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E. M. Bailey, Chemist in Charge, Analytical Laboratory.
THE FERTILIZER LAW. The provisions of the fertilizer law have been discussed in previous reports but for more ready reference the essential features may be repeated.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TERM "COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS" Explaining what is meant by the term "commercial fertilizers" the law says:
“The term 'commercial fertilizers' shall be construed to mean any and every substance imported, manufactured, prepared or sold for fertilizing or manuring or soil amendment purposes, except barnyard manure and stable manure which have not been artificially treated or manipulated, marl and lime. Cottonseed meal, rapeseed meal, castor pomace and all other vegetable products used as fertilizers, including the ashes of cotton hulls and wood ashes, shall be included as fertilizers within the meaning of this act and separate analysis fees shall be paid on each different grade which is sold or offered for sale in the state. The person responsible for paying the fees above prescribed may deduct from the total tonnage sold such sales of cottonseed meal or other vegetable products as are made to anyone who gives a written certificate on a form supplied by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station stating that the material bought by him was to be used exclusively for feed and not for fertilizer."
CONCERNING COTTONSEED MEAL. Cottonseed meal is a fertilizer within the meaning of the Statute but it is provided that when this product is sold for feeding purposes only, it shall be exempt from the tonnage tax.
The status of cottonseed meal under the fertilizer law has been clearly stated in a bulletin' from this Station from which the following may be quoted:
Registration and analysis fees. "Each brand of cottonseed meal must be registered on forms provided by this Station and an analysis fee of ten dollars paid on it before it is sold, offered or exposed for sale, and on the first day of January annually thereafter.
“A distinctive name constitutes a distinct brand. If shipments have different guaranties of composition they are held to be different brands."
Branding or tagging. "Since nitrogen is the only fertilizer ingredient considered in the trade in cottonseed meal no guaranty of phosphoric acid or potash is required. If either is guaranteed by the manufacturer, however, an additional fee of ten dollars must be paid on each element. The statement of composition now legal for feeds may be used hereafter if the percentage of nitrogen is stated.
1 Bull. of Information No. 9, 1919.
“Note that the law regarding feeding stuffs forbids the use of metal in attaching tags and requires that each package shall be branded or tagged with the statement required by law."
Duties of shippers. “It is assumed from correspondence with shippers outside the state that they will register the brands which they sell in Connecticut, will pay analysis fees as has been done in the past by manu. facturers of commercial fertilizers, and will semi-annually thereafter pay the tonnage fees.
"They will report to this Station their total sales and, if they wish, may report what part has been sold for feed exclusively. From the reports of dealers within the state it will be possible to determine quite closely the amounts of each brand actually used as feed.
"In the case the jobber outside the state neglects or refuses to register a brand, the dealer who sells it within the state is responsible under the law."
Duties of dealers. “Dealers are required to file with the director of the Station on July first of each year and semi-annually thereafter a sworn statement of their total sales of each brand of cottonseed meal and the amount of each sold exclusively for feed, during the preceding six months."
REQUIREMENTS TO BE COMPLIED WITH BY SELLERS OF COMMER
CIAL FERTILIZERS. The seller is responsible for the proper labeling of each package, for the registration at the Station of every brand sold by him and for the payment of the analysis fee, before offering for sale, and annually thereafter on January 1st.
The law specifies the information which shall be given on the label as follows:
1. Weight of each package in pounds.
(a) Available phosphoric acid, per cent.
(e) Potash soluble in water, per cent. 4. Name and address of the manufacturer or of the person who is responsible for the statements of the guaranty.
In the case of bone meal, tankage or other organic products, and in basic slag and mineral phosphates in which a large percentage of the phosphoric acid is not available by laboratory methods, the phosphoric acid shall be claimed as total phosphoric acid unless it is desired to claim available phosphoric acid instead, in which case the guaranty shall take the form set forth above.
The label may be a tag attached to the package or a statement printed thereon. Percentages shall be minimum percentages only.
The presence of leather in its various forms, wool waste, hair or any inert nitrogenous material shall be declared on the label unless, by processing, the activity of these materials has been rendered satisfactory as determined by official methods.
When potash is derived from sulphate or carbonate of potash it may be so claimed.
No claim or guaranty for less than 0.82 per cent of nitrogen, or for less than 1 per cent of phosphoric acid, or for less than 1 per cent of potash shall be regarded in the registration or analysis of any commercial fertilizer.
The seller must also, on the 1st of January and July, report the tonnage of fertilizer sold within the preceding six months and pay to the director of the Station a tonnage fee of 6 cents per ton.
On request, copies of the law and blanks for registration and for tonnage reports will be supplied by the Station.
If, however, proper labeling, registration and payments have been provided for by the manufacturer of the brands or by another responsible person, all sellers of such brands are released from the above mentioned requirements. The retailer, therefore, should assure himself that the requirements of the law have been met by the manufacturers of the brands which he handles, or himself be prepared to meet all these requirements. PRECAUTIONS TO BE OBSERVED IN DRAWING SAMPLES FOR
ANALYSIS. The analysis of a fertilizer is of no value unless the sample analyzed represents as nearly as possible the stock from which the sample was drawn. The law prescribes the procedure to be followed by authorized agents of this Station when taking official samples for analysis as follows:
"When samples are taken from fertilizers in bags, a tube shall be used, and it shall be inserted at one end of the bag and shall pass substantially the entire length of the bag, so as to take a core of the material being sampled from substantially the entire length of the bag. Samples thus taken from individual bags shall be thoroughly mixed, and the official samples shall be taken from the mixture so drawn by the method known as 'quartering'. Samples of fertilizer taken as herein provided shall be taken from at least five per centum of the separate original unopened packages in the lot, for the mixture from which the official samples shall be taken. If less than one hundred bags are in the lot, at least five bags shall be sampled; if less than five bags, all shall be sampled. Broken packages shall not be sampled."
GRATUITOUS ANALYSES. Under the fertilizer law the Station is charged only with the analysis of samples drawn by its own agents. It does, however, each year analyze a considerable number of samples drawn by individuals, representing stock purchased by them for their own use. The object of the purchaser is to satisfy himself as to whether he has obtained goods of the grade represented and, perhaps, to obtain evidence upon which to base a claim for shortage should the materials not meet their guaranties. The Station assumes no responsibility for the sampling in case of such unofficial samples
and can only vouch for the accuracy of the results obtained on the materials as submitted. Since a representative sample is as essential as an accurate analysis in judging the quality of a shipment of fertilizer, it is evident that a satisfactory adjustment will seldom be effected on the basis of an unofficial sample. Notwithstanding certain objections which may be raised to the practice of analyzing samples submitted by individuals, the Station is disposed to continue such work so long as there is evidence that it constitutes a useful service; it cannot, however, undertake for any one individual or group, work in such volume or with such frequency that it becomes a systematic control over current purchases. This clearly invades the field of the commercial laboratory.
LATE REGISTRATIONS FOR 1923. To the brands registered for 1923 in our last report should be added:
Standard Agricultural Chemical Corporation, 2 Rector Street, Now York,
REGISTRATIONS FOR 1924, For 1924, 56 individuals and firms registered at this Station for sale in this State 433 brands of fertilizers. As required by Statute the brands so registered are listed as follows: Abon Hardware Co., 74-78 Bank Street, New London, Conn.
5-10-5 Fertilizer American Agricultural Chemical Co., 2 Rector Street, New York, N. 1.
Agrico Tobacco Manure
Bradley's Complete Manure for Potatoes and Vegetables
Apothecarios Hall, Co., Waterbury, Conn.