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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY,

Washington, D. C., July 1, 1893. Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report of the operations of the Geological Survey for the year ending June 30, 1893. With great respect, I am your obedient servant,

J. W. POWELL,

Director Hon. HOKE Smith,

Secretary of the Interior.

FOURTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE UNITED

STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.

By J. W. POWELL, DIRECTOR.

PLAN OF WORK FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1892-'93.

The work of the Geological Survey is performed under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior. At or near the beginning of each fiscal year a plan of operations for the year is prepared by the Director and laid before the Secretary. The plan, as approved by the Secretary, becomes in effect the gen. eral order for the year's work.

The plan of operations for the fiscal year 1892–93 was submitted by the Director to the honorable the Secretary of the Interior, August 13, 1892, and approved by him September 26, 1892. The following is that plan as approved, in accordance with which the work covered by this report was performed:

APPROPRIATIONS.

By the terms of the act of Congress approved August 5, 1892, making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Governinent for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1893, etc., there is appropriated for the work of the U. S. Geological Survey the sum of $376,100.

Separate amounts are by the terms of the act set apart for specific branches of work and for the salaries of persons connected with these branches. For convenience of reference

the appropriations are here brought together and classified as follows:

For pay of skilled laborers

......... $10,000 For topographic surveys ........

$240, 000 For salaries of 4 geographers and topographers...

9, 200 Total for topographic work.....

........

249, 200 For geologic surveys

50,000 For salaries of 4 geologists.........

13, 700 Total for geologic work .......

63, 700 For paleontologic researches.........

000 For salaries of 2 paleontologists.....

4. 000 Total for paleontologic work.

14,000 For chemical and physical researches....

5,000 For salary of 1 chemist.

3,000 Total for chemical work.

....

8,000 For preparation of illustrations, etc..... For preparing report on mineral resources..

10,000 For purchase of books, etc...

2,000 For engraving geological maps..........

........................ 10,000 For rent

.......... 4, 200 Total appropriations in the Sundry Civil Act for salaries of scientific assistants and for general expenses of the Geological Survey...... $376, 100

....

5,000

Furthermore, in the “sundry civil” appropriation act for 1891-'92 were 14 stated salaries which were discontinued in the corresponding act for 1892–93, approved August 5, 1892. The extension of the prior appropriation act for thirty-five days into the current fiscal year increased the amount of appropriations available for this year the sum of $3,785.62, as exhibited in the following table:

a

.....

..........a

000.

3 geologists......

at $4,000...... $12,000........ 1 geologist

.at 3,000...... 3,000........ 2 geologists...

.at 2, 400...... 4, 800. 2 geologists..

2,000..... 1 paleontologist

4,000...... 1 chemist ...

.at 2,000...... 2,000. 2 geographers ........

.at 2, 500...... 5,000..... 1 general assistant ...

.at 3,000...... 3,000...... 1 topographer ............................ at 2,000...... 2,000........

For 35 days. $1, 141.44

285-31 456-58 380.48 380.48 190.24 475.54 285-31 190.24

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Thus the total appropriation for the Survey is $379,885.62.

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