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m confirmation of what I have without assigning the age in which advanced, I shall observe that nei- he flourished. ther the Chim-cu-tum, nor another Finally, I beg leave to submit to miscellaneous treatise on the antient your readers, Mr. Editor, an intelcharacters in my poffeffion, called ligent decision on this point of that

learned monarch, lately deceased, Vu-kien-cie; Kien-lum, who, in the bistorical il

lustration of the thirty-two styles of or a collection of dubious changes,

antient characters, in which he where speciinens of these, the Ta.

published his poem [fee Note f], chuen, and other characters, are

at p. 136, speaking of the Siao- . given, neither of them, I repeat,

chuen, after having quoted several mention a word about the dynasty

authors in favour and against my Çin, Xi-houm-ti, or Li-su, in their

opinion, thus concludes :-“ On account of these characters; but

“ peut conclure de tout ce qui vient they, nevertheless, agree with Ma

“ d'être rapporté, que la figure, et illa, and others, in making the au

“ toute la composition des lettres thor of these characters Hu-mu-kim,

Sino-chuen nous viennent des tems

“ les plus reculés. La tradition calls it) of Mr. Tithngh happened to “ les fit parvenir telles qu'elles have only a faint impreflion on foine “ étoient dans leur primitive inpart of the pages where they were “ stitution jusqu'a Li-fu. Li-fu y named, and so he could not copy thote

“ fit quelque changement, et après characters in a mechanical way (the

« les avoir accomodées à fa façon, only one in the power of those unac

" il leur donna le nom de Pa-fuenquainted, as he is, with the elementary construction of Chinese characters) by fiao-chuen, ce qui veut dire : the means of transparent piper, and " Caracteres qui contiennent huit much leis find them out in the diction parties des dir, qui entrent dans ary; particularly as the very wrong

“ la composition des caractères definition we read of the Tu-chuen in

Siao-chuen. En effet en compathe Mémoires (consult the Index, vol.

“ rant avec soin les anciens caracX, at the words Tu-tchoucn-tje) could not lead him to suspect that such an

« tères Siao-chuen avec ceux, que tient characters of the Japanele En compoía Li-fi, on voit qu'ils cyclopædia thould be fo called. I “ sont les mêmes à peu de chose nope, however, that he will not pre- “ près." (p). tend to say, that he found the specimen 'Towards the close of the reign of theie characters without a name! of Xi-hoam-ti, who died 200 B.C., That I weli know to be impoflible. Dr, Hager betrayed the lame igno

the invention of paper took place in rance concerning there characters in

China, and likewise a much easier the publication of his famous Monument of Yu, though published at Paris, style of writing, called in the midit of moit invaluable resources: for, fpeaking in his Arant-pro- Li-xu, of which the invention is atpos of the Ta-chuen, we read thele words, “ DONT nous avons DONNE UN tributed to T Chim-mo. “ SPECIMEN No. 3.” So they ought to be, according to the order of the ori- (p) In this quotation, and every ginals in thirt two volumes; but let other that may hereafter occur, the us ope the plaies of his book-when, Chinese words will be found to correlo! we thall find quite a different fort spond in orthography to that invented of charistiers at No. 3, and the Tu by the Portuguetc; and in my next chuen at No. 5!!! However, if Dr. Letter I thall give rcafous for this preHager blunder away at Paris in Chinese terence. To jumble together French, literature, the Academy at lealt will Englith, and Portuguese orthography be indebted to him for iome beautiful in writing Chinese founds, must be left nev. French words, as SPECIMEN!!! to the lupereminent abilities of Dr. for inttance, instead of Eljai.

Hager!

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authenticity of the other name Him pile dictionaries, is the only judicious namu; but “non ego puucis offendur ma reason why the Chinese have not culis," &c.

adopted them in their clallical works.

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To the Editor of the Universal Mag. efficacious as manures, and in the SIR,

destruction of infects.” Page 140. I HAVE lately, with much plea. What are the articles here al) fure, read Lord Dundonald's Trea- luled to, and the preparation of

tise on the Connection between them? Chemistry and Agriculture, and In page 102, his LordMhip menconsider it a valuable present to the ticns an “ Efiar on the Purification lovers of rural economy. I have, of Salt, and the Necessity of an Alhowever, in one or two inftances, teration in the Salt Laws." This obferved, with some furprise, that work, I suppose, is by Lord Dunhis Lord Mhip has not informed his donald, and published about ten readers of ihe method of preparing years lince: I have enquired for it fome fubstances which he thinks of of his Lordship's bookseller, but it great importance. I am at a loss is not known to him, to give a reason for this omiflion, I quote from the third edition of unless the manufaciure of them is Lord Dundonala's 'Treatise. intended to be kept a secret in a

I am, Sir, few hands; but this, from the known

Your obedient servant, character of his Lordship as a philo- April 10, 1804. PUBLICUS. fopher, I cannot consider a sufficient reafon. I have, therefore, THE INSPECTOR. NO. IV. extracted the pafiages alluded to,

Be niggards of advice on no pretence, and request the favour, through the For the worst avarice is that of senje. medium of your valuable Magazine,

« Docs the study of the fine arts, of information on these points from

and especially of poetry. tend to the some of your correspondents,

improvement of practical morality ?" The disengageinent and sepa

· FROM our early days, the ration of this acid (the muriatic)

couplet of Ovid has palied as an

axiom in our system of moral it is united, in sea or rock salt,

science: may be accomplished by various

“ Ingenuas didiciffe fideliter artes methods: one only has yet been Emollit mores, nec finit efle feros." discovered and effected, at an ex. And were it not true in a certain pence which can admit a manu- degree, it would scarcely have been factory of alkaline falts being efta- fo long and so generally current. blished on an extenove scale. The There is an analogy, too, between accomplishment of this most defir- the pleasurable and painful emoable object by a cheap and calytions which he experience from process must appear, with respect the contemplation of moral exto certain useful arts as well as cellence and depravity, and those the application of it to agriculture, which are excited by the view of to be one of the most important physical excellence and defects, discoveries to which chemistry could which has induced fome moralists have lent its aid.” Page 60. . to conjecture that the terms beauty

What is the method here alluded and deformity were originally apto?

plied to moral subjects, and thence “ But as the quantity of coal trarsterred metaphorically to the tar that is now capable of being philical world. And it cannot be made in Britain would be inluis Gueftioned, that the same fenfibility ficient for the purposes of agricul- of mind which is prone to acts of ture, it has led to the discovery of humanity, and delights in the cona cheap mcihod of preparing other templation of virtue, is generally fubitances, which most probably connected with a taste for the beauwill be found equally if not more ties of nature and of art: and the

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converse of the proposition is, per- and useful exertions in the cause of haps, no less generally true. Shak- fuffering humanity. Benevolence. speare was decidedly of this opi- thus fostered in the closet, must nion; and his acuteness in the trengthen and increase in its pracobservation of human Daiure lavs tical tendency. Habituated to some claim to our deterence on tympathy in theory, we thall al. these subjects. The man who most involuntarily yield to the calls is not moved by concord of sweet of occahon, and become beneficent sounds,” is pronounced by him to in practice.

This reasoning naturally enough * Fit for treasons, Itratagems, and arises from the first casual view of .. spoils;

the lubject. But when we look His dilpolitions are as doll as night; around us in the world, and when And his affections dark as Erebus."

we reflect upon the operations of And in another place he speaks of ourown minds, although we muit still music and the drama in the fame admit the truth of thele conclusions terms :

to a certain degree, yet fome "I hate that spare Cassius;

doubts will fuggett themselves as to Ile fees no plays, he hears no music."-

their validity on the whole. The But poetry affords a ftill more ob

mind that is capable of deriving. vious illustration of the proposition.

pleasure from those delineations of For, as its principal representations

poetry which we have alluded to, conóst in picturing man in various

must be predifpofed to the enjoyfituations that excile our intereit,

ment by jis sympathetic difpofition; agitated by various passions and

, it muit already be pregnant with emotions, and perplexed amid hopes

benevolence, and sensible to the and fears, amid the fuggeftions of

impressions of external joy and woe. desire and the demands of duty,

Poetry cannot give the fellow-feeling, while obstacles and difficulties call

nor be its first mover: its power is forth the exertions of magnanimity

hagnanimity confined to a little probable increase and virtue; an admiration of poetry, of that I'vinpathetic tendency by employed in delineations of this 112

the frequency and force with which ture, feeins to be the result of the

by the aid of imagination it is ensame constitution of mind which

abled to call it forth. Education, would lead us to sympathize with

and natural temperament produce, the realities of misfortune, and

in the first inttance the genuine which produces

moral sentiment, and model the - An eye for pity, and a hand character, before the fine eflusions Open as day to melting charity."

of the poet arrest the attention and It would, therefore, appear to engage the feelings of the individual. be an obvious and an undeniable Hence we obferve that many inference, that the cultivation of men of benevolence and virtue the fine arts, and of poetry inore pats on in life in the performance particularly, muli tend to add ten- of many services to their fellowability to our mental frame, and to creatures from ıhe purest motives of quicken and refine the lympathics humanity, who have, nevertheless, of our nature. The emotions which a very light knowledge of the line we delight to cherish, when excited aris, and derive very little gracia by imaginary objects, will be equally fication from that knowledge. For gratifying to the heart, it should though the feids of talle be in their seem, when called forth by the ex- minds, there will not germinate istence of real objects, and when wiibout attention, and witbout cul. calculated to ltimulate us to active iure will produce no fruit. Private

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