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fugacited, he would have thought in the vel in the light of pioneers of liberty. fame spirit. But he never could have "Machiavel a pioneer of liberty!' exsurvived the revolution ry fionn; for ( claimed he (giving me a fixed look with remember well the awfulrebuke lunce his two large tiger eyes, and clenching received froin Rubelpierre, while extol his fills, the ulual preliminaries of a ling the Spirit of Lars.' "Tine Sport warrant of arrest) “you are not up to of lawo!' laid he', it is tlic producuou of the true principles. The doctrines of a fanat.c and a weak miad imbécille), Machiavel establified tyranny over the replete with dogmas and prejudices. It whole of Europi, Montepulcu were now alive, he would “Esery one who has rad Machiavel have been either an emigrant, or very with attention (which I sin perfuaded foon leis by a head, for he was 1612 purles Robelpierre never did, if he read him mentuire, non pus un bon republicuin. at all), muti be fatisfied that his Prince It is impoflible to do justice, by an Eng. was written folely to expose the machia lith tranilation, to this truly fublime ei- nations of tyrants, and thereby to caufusion of republican wit. The word tion the people of free states against

parlementuire' means frictly a round their wily intrigues. His Dilcourtis on bead, or a whig; but this deícription of Livy atteit the fact. Bui the popular person was not sufficiently divvited of opinion was, and tiill continues to be, prejudices to be a good republican, in as much in disfavour of this writer, as, the eyes of Robespierre. Belles, Mon- in the days of the National Convention, tesquieu was a president of the parlia- againit the Spirit of Laws." nient of Bordeaux, which was of inclf a ground of condemnation, inasmuch as The information relocing The it proved that he was a mau ot refpecta- mas Paine is at once curious and bility and conlideration in the 'liate interesting. We regret that it is This, therefore, is the acceptation of the too long for us to transcribe entire. term; or, in other words, we may inter- ls, but a few palliges we will lay pret the sentiment of the tirant thus:

is: before our readers. Mr. Yorke

3 being a member of the ancat parliament of France, he was neceffariiy an

found much dificulty in discovering encuny of republican government, which

his residence, bui baving at length did not csilt when he lived, nor was ever malicred this, and being informed dreant ot; for which reatin), notwith by his female fervant that he was ftanding his dogmas and prejudices in alleep, he thus continues. favour of public liberty, I thould cut off his bcad as an aristocrat and a conspira “ In two minutes the returned, and tor;' to which might be added, and ushered me into a little dirty room, for the sake of the vineyards of La containing a fin ill wooden table and Brede'

two chairs. ." This,' faict the, is Mr. “ I need not here tell you the effect Paine's room. I never fat down in which this stroke of criticilin wrought such a filthy apartinent in the whole upon me; for when I heard that Mon- course of my litc. The chimney hearth telquieu would have been leis by a bead, was an heup of dirt; there was not a Hal he fallen into Robespierre's hands, fpeck of cleanlinets to be seen; three I felt such an unpleasant tickling in my thelveswere filled with pasicboard boxes, neck, that the argument convinced me cach labelled after the manner of a miin a moment. Accordingly, knowing nilter of foreign affairs, correfpondence that the extremes of servility and oppo- Americuine, " Britanique, Francaise ; Gtion were alike obnoxious to the ty- Notices politiques; Le citoyen France rant, I endeavoured to appeare him with çais, dr. In one corner of the room observing, that it was very true, the au- lioud everai huge bars of iron, curiouíly thor of the Spirit of Laws groped in thaped, and two larre trunks: opposite darkness, especially in the article where the tire-piace, a board covered with in be trets of the Influence of Climate, pamphlets and journals, having more as it was now clear that the enlightened the appearance of a dreier in a lcuiprinciples of the revolution were equally lery than a tide-board. Such was the applicable to the whole race of man, wretched habitation of Thomas Paine. and that there would most probably be one of the founders of American Judea National Convention very foon in pendence; whole extraordinary cenius China; but still I could not avoid con- multevercommandattention, and whose tidering Niontesquieu as well as Machia writings have summoned to action the

ininds of the most enlightened politi- thought much might yet be done for the cians of Europe! How different the republic, · Republic! he exclaimed, humble dwelling of this Apostle of free- . do you call this a republic? why, tixy dom from those gorgeous mansions te- are worse off than the ilaves at Conftatnanted by the founders of the French tinople; for there they expect to be L.2Republic!

Thaws in Heaven, by submitting to be " After I had waited a short time, Mr. Naves below; but here, they believe Paine came down stairs, and entered neither in heaven nor hell, and yet are the room, drefled in a long lannel gown, flaves by choice. I know of no repubI was forcibly ftruck with his altered lic in the world, except America, which appearance. Time seemed to have made is the only country for such men as you dreadful ravages over his whole frame, and I. It is my intention to get away and a settied melancholy was visible on from this place as foou as potlible, apd his countenance. He desired me to be I hope to be off in autumn: you are a seated, and, although he did not recol- young inan, and may fee better tims; lect me for a considerable time, he con- but I have done with Furope and it versed with his usual affability. I con- Navith politics,' I admitted thai Ane. fefs I felt extremely surprised that he rica night be always looked to s should have forgotten me; but I resolved the country of forlorn hope, but that I not to make myself known to him, as entertained great doubts whether I long as it could be avoided with proprio fhould be happy in it; and Ienumerated ety. In order to try his memory, I re- my objections, concludingwith, the want ferred to a number of circumliances of fociety, and my apprehenfions reimate which had occurred while we were in ing the vellois fever, which I luated a company, but carefully abstained from bad reprefented to me in a very unta. hinting that we had ever lived together. vourable light. Both these objections He would frequently put his hand to he endeavoured to controvert, by thet. his forehead, and exclaim, 'Ah, I know ing that there was as good fociety in A. that voice, but my recollection fails!' merica, and better in many repets, At length, I thought it time to remove than in all Europe; and as to the yellow his suspense, and stated an incident fever, it had been imported, and there which instantly recalled me to his mind, could be no doubt it would wholly dile It is impoflible to describe the sudden appear by the pursuit of proper precauchange which this effected in his ap- tions : he then made use of tome ingre pearance and manner; his countenance nious arguinents to prove this, and afbrightened, he presled me by the hand, firmed that it had of late vears scarcely and a lilent tear Role down his cheek. ever proved fatal to persons in easy cirNor was I less affected than himself, cumstances, on account of their having For some time we fat without a word withdrawn into the country at its tiri escaping from our lips. "Thus are we appearance, But bis argument carried inet once more, Mr, Paine,'I resumed, irresistible conviction to my mind, when . after a long feparation of ten years, he inlitted that it was the only circunand after having been both of us severely fiance that had deterred Europeans weather-beaten.' Ay,' he replied, from emigrating thither; which he illus• and who would have thought that we trated by a comparative fiatement of Mould meet at Paris?' Ile then enquired the influx of population before and since what motive had brought me here; the breaking out of that peitileutial and on my explaining myself, he ab- malady," served with a twile of contempt

They have shed blood enough for li- ' “ It would require the leisure and berty, and now they have it in perfec- faculty of Jainie Bofivell himteli to de tion. This is not a country for an ho- tail all the conversations which I had nest man to live in; they do not under- with Mr. Paine, or the opinions and fland any thing at all of the principles anecdotes which he recounted. I an of free government, and the best fure they would fill a volume, fall way is, to leave them to themselves, therefore conclude this account of him You see they have conquered all Eu- with a few words respecting his acrope only to make it more miserable quaintance with Bonaparte. than it was before.' Upon this I re- " When the Hero of Italy had remarked, that I was surprised to hear turned to Paris, in order to take the him speak in such desponding language command of that Army of England, with of the fortune of mankind, and that I whose left wing he afterwards let off to

conquer the department of the Thames called upon, faid, It is now several On the burning lands of Egypt, he called years since I have been in England, and on Mr. Paine, and invited him to dinner. therefore I can only judge of it by what I 11 the courte of his rapturous ecitalies, I knew when I was there. I think the he declared that a statue of gold ought people are very disaffected, but I am to be crected to him in crery city in the furry to add, that, if the expedition univerle; he also assured hiin that he ihould escape the fleet, I think the army always ilept with his book* under his would becutin pieces. The only way to pillow, and conjured him to honour hiin kill England is to annihilate her comwith his correspondence and advice. inerce. This opinion was backed by all When the Military Council at Paris, the council; and Bonaparte, turning to who directed all the ipovements of Bo- Paine, asked how long he thought it naparte (though he has the merit of would take to andibilate the English tliein) came to a serious consultation commerce? Paine antwered, that every about the invasion of England, Mr. thing depended on a peace, Fruin that Paine was invited to allift at the fitting. hour Bonaparte never spoke to himn; After they had rantacked and examined and when he had finished his adventures all the plans, charts, and projects of the in Egypt, and had ttolen back to France, old government, Bonaparte submitted he passed by him at the grand dinner to them the propriety of hearing what that was given to the generals of the citizen Paine had to say upon the fab- republic, a short time before his usurpaject. But I thould have stated that, tion, faring him in the face, and saying without one diffentient voice, they were to General Laines, in the hearing of all of opinion that the measure was Paine, • The Englith are all alike in unpracticable, dangerous even in idea, every country--they are all rascals.'”. and fill morc fo in the attempt. Gene

. There is much more interciting ral D'Arçon, a celebrated engineert, was one of this council, and present on matter relative to this extraordinathe occasion. He laughed at the pro- ry man, for which we must refer ject, and said, that all those plans and our readers to the volumes themIchemes had better be made cartridge- felves, and conclude our account paper of; for there was no Prince witb the following pathetic story. Charles (meaning the Pretender) nowa-davs: and that they might as well at « Young

, whose mother tempt to invade the moon as England now retides in London, was sent by her with its superior fleer at sea. • Oh! to Paris, in order to polith, and keep exclaimed Bonaparte, 'but there will him out of harm's way. I remember him be a fog.'-Ah! replied D’Arçon, well: he was a good-natured but incau" and there will be an English Acet in tious lad, and polised of great timplithat foy.'— Cannot we pals?' faid Bu- city of maoneis. But, untortunately naparte.-- Doubtless,' answered the for him, he was a most impaflioned Engother, by diving twenty fathom under lifhman, and openly curled the French water:' then looking ftcdfasily at the and all their meatures; tor which indila hero, • General,' laid he, the earth is cretion Suedacur often remonttraerd our own, but not the lea.. We mult re- with him in vain. The Committee of cruit our flects before we can hope to Public Safety, wanting some English make any imprellion on England; and beads for exhibition, caused him to be even then the enterprizewould berraught arretted. Suedaeur vifited him in priwith perdition, unless we could railc a fon. He was, even there, always merry, diverlion among the people,' Then Ro- full of the heyday of youth, and continaparte: “ That is the very point I nued to blafpheme the French Republic. mean: here is citizen Paine, who will Rule Britannia,' and · God save the tell you that the whole Eoglifin nation, King,' were the favourite fongs with except the royal family, and the Huno- which he inade his prilon walls refound. teriunts who have been cicated peers of But Rule Br tannia, and God tave the the reulin, and absorb the greuteji part of King, were proofs of his being one of the land property, are ardently burn the ferfs of George, and an agent of ing for fruternižution.' Painc, being Pect. It was evident, therefore, that he

was engaged in a conspiracy in prilon " * The Rights of Man."

to destroy the unity and indivitibility of + He directed the siege of Gibraltar, in the republic. "Nothing could be more the American war,

clear,' said Fouquier Tainville, tinc pub


lic accuser. Accordingly, he was brought countenance was enough to hare #FE*** before the Revolutionary Tr bunal, with a tear from a heart of stone. He a vaii number of other periods of both only eighteen years of age at the feres; along whom was Colonel Now- ot his murder, and a contiderab.e 19 ton (who was fentenced to death for une awaited him, had he arrained playing at cards). As he knew Icarcely maturity. On the disconfolate mothet, any thing of the French language, of thus bereft of her only child, the lear coirfe he could not underland a vila- fui eve of pity cats a iympathizing in; ble of what padid. Thevathed himno and thould this tard tale of the late, quiftions, but he was sentenced to die. her beloved offspring fall into a When he was removed from the tritu- hands, I with her to be allured that the Da!, and after he returned to priton), le recordier of it, while comuniteraung OUT was as unconcerned and as gay as ever; mourning live, and dropping tans for he had not the moft Ciliare idea arouy upon the pave, dilcario ex?! that he has been on trial. The next fentment that may add to that one morning he was carried down into the Tuining griet' which is too rapidly by court-vard, where the fatal cart, at- rying her to a premature grare. tended by Gens D'Armes, awaited him. this parration, my only motive At the fame inliant Dr. Suada ur ch- aroule humanity, and to implore, in the tered the prison to take a lail adieu of awful name of God, the avenging 14 bim and Colonel Newton. The Colonel tice of mankind againit a peuple wil) was already seated in the cart, and are in continual hottility aguilt the looked very dejected. The speciacle peace, the innocence, and the happ, of Newton bound, and in that situat on, Dels of cvery part of the an.malt startled the youth; he euquired white world.” they were going to take him. He could

We cannot close our review of not make himself understood, as be did nutveak French. At that intiavt Sue- this work without speaking of '" "dacur, overwhelmed with an arony of very high terms of commendati ! grief, came up to him. This agitation le lave peruted it not only wild of the Doctor's increased lus teress: pleafire aud arutement, but he asked hastily, “ Doctor Snedaeu:! adiantae; for Mr. Yorke! what are they going to do with me Suedacur, quite ove scomc, and bufu

brought togcilior a va ft number of into tears, antivered, 'Mv poor lott bori

importani lacts, and his reflections lor come to bid vou farewel-vou aré upon them are always vigorous an going to inviant drath.' "To death!'appolite. He wriies boldly, tad be, with the quivering lip of youth- it is the boldness of trulh; - ful unucence. I have not been tried' we consider his letters as con

Then wringing his hands, he escla met, ing the most genullie and! - Oh! God! Oh! God!' and fwooned away in the arms of Sucdaeur. White

account of modern France hitberio in this condition he was torn anar, and phone thrown into th cart. He recurcred, bowever, before be reached the fcatiuld, Art. XLI. Remarks addrejern and cried most bitterly. Colone! in the Country, not to Parties. ton (who had long terved under Suwar- a National Obierter'. soil, and received twelve wounds at the &c. 1804. pp. 41. forming of Ismael, and who was Co- TIER is not much 10 Tone of the reginjent of dragoons which guarded the King to the cattol, pitia

or depth ot'argument is 1 ing rhe fireis of the youth, forgot hwi phlet; but it contains 1111C teit, and emploved the last moments of tente sud serious tiut b. , Iris existence in adminifiering comfort or totally condemas the to him. But nature was upperinost; minitiration for want ol the misery of l:is afiliated mother ruded confiliency, and abilité ; into his mind; nor did he ceale to ex- this opinion we think ere claim, My poor inother! iny poor mnother!' until the faial are cloled his eyes :

ing mind muii concur; bu upon this world. The necators pitied initances, we apprehend, him; for his perfon was extremely pre gued from erroneous Pr · policiling, and I am fure his innocent Thus be very idly suppo il

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