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nice and delicate question, the proper ple in the affairs of state. The Firt conduct of an amballador in a foreign Contul, on his access to power, thought

It must give fatisfaction to it neceflary to have it established by every one of our readers to hear, that the suffrages of the people. This form bis Lordihip denies the charge brought is no longer neceffary. He has deteragainst us by the French government; mined to alter his title, and his word is for no Englishnan will hentate in tay the law. The bodies under the name ing, that, if Mr. Drake hau descended of the Tribunate and the Conservative to luch mean and detettable practices, Senate have represented to him the ne he deserved every calumny now fixed ceility that he ihould take upon himupon his character by the French, and felt the imperial tiue; and this change that he and his employers would be de in the name icarcely excited a debate. fervedly the objects or universal detesta Caruot opposed the atiumption of the Lion. Buit, in diarowing the charge, title upon the fame ground that he there was no necellity for a secretary had remied the motion for retung the of state to enter into a quettion which contular power in Buonaparte during might employ the peu of a Grotius, a lite: but his reliance was very feeble, Puttendort, or a Vattell, or miglit make and an appearance of opposition ferrthe subject of an exercite at one of the ed rather to give a representation of Univertities; and if we du underítand free debate than to injure the mouon. his Lordihip right, for his language is It is of little consequence whether the on a par with his matter, we entirely fovereign of France is adıirened by the :lifagree with him in his conclutions. title of Firit Contul or Emperor. These It is rightly laid, and, indeed, there was Roman names neither add to nor die no need of a secretary of itate in Eng- minith his contequence, though the naland to inform foreign amballadors, tion, over which he prelides, may be that none of them had a right to fo flattered with the return of that now ment difcora in the country to which and parade which diftinguithed trer they were lent; but they are, it seems, former monarchy. He scoat: ledly, to be allowed to keep up a correspond at present, the chef sovereign on the ence witii tric enemy's country, and to continent of Europe: his dominions take advantage of circumitancet. Now, are compact, extentive, well peopled, this doctrine ve reprobate entirely, it and fertile. He has acquired his powit gous farther than the communica er by thore talen's which bave made tion to their own courts of the intelli the heads of dynasties; and, in the gence they may have received reipect course or a few hundred years, the ing the enemy's country; for the ground blood of the Buonapartes will be as on wich they tread is no longer neu much celebrated, as, fome years ago, tral, it it may be made the rendezvous was the blood of the Bourbons. The oi confpiracies, and a depot of arms upfiart or the usurper, as be may be for every nearnus purpose. How called by his brother emperors and could the elector receive the French kings, will soon tind a readivels in an baliador, and profess himfeita friend them to forget the prelent supposed to his chier, it he knew that the Eng meanne's of his birth : alliances will lith ambasador was at that moment be made between the princes and sending men, money, and arms, into princeíles of his family and those of France, with the view of putung hia the royal and imperial families of Euto death, or dethroning him? We rope

whom he deigns to admit to such have put a caii, which we are allured an alliance; and the French will be and we truit is not the fact; but as delig?ited again with that idle vanity self-prcfervation is the law on which which to ditinguished their antient noall other rights are grounded, an am

bility. ballador who caries on an insidious In the raising of the First Consul to war muli not expect that his enemy the dignity of Emperor there is a tacit will regard the utual formalities, which, implication of a superiority attached to in civilted nations, regulate the con the name, which might lead to an endući ot dates and anıbailadors.

quiry into the power of the Tribunale Whillt a change was taking place in and Conservative Senate to confer this the adminaitration of our government, fuperiority on any person. The fove an inportant one was meditated in reign of Germany is dignitied with the France, which is a stil stronger proof title of Emperor, as the representative of the diminified iniluence of the peo of the ancient Cælars; and he is known


in Germany under the title of the Kai conduct of our glorious Queen, who far, or Cæfar: the Emperor of Rullia appeared in mourning, with her whole is called a Czar, which is only a cor court, on the day that the first received ruption of the fame title. What ideas the French ambasador, after the horthe French choose to attribute to their rible maslacre of the proteíiants on the name of Emperor we are yet to learn; feast of St. Bartholomew. Indeed, the but it is deterinined that they are not

recollection of the horrible acis perpeto be incuinpatible with the hberty and trated by the old dynasty of France equality of the people. Thete are must reconcile every perlon to any new merely words of course, for whatever dynasty; for, notwithstanding the maforms the new Emperor chootes to ap- ny atrocities imputed to Buonaparte, point will find a ieay acquiescence; he is far inferior to his predecellor and the new syltein wil lali, till fome Lewis XIV in bloodthedding, bigotry, new revolution introduces a change and cruelty. Reports froin Spain make founded on equal fr.volity.

it credible that peace cannot be long In the mean time, however, the preserved with that kingdom. War plans of the fovereign of France for would, of course, be declared when it the aggrandisement of his empire and

suits the interest of the French fovethe depreflion of his foes are pursued reign; but no addit.onal strength will with the same systematic ardour. What be derived from involving Spain in the ever may be the sentiments of other conull, and the desiruction of its comsovereigns towards bin, bis subjects merce will add to our wealth, and diuniversally attr bute, and with propri- minith his resources. ety attribute, to him faculties fuperior Egypt is still in confusion, without to thote of any of his predeceffors tince any prospect of an improved governthe time of Henry IV. All adore the India presents to our view an rising fun; and there seems to be scarce English power paramount on that conly a with in the whole circuit of his do tinent in the same manner as that of minions for the abolition of his power. France is in Europe. In the West InThe conspirators are not yet tried, and dies, the pre-eminence of the blacks on it is fair that the new Emperor will one iland creates naturally distruit on emulate the first of the Cæsars in bis the relt; and the renewed motion of clemency; and it must be confefled, Mr. Wilberforce on the Nave trade has that, lince his assumption of power, he put the West India merchants in agita-. has not in this virtue, at least, been tion to exert their parliamentary infound deficient. It will be happy tor tereft, and baffle the measure. From mankind, if, upon the acknowledge the mode in which the question has ment of his superiority, he will turn been of late ycars managed, it is evihis imperial powers to the arts of dent that no expectation is entertained peace, and Europe may have the op of its success. It is brought in at the portunity of presenting to mankind end of a feflion, and is merely an apoagain fome appearance of civilisation. logy for the neglect of a question in The collections of men in arms in va which the public at one time took fo rious kingdoms, and the recollection of much intereft; and which, if properly the blood Thed within the last fifteen conducted, would by this time have years on the scaffold or in the field, are removed from the English nation the no credit to the suppoted improvement disgrace of the Nave trade, and increalof the times; and hold out the fearful ed the security of the West India coloprelage, that the western part of Eu- ' nies. The blacks of St. Domingo are rope, by abusing, like moft other couns now retorting on the whites the miles tries we read of in hiftory, its privi- ries they have fuffered for the last two leges of superior information and su- hundred years; and as no other arguperior power, will present to the world ment could juttity the former conduct desolation and ruin timilar to that of the whites than that of power, the which reigns in the dominions now sub- blacks, with less asistance from civiliject to the Turk.

fation and religion, cannot be expected The other countries of Europe pre

to be inferior to their teachers in the sent little of importance to us. The arts of tyranny and opprelfion. court of Petersburgh is said to have Africa gave to the French an occamade a strong manifestation of its in- fion for boasting of the capture of Godignation at the execution of the Duke ree; but the retaking of that island of Enghien, which reminds us of the does honour to Lieutenant Pickford,

and placed the conquerors into our aversion to dancing; and, like Care hands without bloodthed. But, if we fanatics of former times, thinks it is rejoice in the honour gained by Lieu- doing good service, by preventing every tenant Pickford, the navy of England thing like cheerfulness in fociety. In has been disgraced in a most fhocking consequence of this anti-dancing fpirit, manner on the coast of Portugal. A it dressed up two of its spies, to go to fleet, under convoy of the Apollo fri- an assembly in the neighbourhood of gate, for the West Indies, was nearly Bedford-row, where there had been for all loft on this coatt; the frigate itselt, some time past balls of respectable perand between thirty and forty of the ple, who paid half a guinea for tickets

, convoy, wrecked: numbers of lives giving thein admilliou for four, and the commander drowned. The lpies, having purchased tickets of That such an event could happen at adinillion, went to a ball one night

, and a time when navigation has been so brought back a report agreeably to the much improved, when the daily fitua withes of their employers, who iminetion of the ficet with respect to every diately determined to prosecute the European fhore might be known with maliers of the allembly, two dancing the utmost facility, must create our masters, for keeping a riotous and dit allonithment, and a desire that the orderly meeting. The cause was tried whole affair may be inveltigated with before the justices at Clerkenwell

, and the utmott fcrut ny. If there was not not one instance was given of rude or a timekeeper on board the trigate, nor improper conduct: the neighbourhood in any ship in the convoy, the want of had made no complaint, and it apit argues a degree of unconcern about peared evidently to be a prosecution lite and property, which fo terrible a founded on thole wild and imaginary calamity is calculated to correct in tu- conceits, which, under the pretence of ture. We understand that some thips reforming mankind, and suppreffing in the convoy very prndently kept as vice, have their baús in a malignant

, much to the wet of the captain's ille intolerant, and phari laical spirit, deterfated courte as possible: and from mined that no one thall dare to amuse them, on their return to England, we himself but in a way laid down by fhall hope to learn what representatious these new reformers, The defendants were made to the captain on bis steer were found not guilty: but it becomes age, and wh: ther it is pollible that on the public to contider, what a muifance board a king's ship there thould be fo a fociety is which keeps in its pay much ignorance as this disafier at pre spies to enter into every place of amusefent feeins to indicate.

If no opportu

ment, and to report to their masters nity was offered to take a lunar obfer whatever they please of the proceedtation, and the whole fleet was with inys to which they bave been witneis, out a timekeeper, still we thould have The fociety then carries on a profectthought it incredible that they could tion againii, it may be, a very poor ftrike the land within two cables length individual, who, if he has justice on of the shore, without any apprehen his fide, may be terrified into fubmifbon of their situation ; for the dead fion; and the malignity of individuals reckoning ought to have been so kept may be gratified by finding some little as to preterve them froin fuch a cala cause of complaint against a neighbour, mity. Parliamentary interest and fa and bringing upon him the terrors of mily connections may, in many cases, the society. An enquiry, we hope, will not be very injurious to the state ; but be made into the proceedings of this where the lives and property of so ma felf-formed body,--a body not known ny individuals may depend on the ca to, nor authorised by, the constitution pacity and science of a single person, -whose means, whatever the ends may and his talents may be ealily estimated be, are base and dishonourable, and by a fuitable examination, it is highly which, in encouraging spies and inforexpedient that no one should be ada mers to prowl about the streets, and Yanced to a post of consequence who enter into every honse of entertainment, does not possets the suitable qualifica is more likely to be instrumental in the tions.

promotion than in the suppression of Our attention is called to the law vice. enurts by a prosecution instituted by The last month brought into circuthe Society for the Suppression of Vice. latiou the new coinage of dollars, or This society, it seems, has a very great the converģion of the coin of the King

of Spain into marks for the use of the try was supported by 204 against 256 Bank of England. The appearance of On the 24th, two divisions took place these counters is much improved in one in the Lords, the one ou a clause in the respect, but in another it must excite Irith militia transfor bill, when 71 voted very serious reflections. On one lide for the ministry, and 45 in opposition : is the King's face, with his name and on the other, the palling of the bill, title; on the other, Britannia in an there were for it 94, and the opposition oval, round which are ftamped the produced 61 against it. On this words five shillings dollar; and be- day, also, a motion of Mr. Dent's, retween the oval and the edge of the lative to the loyalty loan, gave the mic counter the words, Bank of England, niftry 100 againit 76. The 25th 1804. The execution of this medal or proved the evident decline of the counter is far better than the stamping minister's power, for, on the motion of the head of one sovereign in the relative to the army of reserve suspeuneck of anotier ; but this change in son bill, the minister's number was rea the mode of providing a silver coinage duced to 240, whilft that of opposition is a proof of the state into which the was within one of its strength on Mr. country is brought by that unhappy Fox's motion, having on this day 203, day, which gave to the company, called and leaving to the minister a majority the Bank, a privilege beyond that of of only 37. Upon this, negotiations any other tiader. That the bank has took place. Mr. Pitt obtained his with, vied lilver instead of tin, or copper, or was fully employed in collecting and lead, or paper, is at least fome gain to embodying hi: forces; whilst the new the public; for it might as well have opposition was not, as soon as they issued paper, or the bafer metals, with knew his intentions, behind hand in thc declaration of their intended worth, arranging their strength. Certain great as silver medals, on the issuing of which families have taken the lead on both it is not a very considerable gainer; and ldes, but there is no appearance of it affords to every one the opportunity any strength on the Gde of the country of reflecting on the depreciat:on of its at large to controul the motions of own paper money., The day is anxi- those whose evident aim is the acquiously looked for, when the connection lition of place and power. between this trading company and the The volunteer bill has, from the government shall be diffolved, and the lengthened debates on that subject, carcoinage of the kingdom be vested in ried our attention from other points in those hands whose privilege it is, and the houses; and the next that came in where it is best placed with security to order of importance was the Irish bank the public;, and, indeed, the bank restriction bill, which gave rise to Inuch ought now to be very well contented debate and useful inforination. On the with the inordinate gains it has been motion for the house to resolve itself permitted to accumulate.

into a committee on this subject, ou In consequence of the change in the February the 13th, Lord A. Hamilton ministry, the Houses of Parliament represented the state of the paper curhave been more employed in ordinary rency in Ireland as a great national business than in interesting debates : evil, and an evil of whose termination they have been indulging in a degree there was no prospect. When the reof repose requisite atter the severe con striction bill passed the Irish Houle of test which liad taken place on their Commons, the amount of bank notes floors. The divilions on this subject issued was 600,0001. It now was not deserve to be recorded. The first took less than 2,700,000). The gold had diplace on the 16th of April, on the third minished in the fame ratio, and role in reading of the Irish militia bill, when price with the depreciatiou of paper. the opposition voted against it, and di- Even between Dublin and Belfalt there vided 107 against 128. In the House was a difference of exchange to the of Lords, on a motion for papers, the amount of ten per cent; and between minifter was in a minority, there being Ireland and England it had risen as thirty-one for and thirty agaiuft the high as 19, and, in some instances, to queswon : but, in a second motion, the 20 per cent. miniliry brought in a supply of force, Mr. Corry agreed in the importance and had seventy-seven on their tide of the prefent measure, but did not al. againtt forty-nine. On the 23d, Mr. low the profufion of paper in Ireland Fox's notion on the state of the cour, to be the fault of the bank directors, VOL. I.

4 А

who had no controul over the issuing of stopping payment, and yet going on private paper. The present bill was with its buliness, necessary, as long as the restriction re On the twentieth of February, the mained on the Bank of England; but motion for the third reading of the bill he did not foresee any circumstances brought up Lord A. Hamilton, who which thould prolong the restriction in urged very strongly the effects that Ireland beyond its term in this coun muft arise from the restriction being try.

continued to any length of time, and Lord H. Petty conceived, that as the that the scarcity of guineas arose Irish bank had issued paper five times rather from factitious than real causes. more after than before the restriction, There was a point also that called for it became parliament, which had al- explanation. Though the exchange lowed the power of thus coining mo was so great againti Ireland, the Lords ney to individuals, to investigate the of the Irith Treafury received their causes which had led to such a use of salaries at par; at leait the general rethe power. The bank had increased port was, that this was their mode of its dividends full one and a half per receiving their salaries. For the exiftcent, and he understood that there was ing evils a remedy was loudly called to be this year an additional bonus of for, and it seemed necessary, as a prefive per cent; but whilst the bank was vious step, to appoint a committee to thus enriched, the whole trade and enquire into the high state of the ere property of Ireland was threatened change against Ireland. with danger. In these sentiments Mr. Mr. Corry confefled, that certain Foster joined, adding, that he did not officers from Ireland, who were embelieve there was a real shilling from ployed in this country, received their one end of Ireland to the other. lalaries at par; a practice which had

Mr. H. Thornton thought the sub- originated at and continued without ject more simple than was generally a remark fince . the union. Mr. Curimagined. The excess of paper circu- wen faw no reason why the banks of lation is the cause of the bad state of Engiand and Ireland thould not be the exchange, and this arose from the united, or a bill be passed to limit the different state of the two banks of Eng- circulation of paper in Ireland. As land and Ireland. In England, the to the private bank paper, he faw no bank controuled the operations of the reason why the private banker thould private banks, but it was not fo in Ire- not be obliged to pay his potes in Bank land. He wilhed, therefore, to limit of England paper. This last remar's the circulation of private banks, and brought up Sir John Newport, who that Irish bank paper might be made thewed the absurdity of fuppofing that exchangeable for that of the Bank of an Irish banker would iffue paper on England.

one day, on which, by being compelled Lord Castlereagh thought the ques to change it the next for Bank of tion to be of extreme delicacy and the England paper, he might lose eighteen most abstruse nature, and the extent of or nineteen per cent. The Baronet did the evils should not be enlarged beyond not attribute the balance of exchange their just limits. There were good rea to thc reftriction; for in 1795 and fons, he atfirmed, for believing, that 1796 it was as high, when there was they arose not more from the deprecia- no rettriction. The cause of the pretion of paper than the rise in the price fent evil was to be found in the state of of gold. He doubted whether a re- the country, in the large amount of medy could be applied, though he was the absentee rents, in the large loans sure that parliament must be embar- for money, in the defire of every perrassed in any attempt to interfere with fon to get cash, and the difpofition private banks. Mr. Johnson oppofed to hoard it. He therefore hoped that Lord Castlereagh's position, that if gold the difference of the two countries had risen as paper bad fallen, five per would be considered, and that more cent would be the proportion in both weight lhould be given to the particucases. Lord Caftlereagh and Mr. Fof- larity of the case than abstract reater explained: other Irish members foning on general principles. The bill spoke : all agreed in the importance was passed, after a few remarks from and difficulty of the case, which evi- Mr. Fotter, who expressed an intention dently arises from, and is one fad con- of bringing forward, unless he was fequence only of, the Bauk of England's anticipated by ministers, a bill for

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