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REPORT.

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QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S OFEICE,

Detroit, December 1st., 1862. To His EXCELLENCY AUSTIN BLAIR,

Governor and Commander-in-Chief: SIR– I have the honor to submit to you a statement of the transactions of this department, since the 30th day of November, 1861. According to the requirements of the military law, section 24, “the Quartermaster General is to account for all military property of the State, on the 1st day of December of each year, to the Commander-in-chief."

The Quartermaster General is also required, in section 25 of the same law, to render his statement quarterly, and his cash transactions with the proper vouchers monthly, to the Auditor General. These accounts have been reudered to the Auditor General as required, and are on file in his office, at Lansing. The remaining portion of the requirements of the law (to account to you for the military property of the State) can be briefly complied with, but as cash transactions to some extent have been made by this department during the past year, it may not be inappropriate to allude to them at this time, and include them in this, my report for 1862.

The amount of military property at this time belonging to the State is very small, as six of the best brass cannon belonging to the State, with their caissons, implements and harness, and all of the best modern small arms, were delivered to the Coldwater Battery, and to the regiments of infantry that have long since gone into the service of the United States. All military property purchased, has been for the use of the soldiers mustered in the United States' service, and delivered to them; a small part remaining on hand was delivered to Captain G. W. Lee, the U. S. Assistant Quartermaster, at Detroit. In the

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way of ordnance stores, according to my last report, we had twelve brass cannon with their ca 'r ages, generally without caissons, complete implements or harness. They were origi. nally distributed to various cities and villages in the State, and have not re eived the best of care, although they are in a ser. viceable condition. As before mentioned, the best cannon, caissons and harness were taken from the State by the Coldwater Battery, and by your advice, the most of the others have been left in the various li calities where they were originally

One from Monroe and two from Marshall, were brought to this city for the use of batteries organized here, before receiving new ones from government. By your d rection two of them were sent to the Upper Peninsular, to the care of D. Pittman, Esq., Ontonagon, for the purpose of protection against the Indians.

In my last report, we had no rifles nor accoutrements on hand, as all that were in a serviceable condition were delivered to the regiments that had gone into the United States' service. At the date of my last annual report, we had in the State 969 smooth bored muskets and 312 musketoons. Most of them at that time had been issued to the different regiments in rendezvous in different parts of the State; they were issued by direction of the Adjutant General, and usually to regiments in the early stages of organization, before quartermasters were ap. pointed, as it was important to have arms for guard mounting, and to enforce discipline in the different commands. These arms were usually returned to this department in very bad order, and required repairing at quite a heavy expense. I found it a matter of economy to employ an armorer to fit them up at our own storehouse, the same person acting as porter and armorer for this department, at a compensation of $25 per month. Many of them are frequently so badly broken up as to require sending to the gunsmith's for repairs; some are lost, and others rendered entirely worthless. I have had them cleaned and repaired, and issued to other regiments, and again cleaned, repaired and issued. In issuing the arms received from the

United States to those regiments alluded to in my former report 76 Belgian muskets remained on band. Of this number 26 are still on hand, and the balance (50) were delivered to the 20th Regiment, and from that to the 26th Regiment.

STATEMENT OF MUSKETS AND MUSKETOONS.

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Muskets on hand Nov. 30th, 1861,...

969 30th, 1862,

67
delivered Capt. H. E. Whipple, Hillsdale,.... 80

Robinson, Detroit Barracks,.. 12
Lieut. Wilson,

98
D. Pittman, Ontonagon,..

100 Houghton county,.....

100 Cliff Mine, Eagle River,.......... 50 Newaygo county,...

50 Alpena county,.....

50 Geo. Brown, Supt. Sault St. Marie, 40 Bro. Jonathan Zouazes, Detroit,... 50

Prof. Tappan, Ann Arbor,.... 50 In the hands of Detroit Light Guard, Detroit,........ 80 the Scott Guards, Detroit,..

72 the Roberts' Rifles, Ontonagon,...... 40 Broken up, lost and destroyed by the various regi

ments in the State, in the service of the United States,

20

969

66

66

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Musketoons on hand Nov. 30th, 1861,....

30th, 1862,....
delivered 2d Michigan Cavalry,...

5th
6th
19th

Infantry,...

27th In the hands of the Bro. Jonathan Zouaves,.. Broken up and lost by the various regiments in the

State, in the service of the United States..........

312 35 26 50 40 50 50 40

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21

312

I have received by railroad, without invoices, 95 Minnie rifles and 40 sabre bayonet rifles, supposed to come from the 9th Michigan infantry. They are on hand and in good order. I have also received a quantity of arms and ammunition from the general government, for the use of the State, the number and quantity of which it is deemed inexpedient to make public at this time; they are in good condition and properly stored. The 60 sabres stored at Dearborn Arsenal, and the 15 in the bands of the Scott Guard, have not been disturbed; and the artillery short swords and non-commissioned officers' swords are in the same hands and condition as stated in

my

last report. The ammunition on hand at last report, has been distributed with the arms that went to the northern and western parts of the State, for the purpose of repelling any hostile demonstrations that might be made by Indians in those localities.

From this report it will be seen that I have supplied Captain H. E. Whipple with arms for the use of the students of the Hillsdale College; also to Professor Tappan, of the Michigan University at Ann Arbor, by your direction: and I was glad, indeed to notice a disposition evinced to encourage a military spirit in these institntions. It is to be hoped that our legislators will see the necessity of encouraging the study of military science, that we may in future have competent, educated offi. cers to command our men, without being obliged to allow West Point graduates to be placed in command of our regiments, instead of promoting our own officers to these commands, as has been done during the present war. This appears to be an imputation on the worthy officers of those regiments, intimating that among the thousand intelligent men sent by this State in almost every regiment, in some of them no oflicers can be found competent to take the commands. At an expense of a few thousand dollars a year, a military professorship could be established in this latter great institution of our own, that would obviate this necessity, and of sending a select few to West Point, a school of aristocracy, where republicanism is ignored, and from whence a few, educated at the national expense, have

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