernaum, which was a great fig-tree, and produces a strip full of water and abounded with fish, of luxuriant verdure all along the and shows traces of a reservoir and rushy shore. Robinson and his comchannels which once carried its water panions encamped here on the 19th in various uirections about the land, of May, 1852, in a beautiful cloverthis does not make it impossible that field. The ruins of a town, not ap. it may have derived its name from parently an unimportant place, though the Capernaum that lay a few miles now consisting of shapeless heaps, to the north of it. For Capernaum lay southward from the Khan on an possessed no spring water of its own. insignificant eminence, but they were But if water could be procured (by nearly grown over by a field of nearly land or by crossing the lake) from ripe wheat. Perhaps the town, so this well, it is quite possible that it renowned in old Jewish writings conwas regarded as belonging to this cerning Palestine under the name of town, which was the next in impor- Kefar Tanchumin, or more properly, tance to Tiberias, and might have Kefar Techumin, lay here. Its name been named from it. It is true that the resembles that of Capernaum but has water of the lake itself is drinkable: the a very different meaning; for it signiqualities which Josephus attributes to fies, the town on the boundary;" and it proves this: it is sparkling clear, soft, this name well suits its situation at the and cool. The poorer classes of Caper- northern extremity of the Gennesaret naum, perhaps, would not care to go to valley. The place where Capernaum
or Kefar Nahum (which cannot be confounded with this Kefar Techumin) stood, is indicated by the large and dissimilar ruins of Tell Hûm.
There it was that the French bishop Arculf saw ancient Capernaum still in existence in the seventh century.
(To be continued.)
THE LAST BAPTISMS OF JEWISH "Holy Spirit, heav'nly Witness ?
Whose Almighty influence darts IN THE EPISCOPAL JEWS' CHAPEL, Life to souls once dead, and fitness PALESTINE-PLACE, IN 1872.
For the heav'nly state imparts ! It affords us much grateful joy to be Bear Thy witness permitted to record, in our first number To Thy work in all our hearts." of a new series, the admission of three members of our nation, the House of Whilst the four verses were being sung Jacob, into the Church of Christ by in the sacred tongue by the congregathe sacred ordinance of baptism. This tion-led by the Hebrew Christian chil. solemn admission took place at the dren in the galleries—the candidates Episcopal Jews' Chapel, Palestine Place, for the solemn and public confession of on Sunday, the 22nd ult., at the ordinary their faith, along with their friends afternoon Hebrew service. We were and witnesses, clustered round the bapdesirous to be present at the adminis. tismal font. It was a solemn spectacle. tration of the sacred rite, especially as Oh, for the graphic pen of a John Ruswe had heard that one of the intended kin,or the descriptive pencil of a Holman recipients of the hallowed sacrament Hunt to do justice to the group which was an old man, who had reached the composed the three candidates ready to good old age of three score and seven- make their confession in Christ the teen years. We called, therefore, that Redeemer of Israel, and to receive the afternoon on our dear brother, the Rev. sacrament of baptism in His most holy H. A. Stern, Principal of the Missions name. The picture would have made to the Jews in England, in order to & worthy counterpart to the celebrated accompany him to the Church.
one known as Judæa capta, and might congratulated ourselves on this pre- have been fitly designated Judæa libeliminary step, for we found at the Mis- rata. At the left of Mr. Stern knelt the sion House the three catechumens. venerable candidate, to whom we have Mr. Stern read and expounded to them already alluded; by the old man's left the last few verses of the second chap- side knelt a young girl, about seventer of the Acts of the Apostles, which teen years of age ; and at her left record the work of God in the hearts again knelt a young man of about and souls of three thousand of our bre- twenty-seven years of age. The conthren “ that gladly received His word, course of the witnesses standing round and were baptized.” The experienced the catechumens and the stalwart figure missionary solemnly exhorted the can. of the officiating minister, might have didates for the holy ordinance to imitate produced a representation of no ordi. the "three thousand, and continue stead. nary attraction. fastly in the apostles' doctrine and fel. A few particulars about the candilowship," and to be constant in prayer. dates might not prove uninteresting to At the conclusion of the pithy address, our readers. The old man we spoke of we all knelt down, and Mr. Stern of. followed at long last the example of fered up an earnest supplication at the his children, all English born, who had throne of grace in behalf of the Hebrew long since returned to the fold of penitents who were about to confess Christ, and lead consistent Christian publicly that they were no more like lives, in the various important spheres sheep going astray, but were now re- which their talents and industry, by turned unto the Shepherd and Bishop God's blessing, secured for them. We of their souls. We understand a re- have every reason to believe that the anion of the same description takes place Christian consistency of the old man's at the Mission House previous to every pione song and daughters proved in baptism in the Episcopal Jews' Chapel. strumental to his determination to go
The prayers were read in Hebrew by himself, even at the eleventh hour, Mr. Stern. After the second lesson, he and work in his Master's vineyard. gave out in Hebrew & translation of We confess to a peculiar thrill of the spirited hymn :
gratitude, which sent up some hot
tears to our eyes, when the words, “Jacob Moses, I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,” were pronounced by Mr. Stern. The young girl, also English born, was educated in the Jewish Free School, at Lower Norwood, where she had been eight years. From the few words of conversation which we had with her, we were very favourably impressed with her simple and sincere faith, as well as with her unaffected modesty. The young man is a native of St. Petersburg,-& good Hebrew scholar ; he is evidently not long for this world. He suffers from a fatal affection of the lungs; and his phy. sician told him that his life was not worth many months' purchase.
In consequence of his helplessness, Mr. Stern felt doubtful whether he ought to baptize the young man, as, humanly speaking, the sick man could not earn a subsistence. The importunities, however, on the part of the poor penitent, his pleadings that he might be called hence at any moment, and was therefore desirous of partaking of the divinely prescribed sacrament ere he quitted this world, prevailed with the Principal of Jewish Missions in England, and he granted the invalid's fervent request. Altogether, the group was composed of most instructive and suggestive elements.
After the baptismal service, Mr. Stern returned to the desk and finished the evening prayers. Whilst another Hebrew hymn was being sung by the congregation and the school children, the Rev. Dr. Margoliouth-who unexpectedly happened to come to the service-made his way to the pulpit. After the conclusion of the hymn, he offered up a short prayer in Hebrew ; he then gave out his text, first in the original Chaldee, and then in English ; Dan. iii. 29 (last part) :-" There is no other God that can deliver after this sort.” The preacher, after explaining to his Jewish hearers the text in relation to its context, pointed out its applicability to them individually and collectively. They were strangers in a strange land, in the midst of enemies amongst Jews and Gentiles. But we, if but consistent children of God, have a Deliverer which can deliver after a sort which no other god can. Our God may not always see fit to prevent our being cast into a burning fiery furnace; but He will not fail to meet us there, and quench the fire which would otherwise consume us. The Son of God was
found with Shadrach, Mesbach, and Abednego in the seven times heated furnace, and so He would be with us, if we have the same faith which distinguished those captives in Babylon. Who would not rather be in a burning fiery furnace with Jesus, the Son of God, for his companion, than in the most gorgeous palaces in the world with a Nebuchadnezzar for his associate !
In conclusion, the preacher addressed himself to the newly baptized members of the congregation before him. He told them he did not come to Church with the intention to preach to them, but to be present at their solemn confession of faith ; however, his dear friend, Mr. Stern, having expressed & wish that he should preach, and as Mr. Stern was going to take his own place in his pulpit, he acquiesced in the wish. Their number, three, suggested the episode in the third chapter of Daniel ; hence his text. He dwelt on the probable thoughts which stirred the respective souls of the recipients of the sacrament that afternoon. The venerable brother might have felt a pang of remorse, on beholding his young sister in THE Faith kneeling by his side, that he had not returned to the God of our fathers earlier in life; and thus glorified his God for many a year past. Let him take courage, and thank God that He had mercifully called him at last. The young sister, on the other hand, may have thought with soul-stirring gratitude of the aged brother by her side as affording strength to her own assurance that the truth as it is in Jesus is worthy of the acceptance of all. The brother, who has reached the age of manhood, may have gathered material for solemn thought from his older and younger companions. He wished them all to cling to the glorious declaration of the text :-“There is no other God that can deliver after this sort." These words were as much dictated by the Holy Spirit as those which the wicked Jewish high priest Caiaphas enunciated respecting the necessary death of our Saviour to save the world ; or the superscription which Pilate was prompted to put over the cross. With other such admonitions, he exhorted them that, with purpose of heart, they would cleave unto the Lord. The preacher followed up his sermon by a short prayer, and the Aaronic benediction, in Hebrew. Thus closed one of the most solemn services which we have attended for a long time,
THE NEWLY ORDAINED HEBREW
CHRISTIAN DEACON. We observe that, at the head of the list of Deacons, ordained at St. Paul's Cathedral by the Lord Bishop of London, on Sunday morning, the 22nd ult., stands the name of August Carl Adler, It is the name of a worthy and talented Hebrew Christian brother. He has our heartiest prayer, that our Heavenly Father may bestow His choicest blessings upon him and his ministry, wherever his sphere of labour in the great Master's harvest may be fixed.
INTERCESSORY HYMN FOR MISSIONS TO THE JEWS.
(For Dec. 20, 1872.) [The following hymn, from the pen of the worthy Vicar of St. Paul's, Haggerstone, will find deserved favour with our readers.]
BY REV. W. STONE, M.A. "Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee. Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces." (Ps. cxxii. 6, 7.) PRAY We for Jerusalem,
That ancient city blessid ! The joy of generations,
The home of future rest! We long for her uplifting
Above the common earth, Beyond the days of sifting,
And pain of second birth. Thou Comfort of the weary,
Thou Strength of weak and worn! Thou Lord of life and freedom,
O pity her forlorn !
Send Gilead's balm to heal í
And none in vain appeal. Now multiply the preachers,
That publish with success, With “ tongues of fire,” the message
Of peace and righteousness ! That fruits, in tenfold measure,
May ripen with increase, While“ labourers " reap the treasure,
And offerings never cease. O Father, rend asunder
The veil that hides the view Of Him, Who spake for Israel
“ They know not what they do!” And while they look, repenting,
Upon the “ piercèd" side, Lord, look on them, relenting,
And save, since Jesus died? Pray we for Jerusalem,
And all who seek her weal;
Her bitter wounds to heal ;
Around her Zion-hill,
Her shining courts to fill. Praise God, our gracious Father,
Give praises to the Son, Extol we God the Spirit,
Co-equal Three in One.
For all the bliss above,
Eternal God of love! Amen.
VISCOUNTESS BEACONSFIELD. We desire to put on record our profound sympathy with our bereaved Hebrew Christian Brother, the Right Honourable Benjamin Disraeli, in his great bereavement. It pleased God, in His inscrutable dispensation of Providence, to take from our eminent bro. ther her whom his soul loved. But we pray and trust that the Lord who first gave, and then took from him that inestimable treasure, will enable the bereaved husband to experience the bliss of the conviction that there is a throne where mercy rejoiceth over judgment, where true consolation is offered, where joy and peace in believing is to be found. May our sorrowing brother give heed to the whisperings of our Father in Heaven ; “My son, what I do, thou knowest not now, but thou shalt know hereafter. Let JESUS be your all in all ! "
THE REV. ADOLPH SAPHIR, B.A. It is with sincere gratitude to the God of Israel that we record that it pleased Him to restore health and strength to our gifted brother, whose name heads this paragraph, to resume his minis. terial functions, as a HEBREW CHRISTIAN WITNESS to the verities of the Gospel of the Grace of God. Our dear brother was inducted into his new sphere of future pastoral charge-of the Trinity Presbyterian Church, in Kensington Park Road-on the 11th ult. He has our heartfelt prayer that the God of our Fathers, the Lord Jesus Christ, may be with His devoted