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1. The HYPERBOLE, or Impossible.
For instance, of a Lion. * « He roar'd so loud, and look'd so wondrous grim, “ His very shadow durft not follow him."
Of a Lady at Dinner. “ The silver whiteness that adorns thy neck, “ Sullies the plate and makes the napkin black.”
Of the same. t 66 The obscureness of her birth “ Cannot eclipse the lustre of her eyes, « Which make her all one light.”
Of a Bull-baiting. - Up to the stars the fprawling mastives fly, 66 And add new monsters to the frighted sky."
Of a Scene of Misery. 66 Behold a scene of misery and woe ! 66 Here Argus soon might weep himself quite blind, 66 Ev'n tho' he had Briareus' hundred hands
" To wipe those hundred eyes." And that modeft request of two absent lovers.
66 Ye Gods! annihilate but Space and Time, 66 And make two lovers happy.” 2. The PERIPHRASIS, which the Moderns call the Circumbendibus, whereof we have given examples in the ninth chapter, and shall again in the twelfth.
To the same class of the Magnifying may be referred the following, which are so excellently modern, that we have yet no name for them. In describing a countryprospect,
# Vet. Aut.
+ Theob. Double Falfhood,
Il “ I'd
« I'd call them mountains, but can't call them fo,
III. The third Class remains, of the Diminishing Fi. gures : · And J. the ANTICLIMAX, where the fecond line drops quite short of the first, thân which nothing creates greater surprize.
On the extent of the British Arms. * “ Under the Tropicks is our language spoke,
“ And part of Flanders hath receiv'd our Yoke."
On a Warrior.
" And thou Dalhousy the great God of War, « Lieutenant-Colonel to the Earl of Mar."
On the Valour of the English.
66 Nor Art nor Nature has the force
" To stop its steddy course, « Nor Alps nor Pyreneans keep it out,
“ Nor fortify'd Redoubt.” At other timñes this figure operates in a larger extent; and when the gentle reader is in expectation of some great image, he either finds it surprizingly imperfe&t, or is presented with something low, or quite ridiculous. А surprize resembling that of a curious person in a cabinet of Antique Statues, who beholds on the Pedeftal the names of Homer, or Cato; but looking up, finds Homer without a head, and nothing to be seen of Cato but his privy-member. Such are these lines of a Leviathan at sea. § “ His motion works, and beats the oozy mud,
" And with its Nime incorporates the flood.
# Denn. on Namur.
# Wall. Job, p. 197.
66 'Till all th' encumber'd, thick, fermenting stream “ Does like one Pot of boiling Ointment seem... " Where'er he'swims, he leaves along the lake « Such frothy furrows, such a foamy track, 66 That all the waters of the deep appear
“ Hoary-with age, or grey with sudden fear.” But perhaps even these are excelled by the ensuing : * 6 Now the resisted flames and fiery store,
“ By winds assaulted, in wide forges roar,
2 The VULGAR, is also a Species of the Diminishing: By this a spear flying into the air is compared to a boy whistling as he
" The mighty Stuffa threw a masly spear,
A Man raging with grief to a Mastiff-Dog. - I cannot stifle this gigantic woe,
« Nor on my raging grief a muzzle throw.” And Clouds big with water to a woman in great necessity:
« Diftended with the Waters in 'em pent,
The INFANTIN E. This is when a Poet grows so very simple, as to think and talk like a child. I shall take my examples from the greatest Master in this way: Hear how he fondles, like; a mere stammerer.
§ 66 Little Charm of placid mien,
" Miniature of Beauty's Queen,
* Pr. Arthur, p. 157. ips on Miss Cuzzona.
Job, p. 41,
S Amb. Phi.
« Hither British muse of mine,
Happiest he of happy men,” etc.
How prettily he asks the sheep to teach him to bleat?
Hear how a babe would reason on his nurse's death :
66 That ever she could die! Oh moft unkind!
" Ye brighter maids, faint emblems of my fair,
4. The INANITY, or NOTHINGNESS.
+ Ibid. Ibid, § Itid.
* " To
* “ (To the grave Senate she could counsel give,
66 Which with astonishment they did receive.)" + " He whom loud cannon could not terrify,
“ Falls (from the grandeur of his Majesty.)"
" The Noise returning with returning Light, What did it? Il “ Dispers’d the Silence, and dispell’d the Night.” You easily perceive the Nothingness of every second Verse. § - The glories of proud London to survey,
66. The sun himself shall rise-by break of day."
5. The EXPLETIVE, admirably exemplified in the Epithets of many authors.
- Th' umbrageous shadow, and the verdant green, " The running current, and odorous fragrance
66 Chear my lone solitude with joyous gladness.' Or in pretty drawling words like these, + “ All men his tomb, all men his fons adore,
66 And his son's fons till there shall be no more." " The rising sun our grief did see,
" The setting sun did see the same,
While wretched we remember'd thee, *** O Sion! Sion! lovely name.”
6. The MACROLOGY and PLEONASM are as generally coupled, as a lean rabbit with a fat one, nor is it a wonder, the superfluity of words and vacuity
Phil. on Q. Mary. # Anon, S Autor. Vet.
# T. Cook on a Grashopper, #T, Cook's Poems.