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To me he read the preface of his Arte of Poesie, upon Horace ['s) Arte of Poesie, wher he heth ane Apologie 4 of a play of his, St. Bartholomee's Faire : by Criticus is understood Done. Ther is ane Epigrame of Sir Edward Herbert's befor it: the [this] he said he had done in my Lord Aubanie's house ten yeers since, anno 1604.5

The most common place of his repetition was a Dialogue pastoral between a Shepherd and a Shepherdesse about sing

9 This translation of Horace's Art of Poetry, although one of Jonson's earliest works, was not printed till some years after his death. The preface alluded to was, probably, destroyed, along with the copious notes prepared to illustrate the translation, in the fire about 1623, which consumed so many of Jonson's papers. In the preface to his Sejanus, in 1605, lie speaks of his Observations upon Horace his Art of Poetry," which, (says he) with the text translated, I intend shortly to publish.” The preface appears to have been in dialogue, and the friends of the poet introduced as speakers, under fictitious names- - Vide p.

29. “ He bath commented and translated Horace Art of Poesie: it is in dialogue wayes; by Criticus he understandeth Dr. Done.” Dryden wrote his famous Essay on Dramatic Poesy, dialogue ways — and his friends are speakers under classic names. -P.C.

r The Comedy of Bartholomew Fair, although acted in 1614, is not included in the folio works, 1616, a circumstance which his late Editor cannot account for. As we here learn that it required an Apology, we may infer that it had given offence to the King, to whom we are told it had been dedicated, and, therefore, purposely omitted. That Bartholomew Fair was acted before the king, is proved by the prologue and epilogue. “ It came out at the Hope Theatre, on the 31st of October, 1614, and was soon after performed at court, for I find, in an old roll of the Account of the Master of the Revels, from 1 November, 1614, to 31 October, 1615, now before me, the following item:- Canvas for the boothes and other neccies (necessaries] for a play called Bartholmewe faire, xljs. vjd.'”P. C. See also the “Revels Accounts" (printed by the Shakespeare Society), by which we find that, on the 11th June, 1615, Nathaniel Field received £10 for Bartholomew Fair, performed at court on the 1st Nov., 1614.

s Sir Edward Herbert's epigram is among the commendatory verses, in the first volume of Gifford's edition of Jonson. There must be some mistake liere," ten years since,” and the date 1604 will not agree with the period of Jonson's visit at Hawthornden.-P. C.

ing. Another, Parabostes Pariane with his letter ; that Epigrame of Gout; my Lady Bedfoord's bucke; his verses of drinking, Drinke to me bot with thyne eyes ; Swell me a Bowle, &c. His verses of a Kisse, u

Bot kisse me once and faith I will be gone;
And I will touch as harmelesse as the bee
That doeth but taste the flower and flee away.

That is, but half a one; what sould be done but once, should be done long.

He read a satyre of a Lady come from the Bath ; Verses on the Pucelle of the Court, Mistriss Boulstred, whose Epitaph Done made; a Satyre, telling there was no abuses to writte a satyre of, and [in] which he repeateth all the abuses in England and the World. He insisted in that of Martiall's Vitam que faciunt beatiorem.

VI.

HIS CENSURE OF MY VERSES WAS :

That they.were all good, especiallie my Epitaphe of the Prince, save that they smelled too much of the Schooles, and were not after the fancie of the tyme : for a child (sayes he) may writte after the fashion of the Greeks and Latine verses in running; yett that he wished, to please the King, that piece of Forth Feasting had been his owne."

an

+ Probably “ The Musical Strife, a pastorall Dialogue.”

u Most of these pieces are well known. “Swell me a bowl of lusty wine," a little ode, inserted in the Poetaster, was parodied by Decker. “Drink to me only with thine eyes,” has always been a popular drinking song. For the lines of a Kisse, see Works, vol. viii., p. 312.

v An Epigram on the Court Pucelle will be found among his Works, vol. viii., p. 437. See, afterwards, page 38, where he says it had been stolen out of his pocket, and brought him into trouble. There are two elegies on Mistris Boulstred,” printed in Donne's Poems, pp. 253, and 258, edit. 1669, 8vo.

w Drummond's Teares on the Death of Meliades appeared in 1613; and his Forth Feasting, written on occasion of the King's visit to Scotland,

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VII. He esteemeth John Done the first poet in the world in some things : his verses of the Lost Chaine he heth by heart; and that passage of the Calme, That dust and feathers doe not stirr, all was so quiet. Affirmeth Done to have written all his best pieces ere he was 25 years old.

Sir Edward (Henry] Wotton's verses of a happie lyfe, he hath by heart; and a peice of Chapman's translation of the 13 of the Iliads, which he thinketh well done.

That Done said to him, he wrott that Epitaph on Prince Henry, Look to me, Faith,y to match Sir Ed: Herbert in ob

scurenesse.

in 1617. The writer of an excellent article on Drummond's Poetry, in the Retrospective Review, in reference to the current, but unfounded tradition of Jonson's object in visiting Scotland, quotes the above words, and

says, Truly, if this be admiration enough for a pilgrimage, and by such a man as Jonson, there is much less enthusiasm wanting on such occasions, than we have heretofore imagined.” (Retr. Rev., vol. ix., p. 355.)

* The poem here mentioned, is “ The Character of a Happy Life," by Sir Henry Wotton, and is so beautiful, that we may be excused quoting the first two and last verses.

How happy is he born and taught

That serveth not another's will ?
Whose armour is his honest thought,

And simple truth his utmost skill?
Whose passions not his masters are,

Whose soul is still prepared for death ;
Untied unto the World by care

Of publick fame, or private breath.
This Man is freed from servile bands,

Of hopes to rise, or fear to fall :
Lord of himself, though not of lands,

And having nothing, yet hath all. See a copy of these verses, taken from the original in Ben Jonson's hand-writing, in Mr. Collier’s “Memoirs of Edward Alleyn," p. 53. They there vary materially from the copies as printed in the various editions of Wotton's Remains.

y Donne's Elegy on the Prince was first printed in 1613.

He hath by heart some verses of Spenser's Calender, about wyne, between Coline and Percye.

Z

VIII. The conceit of Done's Transformation, or Meteu puxósis, was, that he sought the soule of that aple which Eva pulled, and thereafter made it the soule of a bitch, then of a shee wolf, and so of a woman : his general purpose was to have brought in all the bodies of the Hereticks from the soule of Cain, and at last left it in the bodie of Calvin: Of this he never wrotte but one sheet, and now, since he was made Doctor, repenteth highlie, and seeketh to destroy all his poems.

IX.

That Petronius, Plinius Secundus, Tacitus, spoke best Latine; that Quintiliane's 6. 7. 8. bookes were not only to be

z His “Metempsychosis, the Progress of the Soule,” bears the date August 16, 1601, in the collection of his poems, p. 286. The fragment extends to fifty-two stanzas, of ten lines each. It may be added, that Donne appears to have still better claims than either Bishop Hall or Marston, to be considered the first English Satirist. In Drummond's transcript, Donne's Fourth Satire is dated “ Anno, 1594,” three years previous to the publication of Hall's. Mr. Collier, however, was the first to point out the priority in date of Donne's Satires. In the British Museum, among the Harleian MSS., (No. 5110) is a copy of Donne's three first satires, dated 1593, and headed, “ Ihon Dunne, his Satires : Anno Domini 1593.” Donne's fourth satire, according to Drummond's transcript, might be written in 1594. Dr. John Donne was born in 1573, and died the 31st of March, 1631.

a Donne's poems were not collected and published till after his death, in 1633. Izaac Walton says of him, that “the recreations of his youth were Poetry;” and “ of those pieces which were facetiously composed, and carelessly scattered,” most of them were written before the twentieth year of his age. He adds, “It is a truth, that in his penitential years, viewing some of those pieces too loosely scattered in his youth, he wish't they had been abortive, or so short-liv’d, that his own eyes had witnessed their funerals.” The earliest of Donne's poems which appeared in print, was entitled, “ An Anatomy of the World,” which came out in 1611. (See the Cat. of the Bridgewater Library, p. 9) and was republished anonymously in 1612, 1621, and 1625.

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