Page images

marokow to observe that the public Van Wiesen possessed an admirable scarcely noticed the first dramatic talent for seizing and exposing the essays of that writer, and that they absurdity of a variety of customs. were soon consigned to oblivion. Kopieu is not inferior to him in

Sumarokow has likewise written the truth of his characters. His a great number of comedies, in Fair of Lebedian is received with which the manner of Moliere is dis- great satisfaction during the carni. coverable. In spite of their origi- val. The characters seem to have nal, and sometimes rather low hu- been drawn on the scene of action; mour, they were not much liked. their burlesque manners and lanThe principal are, The Rival Mor guage command the loud applause ther and her Daughter; The Ima- of the populace. This author is still ginary Cuckold ; The Malicious living. Man, &c. He has composed some

Ablesimow was the first who operas; among others, Cephalus and wrote in the manner of the precedProcris, set to music by D'Araja, ing dramatist. His plays are replete master of the imperial chapel, and with comic sallies and sarcastic hurepresented for the first time at Pe- mour. The principal are, The tersburg, during the carnival of 1755. Writer's Shop; Departure from The performers of both sexes were Winter Quarters; and Luck in the children under the age of fourteen Lottery ; but his opera of The years.

Miller has conferred on him more The reader will probably be please celebrity, than all the rest of his ed to find here the names of some compositions. It is one of the fa. of the tragic and comic writers of vourite pieces of the Russians, and Russia, and the titles of their prin. as it delineates the manners of their cipal works.

country, it will always be seen with To Kniaschin the Russians are pleasure. In 1799, it was performed indebted for the comedy of The before the court, and twenty-seven Boaster. It is written in verse, in times sụccessively at the theatre of a very pure style, and is still per. Knieper, and the applause of the formed with applause. This au- audience proved that even then they thor, however, owes all his reputa, were not tired of it. tion to his operas, the most cele The Corruptible Man is the only brated of which are the Spiten, comedy written by Bibikow; it is schtschik (the dealer in hot liquor considered as one of the best pieces called sbiten); The Misfortune of of the Russian stage, and far supe. a Carriage ; The Miser, &c. A rior to that published by Şumaronew edition of his works has recently kow with the same title. appeared.

Alexis Wolchow composed two Denis van Wiesen would have good comedies, Filial Love, and Selfbeen an accomplished comic writer, Love Deluded. had he but bestowed more pains on The Irresolute Man ; Democri. his compositions. His comedy of tus ; and The Lunatic, are by Iwan

The Spoiled Child affords a suffi- Dmitrewsky, who has approached cient proof of his genius and talents. to the present taste, and has like It still continues to give great satis- wise translated into Russian the faction. Its tendency is highly mo- English tragedy of Beverley. To ral; and the character of a young his talents as an author he added profligate, named Mitrofan, who is those of an excellent actor. He was totally destitute of education, is de. the pupil of the celebrated Garrick, lineated with such spirit and truth, The public with concern beheld this that it has been proverbial in Rus- veteran appear for the last time in sia, where a young man of that de. the drama of Albert, in 1797. scription is now called a Mitrofan. Jelagin has translated several The Brigadier is likewise one of French tragedies and comedies, and the good pieces of the Russian stage, has exhibited Jean de Molle on the VOL. VI. NO. XXXIV.




pollo ?



theatre, in a manner highly instruc- of Gratitude, is a young man of tive to parents.

great promise ; as is Federow, The comedy of The Lover in whose Love and Virtue, and Russian Debt was from the pen of prince Soldier, have recently been very Fedor Alexiowitz Kolowsky. Death favourably received. prevented him from completing the The taste of the Russians is daily tragedy of Sumbeka, the subject of improving. They protect the arts which is extracted from the history and sciences, which they are worthy of Casan.

of inviting among them. Catherine Prince Kolowsky loved the arts, set them the example. We ought was a sincere friend, and a brave to have placed that great princess soldier. In 1769, he was sent to at the head of the authors of whom Italy as a courier to count Alexis Russia boasts. To her the nation Orlow. On this occasion he went was indebted for the opera of Iwan to see Voltaire. He fought at the Tsarewitsch, Gore Bogatyr, and battle of Tschesme, in the St. Eus- Fedul; and for various comedies, tace, and was unfortunately blown among the rest, The Presumptuous up with that ship. Cheraskow, in Philosopher. Catherine knew how a poem on the battle, applies the to unite on her head crowns of many following words to this prince : widely different kinds. “ Child of the muses ! why didst thou turn aside to Bellona, when thy path conducted thee towards A.

Lukin has written two plays, The For the Literary Magazine. Prodigal amended by Love, and The Silly Chatterer.

Magnizky, a serf of count Ja. guschinsky, was sent to Italy by his master to improve his talents for

By Mr, Marsh. music. Having made considerable progress in that art, he wrote and IN general, St. Luke's style, in set to music The Inn, a highly es the Acts of the Apostles, is much teemed opera, which has been re purer than that of most other books presented fifteen times successively. of the New Testament, especially

Russia likewise reckons among in the speeches delivered by St. her dramatic authors many others, Paul at Athens and before the Roas Werewkin, Jelstenaninow, Karin, man governors. These contain pasCheraskow, who wrote Moscow Pre- sages superior to any thing even in served. We might likewise men the Epistle to the Hebrews, though tion Prokudin, Sokolow, an author the language of this epistle is pre. and actor, Titow, Tschertkow, Tro- ferable in other respects to that of filnetyn, whose productions, per- any other book in the New Testaformed at Kiow, have never been ment. But the Acts of the Apos. printed.

tles are by no means free from HeWith the exception of major. braisms; and even in the purest general Kopiew and the privy-coun- parts, which are the speeches of St. sellor Cheraskow, all the writers Paul, we still find the language of a mentioned above are dead; but va native Jew. rious authors are labouring to aug. It deserves particularly to be rement the riches of the Russian the marked, that St. Luke has well supatre. The tragedy of Thamas Kuli ported the character of each person Khan, by Glewiltschikow, who is whom he has introduced as deliverlikewise an actor, has been several ing a public harangue, and has very times represented. He has also faithfully and happily preserved the made an attempt at comedy. Jljin, manner of speaking which was pethe author of Life, or the Triumph culiar to each of his orators. The

speeches of St. Peter are recorded Since, then, the various speakers by St. Luke with the same simpli. introduced in the Acts of the Aposcity with which they were deliver- tles uniformly preserve their proed, and they are devoid of all those per characters, St. Luke must have ornaments which we usually find in received very accurate information. the orations of the Greeks and Ro- Yet many of these speeches were mans.

delivered, not in the Greek lanThe speeches of St. Paul, deliver. guage, as recorded by St. Luke, but ed before a Jewish assembly, are not in Chaldee, the language of Palesvery different in their manner from tine. Nor is it probable that any those of St. Peter; and they are one present, when they were deliwholly dissimilar to such as the vered, committed them to writing, same apostle delivered before a gen. if we except the speech of Stephen. tile audience, especially in Acts xiii, I think it probable that St. Luke 16_41, where St. Paul introduces had a copy of Stephen's speech, bethe principal subject of his discourse cause it contains some mistakes of by a long periphrasis, which would memory, and some inaccurate exhave been neither inst ctive nor positions, which St. Luke himself entertaining in any other place than must have known to be such, but a Jewish synagogue.

which he retained because found in The speech delivered by the mar- his copy. Perhaps he received this tyr Stephen, in the seventh chapter copy from St. Paul, who was not onof the Acts, is again of a different ly present at Stephen's speech, but kind. It is a learned discourse pro was at that time a zealous advernounced by a speaker totally unac. sary of the christians; and being at quainted with the art of oratory. the same time learned in the law, Stephen spake without any prepa was able as well as willing to detect ration, and though he had certainly whatever mistakes might be made a particular object in view, to which by the speaker. the several parts of his discourse Lastly, the speeches delivered by tended, yet it is difficult to discover St. Paul before assemblies accusthis object, because his materials tomed to Grecian oratory are of a are not regularly disposed. It is totally different kind from any of true, that he was interrupted, and the preceding. It is true, they are thus prevented from finishing his neither adorned with the flowers of harangue ; but an orator accustomed rhetoric, nor are exempt from such to speak in public, and who has expressions as betray a native Jew : learnt methodical arrangement, will but the language is pointed and discover even at the commencement energetic, and the materials are not of his oration the purport of his dis- only well selected, but judiciously course. In Stephen's speech we arranged. The speech which St. meet with numerous digressions, Paul delivered at Athens, and the and literary remarks of which we two which he held before the Rocannot perceive the tendency. For man governors of Judæa, are proofs instance, he has a remark which is of this assertion. Yet St. Luke apat variance with the Hebrew text, pears to have given only an abstract, and favours another reading, or, if and not the whole of St. Paul's not, it favours a mystical exposition speeches; for the apostle, in the of the common reading, that Abra. defence which he made before Feham did not depart from Haran till lix, must certainly have said more after his father's death ; and he dif- than is recorded by St. Luke, chap. fers from the seventy in interpreting xxiv, 12, 13, unless we suppose that the Hebrew word not by lambs, but he merely denied the charge which by a silver coin. The same cha- had been laid to him, without conracter appears throughout the whole futing it. However, he has cerof Stephen's discourse.

tainly shown great judgment in these


extracts : for, if he has not always name of Hoggins. This person had retained the very words of St. Paul, a daughter, about eighteen years of he has adopted such as well suited age, so beautiful and amiable that the polished audience before which Mr. Cecil made her an offer of his the apostle spake.

hand. She referred him to her father, who, on account of the mystery involving his character, objected to

the match. To this he replied, that For the Literary Magazine. the offer was much more advanta

geous than either the father or the daughter could reasonably expect.

The farmer then consulted the clerTHERE are some circumstances gyman, who told him he was not at in the life of the late marquis of Exe liberty to give him the desired inforter which deserve commemoration. mation : but he probably expressed In his youth, while Mr. Cecil (his himself upon the occasion so as to uncle being then earl of Exeter), he convince the inquirer that he ought married a lady of very large for- not to withhold his consent: for the tune. In a few years, having suf marriage was soon after solemnized fered two of the deepest wounds (in the year 1791), and Mr. and which the severity of fortune can Mrs. Jones retired to their cottage. inflict, the loss of his property by Lord Exeter being at the point of gaming, and of his wife by divorce, death, the steward was dispatched he determined to abandon the fa- in search of the heir, whom he found shionable world, and retired under at Bolas with a wife and two chilthe name of Jones to a village in dren. Mr. Cecil, having contrived Shropshire. There he at first oc still to remain unknown, proposed cupied a lodging, but soon built a to his lady a journey to Stamford in small cottage ; and continued for the stage-coach. Before their arsome years in such profound ob- rival, the uncle was no more. To scurity, that hardly a trace of Burleigh they were conveyed in a him could be discovered by his chaise ; and, as they proceeded friends, while the inhabitants of through the park, Mr. Cecil, now the village formed the wildest con earl of Exeter, repeatedly asked his jectures concerning the solitary fair companion, how she liked the stranger. His agreeable manners, grounds and the situation of the however, soon rendered him an ac- mansion ; he then proposed that ceptable neighbour. One evening, they should “ see the house;" and, at the table of the rector of the pa- while the cottager was gazing with rish, he displayed so much know. astonishment at the novel scene of ledge of the world, and such a de- so much magnificence, told her that gree of classical information, that these objects of her admiration, tohis host told him, his education and gether with many which he would manners were too conspicuously su- afterwards show her, were her own, perior to those of the character and that she was the countess of which he assumed (viz. that of a Exeter. The sudden communicaservant who had gained a small in- tion of this unexpected grandeur dependence in the family of a noble. was too powerful for her to sustain, man), not to excite considerable and she was carried motionless into doubts, both of the name which he her apartment. bore, and the account which he gave The remark, however, that great of himself. This remark induced and sudden elevations seldom conMr. Cecil, after the strictest injunc- tribute much to happiness, was here tion of secrecy, to disclose his real fully exemplified. Admired for her history.

beauty and early attainment of eleAmongst the farmers, whom he gant manners, beloved for her huoccasionally visited, was one of the mility and amiable conduct, amidst

those scenes of splendour lady Exé- and to call forth all their ingenuity ter appeared unhappy. Her perpe- and active powers. The loquacity tual solicitude to acquire those ac- of women is too often considered, by complishments, which she thought poets, historians, and by unthinking requisite for her new station, pro- men, as reproach upon the sex. bably preyed upon her spirits, and Men of this description know not accelerated her death. She died in' what they say. When they blame the bloom of life, at the age of 24, women for speaking much, they in January, 1797, leaving two sons blame Nature for one of her wisest and a daughter, the present marquis, institutions. Women speak much; lord Thomas, and lady Sophia Cecil. they ought to speak much; Nature

compels them to speak much; and, when they do so, they are complying

religiously with one of her most saFor the Literary Magazine. cred and useful laws. It may be said,

that some men talk as much as woFEMALE LOQUACITY. men. Granted. But beings of this

kind I deny to be men. Nature seems IT is a very ancient adage, that to have originally meant them to be Nature does nothing in vain. To women; but, by some cross accident, women she has given the talent of as happens in the production of talking more frequently, as well as monsters, the external male form more fuently, than men: she has has been superinduced upon a felikewise endowed them with a great- male stock. er quantity of animation, or what is commonly called animal spirits. Why, it may be asked, has Nature, in this article, so eminently distin For the Literary Magazine. guished women from men? For the best and wisest of purposes. The SPECIMEN OF A NOCTURNAL. principal destination of all women is to be mothers. Hence some quali. THE first night I found myself in ties peculiar to such a destination a most tremendous situation. Alarmmust necessarily have been bestowed ed by a sudden shock, attended with upon them. These qualities are a hollow subterraneous noise, I ran numerous : a superior degree of out to the streets of this populous patience, of affection, of minute but city, in order to discover the cause. useful attentions, joined to a facility A dreadful prospect presented itself of almost incessant speaking. to view. The ground began to uno

Here, however, I must confine my dulate like the waves of the sea; observations to the last conspicuous sheets of fire dazzled the eye; peals and eminent accomplishment. To of thunder stunned the ears; the be occupied with laborious offices, buildings split in a thousand direcwhich demand either bodily or men- tions; and had not the native hor. tal exertions, and not unfrequently rors of the scene soon restored me both, is allotted to the men. These to reason, I should infallibly have causes, beside their comparative been crushed to atoms. natural taciturnity, totally incapaci The second night's entertaintate them for that loquacity which ment, though not so alarming, was is requisite for amusing and teaching much more extravagant and ludiyoung children to speak. But the crous. I was for some time diverted employments of women are of a with a furious dispute between Dr. more domestic kind. Household Monro and Dr. Whytt concerning affairs, and particularly the nursing the uses of the deltoid muscle? and training of children, are fully The combatants at length become sufficient to engross their attention, so hot, that they were just proceed

« PreviousContinue »