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Mr. Bergman is preparing for the can be done but to trace the plant to press, at Riga, hisobservations on theCal- its origin, remove the soil, and cover it muc Tartars, which he collected during up with lime, core ashes, or similar subá three years residence amongst them. stances. If any earth is left in which

MR. Brathwaite recommends the use the fungus is, and the plant can comof the oxygenated muriatic acid, as a municate to any wainscot or wood, it specific for the scarlet fever. A dram will, by degrees, consume that piece of of the acid is mixed with eight ounces wood, and all that is in contact with it. of distilled water, and thaken; and this The disease was known in the time of quantity is to be taken every twelve Moses, and particular enquiries are ore bours, by a patient from fourteen to dered to be made relative to it. The plant twenty years of age. The liquid must is of such a nature, that, if it receives never be taken by ipoon, but from a glass sufficient nourishment, it will make its

For purifying a room, take a china way through even a brick wall. Other tea-cup and laucer; put into the cup plants of the parasitical kind will de two ounces of common falt, and half Itroy wood; and every person who has an ounce of the black oxide of manga- the dry rot in his house must be careful nese, previoutly powdered, with one to alcertain from what cause it origiounce of water; then take an ounce and nates; as he may either be at a great a half of sulphuric acid, and pour a little expence in removing it, or having, as of it now and then in o the tea-cup a- he thought, removed it, leave it still in mong the other ingredients: immedi- the ground. ately a great quantity of oxygenated A very ingenious method has been muriatic acid gas will be diffused through discovered by Mr. Piault, for preventthe apartment; and this Thould remain ing chimnies from smoking, as is freonly a few minutes, and, the door being quently the case from the wind driving opened, it will be diffuled through the down the smoke. The contrivance conwhole house. This mixture thould be filts in a partition dividing the chimney frequently taken into the room during in a traniverse direction at the top, pethe day, a little fresh fulphuric acid be- netrating about a foot below, and as ing added.

much above the top. Half of each of MR. Rullel has received a prize from the side walls is then raised to the height the Society for the Encouragement of of the partition; so that the side walls, Arts, for an improvementon the bucket, thus raised, and the partition, make a which will be of great use in all coun- figure of this form si In whatever tries, where, as in Kent, they are obliged

direction, therefore, the wind blows, one to go deep for water. It is well known

of the apertures of the chimney is prethat the bucket must be made of confi

served from its action, and the smoke derable weight, that it may link when it

escapes by that aperture. arrives at the water in the well: to ob

MR. Hornblower has recommended a viate this, a valve is made in the bottom

very ingenious method of cleaning chimof the bucket, and of course the water

nies by sweeping them withạir, initead of forces it up with ease. When the bucket

the trowel of the chimney-sweeper's boy. is filled, by drawing it up, the valve

The contrivance is simple, Airiscondenis closed, and scarcely any water will escape before it arrives at the top,

sed in avessel, containing about threecy

lindrical feet, as far as poflible: a small where, by a particular contrivance, the

tube communicateswiththis vessel, which valve is forced up, and the water difa

is let up the chimney, and some gravel charges itself into a trough. The mo

is placed in the tube, ło that when the del of this contrivance is preserved at

valve opens, and the air is forced, in the Society of Arts, and is well worthy of

the course of a second, out of the vessel, the inspection of every one who is about to link a deep well.

the gravel and air will be forced through

the chimney, and the chimney will be Much curious information has been

cleaned. A common experiment may communicated lately to the Society of Arts on the subject of the dry rot; an

fatisfy people as to the use of this confr

trivance. When chimnies are on fire, evil which produces much inconveni

it is not uncommon to fire a pistol up ence in many parts of the kingdom. When it is owing, as is very frequently

them, by way of bringing down the foot;

and the foot, it is well known, is brought the case, to a plant of the fungus kind, which is frequently brought into the

i down by the blast of air carried up the houseon laying the foundations, nothing

chimney. If, therefore, the blast of air

from a piltol will produce this effect, the VOL. I.

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fame may be done by a draft of air forced out all the spray wond, and make the up a chimney from a condenfing veflel. tree a perfect ikeleton, leaving all the We thall be glad to hear of the success healthy limbs: then clean the branches, of this contrivance; as, notwithstanding and cut the topof each branch off, where the theory, we are not perfectly fat sfied it would meature in circumference from of the ease of its being brought into the size of a thilling to about that of a practice.

crown piece. The branches are to be The prize question for the physical taken out which cross each other, and class at Paris, is—What are the charac- the arnis left to fork off; so that no conters that, in animal and vegetable mat- fiderable opening is left, when you ftand ter, distinguish the active and passive under the tree. substances in the operation of fermen- The Emperor of Russia has ordered tations?

ten thousand copies of a treatise on the NR. Coray, a Greek by birth, has cow-pox, written in the Russian lanpublished, at Paris, a translation of Bec- guage, to be printed at his expcuce,and caria on Crimes and Punishments into diftributed gratis in the various governmodern Greck,' with a view of rousing ments of his vast empire. his countrymen to the use of those fa- THERE is a propect of the abolition culties for which they were once fo distin- of Navery in Rullia. A gentleman purguithed: but they are funk too low to chated fix thousand fares of Prince receive any benefit from the work; for 'Truboiski, and gave them the opportutheir priests are as great a courge to nity of purchating their freedom by pare their minds, as the Turks to their bodies. ing him the same suni, which they loon

MRS. Duncombe, the widow of Mr. collected; and, in a letter of thanks to Duncombe, the clergyman, of Canter- the Emperor for the edict authorizing bury, and author of several works, has these tranfactions, they boy permillon in her poffeflion some letters of Richard to build a church, and offer to cut a cafon, who seems to have been as volumi- nalot importance to trade fifteen verits nous in his epiftolary correspondence as in length. in his long-winded novels.

An entertaining book on the var ous The Princess Elizabeth some time qualitications of the dog is nearly ready ago made a series of deligns, which have for publication, illustrated by a great considerable mcrit, though the subject number of curious anecdotes of that is almost worn out. Poetry has already trusty animal, by Jofeph Taylor, Esq. been called in to illustrate them; but The numerous MSS. collecied by the another attempt is to be made by Mr. late Rev. Jumes Granger, Vicar of ShipCampbell, the author of The Pleasures lake, in Oxfordshire, for a continuation of Hope, in an allegorical poem, under of his Biographical History of England, the title of Cupid turned Volunteer. weunderstand are now revising, and re

WEYLAND, of We mar, has declared ceiving confiderable additions for pubhis intentions of tranlating Clarke's lifhing, by the Rev. 11. Noble, F. A. S. Progress of Maritime Discoveries into L. & E. One volume, coutaining the German.

reigns of K. William and Jary, and of Me. Fairmun, of Lynfed, near Sit- Queen Ann, will be publithed with all tingbourn, Kent, has made foveral ex- convenient speed.--Tbe continuation periments, by which the grafting of will come down to the end of K. Geo. II. treesisconsiderably improved. He terms The Rev. W. Gcoch, of Cockfield, in it extreme grafting; because, instead of Suffolk, is appointed by the Board of cutting off large branches from a tree Agriculture to write a new report of the that had ceased bearing, the grafts are husbandry of the county of Cambridge, inserted at the extremity ncarly of every He is now taking a survey thereof for branch. The previous process is to cut that purpose.

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on the part of either King or people. The object, we have observed, of the that any change thould be made; and persons who have the greateit influence the new one is the very person whole in the representation of this country, dilinition from the cabinet, only two was, to drive the minister froin his poli; years ago, by the King, was received yet it does not appear that they had with univerlal approbation by the peo- matured a well-digested plan of union; ple. Or the prett nces held out for the and when the enemy was defeated, change, and the mode of appomting they were not agreed on the division of the ministry, the public papers have the spoils. The latt was said to be a been tuil: inany things are alerted wth weakand inetic ent admin itration. Let confidence which cannot eati y be a Itrong one, then, be formed, it might known to have taken place; and, when be replied, and the honour and intea the character or the principal agent in grity of the oppolition will be seen in thiş bulinets is coutidertd, we should be the formation of a more able body of very cautious what degree of credit we men to conduct the aitairs of the kinga allow to the information imparted by dom. Initead of this, the public heard, his part.fans.

at the same time, of the relignation of The facts on which we are to build Mr. Addington, and of frequent conan explanation of these proceed ngs ferences between the King and Mr. are fimply thele: A junction was form- Pitt, for the formation of a new admied by a certain number of persons who nifiration. After a few days, it was have the greatest influence in the repre- known that Mr. Pitt was to be prime sentation of this country, and by a body minifter. For several days, nothing of peers, who were determined that more was certain than that Lord MelMr. Addington should be no longer min ville, the well-known Mr. Dundas, was nitter. This body tried its strength in to be his colleague, and to be placed at both houses, and in both houses divided the head of the Admiralty: the comwith such itrength, that it was evident pletion of the lift was long delayed ; the minister's power was much thaken, and at last, instead of an adıninistration and, as generally happens in luch cases, distinguithed by an union of talents, and he was fearful that the enemy's party the chief interests of the country, there would be increased by defertion from appeared a patchwork of the weakest his own quarters. The great trial of and meanest materials; and, to add to itrength remained. The lait division had the confusion of the oppolition to the thewn, in the lloule of Commons, a mis old minilury, the new one retained its nority confitting of nearly one-third of weakest parts, and presented to public the whole houte,and only between thirty view the absorption of power in a and forty thort of the minister's phalanx. single individual. The next divition might have given the The new adıninistration may be called majority to the enerny; and, to avoid Mr. Piti's admin stration. His word this lur polcd digrace, he determined will, in the cabinet, be the law; and to relyn his post, and to leave the tield the public will not, in this respect, be of battle to his adverfarios

deceived on the importance of his coThe prudence of this decision inay be adjutors. We cannot say, with many, justly called in queition; and erents that the public has been deceived in have thewal, that in the retirement, if his operations, for in them it has had necetiary, he thould have consulted more no concern: it was not consulted on the feelings of the public. His prede- the change; it has taken no part in the cetlor had been in a worse fituation, disputes of parliament; it has left the When he came into power, a majority contenders for power to scramble for of the House of Commons was againit themselves exacily as they pleased. In him; yet, in spite of that majority, he short, it has been an absolute contention kept his teat, and, by an appeal to the for power; and Mr. Pitt, having gained people, got the better of that faction, the ascendancy, has nothing now to do which was determined to controul the but to laugh at thoie dupes by whom Sovereign's choice. How far the ex- he has been placed again at that post pretlion of faction may be allowed in of pre-eminence, in which, if we judge the proceedings of lait month, we ihall froin the patt, we cannot expect him to not determine; but we muit remark, pertorm any thing advantageous to the that the perton who uted it has not difs country.. dained to accept a poit under the new The late minister has retired from aduninitration,

power, if not with a character for ta

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of this country, a change wbich natu- not inclined to expect much from the rally arises from the mealurcs pursued minister; and the falvation of the within the last fifty years, and the vio- country mult, and will, we trust, if out lation of the conftitution of 1688, with enemies Mall try their menaced expea respect to the duration of parliament. riment, relult entirely troin themselves. The House of Commons may now be The new minister comes in at a confidered more as an interior peerage time very feal i ble for himielf: the thau a body of representatives of the late premier had concluded his loan people. The poileliion of a scat for just before he quitted oilicc; and this seven years gives to each individual loan as well as the other that he made a great degree of intiuence, and opens proves him not inferior to his predeces the way to combinations of powerful lor in the management of that eaty buc men, which may be too strong for any fuppofed difficult part of' finance. The other influence. In the first infiance, money was raised at the rate of tire this lengthened duratiou of parliament pounds nine thillings and eight pence added to the influence of the crown, three farthings per cent: the new miand dimnilhed the weight of the pea nister will, if the war latts a few years, ple; by degrees it was turned to the see the interest railed to between uix advantage of a few : the power of the and leven per cent. As he has money Inminister or opposition in the House at command, we may and we underof Commons became a matter of arith- tand we are to hear foon of towe metical computation; and they who grand military projects. The tone had the greatest number of boroughs expedition, an idle Icheine, while conat their disposal carried the greatest trivance bias given full scope to the weight in the new combination. To vanity of an individual who jaid cianin dettroy the effect of this species of to the honour of lo bright a thought, combination, it will be probably found is abandoned : what new expeditions hereafter necessary to refort again to will be planned time muti di.cover; but Short parliaments, and to rettore to the it is to be hoped that Oftend, Quibepeople thole rights which in fact are as ron, Dunkirk, Holland, &c. &c. ftill live beneficial to the tovereign as to them in the remembrance of our war minisselves,

ters, and will prevent a lunilar walle of We have, however, a new adminie public money, as well as the prospect tration, and one formed in so curious of similar digrace. a manner as to hold out no great pro- One perion is retained of the old (pect of either beneticial energy or ministry; whole name is dittinguithed long duration. The head came into by the part he bas taken in letting the power very young, and before he could rights of amballedors, and dilcutling the have studied the nature of political go- queition on Mr. Drake's conduct. The vernment. The miliakes into which French have been atiduoutly employed he fell were natural. Youthtul pre- vil the endeavour to excite against us fumption miyht be considered as a fpe- , the indignation of foreign courts, and cies of apology. A retirement of two to reprcient us as incendiaries, the toyears from once may have led him to menters of discord, and the pa rons of tome useful reilections; and the ex- atraliination. The Minister of Juliice, perience et former years cannot be in his report on the cates of the pertons lupposed to have produced no effect. to be tried for high treaion, docs 1106 If these things have mollitied his tem- hefitate to name Mr. Drake and Mr. per; if they have led him to any en- S. Smith as our agents; and it thould larged views of government; if he has feem, that his report had produced acquired any knowledge with respect such a sentation, as required the interto finance, and any economy, in the ference of our adih nittration. · The difpofition of the public money; if we French governinent had lent letters to should see him encouraging any men all the ambassadors on the fubject of of talents and genius, or proinoting the conipiracy, and the part which any work of national utility; if we Great Britain was supposed to have thould, in short, lee a conduct in every taken in it. Lord Hawkeibury has adrespect almost different from that drefied, in opposition, a letter, in which which marked his latt adininiftration, we he is noi contented with mansielting the Thell feel ao regret at the change that indignation of his sovereign at being has taken place: but in the present implicated in so unfounded a charge, critical situation of this country we are but enters into the discu.lion of that

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