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Althiest water, poured on this charcoal, the grocer may be easily repaired, as will in a few minutes flow clearly thro' he had not got beyond the number the pipe, and be fit for use.
6000. VERY great importance has been We are informed, there is now in ascribed to the different state of the at- the press, and will thortly be ready for mosphere in accelerating or retarding publication, a satirical work in three the motions of time-keepers ; but this vols. entitled, “ The Tears of Camopinion is called in question by Mr. phor; or, Love and Nature TriumphHaley, who, after many judicious re- ant." The general opinion is, that it marks on time-keepers, submits the proceeds from the pen of a certain following as a fundamental principle well-known and eminent fatirist, under on which time-keepers ihould be exa- the assumed name of Dr. Glyfticus. mined. · The principal cause of their A late popular event has been adopted errors consists in the wearing of the as the groundwork, though we have different parts of the scapement. So been assured that it contains some maflong, as, by the act of wearing, the rela terly Itrokes of satire, and fome serious tive proportions of its parts are pre- enquiries into various political and moferved, and errors of contrary kinds ral evils. Of this, however, we are compensate each other in the gene convinced, that, if it be the production ral action, the machine will go cor- of Mr. - , it will not disappoint rečily; but fo foon as those ratios of the expectations of the reader, the parts are altered by wearing, the The stereotype press of Lord Stanwatch will go either too fast or too flow. hope is thortly to exhibit to the public
In vicun vendens thus et odores is a specimen of its powers. A work of characteriitic of many publications; a very exalted perfonaye is submitted and long before the destruction of the to this mode of printing, and is inComplutensian manuscripts, the gro- tended to be its first production. We cers have been very airduous in ealing will say no more at present, that the the world of its fuperfluous literature. work may come forward with all the Not long ago foine very curious papers advantages attendant on novelty, and were preserved from the counter. They the curiotity that will naturally be excontained the squares of all numbers cited by this very meritorious essay of froin unity to 128,540, with the ex- fo illustrious an author. ception of a break from 28,261 to Mr. Woolf gives the following as an 29,061, and the cubes of all from easy mode of measuring the contents of unity to 26,560. They belonged to a pipe. Square the diameter in inches, Mr. Councer, an attorney at Bloxam, and the product gives the number of in Oxfordshire, and seem to have been pounds of water in every yard length completed before 1760. The tables of pipe. If the last figure is considered appear, from trial on several numbers, as a decimal, the remaining figures give. to be correct, and the damage done by the ale gallons in yards.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
Buonaparte on Emperor-Reporation Life-High Life vindicated--Men
of Titles-Similar Conduct of Eng luncholy Birth Day-Difficulty in land and France-Wunt of Foresight Public Businejs- Agitation in the in the French Proceedings-Revival House of Commons--Public Apathy of Clericul Hopes-Gain of France --Debates on the King's Indisporiin the late Struggles--not alarming tion in the Houses of Commons and to England-Skill of Buonaparte Lords. , late Conspiracy in France--Conduct
of Foreign Powers— Wifion in Den- THE wishes of Europe and of this mark-Misery in the West Indies country are gratified. France is Abolition of the Slate TrodeCourt no longer a republic. Fifteen years of Martial on the Loss of the Apollo Fri calamity and confusion have termia gate-Triuls of Mr. Cobbett for a nated in a return to her antient modes, Libel--fingular Speech attributed to and her grand monarque is now inthe Judgem-curious Anecdote of High vested with a higher title. The splens VOL, I.
dour of a court is restored, and the authority of every fate; but at one persons merely who perform the usual time the field was emblazoned accord characters in such places are changed. ing to the fancy of the bearer, and s The name of Bourbon is removed for title of honour was conferred inde that of Buonaparte. One family is pendently of fovereignty. The power driven into exile, and another is raised in France, which we had acknowledge to honours. Such is the course of the ed, from whom we had received a world: but events of this kind do not ambassador, muft undoubtedly be cu often happen in the period of a man's petent to the change that it has latey life, and therefore occabon, when they made in its government. It has do, greater altonishment. But where ferred new uitles and new powers. I is the fainily, either in high or low life, acknowledges to have received from that can trace its pedigree two thou- the people its right to perform these sand years? and, in general, the re- operations, and, in consequence of this mark is true, that in five hundred right, it has vested one family with years the children of him who now sovereign power, modelling that power rides in his coach give place to the in the manner which suited beit is children of him who fit on the coach- views of government, limiting the ce box.
der of succession, and providing for France has now an emperor. She a future one in the case that this who lately disclaimed all titles is not family thould become extinct, In all content with even the abject Aattery this it has exercised only the fame and submislion of the antient regime. powers as the legislature of England She must now have something more in the reign of Queen Anne, when it than a king; and her new body of no- selected the present family for tbe gebles must be dignified with more high- vernment of this country. ly-founding appellations. Well might But, if the making of the imperial England be amused with observing all crown of France hereditary, with orie these changes, if the had not the bitter tain restrictions, in the family of Bareflection of the sums she has expended onaparte, is of little or no consequence in her vain interference, and the mor to the neighbouring nations, and the tification to know, that, in spite of her new change is only a proof of the vopretensions, a great nation is not to be latility of the French, ftill it may fece dictated to in the choice of its mode of equally injurious to the new family government.
and to the people, that, with the expo Already congratulations have been rience which the last years had affordpoured forth to the majesty of the ed them, and the knowledge they could new emperor on his accession to bis not fail of having acquired from bi title. The itates of Europe can have tory, the imperial government was not no difficulty in acquiefcing in this restrained by those wholesome limits, change, for what is it to them in what which render abuse of power on the manner the sovereign of the country is one hand, and refiftance on the other, to be addressed? Every nation has its less likely to renew confusion. Aime own forms, and ambassadors easily ing at too much, the French have lot learn to accommodate themselves to those easy and obrious things, which, the ceremonialordaiued at every court. by degrees, would have made them As we are at war with France, we lose capable of enjoying the blessings of : the opportunity of thewing our eager- good constitution. At present, all is ness to acknowledge the new monarch; unsettled. The monarch is all in all, and when peace comes, there will be without even those checks of nobility, no difficulty on the subject, for it will clergy, and parliaments, which, under of course be made with the new em the antient government, compelled the peror, whose title, whatever we may delpot to pay fome attention to public choose to think or say, is just as valid opinion. The fplendour of the new as if his ancestors had a thousand court, the activity of the sovereign, the years ago d fmiflcd the then reigning fame of his actions, may, for a time, family, and placed itself on the vacant preserve the nation from the disadvan throne.
tages attending such a state; but the Heralds niay indulge themselves in opinions promulgated within the last various fancies on armorial bearings twenty years cannot fail of producing and titles. The power of conferring fome effect, and new furuggles may them is now lodged with the supreme take place, and overset the whole
what seems now to be settled on a per. new devices will be employed to add manent basis.
Splendour to the new body, time mult W tht e establishment of the impe- deterinine. A name is ealily given, rial throne, the hopes of the clergy and the multitude as ealily acquieices seem to revive. Already the papers in the respect which is to be paid talk of the necessity of impoling cere- to it. monies; and the Féte Dieu, or Fealt of. To what purpose, then, it may be God, as it is termed by superstition, alked, has Europe been kept fo many was celebrated on the third of last years iu such agitation? This quellion month with great folemnity. Former- inay be answered in the next century: ly, on this day, the church displayed its we have been too much involved in the wealth and fplendour in every street of vortex to investigate it with the coole Paris; all ranks concurred to embel nels requisite for such a discutlion. lith the scene, and to a protestant che France has acquired a great accellion fight was molt disgusting and ridicu- of territury, and has removed many lous. Images of Christ and his mo- things which were an obitacle to the ther, and of a multiplicity of saints, old, and would be to any form of gowere carried about in proceflion, at- vernment. There is now only one na. tended by a pack of lazy prieits and tion in its immense terr.tory: there are monks chaunting hymns, and fumigat no disqualifications either from re igion ing altars at ditferent itations with in or birth: many obitacles to induttry cente. Nothing could seem to be bet are removed, and the Thackles on ter calculated to bring religion into trade and agriculture are dettroyed, contempt; and it had its effect on the There is sufficient room for the exerhigher orders, who laughed at the tion of talent, if the French have perfarce in which they were compelled leverance enough, which may be to take a part. So much has been doubted, to take advantage of the prelopped off from the revenues of the sent circumstances. clergy, that this folemn mockery of The late change in the mode of goevery thing facred must want its an- vernment is not however favourable to tient attractions, low as they were; their wilh of rivalling us in commerce, and the eltablithment of the protestant and of course may be viewed by us religion, in a certain degree, with the with greater inditference. The inore diffution of knowledge among the peo- fplendour there is at the court, the ple, are great obstacles to the restora- greater the proportion of people that tion of antient superstition. If, how look up to the sovereign for the means ever, the ensperor wills it, and pru of existence, the more numerous the ardence may dictate the propriety of mies, and the greater the influence of keeping up between him and the peo- the military, the less likely are the people fo uletul a body as the clergy, out- ple to attach themselves to that inwardly, at least, the forms of the old duttry and independence, which are religion will be complied with, and the the foundation of credit and extensive priett will retain a contiderable degree commerce. France is now to all inof influence. Still, however, it leems tents and purposes a military governimprobable that the land thould be ment; and wherever the military bear filled again with monks and nums, and sway, commerce either lives with resuch like truinp. ry. The protestants luctance, or retires to happier climes, have a great opportunity, by ditfuting It is the happiness of England, that its the knowledge of the scriptures, to strength depends on a navy; on men bring their fellow-citizens to a purer who at the hour of danger can defend mode of worship and doctrine,
its honour, and, when peace comes, are The feudal rights are till disclaimed, the able supporters of its wealth, and the new nobility must of course be They are never an idle load on the a very different body of men from the country; their profperity is bound up last nobleile, which in fact might be with it: in peace and in war they are called a different nation from the relt, the main-stay of our credit and confewho inhabited the fame country. As quence. In trance the army is every many of the old nobility have re- thing, and without it the fovereign auturned, and will of course, in tine, thority could not be maintained. take titles under the new government, The preponderating influence of the that body will foon be link entirely, army has been seen in the late change, and its memory obliterated. What and the prudence of the Emperor in
the choice of time to accomplish his overthrow the existing form of goren detired object is not less maniteit. That ment. With refpect to the other cos he did not originally with to enter in Spirators, their guilt, if we may use the to a war with England is evident; but, term, was manifeft; and the lives of from the moment that war was de- them all lay at the mercy of the fore clared, he, has been pursuing an ob- reign whom they had attempted to de ject of greater importance to bimlelt, pole. The whole plot seems to bare at the same time that he was, in his been ill-laid, and ill-conducted. Evo opinion, taking the most effectual means ry movement was known to the to ruin this country. By turning the at- vernment, and the conspirators were tention of his nation towards us, and , apprehended at the time wbich bei exciting their hopes of lubduing their fuited its views. Their avowed object powerful rivals, they were blind to to refiore the Bourbons made them obthe projects which were going on in noxious to the nation, and Morean fel their own country: vatt bodies of men at once from his high poft in their opi were collected and flationed without nion, and was no longer an object of alarming their fears; the immense dread to his rival. Thus the httle in preparations that were making seemed fluence that the Bourbons retained in absolutely neceflary for the important France was by this injudicious mea object in view,--the conquest of Eng- sure full more diminished, and Buona. land. When the time came for throw- parte obtained with greater case the ing off the mark, when the will of the object of his wishes. In all the confo. Emperor was to be the law, in vain ton of the country, the expatriated might it appear unconfiitutional or royalist seems to have been with bitte dangerous to the bulk of the inhabit- hope, and this he has weakened by Dot ants: the army was on his fide, and its waiting till the tide might turn in his inclinations were not to be refitied. favour. A glorious opportunity is of Thus the war with England bas afford- fered to the Emperor of displaying his ed him the means of lubjugating his clemency, and hy the appearance of country, and the same means are pre- virtue adding security to his throne. pared to alli him in any foreign enter The leizure of the Duke of Enghien prile. In the meantiine he is carrying was expected to excite much interek on, he presumes, a lucceistul war against in many courts, but it is not likely to our tidances, and triumphing in the be attended with any firiking conte idea, tliat we are waiting our strength quences, A representation has been on the seas, and that it will be foon made to the diet of Germany from the brought down to that level, in which Emperor of Rufiia; but the violation he may hope to attack it with forces of territory will be excused by the new equal to the content.
French Emperor, on the representation The late conspiracy in France has, of danger to his perion, and extent of by its failure, tended much to promote a conspiracy, in wh ch an Englith ame the views of the Emperor. The only ballador upon peutral ground was takperson in the country that could in any ing to active a part. The circumstance, Thapele deemed his rival was Moreau, doubtless, was a sufficient pretext for who by his mode of lite, at the fame war, if the Germanic body had been time that he avoided the fufpiciods of go- prepared to enter into one; but the vernment, firengthened the well known compofure in which it lees the French attachment of the people to himselt, in pofletion of Hanover, and the little Such a rival was to le renoved; and notice that is taken by the Elector, he seems to have thrown himself away in whole territory was violated, evidently the firangdi and most injudicious mane prove that its only with is to repair the ner. His own letter, and the circum- loffes it fuffered in the late conteft. A stances that came out on the trial of blow is also meditated, it is taid, in that the confpirators, make it evident that country, a ainst the property of the he was sutiiciently implicated in the knights of Malta, which with the disputes coufpiracy to render bim ainepalle to flill unsettled on church property that the laws of the country. He had en- bas been fecularised, is futhcient to oc* teret, into a correspordence with thote cupy the attention of the little potenwho were decidedly traitos; and, if tates of Germany, his views were vor ile dame as theirs, The destiny of Italy is not yet fethe had given then that encourage- tled. It will probably be diirepobe paent, which proved that he wilhed to licapised, and the new Emperor will be
the king of that territory, which he gom governor of that inand; but the de verns now under another title. The other mands of Deflalines were too extravaftates of Europe offer little for our gant to adinit of farther correspondnotice, except that Denmark is with ence without new advices from Enge its ulual prudence availing itself of land, How far it will be thought ex. every circumstance that can contri pedient to enter into a connection with bute to the good of the people. The a black government, time mult detercoinage of a country must ever be a mine: but the fears entertained in matter of great importance, and to fe this country on the success of Mr. Wilcure the poor man from being deceived berforce's motion for the abolition of by forgery is an object worthy of the the flave trade have alarmed every plantDotice of every government, England er for the safety of his property. It pofsefses at this time machines of great is not so much the fear of a law being er power than have hitherto been enacted on this subject, as of the dil known in the world. Their worth has cutlion which has taken place, and the been fully seen in the eale with which consequences that may eniue from it they converted the Spanish dollars in in the West Indies. The quellion in to those beautiful medals now circu itself is so worn out, that no novelty lated by the bank as pledges for mo- can be expected; but, doubtless, the pey. Denmark is not above availing greatest care fhould be taken to lcpaitself of 10 great an advantage; and rate the two points ---the trading in application has been made to parlia flaves, and the treatment of flaves in ment, to perinit Mr. Bolton to lend to the islands. The latter can hardly be Denmark, machines of his invention, discussed in a Britill House of Comfor the purpose of its coinage. It is mons: the abolition of the former, honourable to this country that such which is certainly a dilgrace to the an application should be made, and no British character, is an act once louddoubt can be entertained that permit ly called for in this country, and which fion will be granted: but it may create would be fiill acceptable to every good fome attonithment, that a foreign go man in it. On the treatment of the vernment thould folicit to have these Naves in the illands, much is advanced Inachines, of which the government at by these men, who have viewed with inbome will not avail itself of, for a fimi- difference the treatment of their fellow lar purpose. By Mr. Bolton's ma- subjects nearer home; for it cannot chines, money would be coined in the be doubted, that under Lord Camden's easiest and most expeditious manner, adminitiration in Ireland more atrociand forgery would be almost impractie ties were committed in that ill-fated cable. He has offered, we understand, country than can be laid to the charge to erect thein in the Tower; but such of Well India planters in the course of forinidable obitacles are in the way of a century. We should give more cretheir being useal, that it is not likely dit to the ali rtions of our lovers of that his offer ihould be accepted. If negroes, if we faw them affected with the machines were there, a journey- fimilar bumanity towards men of their man of Mr. Bolton's could do the own colour. The queition is expected whole business of the coinage, and the to pass through the House of Commons, : place of master of the mint, with a va and to receive its quietus in the Houte riety of subordinate places, would be of Lords. useless,
We mentioned in our lait report the From the West Indies the accounts loss of the Apollo frigate, and a great of the crueltics exercised by the blacks part of its.convoy, on the coast of Por, on the whites continue to grieve hu- tugal. A court-martial has lince been manity; but it was reported, and the held on the surviving oilicers of the trianswer of the Chancellor of the Exche- gate, who were all acquitted; for no quer, when applied to on this subject, blaine could poflibly attach to thein, confirms the report, that Dellalines and the thipwreck is attributed to had attempted to negotiate with the error in the reckoning. Error in governor of Jamaica for the introduce the reckoning, which could in such tion of new faves into the illand of a situation produce such an effect, Domingo. Dispatches from Jamaica must have been so great, as to imply in have lince ascertained the fact of a nego- the commander a total incapacity for tiation, which arose, however, from the the duties of his office; and we trust