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the minister with such means of de- coin ; burthened the people with fence as might baffle all the efforts taxes; artfully persuaded the late of his adversaries. Some pretext, king to make him presents to an imhowever, was necessary to cover the mense amount ; stolen considerable iniquity of this proceeding; he was sums, that had been destined for the therefore accused of having conspire use of Edmund de Goth, a relation ed against the life of the late king; of the pope ; issued various orders and, by an instance of unparalleled unauthorized by the command of his injustice, his effects were immedi. sovereign ; and maintained a traitorately confiscated, and were not re ous correspondence with the Fle. stored even after his innocence had mings. been established. The king, indeed, Such of these charges as were on his death bed felt a remorse of founded on facts had been acts of the conscience, and did all that he could king, and not of the minister; the to repair this injury. In his last will were wholly unsupported by he ordered all the lands and effects proof. Nor, indeed, did the count of belonging to Ralph de Preles to be Valois attempt to bring any proof; restored, whether they were in pos so little regard did he pay even to session of the crown or of individuals. the forms of justice, that he refused But it is not known whether his or to hear what the party accused had ders were executed.
to urge in his own defence. MarigMany other persons were involve ny's brothers, however, the bishop ed in the disgrace of Marigny, par- of Beauvais, and the archbishop of ticularly all such as had been anywise Sens, used all their credit with the concerned with him in the admini. king to obtain for him a permission, stration of the finances. These were that had never been denied to the committed to different prisons; some most atrocious culprits—that of anput to the torture, for the purpose of swering juridically to the various extorting from them something that charges that had been brought might tend to criminate the minis. against him. The king, conscious ter ; but, either from gratitude to that what he desired was just, reatheir benefactor, or from respect for dily complied with it. He went still truth, they bore the pain with forti. farther. Enraged at finding nothing tude, and made no confession. The was produced against the minister count of Valois was highly disap- but vague assertions, unsupported by pointed. Nor did he succeed better proof, he expressed his determinain a proclamation he issued, inviting tion to do him justice by immediately all persons, whether rich or poor, releasing him from confinement. But who had any complaints to make he was prevented, by the interfeagainst the superintendant of the fi. rence of his uncle, from executing nances, appear in the king's court, this laudable resolution. Charles had where they might depend upon hav. proceeded too far to retract, and his ing justice done them. Not a soul influence over the mind of his neappeared ; not a single complaint phew was such, that he persuaded was preferred.
him to let the matter rest for some The prosecution, however, was days, when he did not doubt of being carried on; and, when every thing able to convince him more fully of was prepared, Marigny was con- his minister's guilt. ducted to the wood of Vincennes, to He then proceeded to suborn some hear the charges exhibited against witnesses, who deposed, that Alips him, before an assembly at which de Mons, wife to Marigny, and the the king presided in person, assisted lady of Canteleu, his sister, had had by a great number of nobles and pre- recourse to witchcraft in order to lates. The accusations were nume save him, and that they had made rous; but the most serious were the images of the king, the count of these :—That he had debased the Valois, and some of the barons in
wax. In these days of ignorance and rage to compassion. Highly irritasuperstition, it was believed, that ble, their resentment is easily roused any operations performed on such—but destroy, its object, it instantly images would affect the persons they subsides, and they are the first to represented ; and in the ancient accuse themselves of injustice. This chronicle of St. Denis it is gravely was precisely the case with regard asserted, that so long as these had to Marigny. They had been dazzled lasted, the king, count, and barons by his splendour, and had been eager would have daily wasted away, till to promote his downfall; when that they had died. Absurd as this may was effected, they were moved by appear, the two ladies were seized his misfortunes, and began to inquire and confined in the prison of the into the justice of his conciemnation. Louvre, and the magician, James de What to resentment had seemed Lor, who had assisted them in their clear, to compassion appeared mys. magic incantations, was committed terious. The irregularity of the proto the Chatelet, with his wife, who ceedings now struck them in a forcio was afterwards burned, and his ser- ble point of view, and they loudly vant, who expired on a gibbet. A re condemned those measures, which port was presently propagated, that before they had as loudly commend. de Lor had hanged himself in pri- ed. The count of Valois himself, on son; it is probable he had been pri- his death-bed, acknowledged the invately strangled. Be that as it may, justice of his own conduct, and the his death was received as a proof of innocence of Marigny, whose family his guilt. Lewis was young, sim- was, at a subsequent period, rein. ple, and inexperienced. The waxen stated in all the honours and possesimages were shown to him ; the sions of which he had been unjustly self-inflicted punishment of the ma- deprived. gician was enforced ; his credulity proved stronger than his judgment; he withdrew his protection from Marigny, and consigned him to the For the Literary Magazine. care and disposal of his implacable foe.
ANECDOTES OF MILTON AND HIS The count of Valois, having now attained the summit of his wishes, assembled a few barons and knights A MAN'S will, though a matter at the wood of Vincennes, ordered executed after his death, generally the accusations to be read to them, throws no small light upon his life. and spared no pains to convince Milton's will is a great literary them of their truth. Without hear. curiosity, and will be much prized ing any evidence, without admitting by the biographer, as it serves to the prisoner to speak in his defence, elucidate many circumstances of he was declared guilty of all the Milton's life, manners, and habits. crimes laid to his charge, and, not. This will is nuncupative, and is as withstanding his rank, was sentenc- follows. ed to be hanged. This iniquitous Memorandum, that John Milton, sentence was executed on the thirti. late of the parish of S. Giles Cripeth of April, 1315, at break of day plegate in the countie of Middlesex (the time at which all executions gentleman, deceased, at several were then performed), and his body times before his death, and in partiwas afterwards suspended on a gib. cular, on or about the twentieth day bet at Montfaucon.
of July, in the year of our Lord God Charles was disappointed in his 1674, being of perfect mind and meexpectations of applause. Nothing is morie, declared his will and intent more common in the minds of the as to the disposall of his estate after people than sudden transitions from his death, in these words following,
or like effect : “ The portion due to over to Ireland as companion to a me from Mr. Powell, my former lady in her father's lifetime ; and af wife's father, I leave to the unkind terwards married Abraham Clarke, children I had by her, having re a weaver in Spital-fields, and died, ceived no parte of it : but my mean- aged seventy-six, in August, 1727. ing is, they shall have ,no other This is the daughter that used to benefit of my estate than the said read to her father; and was well portion, and what I have besides known to Richardson, and professor done for them; they having been Ward : a woman of a very cultivery undutifull to me. All the resi. vated understanding, and not ineledue of my estate I leave to (the) dis- gant of manners. She was gener. posall of Elizabeth my loving wife.” ously patronised by Addison, and Which words, or to the same effect, by queen Caroline, who sent her a were spoken in presence of Chris- present of fifty guineas. She had topher Milton.
seven sons and three daughters, of X [Mark of] ELIZABETH FISHER. whom only Celeb and Elizabeth are Nov, 23, 1674.
remembered. Celeb migrated to Christopher Milton was John Mil. fort Saint George, where perhaps ton's younger brother; a strong royal- he died. Elizabeth, the youngest ist, and a professed papist. After daughter, married Thomas Forster, the civil war, he made his composi- a weaver in Spital-fields, and had tion through his brother's interest. seven children, who all died. She Being a practitioner in the law, he is said to have been a plain sensible lived to be an ancient bencher of the woman; and kept a petty grocer's Inner Temple: was made a judge of or chandler's shop, first at lower the common pleas, and knighted by Holloway, and afterwards in Cockking James the second ; but, on ac. lane, near Shoreditch church. In count of his age and infirmities, he April, 1750, Comus was acted for was at length dismissed from busi- her benefit : doctor Johnson, who ness, and retired to Ipswich, where wrote the prologue, says, “she had he resided all the latter part of his so little acquaintance with diversion life.
or gaiety, that she did not know Owing to the want of the forms what was intended when a benefit which the civil law requires, the was offered her." The profits of judge pronounced this nuncupative the performance were only one hunwill invalid, and decreed adminis. dred and thirty pounds; though doctration of the intestate's effects to tor Newton contributed largely, and the widow.
twenty pounds were given by Jacob Milton's biographers say, that he Tonson, the bookseller. On this sold bis library before his death, triling augmentation to their small and left his family fifteen hundred stock, she and her husband removed pounds, which his widow Elizabeth to Islington, where they both soon seized, and only gave one hundred died. pounds to each of his three daughters. These seems to have been the Of this widow,Philips relates, rather grounds, upon which Milton's nun harshly, that she persecuted his cupative_will was pronounced inchildren in his life time, and cheated valid. First, there was wanting them at his death.
what the civil law terms a rogatio Milton had children, who survive testium, or a solemn bidding of the ed him, only by his first wife. Of persons present, to take notice that three daughters, Anne, the first, de- the words 'lie was going to deliver formed in stature, but with a hand- were to be his will. The civil law some face, married a master-builder, requires this form, to inake men's and died of her first childbirth, with verbal declarations operate as wills; the infant. Mary, the second, died otherwise, they are presumed to be single. Deborah, the third, and the words of common calling or loose greatest favourite of the three, wept conversation. And the statute of
the twenty-ninth of Charles II has and was afterwards bishop of Cork adopted the rule, as may be seen in and Ross, and in this pastoral is the 19th clause of that statute, usu. probably the same person that is ally called the statute of frauds, styled old DAMOETAS ; when, in which passed in the year 1676, two calm weather, not far from the Engyears after Milton's death. Secondly, lish coast, the ship, a very crazy the words here attested by the vessel, a fatal and perfidious bark, three witnesses are not words de struck on a rock, and suddenly sunk livered at the same time; but one to the bottom with all that were on witness speaks to one declaration board, not one escaping, August 10, made at one time, and another to 1637. King was now only twentyanother declaration made at another five years old. He was, perhaps, a time. And although the declara. native of Ireland. tions are of similar import, this cir. At Cambridge he was distinguishcumstance will not satisfy the de- ed for his piety, and proficiency in mands of the law, which requires, polite literature. He has no inelethat the three witnesses who are to gant copy of Latin iambics prefixed support a nuncupative will must to a Latin comedy called Senile Odispeak to the identical words uttered um, acted at Queen's college, Camat one and the same time. There bridge, by the youth of that society, is yet another requisite in nuncu- and written by P. Hausted, Cantab. pative wills, which is not found 1633, 12mo. From which I select here ; namely, that the words be these lines, as containing a judicious delivered in the last sickness of a satire on the false taste, and the cusparty : whereas the words here at. tomary mechanical or unnatural extested appear to have been delivered pedients of the drama that then subwhen the party was in a tolerable sisted. state of health, at least under no immediate danger of death. On these Non hic cothurni sanguine insonti ruprinciples sir Leoline Jenkins acted beat, in the rejection of Milton's will, Nec flagra Megæræ ferrea horrendum though the three witnesses appa
Venena nulla, præter illa dulcio
Nativa suavitas, proba elegantia, &c. For the Literary Magazine.
He also appears with credit in the ON MILTON'S LYCIDAS AND SMAL
Cambridge public verses of his time. I will not say how far these performances justify Milton's panegyric
on his friend's poetry. EDWARD KING, the subject of this monody, was the son of sir John King, knight, secretary for Ireland, Who would not sing for Lycidas ? He
knew under queen Elizabeth, James the first, and Charles the first. He was
Himself to sing, and build the lofty sailing from Chester to Ireland on a
rhyme. visit to his friends and relations in that country; these were his brother This poem, as appears by the sir Robert King, and his sisters, Trinity manuscript, was written in Anne and Margaret, Edward King, November, 1637, when Milton was bishop of Elphin, by whom he was not quite twenty-nine years old. baptized, and William Chappel, then dean of Cashel, and provost of Him that yon soars on golden wing, Dublin college, who had been his tu. Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne, for at Christ's college, Cambridge, The cherub Contemplation.
By contemplation is here meant parts of his works, it seems strange, that stretch of thought by which the that his Greek verses, which, indeed, mind ascends “ To the first good, are but few, should have passed alfirst perfect, and first fair ;" and is most wholly without notice till lately. therefore very properly said to soar They have neither been mentioned, on golden wing, guiding the fiery, as proofs of learning, by his admirers, wheeled throne ; that is, to take a nor exposed to the ordeal of criti high and glorious flight, carrying cism, by his enemies. Both parties bright ideas of deity along with it. seem to have shrunk from the subBut the whole imagery alludes to ject. the cherubic forms that conveyed Dr. Burney, son of the musical docthe fiery-wheeled car in Ezekiel, x. tor, was the first who undertook the 2. seq. See also Milton himself, Par. task of commenting on Milton's Lost vi. 750. So that nothing can be Greek poetry, and this he has pergreater or juster than this idea of formed with unparalleled skill and divine contemplation. Contempla. erudition. tion of a more sedate turn, and in Those who have long and justly tent only on human things, is more entertained a high idea of Milton's fitly described, as by Spenser, under Greek erudition, on perusing Dr. the figure of an old man; time and Burney's remarks, will probably feel experience qualifying men best for disappointed, and may ascribe to this office. Spenser might then be spleen and temerity what merits a right in his imagery; and yet Mil- milder title. To Milton's claim of ton might be right in his, without extensive, and, indeed, wonderful being supposed to ramble after some learning, who shall refuse their nciful Italian.
suffrage? It requires not commenThe Ode on The Passion has dation, and may defy censure. If these lines :
Dr. Johnson, however, observes of
some Latin verse of Milton, that it My sorrows are too dark for day to
is not secure against a stern gramknow :
marian, what would he have said, The leaves should all be black whereon if he had bestowed his time in exI write,
amining his Greek poetry, with the And letters where my tears have wash'd same exactness of taste, and with a wannish white.
equal accuracy of criticism?
"If Milton had lived in the present Conceits were now confined not to age he would have written Greek words only. There is extant a vo much more correctly. His native lume of elegies, in which the paper powers of mind, and his studious reis black, and the letters white; that searches, would have been assisted is, in all the title-pages. Every in- by the learned lahours of Bentley, termediate leaf is also black. Hemsterhus, Valckenaer, Toup, and
Milton's sonnets are not without Ruhnken, under whose auspices their merit: yet, if we except two Greek criticism has flourished, in the or three, there is neither the grace eighteenth century, with a degree of nor exactness of Milton's hand in vigour wholly unknown in any pethem. This sort of composition in riod since the revival of letters. our language is difficult to the best rhymist, and Milton was a very bad one. Besides his genius rises above, and, as we may say, overflows, the
For the Literary Magazine. banks of this narrow confined poem, pontem indignatus Araxes.
REASON IN POETRY. When it is considered, how frequently the life of Milton has been THE truth of both facts and hiswritten, and how numerous the an- tory results from the apprehension notations have been, on different or investigation of particulars, in