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sider it in reference to its motives, mitting endeavours to abolish the or to its effects on human happiness. commerce, and by a parental care He who has taught the world to of the rising generation of the opmake two ears of corn grow where pressed Africans. A single, undaunt. but one grew before, has been justly ed, and generous spirit, the great and ranked as a greater benefactor to the good Howard arrested the bloo. mankind than all the warriors upon dy progress of the penal code of unearth. For he has given comfort thinking Christendom, and carried and life to those thousands and tens the tender mercies of that perfect of thousands, whom the conqueror religion into the miserable prisons of would devote to bloodshed, ravage, exhausted poverty and of convicted and death. The illustrious William guilt, teaching the confined debtor Penn, and other lovers of humanity, to hope for new opportunities of justice, and public happiness, have establishment in life, and the taught misguided parents no longer shackled criminal that the long-lost to neglect their female progeny and opportunity of an availing repenttheir younger males for an exclusive ance might restore him to the boattention to their eldest sons. Few som of his country, and to the fahuman pleasures can exceed the vour of his Almighty Creator. Recomfortable reflection, that by this vered shades of Benezet and Howsingle measure many daughters, ard! how many fleeting, empty, fair and well beloved, are rescued fashionable joys does it require to from prostitution, in common or in equal the comfort of the last sensalegal forms, or from the prisons and tions of your parting intellect, when hypocrisy of nunneries, and that your conscious souls were transfermany younger sons, gifted with pre- red to the scene beyond the tomb, cious talents and inestimable virtues, there to enjoy the rich treasures are saved from dependence and you had laid up by your unwearied want, and civil prostitution, by this labours in the cause of Justice, and single wise and virtuous thought of of Mercy, and of Man! the lovers of mankind. Compared And here for a moment let us with this, what are the honours of rest in the pursuit of happiness. the turf, or the triumphs of the gam. Let us reflect upon the ordinary graing-table? Yet those two gratifica. tifications of the busy, the gay, the tions rank high in the catalogue of voluptuous, the luxurious, the fafashionable pleasures, and are often, shionable, and the ambitious. Let us with their accompaniments, made consider, with a view to both worlds, complete substitutes for all others. whether many of their joys are not In scenes like these, well may the delusive, some productive of pain poet say,

and sorrow, and whether the ennui

or the sufferings those joys so often • The heart, mistrusting, asks if this induce would not be lessened or rebe joy."

moyed, and often converted into

truer and greater happiness, by a Amidst the horrors of modern more copious mixture of those grawars, the precious, the glorious tifications in which the mind, the examples of public spirit, reaching heart, and the conscience of man sometimes beyond the nation which can sweetly partake in this world, gave birth to its wise and virtuous and his living spirit in that which possessor, and affecting the whole is to come. human family, are neither rare nor singular. An entire denomination of christians have distinguished For the Literary Magazine. themselves by commuting heredi.

DIAPER. tary slavery for temporary service, by softening the miseries attendant DIAPER is the name given to a on the accustomed trade, by unre. linen-cloth with a rhomboidal figure

or pattern which is used to make ning lying by to catch the time and napkins and night-caps. Whence 'vantage, as Shakespeare has exhithe word ? I suspect it to have been bited in the character of Northum. originally written D'Ypres; that berland. They have the disposition the art of manufacturing it was to rebel, but they want the resolu. brought hither from Flanders; and tion to act. Ambition bids them that the article was named from its draw the sword of carnage and denative place. Many kinds of stuff solation, but fear restrains it in the are called from the towns which coward scabbard. they were first made. Thus, at Leeds, are sold amens (originally Amiens), at Halifax, denima (ori. ginally De Nismes); at Manchester,

The very eloquent address of

Rolla, which Mr. Sheridan has in. calicoes (originally Calicuts or Calcuttas); at Norwich, mecklenburgs; bears so strong a resemblance to the

serted in his translation of Pizarro, and in Spital-fields, mantuas and paduasoys. Worsted-yarn is

following lines by Cowper, that we called from a town in Norfolk,

cannot but suppose they were in his where the Flemish wool.combers

mind's eye. How happily might first settled ; and porcelain has its they be addressed by an English vulgar name from China.

man of the present day, to one of the miserable slaves of a foreign usurper!

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For the Literary Magazine.

We love

The king who loves the laws, respects THE ADVERSARIA,

his bounds,

And reigns content within them: him Om Winter Evening Amusements. And with delight, who leaves us free.

We love the MANį the PALTRY PANO. XVII.

GEANT you ;

We the chief patron of the common. THE situation of those political

wealth; weathercocks who are ready to be You the regardless author of its woes. agitated by every gale, and are too We, for the sake of liberty, a king ; timid to move in a calm, is very You, chains and bondage, for a tyrant's happily compared by Shakespeare

gake to the tide when swelled to its Our love is principle, and has its root height.

In reason, is judicious, manly, free;

Yours, a blind instinct, crouches to the Northumberland, 'tis with my mind

rod, As with the tide swelled up unto its And licks the foot that treads it in the

dust. height, That makes a still-stand, running nei

ther way:

Fain would I go to meet the arch

Piety communicates a divine lustre bishop, But many thousand reasons hold me

to the female mind: wit and beauty, back :

like the flowers of the field, may floua I will resolve for Scoiland: there am I risb and charm for a season; but let Till time and 'vantage claim my com- it be remembered, that, like the fra. pany.

grant blossoms that bloom in the air,

those gifts are frail and fading; age If we could examine the breasts of will nip the bloom of beauty ; sickone half of those noisy patriots who ness and misfortune will stop the have disturbed the repose of go. current of wit and humour: in that vernments, we should find just such gloomy time which must arrive, timidity, such w:vering, such cun- piety will support the drooping soul VOL. VI. NO. XXXVI.

6

like a refreshing dew upon the nius, are such as require rather parched earth.

strength and insensibility of mind, than that exquisite and fine-wrought

susceptibility, which invariably No person can be perfectly agreed marks the temperament of the true able without a portion of wit and vi. poet; and it is for this reason, that vacity: but that perspicacity which while men of science have not unfreis employed in discovering and ex- quently arisen from the hut of poposing the foibles of others, parti. verty and labour, very few legiticularly of those with whom we live mate children of the muse have ever in habits of intimacy, is but another emerged from the shades of herediname for treachery and ill-nature; tary obscurity. and vivacity, unaccompanied by It is painful to reflect how many tenderness and delicacy, is, like the a bard lies nameless and forgotten, picture of a gaudy landscape, emic in the narrow house, who, had be nent only for its brilliant colouring. been born to competence and leisure, We turn away from it in disgust, might have usurped the laurels from when our eyes are attracted by the the most distinguished personages in labours of another artist, whose the temple of Fame. The very contints, if less vivid, are more deli- sciousness of merit itself often acts cate, though he has employed his in direct opposition to a stimulus skill only in pourtraying Poverty at to exertion, by exciting that mourothe door of Contentment, or Inno- ful indignation at supposititious necence reposing on a bank of flowers. glect, which urges a sullen conceal

ment of talents, and drives its pos

sessor to that misanthropic disconIf we consider the various pur- tent which preys on the vitals, and suits in which men are engaged, soon produces untimely mortality. state how the most active are em. A sentiment like this has, no doubt, ployed, and sum up their different often actuated beings, who attracted merits, this conclusion may be notice, perhaps, while they lived, made : that, take them in general, only by their singularity, and who they are seldom so much, and never were forgotten almost ere their paso nobly and innocently employed, as rent earth had closed over their the man who passes his time in li- heads; beings who lived but to terary ease, and who is by the world mourn and to languish for what they called idle. Trade debases the were never destined to enjoy, and mind. Its only recommendation is, whose exalted endowments were that it furnishes the means of sub- buried with them in their graves, sistence. Men are always discon- by the want of a little of that supertented, and one who has spent all fuity which serves to pamper the his days in literature may, through debased appetites of the enervated ignorance, wish, at a late period of sons of luxury and sloth. existence, that he had followed some business : but no man, who has seen what business is, and abandons it for Poetry is not less estimable frona literature, will, at any time of life, the respect which is paid to it by desire to return to it.

kings and princes, than it is interesting by the inspiration of the mu

Though poets profess fiction, Poetry is a blossom of very deli- yet their true intention is to steal cate growth; it requires the matur. upon the heart, and inculcate lessons ing influence of vernal suns, and for human action. every encouragement of culture and By this means, whilst they please attention, to bring it to its natural they inform ; whilst they dazzle the perfection. The pursuits of the ma- eye by the glitter of their rays, they ihematician, or the mechanical ge. are a brilliant light to illumine the

ses.

dark: thus do they fascinate the tures of love, warns us against the fancy, while they soften the heart miseries which are the inevitable and improve the understanding. consequences of vicious passion. It They are not merely meteors that is his duty to show the superiority sparkle for a moment, and are then of that virtuous affection which hid in obscurity; nor flowers, springs from the heart, over those fragrant and fair, that are born loose desires that arise solely from to blush for a moment, and then lan- the impetuosity of depraved appetite. guish and decay: but they may be He who does not write thus, deba. compared to the sturdy oak, whose ses himself and degrades his profesleaves delight the eye, whose trunk sion. His name may be applauded is useful, and whose branches afford for a time among the idle and the shelter to the wearied traveller, or profligate, but the sober will shun from whose lofty top, which defies him and the cheek of modesty be the fury of the winds, he may calm- tinged with a blush when his lays ly look around, and survey the varie. are recited. gated face of nature.

But it would be tedious and unneIt had been objected to poetry, cessary to describe the aim and prothat it is conducive to the corruption vince of the different classes of poof manners. How his talents can ets. By their fertility of imaginabe said to be corruptive, whose pro- tion, aptness of allusion, and brilvince it is to describe Nature as she liancy of description, they aid the really exists, I am at a loss to ima. researches of the philosopher, instil gine. It is the business of the epic the tenderest emotions into the soul poet to narrate important events, and of the lover, and impel the hero to to confer on the hero the reward brave the hottest carnage of the that is due to integrity in design and field: they give morality to the grave, bravery in execution; and at the and furnish an inexhaustible fund of same time he exhibits in proper co

wit for the gay. lours the folly of ambition, the base Here my friend ceased, and I left ness of treachery, and the guilt him with renewed resolutions to be.' of rebellion. The didactic poet pro- come a poet*. duces from the stores of a fertile

1. E. 1. mind the lessons of experience and

Baltimore. the dictates of wisdom ; he inculcates his maxims with the fervour of honesty, he enforces them by the For the Literary Magazine. force of reasoning, and decorates them with the alluring embellish- DESCRIPTION OF FANEUIL HALL. ments of harmony. Like the skilful anatomist, he probes the innermost IN the year 1740, Peter Faneuil, recesses of the mind, and investigates Esq., an opulent merchant of Boston, the various inflections of the passions, made an offer to the town to build as they are occasioned by the casual at his own expence a commodious varieties of individual habit or gene- market-house, near Dock-square, ral custom. He is alike regardless where provisions were then exposed of the censure or applause of his for sale. The proposal was thankown times, because he knows that fully received, and the building imhuman nature is invariable, and mediately commenced. In the protherefore that he who inculcates the gress of the work the liberal donor abstract principles of rectitude must was induced to make an addition of be eternally right. He produces a a large hall over the market-house, mirror, not less adapted to contem- for public meetings, and for transporary contemplation, than it is' ca. acting the business of the town. The pable of reflecting thoughts and man. ners to remote posterity. The ama * Part of this number is extracted tory poet, whilst he sings the rap- from an unpublished volume.

measures

whole was completed in a most sub. been prosecuted with uncommon dis. stantial and elegant manner, in Sep. patch, and without any unfavourable tember, 1742.

accident, and in twelve months has In testimony of the town's grati- been completed to general satisfactude to Peter Faneuil, and to per. tion. It has evidently been the aim petuate his memory, the hall over of the agents to adapt the outside the market-place was named Fane. additions to the original style of the uil Hall.

building, to make it a uniform and In 1761, the inside wood work and consistent pile. The great hall is roof of the building were consumed 76 feet square and 28 feet high, by fire. Measures were immediately with galleries on three sides on Dotaken for repairing the building, and ric columns; the ceiling is supportthe expence was defrayed by a lot- ed by two ranges of lonic columns; tery granted by the general court for the walls enriched with plaster, and that purpose. From this period the the windows with architraves, &c. history of Faneuil Hall is intimate. Platforms underneath and in the ly connected with that of our coun- galleries rise amphitheatrically to try ; it was the threatre on which accommodate spectators, and from James Otis, Quincy, Bowdoin, the the trials already made, it appears Adams's, Hancock, and other patri- favourable for sight and sound. The ots, exerted their talents, to impress noble painting of Washington, by on a people, jealous of their cights, Stuart, presented by Samuel Park. the necessity of vigilance against fo- man, Esq., is placed at the west end, reign encroachments and domestic over the selectmen's seat. The duplicity, and became the centre portrait of Peter Faneuil, Esq. will where resolutions were formed and also be placed in a suitable position.

were adopted, which Above the great hall is another, quickly spread round the wide circle 76 feet long, and 30 wide, devoted of the state and continent; and ter. to the exercise of the different miliminated in the establishment of tary corps, with apartments on each American independence.

side for depositing their arms and Though the hall was sufficient for military equipments, where those of a number of years for the transac- the several companies are arranged tion of the ordinary business of the and kept in perfect order. town, yet on every interesting occa. The building also contains consion, when great numbers of the in- venient offices for the selectmen, habitants assembled, it became board of health, assessors, and town necessary to adjourn to some larg: treasurer. The lower story is aper building ; and the old south propriated according to the original church being capacious and conve. intention as a market, and the celniently situated, the proprietors of lars are leased for various purposes that house willingly allowed the of business. The income of the town the use of it, on all occasions of stalls and cellars will produce a pergreat political importance ; but on manent and handsome interest upon the increase of population, and the the money expended in the enlargefrequent occurrence of questions of ment. a local nature, which called together great numbers of citizens, the proprietors of the places of public wor

For the Literary Magazine. ship became unwilling to admit such large numbers to the free use of their SWIFT'S TALE OF A TUB. buildings. The selectmen therefore in May,

To the Editor, &c. 1805, offered a plan for the enlarge IN looking over your number for ment of Faneuil Hall, which was July, I found a person, who styles accepted, and they were directed to himself Querist, call in question the carry it into effect. The work has validity of the title of that satire of

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