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doors. In cold and inclement weather, however, out-of-doors classes are conducted at a disadvantage and loss of efficiency. A stock judging pavilion is needed for use of classes during the college year and to accommodate larger audiences during Farmers' Week and other summer meetings. Other breeds of sheep, swine, beef cattle and
horses should be added when funds are available. 8. DAIRY HUSBANDRY: The herd, composed of representatives of
the dairy breeds of cattle, is kept for instruction and experimental purposes. The product of the herd is sold in the form of milk, cream, and butter to the boarding club and faculty families. The amount of milk produced, however, is not sufficient to supply the demand, making it necessary to purchase a considerable amount of dairy products during each month of the college year. The Dairy Barn
should be enlarged, therefore, and the size of the herd increased to
at least double the number of milking animals. 9. MECHANIC ARTS: The invention of farm inachinery and the in
creasing use of power on the farm in place of hand labor has been attended with the result that a smaller proportion of our people are required to produce the necessary food supply in each decade over the one preceding, as witnessed by the decrease in the percentage of rural population from one-half to one-third in the last 50 years. The modern farmer therefore should be versed in mechanics and the application of the principles to farm machinery and appliances.
The original Morrill Act and subsequent legislation contemplated the development of Mechanic Arts as well as Agriculture. Of the forty-eight Land Grant Colleges, all but two offer engineering courses. A high grade engineering course at the Connecticut Agricultural College should attract and hold a reasonable number of students and be of great value to the industries of the State. Provision should be made to supplement the present outfit for shop work and strictly en
gineering apparatus for instruction. *10. GREENHOUSES: A special committee of the Connecticut Vege
table Growers Association appointed to confer with the President of the Connecticut Agricultural College in regard to the lack of adequate facilities and equipment for teaching and investigation in the line of vegetable gardening at Storrs submitted a petition to the Board of Trustees requesting that a "tract of not less than 25 acres of suitable land be set aside for instruction, demonstration and investigational work in vegetable gardening; that the Trustees petition the General Assembly for a special appropriation sufficient to employ a full-time man for investigation; to erect three greenhouses of standard size; to clear, drain and improve the land and to provide a building to store
and preserve the crop." 11. FORESTRY: It is estimated that in Connecticut three and one-half
times as much saw lumber is being cut annually from our forests as is being grown, thereby rapidly exhausting the supply. At the same
time, 80 per cent of the lumber used is imported while nearly 6,000,000 acres or about one-fourth of the forest land is permitted to lie idle. The importance of a program for the conservation of exhausting forests and the replanting of cut-over areas is not longer questioned. The State College of Agriculture should offer courses of instruction in forestry and the department should be furnished with adequate areas of suitable land for laboratory, demonstration and investigational purposes. Incidentally there should be grown sufficient lumber needed
by the college for building construction and repair work. 12. POULTRY HUSBANDRY: The official records obtained in con
nection with egg-laying contests have been of great value to poultrymen as a means of selecting high egg producing stock for breeding purposes. At the semi-annual meeting the State Poultrymen's Association adopted unanimously a resolution petitioning the Board of Trustees: “That provision be made to double the size of the egglaying contest as now conducted.”
There will be needed at the poultry plant to increase the facilities of instruction and investigation a brooder house, an addition to the poultry building and a pathological laboratory for the preparation of vaccine and antitoxine, testing for white diarrhea and the study of
other poultry diseases. 13. BEEKEEPING: The character and variety of the flora of Con
necticut insures the production of honey of high quality. Apiculture should be encouraged inasmuch as the keeping of bees conserves a food product which would otherwise go to waste and as a by-factor is an aid, through cross fertilization, in the production of larger fruit crops of superior quality. Realizing the need of suitable facilities for the use of the increasing number of students, who are interested in this branch of agriculture, the Connecticut Beekeepers Association at a meeting held August 1, 1922, unanimously adopted a resolution petitioning the Trustees “to give their earnest endorsement and recommendation of the proposed new building for the use of the Department of Bee Culture at the Connecticut Agricultural College and to request the General Assembly to grant an appropriation for the pur
pose." 14. AGRONOMY: A building is needed for instruction in Agronomy.
One wing of the proposed building, the Farm Machinery Laboratory, was erected in 1915. Provision should now be made for the erection of the main structure to provide crop laboratories, soil laboratories,
class rooms, offices and storage rooms for supplies and equipment. 15. With the growth of the institution, provision should be made for
additional units to the sewage beds and the extension and replace
ment of sewage lines. *16. The Special Committee appointed by the General Assembly in 1923
has made the following suggestion as to changes for greater efficiency of operation in the college heating plant: To increase the boiler house efficiency, more of the condensation must be returned. This water is valuable, not so much for the heat it contains, as for the pure water it will bring back to the boiler house and thus improve boiler efficiency by cutting down the amount of raw water introduced into the system.
To gather the returns that are now wasted would mean an extension of the return piping system from the dairy barns to the dairy to the farm machinery building and to Holcomb Hall with a branch bringing in the condensate from Whitney Hall and the Experiment Station Office. All these returns will gravitate to Holcomb Hall and can be pumped back through the present 242" return line. With a centrifugal pump started and stopped by a float switch, there should not be any complaint of noise as with the present pump. Such a pump, complete with motor, can be bought for $500. The receiving tanks and float switch mechanism can be purchased for approximately $250. The return water piping costs will be about $4,000, making a total of roughly $5,000 to return all the condensate to the boiler
house. *17. FIRE PROTECTION: The value of college buildings and conIt is the aim of the physical director, not alone to develop teams for participation in intercollegiate contests, but also to encourage each individual of the student body through inter-class games to engage in at least one out-door sport. It is impossible to carry out this program at present on account of the limited area assigned for athletic purposes. Funds are needed for the grading and improvement of the land which will provide an athletic field of at least twice the pres
tents is over $2,500,000. The average rate for insurance is about .42 for all buildings and contents, which is as low as could be expected under present conditions. The cost to the college for insurance is about $5,200 a year. With adequate facilities for fire protection, there should be a material reduction in the cost of insurance and greater
safety for both lives and property. *18. COAL BUNKER AND FREIGHT HOUSE: The College uses
about 3,000 tons of coal annually, which is carted at present from Eagleville. On the completion of the trunk-line highway from North Coventry to the College, the freight station will be changed from Eagleville to Mansfield Depot. The passing of coal to wagons or truck from hopper bottomed cars of the gondola type with high sides is accomplished by slow and laborious effort. Land should be acquired for a freight siding at Mansfield Depot, and funds provided for the construction of a track and equipment including a trestle for the economical handling of coal, and bunkers for the storage of fuel at the railroad siding and at the power plant. There is needed also a freight house with capacity of several carloads for the storage of
grain, feed and miscellaneous supplies. 19. ATHLETIC FIELD: The rejection of large numbers of young
men, appearing for induction into the army during the late war, as partially or totally unfit physically for military service, has emphasized anew the importance of physical training for young men. The defects of a majority of those found unfit could have been corrected by proper exercises in school and college. College athletics are no longer considered merely as sports but as a means of arousing interest and participation in games requiring skill, physical fitness and endurance.
ent size. 20. HOME ECONOMICS: The state college of agriculture is co-edu
ucational. It is recognized that it is quite as important to train young women for homemaking as to educate young men for farming. It may be that our system of agricultural education for men will fail of its purpose until an equal number of young women are trained for home making and country living. The young woman who is to take her place as the head of a home should have a knowledge of human nutrition, personal hygiene, home sanitation, house decoration, and of cooking and sewing.
The Connecticut Agricultural College has been designated as the institution for the training of teachers of Home Economics and receives the Federal Smith-Hughes funds for the purpose. “Many of the women students, however, are not drawn to teaching. Like the men students, they find applied science or social service arousing their interest. They deserve training as dietitions or extension workers in Home Economics, or training that will make them efficient housewives and community leaders in rural districts. To limit the training to a restricted phase of women's work is to neglect an opportunity and the duty to make the most of the resources of the college.”
The enrollment of young women in the college has increased from 11 in 1916 to 83 in 1922. The six year budget calls for an additional dormitory and for Home Economics Administration and class room building, the latter to provide for kitchens, dining hall, reception rooms, gymnasium, library, reading and recreation rooms, classrooms and laboratories, living quarters for teachers and apartments for prac
tice house instruction. 21. COLLEGE UNION AND AUDITORIUM: A building to serve as
a College Union should certainly be erected in the near future, to function as a center for the social life of the student body and as headquarters for the various student organizations (exclusive of fraternities) and all other extra-curricular activities. It should contain a large auditorium where the whole college could meet for the weekly assembly period, for entertainments and on other occasions. This building would minister effectively to the welfare of the college by
serving as a strong centralizing agency in the student life. 22. LIBRARY: The library is the center of the intellectual life of a
college, serves all students and contributes to the efficiency of every department of instruction. Our College Library long ago outgrew its present quarters and the few books now bought can be only those which are absolutely needed for reference. Many books and valuable periodicals are now stored in the attic where they must remain inaccessable until a suitable place is provided for them. It is urged that a fire-proof library building be provided for at the earliest possible
date. 23. ADMINISTRATION BUILDING: The present administration
building was erected in 1890 when the enrollment was about 100 students. The construction is of wood and the building with its valuable contents, including the library, is in danger of loss by fire. The future plans call for a building of fire-proof construction to provide for the administration offices of the College, Experiment Station and Extension Division. The administration building should provide quarters for the library until a separate structure is erected and later with the growth of the institution provide class rooms for instruction in English, History, Economics, Languages and offices for instructors.