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prove, in a more indisputable man- place, it had proceeded pari para ner, the existence of this fancied Ju in the rude and the refined, amid degeneracy. The testimonies of the bardihood of favage life, and these writers consist of three differ- the enervations of luxurious blandent sorts of relations : viz. the tra- ilhments. The fables of tradition ditionary records of the existence do not deserve our confideration. of men of gigantic ftature in the In the second place, we shall not early, or what may be called the attempt to difpute or to invalidate fabulous, æra of the history of dif- the evidence of the existence of inferent nations: 2dly, the precise dividuals of gigantic ftature, which and indisputable account of parti- are specifically mentioned by hircular individuals, distinguished by torians. But these examples prove their extraordinary stature; and, nothing with refpect to the point in 3dly, the mention of the skeletons queltion; for in all ages, from the and bodies of men of enormous time of the oldest historian (Moses) fize which have been accidentally to the present, they have been mendiscovered in digging in the earth. tioned as giants; that is, as men of After having thewn, what we ap- ertraordinary stature; men who exprehend will be a matter of no ceeded in tize the ordinary people difficulty, that thele' testimonies of their respeclive æras. They are amount not to the shadow of a exceptions to the general proporproof, we shall adduce several tion which nature has observed in facts which go directly to prove the stature of men. The Goliahs that no material change has ta. of early date are, therefore, no ken place in the stature of men greater proofs of the general primisince the earliest periods in the re- tive strength of mankind than the cords of hiftory.
Count Borulasis of the present With respect to the traditionary day are of the dwarfish degeneraaccounts of giants in the rude æras cy of modern Europeans. Giganof different nations, or to the re- tic individuals have, in fact, occurcords of such gigantic men, trant- red in all ages, and in all of nearly mitted to us by the historians of equal magnitude. Goliah is said more polished nations, who had been to have been in height “ six cubits engaged in war against them, we and a span,” which may be a little cannot long hesitate as to the above nine feet. An Arabian was weight of evidence which we attri- carried to Rome in the time of bute to them. National vanity, Claudius, according to Pliny, nearon the one hand, generally prompts ly ten feet in height; and two men to paint their forefathers in all others had been seen in the reign the dignity of undaunted heroilin of Augustus who were half a foot and mighty prowess; and, on the taller. " Procerillimum hominem other, it exciies the warriors of a ætas nostra, Divo Claudio principe, civilized and disciplined communi- Gabbaram nomine, ex Arabia ad. ty to ascribe the impediments to ve&tum, IX pedum et totidem un. victory over a barbarous people ciarum vidit. Fuere fub Divo Auto their superior bodily stature gusto semipede addito, quorum and strength. But records of the corpora, ejus miraculi gratia, in latter description are, in fact, rare. conditorio Salustianoruin allerva. The Romans pretend not to have bantur hortorum : Pufioni et Semet with gigantic opponents in condillæ erant nomina.” Plin. Nat. the numerous countries which they Hift., Lib. VII, cap. 16.-In more conquered, however uncultivated modern times we have records of and barbarous; and, therefore, if several men of fimilar stature. a degeneracy actually had taken Dr. Derhain mentions fome, who
tain, although luxury was totally Europe with each other, and with unknown among them, as well as the individuals of Hindoo, Chinese. among their savage ancestors, were African, and American extraction not remarked by the Romans as who visit our iland, as well as with men of larger ftature than them- the accounts which voyagers have felves. Tacitus, indeed, describes given us of the inhabitants of wild the Germans, who were a Teutonic and unfrequented countries; and race, as large and strong men, the same inference ensues, that “ magna corpora, et ad impetum man, in all the variety of moral valida ;" but it appears that this and physical circumstances that statement was made not only in com- exist on the earth, is of the same parison with the Romans, but with general stature. It is, therefore, their neighbours the Gauls, and the an easy extension of the inference southern inhabitants of Britain. to conclude, that, in all the various In our own times, when luxury has circumstances which have eristed, been disseminated to an infinite ex- the general fature of man has untent, in comparison with what was dergone no material change. to be found in the days of Eliza- Of the truth of this conclusion, beth, we find that no alteration there are facts, I apprehend, which has taken place in our stature, leave no room for a doubt, and This may be collected from the ar- which place the question upon a chitecture of the earlier times. The much more substantial foundation smaller doors of cathedrals and than the visions of poetry, or the churches built four or five con- fables of historical tradition. turies ago, are rather lower, in many The bodies of many antient Egypinstances, than the doors which we tians have been actually found denow construct for our houses; and posited in the catacombs at Cairo; the same obfervation may be made, and fome of the oldeit of them berespecting the entrances to private ing evidently negrocs, we cannot houses, or to the rooms within them, doubt that they lived in a very earwhich were built one hundred and ly age, probably before the time of fifty or two hundred years ago Herodotus: yet these mummies with fill greater force. We may are of the ordinary Itature of the collect the same proof, too, from present age, as well as those which the rude sculptured figures, which have not the negro features, and are ftretched at length upon the are no doubt of later date. tombs in many old churches, and The Pyramids of Egypt afford which are of the same dimensions also an irrefragable proof of the as the men of our own times. The identity of the human ftature in the tombs themselves are of the same most anticnt and in modern times. length as are required for the pre- “ There are works," as Dr. Posent race of men: such is the tomb cocke observes, “ of the remotest, of Athelftan, in Malmibury Church, antiquity, and even more early mentioned by Mr. Hakewill, and ma- than the times of the most antient ny others. And it may be adde:}, historians, whose works have been that in all the different regions of the transmitted to us. The very epoch earth the same stature prevails; the of their beginning was lost at the fame among the barbarous and the time when the first Greek philoforefined; among the people who have pbers travelled into Egypt." He lived for centuries in primitive la adds, that the coffin in the largest vage fimplicity, and in the socie- is not capable of containing a boties of civilized men, pampered dy of a lize superior to men of mowith all the delicacies of inventive dern times; and the passages shew, luxury. Compare the nations of that the workmen were not of a
larger stature than the prince for says, that the tombs at Pisa, which whom it was built. Herodotus, are some thousands of years old, are however, attributes the construc- yet no longer than those of our days. tion of the most antient pyramid And it may be added, that Dr. Shaw to Cheops, one of the kings of saw the coffins in several tombs of Egypt; and Diodorus Siculus, who antiquity, during his travels in Barcalls himn Chemmis, says, that he bary, which were of the usual direigned about a thousand years menfions. He believes them to before his time, which was the 180th have been the tombs of some of the Olympiad. But Mr. Greaves (Py- Vandals, who after subduing Italy ramidographia, p. 51, &c.), after a extended their conquests across the very learned calculation from in- Mediterranean: and some large cidental evidence, concludes, that bones, which were thewn him as “ Cheops or Chemmis, the found. the bones of giants, were the bones er of the firit pyramid, began his of horses, which that people occareign four hundred and ninety years fionally buried in the fame grave before the first Olympiad," or about with the warriors who rode them. two hundred and twenty-five years (Shaw's Travels.) after the time of Moles. The py- Upon the whole, therefore, it apramid was built, therefore, one pears, that, while the evidence in thousand two hundred years be- favour of a great degeneracy in the fore the cine of Diodorus, and flature and strength of mankind is about three hundred and fifty an- fanciful, fabulous, and not to be tecedent to the æra of Homer; depended upon, we bave eviconfequently, nearly a century dence of an incontrovertible naprior to the destruction of Troy it- ture, which proves that, from the felf, which Homer has celebrated. most antient periods of history
Now, the tomb or farcophagnis prior to the liege of Troy, and durin the centre of this pyramid is ing a series of upwards of three fomewhat lets than 6x feet and a thousand years, no material alterahalf in length within, two feet fe- tion can be traced in the stature of ven inches in breadth, and about mankind. Moral degeneracy may the same in depth; a cavity but have occurred, and luxury may just adapted for a body of the pre- have debilitated individuals; but fent ftature, although intended for the inference to the physical condia monarch who lived a century tion of the race is not warranted by before the potent heroes of Homer, the testimony of fact, nor can it be and who thould, therefore, have ex- fubftantially supported by deduce celled in strength and staiure those tions of reasoning alone. The rock hurling warriors, Diomed and complaint of the poets and moTurnus.
ralists has, therefore, defervedly inMr. Greaves mentions, by the curred the irony of Juvenal (Sat. way, another proof of the identity XV), and ought to be ranked of the human fiature in all ages. among the errors which have orig;“In those cryptie Sepulchrales at nated in the fancies of men, and Rome of the primitive Chritians, which prejudice has contributed referabling cities under ground, ad- to foster and extend. mired antiently by St. Hierome, and very faithfully of late described April 1, 1804. by Bolius in his “Roma SubterTanca,' I find the bodies entombed SONE ACCOUNT OF JULIUS MALno way to exceed the proportions of MIONATI, AN ITALIAN POET, our own times." (1b., p. 132.) Mr. AUTHOR OF AN HENRIAD Ilakewill (quoted by Dr. Dorham) WHICH WAS PRINTED AT
VENICE A HUNDRED YEARS Malmignati himself; but this poet, PREVIOUS TO THAT OF VOL- inferior to Homer both in modesty TAIRE, AND OF WHOM NO and talents (two qualities, which, by BIOGRAPRICAL NOTICE HAS the bye, are usually united), has difYET BEEN PRESENTED TO covered the means of prailng, in THE WORLD.
the most indecorous manner, him(Continued from page 352.]
self and all his family, and of in
troducing into the Henriad the THE work the least known of
greatest eulogiums on the poem itJulius Malmignati, and that which felf. One of his principal heroines, molt interests our curiosity, is his Armille, a bad copy of the Armida epic poem, in twenty-eight cantos, of Tarlo, and the Enchanter Merlin, entitled, The Henriad, or France go into an enchanted palace, Conquered, dedicated to Louis XII, where they admire the pictures and printed in italic characters at which reprefent the great men who Venice, for Marc Guarisco, in have been in the city of Lendinara. 1629, or precisely one hundred
Van nel palagio, ove ogn'un d'elli è vago, years before the Henriad of Vol.
Vedere il bel che l'orna a parte a taire, the first edition of which ap
parte...... peared in London, in 1723, in octavo, under the name of the
Fur cinque flanze adorne, e scura "I:ague.”--LEnrico; o vero Fran.
Ornarle può quà giù l'arte, o l'ingegno. cial'onquistata, poema heroico del Sig. Ne pone alcun nel ricco fuol le piante, Giulio Malmignati, dedicato alla Ch’anco non dia di maraviglia il segno; Maejià Christianiima di Luigi XIII, Quì appar trà gli altri fregi, è fra le te di Francia e di Navarra, con li tante cenza de superiori, e privilegiu, in
Bellezze, di pittor l'opra, e'l disegno;
Gli heroi che fur d'Italia i rai lucenti, Venetia, preljü Marco Guarisco, 1623,
Serbang illeli a secoli vegnenti. in 12, de 482 pages. This is an
(Cant. 16, p. 346.) incommonly scarce book, and is not to be found in the most celebrated
Merlin sees there," that a poet public libraries of Paris, and not
will one day be born, who will ling even in the National Library, ac
the exploits and the conquests of cording to Millin.
the King of France; and who, with There is no mention made of this
the harmonious sounds of his warpoem, either in Haym, Crescimbeni,
like mufe, will draw the Italians Quadrio, Fontanini, Apostolo Zeno,
Folos ene and the French together; and that Tiraboschi, Christian Gottlieb Joe.
this poet will be called Julius Malcher, by whom we have an ample mignali. dictionary of great men, in German: Vide Merlin, ch'elier dovea chi l'armi. Leipfig. vols.. 410. 1751, Baillet, Cantalle, el Franco re con l'ampio
acquitto; Bayle, Mureri, &c.; nor in the Bin
Ch'al dolce tuon di bellicosi carmi Wiographie Infiruitire, of Debure ;
Trarrià d'Italia e Francia il popol misto; Bor in the catalogues of the libra E ch'elier quei dovea Giulio, &c. ries of Floncel, Trichet du Frejnie, de
(Cant. 16, p. 347.) Capponi, Pinelli, Crevenna, Buneau, After this (ut fupra) comes a &c. &c.
wretched jeu de mots, a ridiculous The epille dedicatory to Louis
allufion to the name of Malmiynati, XIII is wanting in my copy, which
and an equally absurd etymology I bought at Venice, and which is of that of the city of Lendinara : the only one I have ever yet met with: il would perhaps have furnith.
Picciola terra G, ma gloriosa, ed some information relative to Julius
Che dal lino, e dal oro, il nomo prese, Vol. I.