« PreviousContinue »
they are faid to be of the first Figure. Singular Propofitions are private persons, and therefore placed in the third or laft figure, or rank. From those principles all the rules of Syllogisms naturally follow.
I. That there are only three Terms, neither more
nor less; for to a child there can be only one father and one mother.
II. From universal premisses there follows an uni
versal conclusion, as if one should say, that per
fons of quality always beget persons of quality. III. From the fingular premisses follows only a sin,
gular conclusion, that is, if the parents be only
private people, the iflue must be so likewise. IV. From particular propofitions nothing can be
concluded, because the Individua vaga are (like
whoremasters and common trumpets) barren. V. There cannot be more in the conclusion than
was in the premisses; that is, children can only
inherit from their parents. VI. The conclufion follows the weaker part; that
is, children inherit the diseases of their parents. VII. From two negatives nothing can be concluded,
for from divorce or feparation there can come no issue.
VIII. The medium cannot enter the conclusion, that
being logical inceft. IX. An hypothetical proposition is only a contract,
or a promise of marriage ; from such therefore there can spring no real issue.
X. When the premisses or parents are necessarily joined (or in lawful wedlock) they beget lawful 3
issue; but contingently joined, they beget bastards.
So much for the Affirmative propofitions; the Negative must be deferred to another occasion.
Crambe used to value himself upon this Syftem, from whence he said one might see the propriety of the expreffion, such a one has a barren imagination ; and how common is it for such people to adopt conclusions that are not the issue of their premisses ? therefore as an Absurdity is a Monster, a Falsity is a Bastard; and a true conclusion that followeth not from the premisses, may properly be said to be adopted. But then what is an Enthymeme (quoth Cornelius)? Why, an Enthymeme (replied Crambe) is when the Major' is indeed married to the Minor, but the Marriage kept secret.
METAPHYSICKS were a large field in which to exercise the Weapons Logick had put into their hands. Here Martin and Crambe used to engage like any prize-fighters, before their Father, and his other learned companions of the Sympofiacks. And as prize-fighters will agree to lay aside a buckler, or some such defensive weapon, so would Crambe promise not to use fimpliciter et fecundum quid, provided Martin would part with materialiter et formaliter : But it was found, that, without the help of the defensive armour of those distinctions, the arguments eut so deep, that they fetched blood at every stroke. Their Theses were picked out of Suarez, Thomas Aquinas, and other learned writers on those subjects. I shall give the reader a taste of some of them.
1. If the Innate Desire of the knowledge of Meta
phyficks was the cause of the Fall of Adam; and the Arbor Porphyriana, the tree of knowledge of good and evil? affirmed.
II. If transcendental goodness could be truly predi
cated of the Devil ? affirmed.
III. Whether one or many be first? or if one doth not
suppose the notion of many ? Suarez.
IV. If the desire of news in mankind be appetitus inna
tus, not elicitus ? affirmed.
V. Whether there is in human understandings po
tential falfities ? affirmed.
VI. Whether God loves a posible Angel better than an
actually-existene fly? denied,
VII. If Angels pass from one extreme to another, with
out going through the middle ? Aquinas.
VIJI. If Angels know things more clearly in a morn
IX. Whether every Angel hears what one Angel says
to another? denied. Aquinas.
X. If temptation be proprium quarto modo of the Devil?
XI. Whether one Devil can illuminate another?
XII. If there would have been any females born in the
state of Innocence ? Aquinas.
XIII. If the Creation was finished in six days, because
six is the most perfect number; or if fix be the most perfect number, because the Creation was finished in fix Days ? Aquinas.
There were several others, of which in the course of
the life of this learned person we may have occafion to treat : and one particularly that remains undecided to this day; it was taken from the learned Suarez.
XIV. An præter esse reale actualis essentiæ sit aliud esse ne
ceffarium quo res actualiter existat? In English thus, Whether besides the real being of actual being, there' be any other being necessary to cause a
thing to be?
This brings into my mind a Project to banish Metaphysicks out of Spain, which it was supposed might be effe&uated by this method : That nobody should use any Compound or Decompound of the Substantial Verbs but as they are read in the common conjugations; for every body will allow, that if you debar a Metaphysician from ens, effentia, entitas, fubfiftentia, etc. there is an end of him.
Crambe regretted extremely, that Substantial Forms, a race of harmless beings which had lasted for
many years, and afforded a comfortable subsistence to many poor Philosophers, should be now hunted down like to many Wolves, without the possibility of a retreat. He considered that it had gone much harder with them than with Esences, which had retired from the Schools into the Apothecaries Shops, where some of them had been advanced to the degree of Quintessences. He thought there should be a retreat for poor substantial forms, among the Gentlemanushers at court; and that there were indeed substantial forms, such as forms of Prayer, and forms of Government, without which the things themselves could never long fubfift. He also used to wonder that there was not a reward for such as could find out a fourth figure in Logick, as well as for those who should discover the Longitude,
CH A P.
CHA P. VIII.
Α Ν Α Τ Ο Μ Υ.
COrnelius, it is certain, had a most fuperstitious
veneration for the Antients; and if they contradi&ted eaeh other, his Reason was so pliant and ductile that he was always of the opinion of the last he read. But he reckoned it a point of honour never to be vanquished in a dispute ; from which quality he acquired the Title of the Invincible Dostor. While the Professor of Anatomy was deinonstrating to his fon the several kinds of Intestinés, Cornelius affirmed that there were only two, the Colon and the Aichos, according to Hippocrates, who it was impossible could ever be mistaken. It was in vain to assure him this error proceeded from want of accuracy in dividing the whole Canal of the Guts : Say what you please (he replied), this is both mine and Hippocrates's opinion. You may with equat reason (answered the Profeffor) affirm thať a man's Liver hath five Lobes, and deny the Circulation of the blood. Ocular demonstration (said Cornelius) seems to be on your fide, yet I shall not give it up: Show me any viscus of a human body, and I will bring you a monster that differs from the common rule, in the structure of it. If Nature fhews such variety in the same age, why may she not have extended it further in several ages ? Produce me a man now of the
age of an Antediluvian : of the strength of Samson, or the size of the Giants. If in the whole, why not in parts of the body, may it not be possible the present generation of men may differ from the Ancients? The moderns have perhaps lengthened the channel of the guts by Gluttony, and diminished the liver by hard drinking. Though it shall be demonstrated that modern blood circulates, yet I will believe with Hippocrates, that the blood of the