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« The first buds of trees,” he says, where the series of phenomena have note, p. 52, “ die annually, and so little resemblance to each other: are succeeded by new buds by so- or if we arrange together facts well litary reproduction, which are larg- ascertained, and imaginary proer or more perfect for several fuc- celies, where even imagination can celive years; and then they pro- discover but Bight points of reladuce lexual fowers, which are tion; we may bid defiance to the succeeded by feminal reproduction, Baconian philofophy, entangle our. The fame occurs in bulbous rooted felves again in the whirlpools of plants raised from feed: they die Descartes, or, with the naturalists annually, and produce, others ra- of the sixteenth century, give father more perfect than the parent pient recipes for the chemical mafor several years, and then produce nufacture of maggots and flies by sexual flowers. The aphis is in a means of honey and water: yet fimilar manner hatched from all this is the Doctor's philofophy. egg in the vernal months, and pro-. The improvement of the individuces a viviparous offs, ring with dual in the cominon and neceffary out sexual intercourse for nine or developement of its faculties is conten fuccellive generations; and founded with an improvement of then the progeny is both male and the species, which obfervavion has female, which cohabit; and from never discovered. The improvethese new females are produced ment of individuals of one peculiar eggs, which endure the winter: the class and constitution is adduced to same process probably occurs in confirm the improvement of a spe. many other infects."
cies of confiitution and functions Now, the gradual improvement different in the greatest poflible deof animals which this hypothesis gree. Why did the poetical login fupposes is a, continually advanc- cian refer to the minute and obing process, in which the steps, once scure processes within tulip roots made, are not repeated, but lead and buds, and among the little inon to others nearer to perfection. fect tribes ? There are many ana. And the Doctor has artfully stated logies much less exceptionable, bcthe facts in this note in such a way, cause much more open to observa. as to imply that the same progress tion. Such are those of frogs and takes place in them. But, in butterflies, and he might have thus truth, there aphides of the tenth produced his incontrovertible infergeneration, which produce ergs by ence. " The first state of a frog is cohabitation that endure the winter, a little round mass, called an ovum do not procreate an offspring more or spawn; it next becomes a tadperfect than themselves, or even so pole, has a tail, and swims, and perfect; for the aphides, which are lives in water: by folitary produchatched from their eggs in the tion legs are generated, its useless Spring, do not cohabit, but pro- tail dilappears, it acquires lungs, duce nine or ten generations with- and breathes air. We know this to out sexual conjunction, in the same be true respecting the frog: we beway as their progenitors had pro- lieve that man fprung from a litduced them, for any thing we know tle microscopic animalcule, indeto the contrary, from the hrat exili. pendent of the Creator: ergo, he ence of the fpecies. The fame must have improved in this frog. observation applies to the buds of like gradation, being first an ore trees, and to the bulbous and tube- ganised point, then a water infect, rons rooted vegetables,
then an amphibious animal, and, If we allow ourselves to infer a lalily, a land animal! Q.E.D.” fimilarity of operation, in two cases The Doctor hints in two different
notes, although the Priestess of Nao express our regret, and some indige ture is filent on the subject, that nation, thai philosophers, whole the hirit fomination of the two sexos buliness it is to arrange, and whose occurred in the fame individual, powers are entirely limited to the contiicuting an herinaphrodite; in arrangement of phenomena accordwhich frate it appears probable ing to their obvious connection, that “ markind and quadrupeds should so unphilosophically employ formerly” exifted, because all the themselves in fancying connections males at preient have breasts and where observation is foiled, and in pipples; and becaufe “it is uhrm- thrulling in ethers, and fluids, and or that line men hare giren milk to vibrations, to fill up the vacuity of their children in defort countries, an imperfect series ; at once milschere the mother has perished:” and, leading themselves and their difciin a third mote, he tancifully enough ples, and impeding as far as posible suppotes, that the history of the the advancement of knowledge cootertion of Adam's rib into a fe- We cannot comprehend how ibe male was an apologue of the Egyp- caife of an idea of an external obtiap magi, by which they had ject is to be the better understood taught Moses, who was educated by the intervention of these mo. in all their learning, their opinion tions of the organ; because it is that mankind were formerly her- impoflible to conceive how any mom maphrodite, and afterwards fepa- tions of the optic nerve can entber rated into distinct sexes.
resemble the idea or the external In the two first cantos, the pro- object; for example, St. Paul's daction and tranfmiffion of organic Church. But when the Doctor allife, and the functions more firictly ferts that ideas of memory are Corroreal, having been described, the merely repetitions of tbele motions Poet proceeds, in the third, to de- in the organs of senle, through the fcribe the progress of the mind. mediuin of which the idea was ori
The author then proceeds to ver- ginally received, we think that faas fifv bis Zoonomia, and to transcribe are altogether decilive in the refu. it in the notes; in which, of course, tation of the affertion. The inreare again presented with his doc- stances of Homer, Milton, and Dr, trines of irritation, fensation, voli- Blacklock, have been adduced, as tion, and association; into which poets, who, although blind, have four faculties he refolves all the depicted in the most vivid and ac. inental qualities. This arrange- curate " language of vision" the ment has been so long before the forms and colours of the external public, that it is unneceilary here world. It might be said, that proto discuis it. If we were to add bably the optic nerve was in any fuggeftion, it would be, that theie instances uninjured, and ftill the faculties of irritation and senfa- capable of repeating its former mos tion see in to be in reality the same, tions. But we have particularly difiering only in degree; irritation enquired of persons afflicted with being a leffer degree of fentation, or the “ drop ferene," and have been a fenfation, which, from the occu- invariably informed, that in their pation of the mind at the moment, dreams they experienced as vivid is fcarcely or not at allaitended to. ideas of visible objedis as ever. The Doctor's notion, that our ideas The importance of the hand, as of perception arise in confequence an accurate invelligator of form, is of certain motions in the organs of well described ; and that excellent sense, escites no corresponding mo- faculty of the visual organ, by tions in the organ of our under which, after some experience, we fanding. We cannot, indeed, but are enabled to ascertain the varieties
of form in bodies, independently of is conscious, may be shewn to have the touch, is mentioned in energetic influenced us all in our ideas both language.
of beauty and of fublimity? For the We have always couldered the truth of this affertion, it it be not Doctor as particularly unhappy in futħcient to appeal to every reflecthis difquifitions on taste, and espe. ing mind, we thall merely refer to cially in his opinion respecting the Mr. Alison's inimitable effays on origin of our ideas of beauty. These taste. But, in truth, we mait ullia disquisitions from his Zoonomia he mately trace all the pleasurable feelhas transcribed verbatim, and the ings, which beautilul and sublime principal passages twice in the same objects excite, to certain qualities words, lett we thould overlook this of the mind; call them a sense of precious doctriuc, That all our ideas beauty, or by any other term ; and of physical beauty (which he con- by tracing them back to infancy, we ceives to conGit exclulively in wave only come nearer the commenceing or spiral lines) are deduced ment of their existence, but do not from the pleasure we experienced in any degree explain their nature, in our infancy from our mo- The fourthranto commences with thers' bofoms. « And hence in our the complaints of the Mule of the maturer years, when any object imienlity of evil in the world; the of vilion is presented to us, which, warfare and laughter among all aniby its waving or firal lines, bears mals, the diseases, the moral depraany fimilitude to the form of the vilies, and the phylical accidents, fernale bofoin, whether it be found to which created beings are subject; in a landscape, with fost gradations and the thus concludes her difinal of riting and defcending surface, or detail: in the forms of antique vafies, or in " Ah! where can fympathy reflecting
« find other works of the pencil orchidel, we
“ One bright idea to confole the mind? feel a general glow of delight, which " One ray of light in this terrene abode seems to influence all our senses; “ To prove to man the goodness of his and if the object be not too large, ire « God?" C.IV, L. 131. experience an attraction to embrace The Hierophant, in reply to this, it with our arms, and to falute it with enumerates the abundant sources of our lips, as we did in our early in- pleasure which living beings pof. fancy the bosom of our mother." Of fess in the variety of their senses, what lize those hillocks, haycocks, and in the arts and comforts which vases, or other objects are, which man especially is capable of inventattract the Doctor's embraces and ing. But the grand proof of divine kisses, he has unfortunately omitted goodness, for which the Muse ento tell us. His theory, however, is quired, ne informs her, is the mulmost unphilosophical. Because the tiplication of terrestrial happiness, pleasures of smell, taste, and touch, which is produced by the innumeraand the appetites of hunger and ble births of infects, and the sponthirld in the infant, are gratified by taneous production of microscopic the inilky fountain, the figure of that animals, from the remains of larger source of pleasure is afterward pleaf- animals which die. What an iming to the eye of the man! What is menfe field this charitable doctrine this, but acknowledging that our opens for the lympathies of the ideas of beauty are derived from af- tender-hearted philosopher! Every fociation? and if so, why must we fpeck of organic matcr clains a confine the association to a pleasure hindred feeling for its happiness! of which no man bas any recollec: He “ eyes with tendernets all living tion, when a 'thousand other alfu.
66 (Jis brother-emmets, and his filterciations, of which every individual
“ worras," C. IV, 1.49. VOL. I.
Y y y
COVENT GARDEN. brance of every one. Signora StoTUESDAY, May 11. A Bold race's Wowski was lively and agree
Stroke for a Hupand—the Rivalable. Mr. Fawcett fung a filly fong, Suldiers--and Mistake upon Mistake, between the play and entertainor Appearance is against them; for ment, called, " A Woman has One the Benefit of Mr. Munden. It is to Fault :” the song itfelf had every be regretted that the comedy of this fault which a composition can have. evening is not oftener performed; The “ Death of Captain Cook” is for in point of dialogue, wit, inci- an uninteresting, spiritless, pantodent, tituation, and interest, it is mimical ballet. very far fuperior to the vapid pro- Tuesday, May 15. Speed the ductions of Dibdin, or the mawk- Plough, and the Prize ; for the Beish sentimentality of the Soldier's nefit of Mr. Knight. We were this Daughter. Lewis, Cooke, and Mun- evening highly gratified by the apden exerted themselves to great ad- pearance of the original Farmer Ashvantage; and Mrs. Litchfield spoke field; a character which Mr. Knight powerfully to the feelings of the au- sustains with valt ability. After the dience, in the interesting, innocent, play he delivered an address, in but wronged Victoria. Emery sung which he took his farewell of the a quaint and characteristic song, en- audience, and of the stage; alligning titled, " A Yorkhire Concert, or, ill health as the cause : it was badly Bladam Fig's Musical Gala;" which, written, but contained, as usual, though stupid enough as a compoli- sentiments of eternal gratitude. In tion, proved, in bis hands, an object the afterpiece, he performed the chaof merriment to the audience.
racter of Lenitive, and, we think, Thursday, May 3d. Inkle and very badly; there is not a single Yarico-The Village Lawyer-and point of comparison between him The Death of Captain Cook (revived); and Bannister. Blanchard, in Label, for the Benefit of Mr. Fawcett. The was greatly inferior to Suett; but principal novelty of this evening Signora Storacc certainly eclipfed was Mr. Braham's first appearance Mifs de Camp in the character of in the character of Inkle, in which Caroline. be introduced three additional fongs. It was rather ridiculoully stated of the wonderful vocal powers of in the bills, that Mr. Knight's perthis gentleman it is needless to formance of Lenitive was for the fpeak : those who have heard him first and only time! know how impoflible it is for lan
DRURY LANE. guage to convey an adequate idea Monday, April 30. The Ritrals, of his excellence; and those who and the Review, or the Wags of have not, can derive little real ad- Windsor; for the Benefit of Mr. yantage from the most laboured en- Johnstone. This excellent comedy comiums:-we wish we could speak of Sheridan's was to-night well rein terms of commendation of his presented: Johnstone, H. Johnston, acting; but that is frigid, dull, and Bannister, and Mrs. Jordan, pertiresome. Mrs. H. Siddons played formed with all their usual excelthe character of Yarico with a sweet- lence. In the afterpiece, however, ness, feeling, and proprieiy, nothing we were sorry to see Bannister again inferior to the original representa- attempt the character of Caleb Quotive, Mrs. S. Kemble, whose per- tem: we really think he performs it formance is doubtless in the remem- very badly.