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part of its subjects, on account of its proposed an armistice, and this demand late usurpations,
was rejected. It may be remembered that, in the So much of the political state of year 1579, the Batavians elected a Holland it was thought neceflary to chief to save them from slavery. The lay before the reader, that he might trust and citle of Stadtholder are there- not be at a loss for the reason why tho fore as antient as the republic itself, French found rather allies than eneThe powers, however, conferred on mies in the Dutch people, this other were confined to the direc- The above sketch of the late politition of t:e forces by land and sea. This cal condition of a country, once so redignity was elective, and subject to be nowned for its courage and endurance, fuppreffed. It was actually fuppreiled will account for the celerity with in the leventeenth century for the which Venloo, Nimuegen, Breda, and space of twelve years; viz. from 1660 Grave, were taken by the Republicans, to 1672. The people expressly reierved This difpofition of the Dutch, fo obto themselves the legislative, adininit viously favourable to the French intrative, and judiciary powers. But it tereti, put the former on a footing of is in vain that the people take precau- jealousy and distrutt with the English. tious for dividing the powers and re- Indeed, this dislike went so far as to serving their rights: every clected chief give encouragement to a representainclines naturally to become abfolute tion made in print by the French aumatter whenever he finds an opportu- thor abovementioned, that at Nimenity. It he has the force in his lands, guen, on the night of the 8th of Novemhe will soon make ule of it as a proof ber 1794, when the English retired of his right.
from the city, they drew back the In 1747, the Stadtholder began to bridge to the right of the river, burnt attack the Batavian coniiitution, in it, and left the Dutch only in the rendering this dignity hereditary to all place: but, what is worle, the fame aubis pollerity, male and female. This thor affirms, that at the time the gates unconititutional itretch of power natu- of the place were opened to the rerally displeased a people jealous of publican troops, and that they were their liberty; it neverthelets did not poffefing themielves of Dutch foldiery occasion an explosion.
who had surrendered in their boats, In 1787, the latt Stadtholder openly the English fired as well on them as attacked the civil and political liberty on the French. It would be defirable of the Dutch. Not contented in be- to see these particulars contradicted, ing governor-general, captain-general, that an ill-will might not be cherithed and grand-admiral, be would intilt up- and perpetuated between two nations on intuencing the legillative body, so long in amity with each other, and the interior administrations. He When the armies of the Rhine and of fucceeded so well in this view, that the Sambre and Meule had advanced there remained in Holland neither le proportionably forward, Picbegru left gillator, magitirate, nor (ven burgo- bis retreat, and placed himself again at matter of the finalieti villages, but who the head of the armies. were nominated by him or his partizans. The rigour of the season had already The discontented' were about to rise shewn itielf, and Hattered him with the in revolt, when the King of Prullia hopes of realiting his projects upon fent the Prince some of his troops, Holland. Early in December the which, according to the language of de- Meute was frozen over, and the ico fpotic priuces, brought thote people was strong enough in many places to to reaion, who to loudly exclaimed pass over it; and, in a few days after, against the flagrant un pation. The the Waal became a folid piece of ice. Stadtholder enjoyed bis newly assumed This incident was too favourable for prerogations as long as he continued the active mind of Pichegru to lose a the firongest; but no sooner did the moment. Ile ordered the brigade of French appear with the scroll of “Li- General Daendels, and that of General berty and Equality" on their arins, Often, to pass the Meuse upon the ice, than he found himself the weaker, and, and proceed against the lile of Bomforeseeing what was likely to happen, mel. The Hollanders made a very offered to make peace with the inva- fceble relitiance, and the garrison of ders, which was denied him. He next Tort St. André in a short time furrendered. It is impossible to fuy whether conquest of the United Provinces, the the low ftate to which the loyalty of Army of the North became difputea the Dutch had fallen, or the low siate ble, except 25,000 min, which the two at which the thermometer itoou, co- governments agreed thould be lert is tributer most to this fpeedy conqueti. Holland. The ret wtie epiployed in The former was at least at the point of reinforcing the active arnics. perfect indiference, and the latter Pichegru was now ordered to direct was ieventeen degrees below the truele the morernents of the army of the ing point, Sixteen hundred priloners Rh ne and Molelle. Tie nevertheless were ma le on that day, aud a great prefarved the chicf command of thote number of cannon and finall arms be- of the Sambre and Meute, and of the Gles amignition were takeo.
North. The firti continued to have It inight appear degrading to our Jourdan at the bad of it, and Vior at own army, einbarked in 10 bopeleis was named General in Chief of that of and unbappy a caule, to delineate the the North. progress of the fuccesful republicans On the ist of April, Pichegru was call. at this time, and of courle the corre- ed up to Paris to take the command of spondent retreat of the British forces; the armed force which was to be che
tirit, under bis Royal Highne is the ployed again the insurrt c!on which • Duke of York, and afterwards under threatened a new revolution, Paris was
Gencral Abercro:nbie. At all events, at this tinie declared to be in a state it muli be ichiome to an English of heue, and Pchegru, as General painter, however dilpoled to be im in Chiet, marched again the insurpartial, to tind the prominent figure, gents in that part of the capital called being an enemy, derives its light froin the Cite, and thole in the section of the obfcure polition of his friends. Quinze-I ingts. Ile reported to be The French writers who have cele- Convention, that its orders were ese brated the achievements of their ge- cuted; and, in consequence of this nerals have been too apt to throw out fpeedy fupprefiion of rebellion, the intinuations against the Engluh for the refractory memburs were trantported part they sustained in this memorable to Cayenne, wbieber, firange to tell, campaign); for in ance, in the engage this General, a short time arter, was ment which took place on the illi of (on, firange reverte! oh, caprice af for January, 1793, upon crolling the Waal, tune!) himmelf ban.thed. below Jiméguen, the fucceistari termi- Soon atier this, he tell under fufpination of which atur put an end to cion of having been tampered with hy all chance of preventing the invation the banithed royalilis, He was removed or every one of the Cured Provinces, from the command of the armies, and one of the French bitorians applauds Boreau fucceeded him. In the next the firmness of the Autrians, while year (the 5th of the Republic) he was he insinuates that the rebitance of the chosen a deputy for the department of Eaglith was fechle.
Aube, to replace the one-third of the The entire fuccess of the four bri- Convention going out. He was electe gades under the French generals Van- ed pretident, and in the next month danne, Conipere, Jordon, and Reu- accused the Directory of finitier and Biet, allowed Macdonald the facility perfidious deligns, and propoted to de 41 palling the river at Nimeguen in fine the coptututional limits of the goo the imall boats with several companies verumcnt. Soon after this placards of grenadiers, by which he policited were fuck up on the walls of Paris, humleit of Fort Knotemburg, the gar- figuifying, that the agents of the Prerifon being obliged to abandon it. tender were active in opening the way
As this lati fumuggle of the allied ar- to the return of royalty; that Imbertmies failed of fucccís, and was at. Colomès, one of the members of the tended with the loss of artillery, pri. Council of Five Hundred, was the funers, fiores, &c, it was soon follow- treativer to Louis XVIII; and that ed by deputations from the province Pichegru was implicated in this affair. of Utrecht to the French, by the de- He was immediately arretted by Geneparture of the Prince of Orange, by ral Angereau, and on the memorable the capitulation of the province of day, 18th Fructidor (4th of SeptemHolland, and, lalily, by the entrance ber, 1797) was condemued to be trantof the French into Amiterdanı on the ported to Cayenne. Whaterer might 36th of January 1795. Aster the have been his design, whether to place himself at the head of the government, He was engaged by the Englifh gom or to reinitate the bunithed family, 'vernment to allit the Austrian armies there can be no doubt of bis having with his advice, and also held confere beld a correspondence, through an in- ences at Augsburg with MM. Precy termediary channel, with the Prince of and Dundré upon the intereit of the Condé. Several letters were found in coalefced powers. Of the recent enthe porte-feuille of the Count E1- terprize which occalioned his falling traigues at Venice, containing the par- into the hands of his implacable ene. ticulars of a conversation between mies, nothing ought to be said buc Pichegru and the Count de Mont- with great caution, and on the best augallard on the subject of a counter- thority, tince the lives of a great many revolution. The porte-feuille contain- persons of distinction may be thereby ing these documents was opened at farther endangered ; since it will be Montebello, in the presence of the from the connection, or iinputed conGenerals Bonaparte and Clarkc; and nection, with the Englith government if the papers contained in it were not that the chief colour for condemning fuificient to establith the facts alledged them will be drawn. against him, the countenance and aid People are contiderably divided in he received from the distinguished per- opinion as to the cause of this Genefonages out of France, who had made ral's death. We know that the prihini uffers, confirined the whole. This sons which contain great political occurrence contributed in a great de captives are feldom without their gree to give effect to the measures mutes, who have the bowl, the dagger, which Bouaparte adopted afterwards or the bow-turing, always at hand. for potetliny hintelf of the supreme There are tho'e, however, who find reapower, civil and inilitary.
fons enough for his committing fuch : Pichegru was put on board the Vail. suicide, in his bigla sense of honour, of lante, at Rochfort, and conveved delicacy towards others, and ot' coniialong with Buthelemy of the Direc- ency in his own conduct. tory, and many suspected members of Thus one of the illustrious modern gethe legillature and others, to French nerals, who had so much diftinguithed Guyana.
huntelf, and attached immortality to e The French are always ready at ex- name which, but for the French revolupedients; the General was not wanting tiou, might never have been known, endin this respect: he contrived to get ed that lite in a loathtoine prison, which away from his place of Navery, and, ar- for leveral years of it had been gloriving in London, had an interview with rionly feni in camps and uninterMr. Wickham and others in the then rupted victories. Well may it he adminitration. On the very day he said, “ take phyfie, pomp," for ambie was observed in our loufe of Peers ton, that droply of the foul, frequente attending the debates, his name was ly destroys the great, as well as its fu.. inscribed on the list of einigrants. celsiul career oiten enllaves many..
To the Editor of the Universal Mag. is not a servile imitator; he painte SIR,
fron nature, and often obierres TAM proud that my remarks on that fynimetry in his aftvciations, I the poetry of Cunningham were which is the greatest beauty of the such as to entitle them to ao place Muse. His images are iedom dita in your Magazine. This is a luta cordant; and, as his januage is ficient inducement for me to pro always appropriate, it may be ata ceed with them, and they fall, firmed, there are few writers capatherefore, form the subject of the ble of attording a more unmixed tiba present letter.
tisfaction to a reader of tatie. In his The poetry of Cunningham often “ Contemplatiji" there are' inany exhibits Arength and elegance. He