In recent decades there has been a complete revolution in the way we read the historians of Greece and Rome. Their works have been shown to be quite different in nature from those of today's historians; instead, their techniques and assumptions have much in common with those of Homer or Virgil. Using these narratives as sources for ancient history has become more problematic than ever before, as we come to understand better how their style (the medium) and content (the message) shape each other. This book briefly introduces this revolution as it affects our reading of Latin historical writing, and then provides authoritative and informative discussions of the three major Latin historians of the classical period: Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. The focus is on narrative technique and structure, intertextuality, and close reading, and the discussions are as accessible to beginning students as they are useful to experienced teachers.
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A. J. Woodman Ab urbe condita acta senatus ancient annalistic Annals Antiochus Augustus beginning Caesar Cambridge Carthage Catiline Cato century A.D. character Cicero Classical Claudius commentary consul consulship contemporary corruption criticism Curtius death deeds describe digression discussion Drusus earlier early Roman emperor empire ethnography example famous followed fragments genre Germanicus gestae Goodyear Greek Hannibal Herodotus historian historiography imitate inscription Jugurtha Kraus language Larisa later Latin Lepidus literary Livian Livy Livy's Luce main narrative Marius McGushin metaphor Metellus military monograph Nerva Oakley obituary notice Oxford passage past Piso Pliny political Praef preface principate quam readers reference rhetorical RICH Roman history Rome Sallust Scanlon scholars Scipio Sejanus senate sentence sketch speech story structure style Syme Tacitus theme Thucydides Tiberian Tiberius Titus Vinius traditional Trajan uirtus urbe condita Velleius Velleius Paterculus Walsh Wiseman Woodman-Martin 1996 words writing history