Page images

of the fame annual income in the much reason to complain of the fame fum. A man with two hun- fmall degree of real benefit that dred a year as a salaried clerk does they have derived from their educanot bear the proportion to a man tion: of landed property with the same in- Why do we fee, on the second and come, that a poney does to a dray third days of the first quarter of the horfe; and who would not acknow. moon, its whole face, one part quite ledge the absurdity of laying upon bright, the other dark ; but, in the the poney the weight that the second quarter, can see only the dray horse only can bear? The bright part of the moon? obvious principle is, that persons thould pay in proportion to the To the Editor of the Universal Mag. property secured by government.

SIR, If the man of landed property is THE contrivances of art, direa. allowed to have not only the an. ed to important purposes, are alnual advantages of it, but there ways interesting to the enquiring advantages are secured to his pofte- mind; and those which contribute rity, he surely ought to pay to go- to the perfection of navigation are vernment more than that man who not the least curious in themselves, receives an equal income one year nor the least important in their

for his falary, but, by the loss of consequences. This is my apolo· a hand, or fickness, may not be gy, if the observation I am about able to get another farthing for his to offer be construed as trivial or hye fupport. Jufiice requires that each perentical. The Dutch, it is well man Mould pay according to his known, build their ships wide and means : when the same annual fum capacious, calculated for burihen; is required from the same annual yet extremely flat-bottomed, and incomes, though these incomes are therefore liable, when traverse-fail. acquired in very different ways, ing, to be driven along the surface the proprietors of those incomes to leewards, or, in the sailors do not pay according to their phrase, to make lee-way; and thus means; and the legislature favours to lose as much by lateral motion the class of men that can pay the as they gain by progreffive motion, moft, instead of the class of men in the diagonal, against the wind. that cannot pay at all, without To obviate this disadvantage, yet very great inconvenience and dis- without altering the construction of tress. PoĻYHISTOR. the vessel, or building it narrow

and sharp in the bottom, the

Dutch attach to each fide of it, QUESTIONS, to which Answers will

parallel with the fide, a moveable be given in our nert Magazine, broad wing, which can be let down · Which are the most important into the water at pleasure, and epochs in facred history between which, from its use in refifting the the creation of Adam and the birth tendency to lateral motion to leeof our Saviour?

ward, is called by the failors a leeWhat is an epoch, and what is board. It offers no impediment the use of them in chronology ? . to motion in the line of the keel,

What are the objects the most wor- as it presents only an edge to the thy of our attention between the in water in that direction, valon of this island by the Romans Looking the other day into Mr. and the reign of Alfred ?

Holcroft's Travels, I was furprised Why do parents complain fo to find that a giofs miftake relamuch of the expence of the edu- tive to this simple but ingenious cation of their children ? and why contrivance Thould be maintained have perfons, when grown up, to by a traveller of his pretentions to

[ocr errors]

This is the dogma alluded to,' cause we could acquire no knowI presume, when the lady is accused ledge. We might then indeed dilof ignorance; for your corre- pute, with the ideal philosophers, fpondent adds, “ surely our tentes whether all that we fee are not vimust be first imposed upon before lions of the soul; or rather the viour judgement !” Without ftaying fionary fyftem would be too well to criticise the elegance of this proved to admit of a dispute. pleonasm, I Mall merely intimate, All this, I apprehend, any one that at the time when Mrs. Mon- who is conversant, like your cortague wrote, as at present, this respondent, with the doctrines of metaphysical truth was so general the schools will readily admit. If ly known and acknowledged, that fo, he is reduced to this dilemma; every enquirer, of moderate at- either to acknowledge that the retainments, could not remain igno- mark, even with his transposition rant on the subject. It required of terms, is futile, because fashion “ no ghost from th' other world," does not impofe on us at all; or nor any learned clerk from the to admit the truth of the original cloisters, to tell a critic this. observation, that, if there is any

But, Sir, it is my opinion, that this impolition, it falls first upon the observation of Mrs. Montague is judgomeni. not only capable of being defended, Now it seems to me so obvious but muft, in truth, be admired as a that Fathion does impose upon her proof of her critical acuteness and votaries, that I scarcely think it metaphysical discernment : far from can be necessary to adduce any being a “lingular miftake,” it is thing like argument or illustration a truth, worthy to be classed with in proof of it. It is sufficient to the dogmas of philofophy:

reileat, that in matters of amuseIt would be difficult, I appre- ment, or even of common utility, ' hend, to thew in what manner the as well as in matters of opinion

ever-varying hues, fantattic forms, and sentiment, the same identical and grotesque decorations of that thing is now admired as the pattern Proteus-like thing, which we de- of beauty and excellence, and now nominate Fashion, can effect, in the ftigmatized, and contemned, as first inttance, an iinposition on the disgraceful to the name of tafte. Jenses. The perceptions of those We are left, therefore, as I conhues and forms by which the is ceive, without any alternative. The designated are conveyed, it is true, judgement mutt be admitted to be to the judgement-lcat of the mind the seat of the impofition; and if through the avenues of fenfe; but the senses are subsequently involvthey arrive there, in the first in- ed in the snare, it is by the transftance, simple and unadulterated ference of a portion of the deceit by as the forms and tints of nature. a retiex operation of the judgement. No prism intercepts or colours There are two fources of the the rays of communication, and emotions of tafte, or two sets of no cloud dims or distorts the causes, which excite our admiraimage. Were this in any cafe to tion, when contemplating natural happen, on what knowledge could or artificial obje&s of beauty : the we depend? Were the pictures one source is nature, or the condelineated in the camera of the ftitution of the human mind ; the mind liable at all times to be other is the faculty of association. changed or dittorted by the medium, These two causes Tometimes, perhow could we ascertain the modes baps, operate feparately and indeand relations of existence in the pendently of each other : moit material world? We should have commonly they act jointly, and Do word for “ experience," be- are combincd in various pro

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »