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F. C. Rich, Ansonia, Conn.; W. A. Collins, New Milford, Conn.; J. J. Pillsbury, Burnside, Conn.; Professor Pauline H. Dederer, Connecticut College for Women, New London, Conn.; S. E. May, Canaan, Conn.; P. H. Meagher, Wallingford, Conn.; John T. Ashworth, J. W. Longo, A. J. Gilbert, H. A. Woodmancy, H. E. Cook, 0. B. Cooke, C. M. Spencer, Danielson, Conn.; Dolor La Belle, Ballouville, Conn.;

James A. McEvoy, Putnam, Conn.; A. W. Yates, Hartford, Conn.; H. W. Coley, Westport, Conn.; Ē. J. Smith, Clintonville, Conn.; Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Woolley, Waterbury, Conn.; P. L. Buttrick, New Haven, Conn.; Robert E. O'Brien, New Haven, Conn.; and Messrs W. L. Slate, Jr., E. H. Jenkins, G. P. Clinton, E. M. Stoddard, G. E. Graham, Philip Garman, M. P. Zappe, B. H. Walden, R. C. Botsford, R. B. Friend, Leslie Rogers and W. E. Britton of the Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Conn.

INSPECTION OF NURSERIES IN 1924. The annual inspection of growing nursery stock was begun July 25, and was finished October 14, except for one plantation inspected December 30. This work was in charge of Mr. M. P. Zappe, and was conducted about the same as in 1923, except that Mr. W. R. Hunt of the Botany Department assisted and was present during the inspection of all the larger nurseries. Consequently more attention could be given to plant diseases than heretofore. The work was done by Messrs. Zappe, Friend, Hunt, Cronin and Rogers. Mr. Ahearn inspected one strawberry nursery and Dr. Britton helped inspect two nurseries. Two nurseries were inspected in the spring and again at the time of the annual inspection.

In addition to the inspections made from this office, the gipsy moth scouts were instructed to make careful inspections for gipsy moth eggs in and around nurseries, and to have it reported to the office in case any were found.

In 33 nurseries, no important pests were found. Following is a list of insects and plant diseases found in nurseries, together with the number of nurseries infested by each, as taken from the inspection reports on file in the office:

LIST OF Pests FOUND IN NURSERIES IN 1924 Nurseries uninfested..

33

Aphids, apple, green

1 1 4 3 1 6

INSECTS

Curculio, poplar.
Elm leaf beetle..
Fall webworm.
Lace bugs, on rhododendron.

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woolly
pine bark.
spruce gall,
Chermes abietis.

cooleyi .
Apple and thorn skeletonizer..
Birch Bucculatrix.
Birch leaf-miner.
Borer, lilac...

locust.
poplar.

Leopard moth larva ..
12 Laspeyresia molesta..

Leaf hoppers, on apple.
Mite, European red..

pear blister ..
Papaipema larva..
Red humped caterpillar.
Sawfly, Diprion simile.

2 4 1 2 2

Insects—concluded. Sawfly, larch... 1 Scale, San José..

32 Scale, elm.....

8
scurfy .

2 euonymus

1
tulip tree. .

6 lecanium

1

West Indian peach oak....

1

white elm .. oak gall scale (Kermes) 1

on Juglans. oyster-shell

44 White pine weevil. pine leaf ..

5 White grub in seed beds (Abies) 1 6 White grub in Multiflora roses.

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rose.

PLANT DISEASES

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roses.

Apple scab...

12 Mildew on cherry. Black knot.

1 Brown rot.

4

grapes. Canker on apricot.

1
lilac.

2 horsechestnut.

1

peaches. nectria.

15 poplar.

snowdrop.

1 sycamore. Mosaic, raspberry

8 Crown gall..

Rust on ash....

1 Fire blight...

blackberry

1 Leaf spot on roses.

white pine blister, Mildew on apples.

(on Ribes)..

8 catalpa.

cedar (on apple). 15 From the preceding list it may be seen that the oyster-shell scale is still the commonest pest found in Connecticut nurseries, and was found in 44 different nurseries. The next commonest is the spruce gall aphid, 40_nurseries. Next in order is the San José scale, 32 nurseries. Following these comes a fungus, the poplar canker, 25 nurseries.

In order to show how the figures of 1924 correspond with those obtained in preceding years, the following table gives the figures as reported by the inspectors for the past seven years.

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SEVEN YEAR RECORD OF SERIOUS AND COMMON NURSERY Pests.

Pest

1924 44

1920
38
11
21
1

32

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33

1918 1919

1921 1922 1923 Oyster-shell scale.

39 38

36 44 42 San José scale...

18 19

28 19 20 Spruce gall aphid.

15 19

31 21 28 40 White pine weevil.

5

1 19 17 5 Apple and thorn skeletonizer

1 18 2 Poplar canker ..

6

iz 2i 31 34 25 Blister rust (on Ribes).. 1

2 9 6 8 No pests......

32

46

36 36 32 It may be seen from the figures given in the table above that the oyster-shell scale (44) is, and has been for the past seven years, the most common pest found in nurseries. In 1924, the pests which were the next commonest are the spruce gall aphid (40), the San José scale (32), and the poplar canker (25). Then follows the pine blister rust which was found in eight nurseries, in all cases on the leaves of Ribes. The apple and thorn skeleton

izer was found in two nurseries in 1924 as against 18 nurseries in 1923. Brief accounts of three of these major pests were given in the Report of this Station for 1923 (Bulletin 256), page 240.

NUMBER OF NURSERIES. During the year, 122 regular nurseries have been inspected, and 118 certificates granted. Since last year, eight nurseries have gone out of business, three have changed firm names, and 18 new nurseries have been started. Two nurseries were inspected in the spring and certificates issued, and again examined and certificated at the time of the regular inspection. Besides these inspections, 109 separate parcels of nursery stock were inspected and certificates furnished; also 116 duplicate certificates were furnished for filing in other States.

The total area of Connecticut nurseries in 1924 is 1,779 acres, and the nurserymen's list contains 116 names, as follows:

NURSERY FIRMS IN CONNECTICUT RECEIVING CERTIFICATES IN 1924

No. of

Certificate CertifiName of Firm

Acreage Issued cate Barnes Bros. Nursery Co..... Yalesville.

Address

150 Aug. 30 1490 Barnes Nursery & Orchard Co. Wallingford.

45 Oct. 1 1519 Barton Nursery

Hamden..

1 Oct.

9 1541 Beattie, Wm. H..

New Haven..

1 Oct. 2 1527 Benbow, A...

Norfolk..

1 Oct. 15 1547 Berkshire Nurseries (C. B. Myers, Prop.).

Milford.

6 Oct. 23 1553 Bertolf Brothers..

Greenwich..

25 Sept. 17 1508 Brainard Nursery & Seed Co. Thompsonville. 10 Sept. 13 1502 Braley & Co....

Burnside.

1 Aug. 28 1487 Bretschneider, A..

Danielson.

1 Sept. 10 1498 Bristol Nurseries, Inc.

Bristol..

16 Oct. 7 1539 Burr & Co., C. R..

Manchester, Elling

ton and Durham 500 Aug. 20 1476 Burroughs, Thos. E.... Deep River..

3 Sept. 2 1491 Chapman, C. B.

Groton..

1 Sept. 12 1499 Chapman, C. E..

No. Stonington....

2 Sept. 18 1509 Clinton Nurseries (Warren Richards, Mgr.)

Clinton.

1 Oct. 8 1540 Coari, Louis (2)

Southport.

6 Sept. 30 1518 Conine Nursery Co..

Stratford.

50 Sept. 12 1501 Conn. Agricultural College (Prof. S. P. Hollister). Storrs...

1 Aug. 19 1473 Conn. Agr. Exp. Sta. (W. 0. Filley, Forester).

New Haven...

2 Oct. 6 1536 Crofut & Knapp Farm. Norwalk.

20 Dec. 31 1583 Cross Highway Nurseries. Westport.

6 Dec. 31 1580 Dallas, Inc., Alexander. Waterbury

1 Nov. 13 1563 Dawson's Nursery.

Willimantic.

2 Sept. 20 1511 De Wyn, Peter.

Yalesville..

1 Aug. 22 1481 Dowd, Inc., F. C..

Madison.

1 Sept. 3 1493 Dunlap, Daniel S..

Cromwell..

1 Sept. 16 1504 East Rock Nursery (J. Palmeri, Prop.)......

New Haven...

1 Oct. 6 1535 Manchester..

cate

NURSERY FIRMS IN CONNECTICUT RECEIVING CERTIFICATES IN 1924—Con.

No. of

Certificate CertifiName of Firm

Address Acreage Issued Edgewood Nursery, Vidal,Inc. Stamford.....

5 Nov. 5 1560 Eells, Wm. W.....

Manchester..

1 Sept. 9 1497 Elm City Nursery Co., Wood- Woodmont and mont Nurseries, Inc. .

New Haven.. 155 Sept. 6 1495 Evergreen Nursery Co... Wilton...

10 Aug. 27 1482 Fairty, C. H...

New Canaan.

1 Dec. 1 1572 Fraser, G. W..

Willimantic.

1 Aug. 19 1474 Gardner's Nurseries.

Rocky Hill.

8 Sept. 16 1506 Geduldig's Greenhouses.. Norwich...

1 Sept. 27 1514 Glenn Terrace Ornamental

Nursery (James H. Everett, Prop.).

Mount Carmel.... 10 Dec. 1 1573 Heath & Co..

Manchester..

5 Aug. 19 1471 Hilliard, H. J..

Sound View..

1 Dec. 24 1577 Hiti Nurseries (J. H. Bowditch, Prop.)...

Pomfret Center ... 9 Aug. 20 1475 Holcomb, Irving.

Simsbury..

1 Sept. 5 1494 Holdridge, S. E..

Ledyard.

2 Dec. 31 1585 Hoogendoorn, C..

Yalesville.

1 Aug. 22 1480 Horan & Son, Jas..

Bridgeport.

1 Oct. 29 1559 Houston's Nurseries..

Mansfield.

4 Nov. 7 1562 Hoyt's Sons Co., Inc., The Stephen.

New Canaan.. 250 Sept. 16 1507 Hull, Curtis M..

Wallingford.

1 Oct. 24 1554 Hunt & Co., W. W..

Hartford.

10 Oct. 4 1533 Isselee, Charles.

Darien..

10 Nov. 15 1564 Jones, William.

Norwalk.

1 Oct. 2 1524 Kelley, James J...

New Canaan..

1 Nov. 28 1569 Kellner, Herman H.

Danbury ..

1 Oct. 1 1522 Keso Nursery (J. J. Kelsey, Prop.).

Clinton.

1 Nov. 24 1568 Leghorn, John J...

Cromwell.

1 Sept. 16 1505 Long Hill Nursery.

Burnside.

1 Dec. 22 1576 Mallett Co., George A. Bridgeport..

1 Oct. 14 1545 Maplewood Nurseries (T. H. Peabody, Mgr.)

Norwich.....

1 Oct. 3 1531 Marigold Farm (H. Kelley, Prop.)....

New Canaan..

6 Nov. 24 1567 Meier, A. R..

West Hartford.

1 Oct. 25 1555 Millane Tree Expert Co., The Middletown..

1 Nov. 18 1565 New Haven Florist Co.... New Haven.

1 Dec. 30 1579 New Haven Nurseries, The... New Haven...

1 Aug. 28 1485 New Haven Park Commis

sioners (G. X. Amrhyn, Supt.)...

New Haven...

30 Aug. 28 1486 Newington Gardens.

Newington.

1 Oct. 2 1526 New London Cemetery Asso

ciation (Ernest E. Rogers, Pres.)....

New London...... 1 Oct. 3 1532 New London County Nurser

ies(W. J. Schoonman, Prop) New London...... 5 Oct. 7 1538 New London Greenhouses and Nursery

New London..

1 Oct. 21 1550 New Milford Nurseries

Northville.

1 Sept. 30 1517 Nicolson & Thurston (2). Litchfield.

1 Oct. 15 1548 North-Eastern Forestry Co... Cheshire.

20 Aug. 14 1470 Norwood Nursery..

Hamden.

1

Oct. 6 1537 Oakland Nurseries ..

5 Aug. 20 1477 1 Dec. 31 1584 Scheepers, Inc., John.

cate

NURSERY FIRMS IN CONNECTICUT RECEIVING CERTIFICATES IN 1924—Con.

No. of

Certificate Certif. Name of Firm

Address Acreage Issued Outpost Nurseries (L. D. Conley, Prop.)..

Ridgefield..

25 Sept. 25 1513 Ouwerkerk & Van der Stam.. Yalesville.

7 Aug. 22 1479 Park Gardens.

Bridgeport

1 Oct. 1 1521 Park Hill Flower Shop. Manchester..

1 Sept. 9

1496 Pequod Nursery Co..

Yalesville..

15 Aug. 27 1483 Phelps & V. T. Hammer Co., The J. W..

Branford ..

2 Oct. 11 1544 Pierson, A. N., Inc.

Cromwell.

75 Aug. 22 1478 Polish Orphanage Farm (Rev. L. Bojnowski, Mgr.). New Britain.

1 Oct. 14 1546 Pomeroy, Edwin C..

Northville.

1 Sept. 30 1516 Reck, Julius.

Bridgeport.

1 Nov. 28 1570 Reumann, Theodore.

Stamford.

1 Oct. 1 1520 Rockfall Nursery Co. (P. Marotta, Prop.)...

Rockfall...

40 Sept. 27 1515 Rowayton Greenhouses. Rowayton.

1 Sept. 16 1503 Ryther, 0. E..

Norwich.

6 Nov. 5 1561 Saxe & Floto.

Waterbury.

Stamford.

6 Dec. 13 1575 Scott, J. W..

Hartford.

5 Dec. 2 1574 Sierman, C. H.

Hartford.

5 Oct. 27 1557 South Wilton Nurseries.. South Wilton

6 Nov. 19 1566 Stamford Seed & Nursery Co. Stamford..

1 Oct. 2 1525 Stannard Hill Greenhouse.... Westbrook.

1 Aug. 29 1488 Steck, Charles A..

Newtown.

5 Oct. 28 1558 Steck, Mrs. Sarah B..

Bethel..

1 Oct. 21 1551 Stratfield Nursery Co... ... Bridgeport. .

10 Dec. 31 1581 Stratford Florist Co. (C. A. Cooper)...

Stratford...

1 Oct. 1 1523 Stratford Rose Nurseries (John Barrow, Prop.)

Stratford......

1 Oct. 2 1530 Sunny Ridge Nursery (Charles A. Steck, Jr.)....

Bethel...

5 Oct. 2 1528 Tanner's Nursery Co.. Manchester.

1 Aug. 27 1484 Tow Path Gardens (S. W. Eddy, Prop.)..

Avon..

1 Oct. 27 1556 Upson, R. E...

Marion..

1 Oct. 9

1542 Vanderbrook & Son, Chas. L. Manchester.

5 Aug. 19 1472 Van Wilgen & Co...

Branford...

15 Oct. 21

1552 Vasileff, Nicholas.

Greenwich..

1 Dec. 31 1582 Verkade's Nurseries.

New London.

20 Sept. 12 1500 Vidbourne & Co., Estate of J. Hartford..

3 Nov. 28 1571 Wallace Nursery..

Wallingford.

4 Sept. 2 1492 Wheeler, Chas. B.

No. Stonington.

1 Oct.

6 1534 Wilcox, Harry D..

Avon...

1 Oct. 2 1529 Wild, Henry.

Greenwich and
Norwalk ..

16 Sept. 25

1512 Wilson & Co., C. E... ... Manchester.

50 Sept. 19 1510 Woodruff, C. V...

Orange...

1 Oct. 9 1543 Yale University School of Forestry..

New Haven..

1 Oct. 18 1549 Young, Mrs. Nellie A.. Pine Orchard.

1 Dec. 27 1578 Zack, Co., H. J...

Deep River..

4 Aug. 29 1489

Total acreage....

1,779

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