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made a Full-fet, will be published in time convenients There will also be added the Representation, which, on occasion of one distemper, which was become almost epis demical, he thought himself obliged to lay before both Houses of Parliament, intitled, A Proposal for a General Flux, to exterminate at one blow the P-x out of this kingdom.
But being weary of all practice on foetid Bodies; from a certain niceness of Constitution, (especially when he attended Dr. Woodward through a Twelvemonth's course of Vomition) he determined to leave it off entirely, and to apply himself only to diseases of the Mind. He attempted to find out Specificks for all the Palions; and as other Physicians throw their Patients into sweats, vomits, purgations, etc. he cast them into Love, Hatred, Hope, Fear, Joy, Grief, etc. And indeed the great irregularity of the Passions in the English Nation, was the chief Motive that induced him to apply his whole ftudies while he continued among us, to the Diseases of the Mind.
To this purpose he directed, in the firft place, his late acquired skill in Anatomy. He considered Virtues and Vices as certain Habits which proceed from the natural Formation and structure of particular parts of the body. A Bird flies because it has Wings, a Duck swims because it is web-footed: and there can be no question but the aduncity of the pounces and beaks of the Hawks, as well as the length of the fangs, the sharpness of the teeth, and the strength of the crural and masseter muscles * in Lions and Tygers, are the cause of the great and habitual Immorality of those Animals.
! ift, He observed, that the Soul and Body mutually operate upon each other, and therefore if you deprive the Mind of the outward Inftruments whereby she usually
* Μεσσητήρες μες
expresseth that Passion, you will in time abate the Passion itself, in like manner as Caftration abates Luft.
2dly, That the Soul in mankind expresseth every Passion by the Motion of some particular Muscles,
3dly, That all Muscles grow stronger and thicker by being much used; therefore the habitual Passions may be discerned in particular persons by the strength and biginefs of the Muscles used in the expression of that Paffion.
4thly, That a Muscle may be strengthened or weakened by weakening or strengthening the force of its Antagonist. These things premised, he took notice,
That complaisance, humility, affent, approbatian, and civility, were expressed by nodding the head and bowing the body forward : on the contrary, diffent, dislike, refusal, pride, and arrogance, were marked by tossing the head, and bending the body backwards : which two passions of assent and disent the Latins rightly expressed by the words adnuere and abnuere. Now he observed that complaisant and civil people had the Flexors of the head very strong ; but in the proud and infolent there was a great overbalance of strength in the Extensors of the Neck and the Muscles of the Back, from whence they perforin with great facility the motion of tofing, but with great difficulty that of bowing, and therefore have justly acquired the Title of fiff-necked : In order to reduce such persons to a júft balance, he judged that the pair of Muscles called Reati interni, the Mastoidal, with other flexors of the head, neck, and body, must be strengthened; their Antagonists, the Splenii Complexi, and the extenfors of the Spine weakened : For which purpose Nature herself seems to have directed mankind to correct this Muscular lınmorality by tying such fellows Neck and Heels.
Contrary to this, is the pernicious Custom of Mothers, who abolish the natural Signature of Modesty in their Daughters, by teaching them toffing and bridling, rather
than the bashful posture of stooping, and hanging down the head. Martinus charged all husbands to take notice of the Posture of the Head of such as they courted to Matrimony, as that upon which their future happiness did much depend.
Flatterers, who have the flexor Muscles fo strong that they are always bowing and cringing, he supposed might in fome measure be corrected by being tied down upon a Tree by the back, like the children of the Indians ; which doctrine was strongly confirmed by his observing the strength of the levatores Scapula: This Muscle is called the Muscle of Patience, because in that affection of Mind, people shrug and raise up their shoulders to the tip of the ear. This Muscle also he observed to be exceedingly strong and large in Henpeck'd Husbands, in Italians, and in English Ministers.
In pursuance of this Theory, he supposed the conAtrictors of the Eye-lids must be strengthened in the fupercilious, the abductors in drunkards and contemplative men, who have the fame steady and grave motion of the eye. That the buccinators or blowers up of the cheek, and the dilators of the Nose, were too strong in Cholerick people; and therefore nature here again directed us to a remedy, which was to correct such extraordinary dilatation by pulling by the Nose
The rolling amorous Eye, in the Passion of Love, might be corrected by frequently looking through glasses. Impertinent fellows that jump upon Tables, and cut capers, might be cured by relaxing medicines applied to the Calves of their Legs, which in such people are too strong.
But there were two cases which he reckoned extremely difficult. First Affectation, in which there were so many Muscles of the bum, thighs, belly, neck, back, and the whole body, all in a false tone, that it required an impracticable multiplicity of applications.
The second cafe was immoderate Laughter: When any of that risible species were brought to the Doctor, and
when he considered what an infinity of Muscles these laughing Rascals threw into a convulsive motion at the same time; whether we regard the spasms of the Diaphragm and all the muscles of respiration, the horrible rietus of the mouth, the distortion of the lower jaw, the crisping of the nose, twinkling of the eyes, or spherical convexity of the cheeks, with the tremulous fuccussion of the whole human body : when he considered, I say, all this, he used to cry out, Cafus plane deplorabilis ! and give such Patients oyer,
C H A P. XI.
The Case of a young Nobleman at Court, with the
Doctor's Preseription for the same.
N eminent Instance of Martinus's Sagacity in disco
vering the Distempers of the Mind, appeared in the case of a young Nobleman at Court, who was observed to grow extremely affected in his speech, and whimsical in all his behaviour. He began to ask odd questions, talk in verse to himself, fhut himself up from his friends, and be accessible to none, but Flatterers, Poets, and Pickpockets; till his Relations and old Acquaintance judged him to be so far gone, as to be a fit Patient for the Doctor.
As soon as he had heard and examined all the symptoms, he pronounced his distemper to be Love,
His friends assured him that they had with great care observed all his motions, and were perfe&ly satisfied there was no woman in the case. Scriblerus was as pos, sitive that he was desperately in love with some person or other. « How can that be?” (faid his Aunt, who came to ask the advice) « when he converses almoft with none but himself?" Say you so ? he replied, why then he is in
love with himself, one of the most common cases in the world. I am astonished people do not enough attend this Disease, which has the same causes and symptoms, and admits of the same cure with the other: especially since here the case of the Patient is the more helpless and deplorable of the two, as this unfortunate passion is more blind than the other. There are people who discover, from their very youth, a most amorous inclination to themfelves ; which is unhappily nursed by such Mothers, as, with their good-will, would never suffer their children to be crossed in love. Ease, luxury, and idleness, blow up this flame as well as the other: Constant opportunities of conversation with the person beloved (the greatest of incentives) are here impossible to be prevented. Bawds and pimps, in the other love, will be perpetually doing kind offices, speaking a good word for the party, and carry about Billets-doux. Therefore I ask you, Madam, if this Gentleman has not been much frequented by flatterers, and a sort of people who bring him dedications and verses ? « Q Lord! Sir, (quoth the Aunt) ¢ the house is haunted with them."__There it is, (replied Scriblerus) those are the bawds and pimps that go between a man and himself. Are there no civil Ladies, that tell him he dresses well, has a gentlemanly air, and the like? “Why truly, Sir, my Nephew is not aukward." --Look you, Madam, this is a misfortune to him; In former days these fort of lovers were happy in one rese pect, that they never had any rivals, but of late they have all the Ladies fo-Be pleased to answer a few questions more. Whom does he generally talk of? Himself, quoth the aunt. - Whose wit and breeding does he most commend ? His own, quoth the Aunt.Whom does he write letters to ? Himself. Whom does he dream of? All the dreams I ever heard were of him,
self. Whom is he ogling yonder? Himself in his looking-glass.---Why does he throw back his head in that languishing posture ? Only to be bleft with a smile of himself as he paffes by.--Does he ever steal a kiss from