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POLICY OF THE CONNECTICUT
The purpose and scope of the Connecticut Agricultural College have been determined by the Legislature in the acceptance of the provisions of the Land Grant Act of 1862 for the establishment of a college of agriculture and mechanic arts and by the supplementary acts of the General Assembly:
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COLLEGE.
.....the leading object of said College shall be, without excluding General scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such Statutes, branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts
1918, Sec. in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial 2123. classes in the several pursuits and professions in life.”
ESTABLISHMENT OF EXPERIMENT STATION.
The General Assembly established the Storrs Experiment Station as a
Spec. Laws, part of the College by accepting the Federal Hatch Act of 1887 and the Chap. 282 Adams Act of 1906:
& 283. "It shall be the object and duty of said Experiment Stations to con- Federal duct original researches or verify experiments on the physiology of plants Hatch Act. and animals; the diseases to which they are severally subject, with the remedies for the same; the chemical composition of useful plants at their different stages of growth; the comparative advantages of rotative cropping as pursued under the varying series of crops; the capacity of new plants or trees for acclimation; the analysis of soils and water; the chemical composition of manures, natural or artificial, with experiments designed to test the comparative effects on crops of different kinds; the adaptation and value of grasses and forage plants; the composition and digestibility of the different kinds of food for domestic animals; the scientific and economic questions involved in the production of butter and cheese; and such other researches or experiments bearing directly on the agricultural industry of the United States as may in each case be deemed advisable, having due regard to the varying conditions and needs of the respective States and Territories."
ESTABLISHMENT OF EXTENSION SERVICE,
The General Assembly established the Agricultural Extension Service Act of in connection with the College by the acceptance of the Smith-Lever Act 1914, Spec.
, . of 1914:
“That cooperative agricultural extension work shall consist of the giving of instruction and practical demonstration in agriculture and home economics to persons not attending or resident of said colleges in the several communities, and imparting to such persons information on said subjects through field demonstrations, publications, and otherwise; and this work shall be carried on in such manner as may be mutually agreed upon by the Secretary of Agriculture and the State Agricultural College or colleges receiving the benefits of this act."
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME
The General Assembly accepted the provisions of the Federal SmithHughes Act, 1917. Hughes Act of 1917, providing for co-operation with the states in paying
the salaries of instructors in certain secondary schools and in the preparation of teachers of agricultural, trade, industrial, and home economic subjects:
"The Connecticut Agricultural College is designated as the institution 1923, to supervise the instruction in agriculture, and is the institution to receive Chap. 171. funds for the preparation of teachers of agriculture and the funds for the
training of teaching in home economics.”
In the acceptance by the General Assembly of the foregoing acts, the purpose and scope of the College have been determined, and in accordance with these provisions the Trustees have developed the institution as it now exists.
ORGANIZATION AND PURPOSE
CONNECTICUT AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. The activities of an agricultural college may be grouped under three heads-research, extension service, and resident teaching. These activities supplement each other and should have coordinate development.
Experiment Station. The duties of the Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station in conjunction with the Connecticut Experiment Station at New Haven consist of first hand investigation of typical Connecticut farm problems. By agreement, the New Haven Station has taken over research in plant production and the Storrs Station in animal production, based on their relative advantages of location and equipment. The Stations do not overlap or conflict in their work and are under a common administration. This plan has worked out successfully in practice. Increased appropriations are desirable, as the results of investigation are the basis of all agricultural advancement.
Extension Service. The duties of the Extension Service are to carry the latest results of scientific research to the farmers and farm homes of the State. The Extension Department maintains a staff of specialists with headquarters at Storrs, the members of which work throughout the State, demonstrating the best practices in Agriculture and Home Economics which the Experiment Station and College have developed. In each county the work is under the direction of a County Agricultural Agent, assisted in some counties by a Home Demonstration Agent and by Boys and Girls Club Leaders. Eight thousand farmers have joined County Farm Bureaus to cooperate with the Extension Service and to make its work more effective.
Resident Teaching. In accordance with Federal Acts and state legislation, the College offers instruction in Agriculture, Mechanic Arts, and Home Economics. In agriculture, the college aims to provide instruction equal to that obtainable elsewhere. To this end, not only technical and practical studies are included, but also enough English, economics, sociology and history to equip the graduate for community leadership. In Mechanic Arts, the College is doing no more than to meet the minimum requirements of the Morrill Act. In Home Economics, there is a demand for dieticians in hospitals and institutions, home economic teachers in high schools, and for extension work for which the supply of trained young women is now not adequate. The courses in Home Economics are organized also to provide adequate instruction for the home-maker and for sound leadership in country life.
Training young men and women for the improvement of Connecticut Agriculture is recognized as the primary purpose of the College. Efficient food production is vital to the State's industrial life. For the College to turn out efficient farmers is not enough; every graduate who returns to a farm should be equipped to exert an influence for improvement throughout the community.
The College student body represents a vertical cross-section of social life. The rich, the well-to-do, and the poor, meet at Storrs on common ground. Expenses at Storrs are much lower than for the average of New England colleges. They must be kept so in order that wealth shall not be a determining factor in registration.
Effective enrollment is to be determined by the needs of the State for graduates of the training outlined previously, by the demand of young men and women for the type of instruction offered at Storrs, and by the best employment of the grounds, buildings and equipment which the State has provided at Storrs.
The College now enrolls about 500 students, which is the limit of dormitory and classroom accommodations, but not necessarily of the equipment and teaching staff. With an additional dormitory for men and an adequate building for classrooms and laboratories, another 150 students could be taken care of with little additional net operating cost. This figure, 650 students, should be understood as the minimum at which the physical plant and the teaching staff at Storrs can be most economically employed.
It should remembered that the Connecticut Agricultural College is both a State and Federal institution in its financial support. There is one such institution, at least, in every State in the Union and the College at Storrs is one of the smallest of these institutions. Population and wealth considered, Connecticut is carrying a relatively small burden in state-supported educational institutions.
SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES
COLLEGE DIVISION The Legislature of 1923 made the following appropriations for new construction and equipment :Shop and equipment for Repair Department
$ 22,721. Remodeling Rosebrooks Barn
3,000. Drainage of Meadow
6,000. Barn for Young Cattle
14,560. Vacuum Pump
980. Purchase of Live Stock
5,000. Purchase of Dairy Cattle
4,000. Horticultural Storage Bldg.
35,000. Fire Protection ...
5,629. Colony Houses & Equipment
The Trustees of the College with the approval of the Board of Control have authorized Mr. Tenney, in charge of our repair department, to superintend the construction of the Horticultural Storage Building, Dairy Barn and Repair Shop. The plan of erecting minor buildings with local labor and without competitive bids has proven to be satisfactory, resulting in a saving of the usual building contractors' profits.
Honorary Recognition to Leaders in Agriculture :-Since time immemorial, the warrior, the statesman, the artist, the poet, the inventor, the explorer, and in later days, even the scientist, have had their halls of fame. Outstanding achievement or especial merit have received reward in formal recognition by their fellows, such recognition being usually immortalized in bronze, marble or parchment.
Until recently the vocation of Agriculture has had no medium for recognition of its commanding figures. Few farmers have been memorialized in marble or bronze, none has ever achieved the Nobel Peace Prize, even though engaged in the most peaceful and useful of pursuits; and few, if any, have ever received "honorary" degrees from a college commencement platform.
Sixteen years ago the College of Agriculture of the University of Wisconsin decided to memorialize those who had given of their time and thought in the interest of Agriculture, and instituted a custom of “Honorary Recognition” for outstanding farm leadership. Since that time eleven other agricultural colleges have fallen in line and this year, for the first time, Connecticut Agricultural College inaugurated a plan for similar recognition.
It is the plan to confer, at intervals, Honorary Recognition upon men and women in Connecticut who have given much of their lives and effort for agricultural progress and rural welfare. The purpose is not alone for individual honor and distinction, but in addition, to present to the people of Connecticut, urban as well as rural, an idea of the dignity, the importance, and the permanence of Connecticut farming.
The selections for 1924 made by a special committee of the College faculty and approved by the Board of Trustees are:*
C. J. Abell, Lebanon.
Elijah Rogers, Southington. Community Church:-Storrs Agricultural School, now the Connecticut Agricultural College, was built on the Campus of the Storrs Congregational Church. For a period of 25 years, church attendance on Sunday was required of all students. It is recognized that college students should have the opportunity not alone for religious worship but also for religious instruction. With the growth of the institution, the present church is inadequate for the accommodation of a student body of 500 and a college community consisting of possibly 300 additional persons. Under public statutes, however, existing since 1818, the State can do nothing financially toward meeting the religious and spiritual needs of the College and its community. After careful consideration on the part of the Trustees of the Storrs Church, the Executive Board of the Connecticut Federation of Churches and a Special Committee of the Congregational Conference of Connecticut, it has been decided that the time is ripe for launching a movement for providing fuller religious and social opportunity for the young people who attend the Connecticut Agricultural College at Storrs. It is proposed to raise the sum of $150,000 for a Church Building; $75,000 for a Community House and $75,000 for an endowment. A campaign is now under way with excellent prospects of the fund being raised for this most worthy undertaking.
Austin C. Dunham Memorial. The proceeds from the sale of Dunham farm, amounting to $25,000, have been used by the Trustees for two purposes :—the establishment of the Austin C. Dunham Scholarship Fund, and the erection of the Swimming Pool. The pool was completed in June, 1923, and is a valuable addition to the equipment of the Physical Education Department of the College.
A biographical sketch of eacb person receiving Honorary Recognition may be found
on pages 77-80 of this volume.