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best of my judgment, I submit this report, hoping that what I have done may meet with your approval.
To lhe Inspectors of the Michigan State Prison :
GentlemeN-I submit my annual report of the proceedings of the Hospital department, for the year ending Nov. 30th, 1862.
We have bad rather more sickness during the past year than the preceding one, besides having been visited by two epidemice, small pox and measles.
Of the former disease we have had eight cases, two of which were of the confluent type, and six of the distinct, together with twenty-four cases of varioloid, many of which were attended with as severe constitutional derangement, and almost as fully developed, as the cases of distinct small pox.
Of the measles we have had thirty-three cases--all of which terminated favorably.
On the seventh of July we had forty-four cases of cholera morbus, of the most malignant kind, and succeeded in curing all of them in a few hours with the infinitesimal doses, and without resorting to sinapisms, or the “ heroic treatment."
There were eight deaths during the year, viz:
Ilarry George--Committed suicide by hanging himself in bis cell. lle had been suffering from a partial insanity for some time previous to his death, which occurred on the 12th of December, 1861.
Edward Willis-Dicd of confluent small pox, on the 28th day of December, 1861.
John Overocker-Died of consumption on the 4th day of Feb. ruary, 1862. He had been in Prison some seven years, most of wbich time he had been under medical treatment in the Hospital,
Edward Taylor-Died of consumption on the 1st day of March, having been under treatment for about one year,
Charles Sherwood-Died of congestion of the lungs, on the 24th day of April.
John Ogar-Died of consumption, on the 22d day of May.
Wm. C. Harrison-Died of typhoid fever, on the 26th day of May.
James Weaver-Died of chronic inflammation of the liver and alimentary canal, on the eleventh day of September, having been in the Hospital all the time since he arrived in Prison.
Hereto appended you will find a table showing the number of cases treated during the year, as well as the number of days lost by sickness.
It is now three years since the authorities of the Prison, taking the lead of all similar institutions in the United States, adopted Homeopathy as the treatment in the Prison Hospital.
A few facts from the Hospital record will show some of its fruits in the Prison. During the years 1857, 1858 and 1859, under Alapathic treatment, there were thirty-nine deaths; there were over twenty-three thousand days labor lost by sickness, and sixteen hundred and seventy-eight dollars expended for Hospital stores. The average number of convicts in Prison during the three years was four hundred and thirty-five.
During the years 1860, 1861 and 1862, the average number of prisoners was five hundred and forty-four, being one hun. dred and nine more than that of the preceding years, and yet there were only twenty deaths. There were less than ten thou. sand days labor lost by sickness, and less than five hundred dollars expended for Hospital stores. The amount saved to the State during these three years can be readily estimated, but the value of lives saved, and the amount of suffering alloviated, are inestimable.
In submitting the foregoing, I am not actuated by any selfish motives, but merely that the public may know what amount of benefit you have conferred on the unfortunate inmates of this Prison by the course you have adopted.
I would respectfully say, that the attention paid by the suthorities to the sanitary condition of the Prison deserves my special notice. The cleanliness of the cells, the wholesome, well cooked food, together with comfortable clothing, conduce very much to the health of the prisoners.
Again, I would express my grateful appreciation of the effi. cient aid rendered me by the Agent and Deputy, in facilitating the discharge of my duty, and wbo stood by my side during the trying ordeal through which we passed, occasioned by that loathsome disease, the small pox.
As in my last report, so I would again recommend to your favorable notice, John Cooke, the Hospital Steward, for his manly conduct, his gentlemanly bearing, and also for the efficient aid he has rendered me, as well as the institution.
I remain, gentleman,
J. B. TUTTLE