Page images

ments), that, if Santerre had not order- utility, we think our authoress may ed the drums to beat, in order to lay no inconsiderable claim to ibai drown the forcible appeal which the

praise. We have read with great royal lufferer was making to the people, I do most sincerely believe that it

pleasure the prefent production, would bave been carried into effect and conlider it as being unequivoMost alluredly, there were persons on cally calculated to amuse and inthe fatal spot prepared to feize the mo. liruct the minds of youth. The ment of opportunity; and there can be redaction is neat, and the selection no doubt, from the acknowledged fickle

of events and things do great creand atrocious character of the Pari

dit to the discernment and tatie of sian populace, who would send up shouts to heaven to-inorrow at the exi

P. Mrs. Wakefield. cution of the First Conful, whom in- We will quote 'her preface, as be. day they adore, that they would have ing in fome degree illulirative of joined or divided in the enterprize.' the plan of her performance. At all events, measures were taken to The farourable reception of the facilitate the King's efcape during the struggle, and tbat was the object for

Juvenile Travellers has given encou. which the 6001 were expended."

ragernent to the pres ut undertaking,

with a delign to convey a general idea, Mr. Yorke, in his accounts of the to the minds of children, of the variety public buildings, theatres, gardens, of turface, produce, manufactures, and mufeudis, &c. perfectly coincides principal places of the Britith empire; with all who have preceded him. His , connected with its geography, and the defcription of an establillment at

a dition of historical and biographical

anecdotes: a species of knowledge Chaillot (Let. XV), which is ongu- both utctul and ornamental, but fo dir larly curious, has already been fused in numerous publications, that a given in our Magazine for Janua- tketch, having the air of a real tour, jy, p. 10. Ilis details relative to and containing the prominent features the humane inftitutions in the fe of the lubject, was thought likely to cond volume are likewite highly

: Dobio prove a valuable addition to the juve

wile library. gratifying, and thew, at least, that

“ In the execution of such a design, the French are not deficient in pub. it is obvious that the author is indehilic fpirit.

ed for her materials to a great num. The limits of our critical depart- ber of the amusing and elegant tours ment will not permit us to extend that have of late formed a favourite the prefent article any farther : but department of British literature. in the ensuing number we thall

« The length to which the inolt cur

fory descripuon of the metropolis and present our readers with some cuc

come che its environs would unavoidably lead, rious particulars relative to Tho- fugretted the idea that it would be betmas Paine.

ter to omit all notice of it in the pre[To be continued.]

fent work; but thould the hopes of the

author be confirmed, it is probable that Art. XXXII. A Family Tour the same plan may be pursued relative through the British Empire; con

to the capital."

the cap taining lome Account of its Manu- We are bound in jufiice to acfactures, Natural und Artificial knowledge the cheapness of this Curiopties, Hijiory, and antiqui- book. Accufiomed as we are to tics. Interspersed with bivgra. fce broad margins, wide fpates, and ph cal Anecdotes. Particularly large prices, we think it to small adapted to the Amusement and In- recommendation to the present fruction of Youth. By Priscilla work, tbal it contains nearly five Takefield. I tol., 12mo, pp. 450, hundred closely printed pages, and a 180+.

tolerably accurate map of the BriIf the excellence of things be tish empire, at the finall price of eftimated in proportion to their fire shillings. We hope the expec

tations of our fair writer will be so does not always delineate them far realized as to enable her to per- either with fpirit or accuracy, and form what the Hints at in the con- never with impartiality : conreclusion of her preface.

quently they cannot be relied on,

and are therefore to be considered Art. XXXIII. The History of as excrefcences that might be ada

France from the Year 1790 to the vantageously difpenfed with.
Peace concluded at Amiens in 1809. In his introduction he agrees
By John Alilphus, E19. F.S.A. with the generality of writers as
2 cols. Svo. 1803. pr. 1300. to the real caules that produced

ALL that can be expected in a the revolution; but we do not work of two volumes, which ein- think the hypotheles on which they braces the whole of that period build their reatonings are in any from the firti dawning of the French manner latisfactory. We are more revolution to the factitious peace inclined, with a recent writer*, to of 1802, is an accurate and believe that it was occafioned more perspicuous condenfation of facts by the usual causes of political and events. The almost unparal- change, by the infubordination of leled importance of the circumn- the pariaments, the diforders of ftances which have taken place dur the finance, and by the very novel ing the progress of this political and unprecedented remedies a• phenomenon would necessarily de- dopted by the men in power, than mand a much more extenlive no- by the writings of Voltaire, Didetice, and a much inore profound rot, Condorcet, &c. &c. investigation, in a work which might As a specimen of Mr. Adolphus's be juilly called a History of France, style, we quote the following aca than they bere meet with. Little count of the commencement of the indeed remained for Mr. Adolphus Vendean war. to do (considering the narrow

“ These efforts were, however, of bounds he has allowed himself), but

small import, compared to the insur

rection cominonly called the War of to present a connected series of tacts,

LaVendée, though its feat was not conintersperied with such few and oc- tined to the department properly called Casionalobfervations as were tequisie by that name, but extended over thote to give them an appearance of order of Les deux Sevres, la Loire intériand regularity. It is, however, but eure, Mayenne, and Mayne et Loire. juttice to say, that our author has,

It exhibited the unutual and interesiing in this respect, fucceeded; and that

fight of peaceable, religious people, ani

mated by their love for the altar and in general a great display of judge.

the throne, braving every danger, and ment and accuracy is obfervable.

encountering every ditticulty, to retain Nevertheless, we think that the to themlelves the rights of worship, work, would have been more fatis and the freedom of acknowledging no factory, and perhaps more generally other lords than thole who had to long uleful, had he devoted an introduc

contributed to their happiness, and to

ward, whom they felt an andiminished tory chapter to a concise review of

attachmeat. The first decrees of the the leading circumstances that oc- continuent allembly against nobles and curred previously to the epoch at prielis had excited the indignation of which our historian commences his thete virtuous people; they were furresearches. As it is, the volume ther irritated by the intolerance of begins extremely abrupt. Nor are the democrats, and prepared for rewe quite pleated with the obtrusive

Gliance to oppreilion, and for lupportmanner in which Mr. A. delineates

ing the rights of their sovereign, and the characters of the principal per

* J. J. Mounier " de l'influence at. tonages who appear upon the great tribuée zur Philosophes et aur Illuminés, icene of the revolution ; for he fur la Revolution de France.”

the nobility. At the period of the ful of brigands; but repcated intellie king's flight, they prepared to tender gence or their luccelles, which extheir altance, but his arrift fruitrated tended even to leveral firong and po. their zealous intentions. Their dikunle pulvils cities, altered that rail opinion, tents were intlamed by the perlecution elpecialiy when, after a losy series of of the 100-jurug Citry, to whom they victories, lontenay, the capital of La confiantly aitorded iheiter and autt- Vendée, fell into their banuis." ance, retuung to admit or communis And as a specimen oik's mode care with thote who took the oaths. of reaioning, let this tuttice : The national allemliy had placed Du- * Be

" Reviewing the conti tution of mouriez at Fontenaye-le-com e, aftere

1799 with candour, and ailowing for wards l'ontenay-le-peuple, as military

the princ ple on which it was formed, commandant, and Gentunne and Gal

that of etiabuting a republic with a lois were deputed as commiflioners to

perpetual vigilance in the cauic of lie collect information: the result of their

berty, and a contual jealouty ot very joint opinion was, that the people

establishment and intiuence tending to might eahly be kept in tranquility by incroach on the general treedoin, it a linall thare of moderation*.

cannot but be allowed that the code * The letion of moderation was not

was libera!, though the firti principles to be taught to the legislative alli-mbly,

were not wife. The declarat on of the of which Gensonné was returned a

righs of man decreed by the constie member; and the repeated perfecu

tuent allembly was enlarged and ere tions of the prietis, and the murder of

plained, and all its absurdities admitted Louis XVI, impelled the quiet induf

as the balls of the focial compact, but trious inbabitants of thcfe rcgions to

fome of its potiulata were wife, liberal, commence one of the most bloody and

and undeniable. The rights of citizenobtiinate civil wars ever recorded.

thip, the fovereignty of the people, Armed at tirtè only with pitchforks,

and the right of universal suffrage, were staves, and implements of husbandry,

eliablithed on the wildeit democratic they attacked the municipality, re

principles, and the modes of electing covered the arms of which they had

representatives were childish and fri. been deprived, and, displaying the

volous. The functions of the legitlative white flag, declared theilelves a royal

body were compounded of chole which and catholic army.

properly belong to a fenate, and those “ Their firit fuccefles surpassed all ex

which ought ever to be reserved for an pećtation : with incredible rapidity they made themselves matters of Ma

council or committee of twentr-one, checoul, Leté, Chillon, Montaigu, St.

formed by the constitution for carrying Fulgent, Les llerbiers, Mortagnc, Tif

on the general purposes of government, fanges, Beaupréau, St. Florent, Cha

was fettered by too many restrictions, lonnes, Chollet, Maulevrer, Chatil

and guarded with too much jealouty, lon, and various other towns. In all

to act with vigour, fecurity, or tafety. these places they obtained great num

The modes of difpenting civil and cribers of recruits; and, what was of

minal justice appear in every view dit equal importance, arms and ammuni- qualitied for their profefled purpoles tion. Having divide their force into formira neither popular nor legal trie feveral bodies of tı! or twvive thou- bunals, but courts wherein lawryers fand men, they made fuccefsiul at

could not plead to advantage, nor yet tacks in various points, and were

could the judges or juries decide on joined by great reinforcements of

certain or respectable grounds. In pricfis, nobles, nial-contents of every

general, however, ther errors of this clars, French and foreign dcterters,

contitution foem to have ariien from gamehacers, mueslers, and great the nature of the society for which it numbers of servants left without em

was formed,---a new republic; and are ploy by the emigration of their mais

universally marked with an eagernes ters; in thort, hy all whom principle

to prevent the tetters of favery from er lack of allvancement rendered dil

being introduced under any forin. For

ini fatisfied with the revolution,

this purpoie the army was regarded “ The convention, deceived by falle reports, trcaud the 3t tirit as a hand

«*Journals ; Histoire de la Guerre de la *** Lise of Ducouriez, vol. II. p. 145."

Vendés, par Turreau."

with the utinoft jealousy; all the French - WE have read this drama with were declared foldiers; there was no pleasure. The language is, in gegeneraltimo; all distinctive marks and

neral, good; the fituations are not fubordination were to ceate with the actual service, and no armed body was

effentially deficient in intereft ; and allowed to deliberate. To all French the cataltrophe is well arranged. men the confiitutiou guaranteed equa- The scene is the sea Gide on the lity, liberty, property, the public debt, Suitex coalt; and the plot is difree exercite of worship, a common in- rectly founded upon the long exstruction, public fuccours, the inde- pected visit of Napoleon Buona. finite liberty of the prels, the right of

parte. petition, of meeting in popular foci

The sentiments are very eries, and the enjoyinent of all the patriotic. rights of man."

We think the representation of We could not avoid smiling when the piece would have been attended we bchold our author, after de- with Tome fuccess at the prefent fcribing the indigpitics and igno- crilis ; but it does not appear that minious treatment which the un- it has ever been ofiered to our refortunate Antoinette experienced in gular theatres. her way to the scaffold, gravely obferve, " that the poverty of her Art, XXXV. Autumn Leaves: a attire, and the general wretchedo defcriptive Poem. By George ness of her appearance, disgraced Ardley. Printed for the Autuur, the French nation for mean and pp. 04. 1803. fordid parhmury, no less than the

A SET of worthless lines, in which execution jufell did for inhofpita- there is neither poetry, tense, nor lity and injustice.” Did not all this grammar. It is inscribed to the Right anse rather from the studied bru- Honourable Mary Baroness Kierrult: tality and refined nalice of her but in such a manner as a woman persecutors, in thus plunging her offense would be ashamed of. Mr. to the lowest personal extreme of Ardley seems to think hard words degradation and filth which they poetry: thus we have “torvid jeacould, than from avarice?

lousy "wending his dewy courte" . There is nothing in the prefent' -a bird looks up with “ uvid eve,” work which more dire&tly difpleases and his cruel toe extends his arra the reader than the grof's partiality to claqueate but not to savc.”which is eternally duplased; fo Atp.7, our author's lovalty breaks much so, that it would be impoflible forth, for the cock is iteïnly reproachto form an opinion either on one ed with having gallic manners; and fide or the other, from the general in a note we are told, that“ Les frandescriptions and delineations of Mr. çais, ajoutent la force a leur langue Adolphus. This is a very serious par l'action du corps;" though it fault. Sull, however, it will serve is difficult to conceive what conas a convenient concentration of nexion this has with the cock's gallic facts, and as such may be referred conduct. With all sincerity, we to with advantage, and read with would advise Mr. A. to avoid makpleasure. It is to be regretted that ing himlelt and his friends ridicuthere is no index to the work. lous again, by inditing such inco

herent stuff as a Bedlamite would Art. XXXIV. The Sea Side Hero. blush to own. As one thort fpe

A Drama, in three Ads. By John cimen, we quote the introductory Carr, Esq., Author of the Stranger

fentence, which the reader must in France. 180+.

peruse full three times before he

will comprehend it; and then he "* See this conftitution at length in all

will at lait find it incomplete, havperiodical publications."

ing an antecedent without any relative.

« The furtive poacher, ere the break the simple animals which he has of day,

described were poflefled of appe. * With lur her, dock'd (to hide the tencies to unite, and others with

breed), “ Instructed carefully to follow at his

propenGties to be united, and, bare heels

ing come together, they formed * In manner of a shepherd's dog, another being like the parent, con« And never quit the path but when nected with and dependant on it set on,

for support. Such a mode of ge« That wary labourers, in palling by, neration occurs in the buds of trees, * May not fufpect his matter's idle lite,

; the bulbs of tulips, in the tuberous " Leit, urg'd by I'miling truth or torvid

roots, as in the potatoe; and, jealousy, ~ They carry information to the little among animals in the polypus, coe

Nimrod of the borough town; ralline, lænia, &c. &c. * Who tortures Burn or Blackstone

“ So the male polypus parental swims, with unletter'd tongue,

“ And branching infants brittle all his * While gaping auditors receive the

Jimbs; uncertain law."

“ So the lune tænia, as he grows, pro

• longs, AET. XXXVI. The Temple of Nuture; " His flatten’d form with young adheor the Origin of Society. A Poem, reut throngs; nith Philosophical Notes. By Erat « Unknown to lex the pregnant oyster mus Darwin, M.D. F.R.S. 4to. 1803. fwelis. (Concluded from page 399.] “ And coral-insects build their radiate

thells." AFTER having traced the pro

C. II, L. 85. grets of the production and exten

These individuals, without fer, fion of organic life over the earth,

gradually improve in succeflive gethe poet proceeds, in the second cantó, to exhibit the process by

nerations till at length which the species is continued,

“ Increating wants the pregnant pa. whillt individuals uncealingly pe

rents vex

“ With the fond aish to form a fofter rill. In a long and very interest

sex, ing note upon “old age and “ Whofe milky rills with pure ambro. death,” he has examined the phe Gal food nomena which occur in the ad- “ Might charm and cherish their exvanced periods of lite, and has of_ pected brood. fered fomne fpeculations respecting “ The potent will, in the productive

hour, them, followed by the proposal of

“ ('alls tó its aid imagination's pow'r: foine rational and judicious means « O'er enibryon throngs with myitie for preventing or protracting their charın pretides, approach.

“, And sex fiom lex the nascent world The power of producing “ano divides," &c. ther like itself,” is remarked as

Ib., L. 113 one of the emineni distinctions of To corroborate this hypothesis, the animal above all other ma- the Doctor has adduced leveral chines; and the various modes in analogies and illutirations, which which ihis power is observed to he has applied with some plaubbilioperate at prelent are allumed by ty: when analysed, however, they the poet as the progreslive steps by arc analogies which may ferie which the all-potent energies of the Poet in. weaving his tissue of felf-organising matter have, at luc- fancy, but on which tbe philosopher cellive periods, advanced from the cannot build a theory of folid most limple to the most complicated strength. The circumstances of procelles of tranfmiiting life. Thus relemblance are fight; the pointa he supposes that fome particles of of difference great and various.

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