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country; but General Andréossy produced by the carbonate of lime, does not think that these appre- by the assistance of moisture or hutensions are well founded; for midity. there is now on the eminence of The waters of two of these lakes which we speak only some heavy have a red colour, and the falt of gravel, which is 100 ponderous to be them posieties the linell of the rele. moved by the winds. As to the — There may be met with in alsands which proceed from the de- molt every part of the valley gypserts of Lybia, situated more to firm, and banks of calcareous rock; the west, they fall into the valley of and there is some very fine chalk the Il'aterless River, and they can- between the convent of El Bara. not reach to Egypt before this val- mous and that of the Syrians. The ley is completely filled, and even extraction of natron has been rethat of the lakes of Natron; a cir- newed about fifteen years; they cumstance which certainly will ne- transport it to Terraneh, where it ver happen, for these two vallies is embarked on the Nile, either to are very large ; and the first, though descend to Rosetta, and from thence greatly encumbered with fand, is to pass into Europe, or to proceed yet so deep, that it requires forty to Cairo. minutes to reach its bottom by a The environs of these lakes prevery regular and easy defcent. . fent no monuments of antiquity,

The valley of the lakes of Na- unless we regard as such a ruined tron contains fix different lakes, fort, the walls of which are built though two only have been marked of natron, the remains of a glassby D'Anville. The length of these house, and four coptic convents. balins is parallel to the direction of These laft are a kind of fortress, the valley, and not perpendicular, the doors of which are never openas Sicard has laid down : the falls ed but with the greatest precauwhich tkefe lakes contain conlist tions, on account of the fear which always of marine salt, natron, or the Arabs itfpire. Three of them mineral alkali, and a little of the contain within their walls wells of fulphat of falt; but fometimes the soft water, which are never dry. natron predominates in the one, Sixty monks are scattered about and the marine falt in the others; these dull and dirty habitations, nay, there are even variations in the afylums of ignorance and indothis refpe& between the parts of the lence, same lake.

The only human beings who, beThe waters which supoly these fides there inonks, frequent the vallakes issue from the acclivities on ley of the lakes of Natron, are the the right or eastern lide of the val- tribe of Djeouabis ; paftoral and ley; there is none illues from the peaceful Arabs, who encamp near opposite side, nor does any flow there lakes in winter, and then into the valley of the Ilaterless Rio employ themselves in transporting ter: they fiow when the Nile com- the natron and thorny reeds. These mences its inundations. . From lalt are cut at a place about three these facts, it is probable that these days journey from the lakes in the waters proceed from the Nile, fil- interior of the desert; they are trating through that mals of fix my- used for making the finest mats: siametres in extent, which lepa- these Arabs also go and procure rates the valley of this river from dates at Sioua, in the oalis of Arme that of the lakes. .

. mon: it is a journey of about Berthollet is of opinion, that the twelve or fifteen days. It appears formation of natron arises from the that the men of this tribe deserve decomposition of the marine falt not to be confounded with ihe rest VOL. I.

'AS

late

of their countrymen. General An- Deep; but some little knowledge is dréolíy describes them as being mild requisite to be able to indicate the in their manners, and hospitable means by which we may live in this in their conduir.

ftate of apparent death; or, in But, on the contrary, he gives a other words, by which we may ex. most unfavourable account of the perience sensations so delightful and Arabs in general. It is pretended to interesting, that they are often that thele people compenfate their superior to those of our waking piratical and predatury profession hours. by the potrellion of some other emi- I fhall therefore commence upon went virtues ; they boalt, at least, this curious subject, by saying, first of their fidelity in fullilling their of all, that exercise, tenperance, engagements ; but our author en- and good humour, are the three tirely dettroys this faclitious repu- molt important points ; indeed, tbey tation. The Arabs of the two muti regulate and produce thai de banks of the Nile have proved, he gree of health which is requisite in says, that they regard in no man order to obtain a deep from whence ner the sacredness of an oath ; they agreeable dreams may arise. A violate any compact they makc, ac- tolerably copious repast should al. cording as interest or fear may in- ways be preceded and followed by fluence them · what they call eat. exercise, whence the stomach reing bread and sult with their new ceives an additional energy that allies, which has been so much renders its action upon the alimenvaunted, is merely a nummery tary substances taken into it more confecrated by cutiom.

oiectual. But if there substances It appears that the greatest and be in themselves light and morte. the most difficult service which any rate, they will digelt more easily, government could ' perforin to the body will be more active, the Egypt, would be to secure it from mind more gay, and all the functhose forty thousand wandering tions will operate in the most eafy Arabs, who regard this country as manner. In this case neep is nie. their own, and who unceasingly tural, feldom reliles, and the recommit in it every species of vio- fufcitation of strength takes place lence, theft, and fraud. The chief in much less time. But it is not of a village faid to General André- thus, when to that indolent fiate oily, “ We have had this year the which fuperfuity of wealth engenplague und the Arabs.

der's we add also the inconvenices wlich refult from luxury of

food. It is then that the nightTo the Editor of the Uniterfil Mag.

«3. mare, unexpectedly taking place, Sir,

oppreiles the grand springs of the TO communicate to the favour. vital operations; a fccne of horror ites of fortune ile means of acquir- unfolds itself before the dormant ing, during ileep, fome of the agree- fuul ; we fall from precipice to preable tentations which they experi- cipice; we are attacked in the midit ence in the day, may not, jer- of impervious forests by beatis of haps, be received with much at- prey, and by midnight atlasins; the tention; but if I turn to the mil. infernal spirits are conjured up in jiun, and address myself to the une every variety of slape, and threaten happy, the cale will moli alluredly and menace with all their furies. It be ditierent.

has been observed in England, that It does not require much depth since we have adopted the custom of underlianding to know that a of dining when cur good ancetiors great portion of life is occupied in fupped, and of going to bed whea

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