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The Scotch name Gordon seems cular duties, or offices ; for incomposed of Gor, head, and don, stance, Marquis, or Lord of the town ; i. e. the chief man, or head Marches. Koning furg, the namo of the town: don signifying town of more than one city in Germany, in many instances, as London, A. is clearly the king's town, or rebingdon, Huntingdon, &c.
fidence of the king ; Koning, king, The word Coffin appears to be burg, or berg, town. Goritz is as derived from the Celtic Corph-in, evidently derived from Gor, great or the receptacle for a Corph, or or chief, and itz, town or city. corpse.
Margate appears to be derived in the French language, the from Mar, great; and gate, an inword Quil, eye, is evidently the let, port, or key; that is, the great Celtic huil ; which signified the key, or inlet, to the county of same part of the face.---Mort, death, Kent. Marpurg, a Itrong town in the same manner, comes from in Germany, may derive in the the antient mart; or, as the Ger- fame way, from Marburg; i. e. mans and Dutch would pronounce the great town. Murrille, a town it, maaght.
of Lorraine, is another derivation Kendal, if resolved into its ori from the Celtic, and fignifies the ginal Celtic etymology, is extreme- same as Marpurg. ly descriptive of its situation, which These instances might perhaps be is in the midst of a valley; and ac- greatly increased, but they are sufcordingly we find that Ken figni. ficient to thew that the traces of fies chief, and dal, or dale, 9 val. the language fpoken by our Gothic ley; i. e. a great valley : and Gor ancestors are not so completely hambury, in HertfordMire, has not obliterated, as to prevent us from received the least alteration from its recovering a great part of it; in antient title, which is, Gur, great which attempt we İhall find the or chief; hambury, or ambury, mo- modern Welch (its most immedia nastery, or abbey ; probably from ate descendant) of vast use to us belonging to the great abbey of St. in our researches. That a conAlban's. Pendennis was, perhaps, liderable portion of the present composed from Pen-d'-innis ; i. e. English, French, German, and ohead of the island, as the word ther European languages may be pen originally signified hill, as traced up to this antient source, well as head : and Pendennis being will be extremely evident to any a very high and commanding hill, linguist, who would take the troumight with much propriety be so ble of investigating the radical prinnamed.
ciples of each language; and I am Burns, the Scotch poet, affords persuaded much light might be us another Celtic derivation, his thrown on the antient history and name being plainly Bourn ; a limit, customs of Europe, by following in which senfe we find it used in the clue which the Celtic language Shakspeare.
would afford to men of learning and In The German, we have Haller, genius; and it would give me much which is the same as the Welch pleasure to see this idea pursued by haller, or caller, a scholar. And The scientific and philosophical chaKoningstein, or the chief city.--- racters with which the present age Margrave also seems a probable abounds, as I am convinced the derivation from Mar, great, and sphere of science would thereby grave, or grdare, a magistrate; i, e. be considerably enlarged. chief magiftrate; for it is well
I remain, Sir, &c. known that all Gothic titles, or
R. A. dignities, were attached to parti
HISTORICAL AND PHILOSOPHI. dilcover the reason of our difference, CAL QUERIES:
and thus new information may be To the Editor of the Universal Mag. acquired. SIR,
QUESTIONS. · AS you have declared your in- Which are the two most importtention of beginning a New Series. ant epochs in the history of inanand accommodating your Magazine kind,
kind ? to the improvement of the present
What are the reflections to which generation, I flatter myself that the they give rise ? scheme which I take the liberty of
Which are the most important recommending to your notice will epochs in the hiltory of England ? meet with your approbation, and . What are the reflections to which be for the benefit of your readers. they give rile In a family of my acquaintance it. Why is it absurd to suppose, that is attended with the best conse any of the itones, which are said in quences: and the same advantages various places to have fallen froin may be universally spread. All the world is anxious for novelty, and
moon? every day, indeed, produces fome
Why could not a man, if he were thing to excite attention, but the
mounted on the famous horse in mind which is merely qualified to Don Quixote, that would convey receive the impressions that are
him to any place, keep his seat till daily made on it, and has not culti
he arrived at the moon; or if a vated its powers by reflection on deep well were made to the center the past, can take but little delight of the earth, why could he not fall in daily occurrences, and is stupi
lis tunis to the bottom of it ? fied rather than improved by those
Where is the injustice in making appearances which are calculated perlons of the lame annual income to stimulate its dormant powers.
contribute the same annual sum to To remedy this defeat, and to im- the wants of government * ? prove every action of nature to some
POLYHISTOR. good purpose, in the family I have mentioned, it is the daily practice
ON THE PRINCIPLES OF DRAMAto excite enquiry by some questions
TIC COMPOSITION. which bring to recollection import
To the Editor of the Universal Mag. ant facts, or lead to the explana
Sir, tion of the phænomena of nature.
THE real and rational principles Thus every science in its turn
upon which all dramatic compoficontributes to amusement, and e
tions Mould be formed, are, ift.
To convey lessons of morality to does occur, suggests a question, on
mankind, by painting in vivid cowhich, in the long winter evenings,
lours the beauty and utility of virtue, the time is assuredly passed in inno.
and the deformity of vice, 2dly. cence, if not with profit.
To blend amusement with instrucAs a specimen of my budget, I
get. I tion, in such a manner as to make bave sent you a few questions, to
thote precepts palatable to the lickwhich I shall in the next month
oth ly talte of mankind, which in a furnish you with the answers. In
naked and undisguised (hape would the mean time, I recommend it to
fail of producing a proper effect on the readers of your Magazine to
the minds of the multitude. And, write down their thoughts upon
thirdly, in all descriptions and them, that, in the comparison tuge
paintings of the human mind, to ther of our respective opinions, if * For an answer to this query, Polyhistor we do not agree, we may be led to is referred to p. 7 of the present number. Ed.