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PLANS FOR TOPOGRAPHY

ORGANIZATION.

The amount appropriated for topographic work for the fiscal year 1892–93 is $240,000.

By the terms of the law it is provided

First, That $90,000 of this amount shall be applied to work east of the ninety-seventh meridian.

Second, That $90,000 shall be expended for topographic work west of the one hundred and third meridian.

Third, That $60,000 shall be expended for topographic work west of the ninety-seventh meridian in the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas and the territory of Oklahoma.

It is proposed that the work east of the ninety-seventh meridian shall be placed under the direction of Mr. Henry Gannett, as heretofore; that all work west of the one hundred and third meridian shall be placed under the direction of Mr. A. H. Thompson, as heretofore; and that of the $60,000 appropriated for work in the two Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, one-half shall be expended under the direction of Mr. Gannett and one-half under the direction of Mr. Thompson, as heretofore. Thus there will be allotted for the work under Mr. Gannett's direction $120,000, two sets of accounts to be kept, one of $90,000 and one of $30,000; and for the work under Mr. Thompson's direction $120,000, two sets of accounts to be kept, one of $90,000 and one of $30,000.

In addition to these sums, there is appropriated for the salaries of a chief geographer, a geographer, and two topographers, an aggregate sum of $9,200. Three of the persons to whom these stated salaries are to be paid are assigned to Mr. Gannett's division and one to Mr. Thompson's division. The three salaries thus assigned to Mr. Gannett's division amount to $7,200, and the one salary assigned to Mr. Thompson's division is $2,000, thus making the total allotment for Mr. Gannett, for expenses in the field and in office, $127,200, and for Mr. Thompson, for expenses in field and in office, $122,000.

WORK EAST OF THE NINETY-SEVENTH MERIDIAN.

This work, under Mr. Gannett, is organized in two sections, the Northeastern, in charge of Mr. H. M. Wilson, and the Southeastern, in charge of Mr. Gilbert Thompson.

NORTHEASTERN SECTION.

For about three months past work has been prosecuted in the state of New York under an agreement with the state engineer, by the terms of which the state has been paying the field expenses of the parties. to the amount of $3,000, which amount was appropriated by the state of New York, to be used in cooperation with the U. S. Geological Survey. There are now at work in the state four topographic parties and one triangulation party.

It is proposed to continue this work from the funds appropriated by Congress, the state fund being now practically exhausted; and to continue one topographic party under Mr. E. C. Barnard in the eastern Adirondacks, one under Mr. Frank Sutton in the area north of the Albany and Troy sheets, one under Mr. E. D. Clark on the Poughkeepsie sheet, and one under Mr. J. H. Jennings in the Catskill mountain region.

It is further proposed that work be continued in southwestern Maine by one party in charge of Mr. W. M. Beaman; by one party in the White mountains of New Hampshire in charge of Mr. W. H. Lovell; by one party in the Green mountains of Vermont in charge of Mr. G. E. Hyde; and by one party in eastern Pennsylvania in charge of Mr. R. D. Cummin.

It is proposed furthermore that one triangulation party under Mr. S. S. Gannett shall execute such control as is necessary for the work of the foregoing eight topographic parties of the Northeastern section. For the work of this section it is proposed to allot $30,000.

SOUTHEASTERN SECTION.

In the Southeastern section, under the direction of Mr. Gilbert Thompson, it is proposed that work be continued by one party under Mr. L. C. Fletcher in western North Carolina; that one party under Mr. Merrill Hackett be assigned to complete the sheets about Richmond, Virginia, and that one party under Mr. R. L. Longstreet be assigned to extend topographic work into the Black Warrior coalfield, Alabama.

Some portion of the Appalachian mountain region, mapped in the earlier days of the Survey, have been of late years

developing rapidly. The rougher work of the earlier survey and the needs arising from the rapid development of this section render it desirable that revisions, more or less extensive, be made of some of the work. I recommend that Messrs. Hersey Munroe, A. E. Murlin and C. J. Van Hook be assigned to revision work, and that they engage in revising parts of the Pocahontas and Tazewell sheets, the southern part of the Wytheville sheet, certain small areas on the Abingdon, Jonesville, and Cumberland Gap sheets, the northern part of the Maynardville sheet, the southeastern part of the Cranberry sheet, and parts of the Knoxville, Murphy, and Nantahalah sheets.

It is also proposed that during the coming winter a party under the direction of Mr. H. L. Baldwin be placed in Florida to map an extensive area in the phosphate region toward the western side of the peninsula.

For the work of this section it is proposed to allot $30,000.

WORK WEST OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD MERIDIAN.

It is proposed to organize this work, under Mr. Thompson, subject to such modifications as the exigencies from time to time arising may require, into eight sections, as follows:

1. Central California.
2. Southern California.
3. Colorado, Montana.
4. Idaho.
5. Texas.
6. Wyoming.
7. Washington.
8. Mining district of Aspen, Colorado.

CENTRAL CALIFORNIA.

It is proposed that work in this section be done south of the present mapped area and in the region about San Francisco bay; that it be placed under the direction of Mr. W. D. Johnson, assisted by Messrs. R. H. Chapman, R. B. Marshall, and H. E. C. Feusier; and that for it there be allotted $17,000.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.

It is recommended that in this section work be done in the vicinity of Los Angeles, San Diego, and the San Bernardino mountains; that the work be placed under the direction of Mr. A. P. Davis, assisted by Mr. J. B. Lippincott; and that for it there be allotted $9,000.

COLORADO AND MONTANA,

It is recommended that work in this section consist in revising the Pike's peak and Denver atlas sheets in Colorado, and in completing the Fort Custer, Rosebud, and St. Xavier atlas sheets in Montana; that the work be placed under the direction of Mr. E. M. Douglas; and that there be allotted for the work in Colorado $3,000 and in Montana $3,500.

IDAHO.

It is recommended that the work in this section consist of a survey of the Delamar and Boise basin sheets and the making of such special maps of Oregon as may be required; that the work be placed under the direction of Mr. W. T. Griswold, and that for it there be allotted the sum of $10,500.

TEXAS.

It is recommended that work in this section shall consist in surveying such atlas sheets in Texas west of the one hundred and third meridian along the lines of the Southern Pacific and Texas Pacific railroads as can be most economically worked in the present season; that the work be placed under the direction of Mr. R. U. Goode, and that for this work there be allotted $12,000.

WYOMING.

It is recommended that work in this section shall consist in completing the Saratoga' atlas sheet, in extending work along the North Platte river, and in commencing work on the Laramie river in the vicinity of Laramie; that the work shall be placed under the direction of Mr. Frank Tweedy, and that for it there be allotted the sum of $10,000.

WASHINGTON.

It is recommended that work be prosecuted in this section in the vicinity of the cities of Seattle and Tacoma; that the work be placed under the direction of Mr. R. H. McKee, and that for it there be allotted the sum of $5,500.

ASPEN, COLORADO.

It is recommended that work in this section shall consist in completing work already projected; that it be placed under the direction of Mr. Morris Bien, and that for it there be allotted the sum of $5,000.

STREAM GAUGING AND SPECIAL MAP WORK.

It is recommended that the stream gauging now being carried on west of the one hundred and third meridian be contined, under the direction of Mr. F. H. Newell, and that for it there be allotted the sum of $2,000.

OFFICE SALARIES.

It is recoramended that an allotment of $9,000 be made for office salaries and expenses of the topography west of the one hundred and third meridian, in Washington, D. C.

SUPERVISION AND DISBURSEMENT.

It is recommended :hat an amount of $5,000 be allotted for the expenses of general supervision and disbursements, for the topography west of the one hundred and third meridian, the disbursements to be made under the immediate charge of Mr. James. W. Spencer.

WORK WEST OF THE NINETY-SEVENTH MERIDIAN IN NORTH DA

KOTA, SOUTH DAKOTA, NEBRASKA, KANSAS, AND OKLAHOMA.

First. Under the direction of Mr. Henry Gannett it is proposed to place five topographic parties at work in the two Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma, west of the ninetyseventh meridian, as follows: One party under Mr. Van H. Manning in the James river valley, North Dakota, between the ninety-eighth and ninety-ninth meridians, to work northward from latitude 46°; one party in South Dakota, under

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