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been graciously pleased to give you all these? - For God being willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath, that by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation who have fled for refuge to lay bold upon the hope set before us.
When personal obligation is not deemed sufficient, a cautioner, or surety, is another expedient which human wisdom hath devised. And is not such an one provided by the great God? Not a creature, though of the highest order, but his own Son, by whom all things were made, even Jesus, the Mediator of the new covenant, who is expressly styled the surety of a better testament.
If, after all, any jealousy remains, we must next, I suppose, have recourse to legal security, and may demand a written obligation, a deed executed with every essential formality. Now, what kind of deed hath greatest force and validity? None, I apprehend, is more uni. versally held sacred and inviolable than a testament. This was Paul's opinion, when he said, (Gal. iii. 15.) “ Though it be but a man's testament, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.” And are not we furnished with this very species of obligation?
a testament confirmed and rendered unalterable by the death of the testator; with this additional security against its being abstracted, erased, or defeated, by the infidelity of those to whom the execution of it may be committed, (security which never did, nor ever can, exist in any other case) namely, that the testator, who died to give it force, revived, and liveth for evermore, to be the executor of his own deed in its utmost extent,
Can any thing further be required? If distrust be very great, one might perhaps wish to have a valuable pledge,
something of equal worth put into his hand, till the obligation be fulfilled. What shall I say? Let unbelief blash and be ashamed to open its mouth any more, when it looks to the unspeakable gift of God, and hears how Paul reasons upon it, (Rom. viii. 32.) “He that spared not his own Son, bat delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with bim also freely give us all things?” It is really astonishing, that such profusion of evidence should not excite in men a greater curiosity to discover the true reason and design of it. Were a superior transacting with us in the way of bargain, though he should profess that he meant to do us a favour, would not the offer of such multiplied, superabundant security for the performance of his part of the agreement, discover such an anxiety to get the bargain concluded, as would natu. rally breed in us a secret suspicion, that however moderate and equitable the terms proposed might appear, yet, upon the whole, the chief advantage would accrue to himself? Now, it is agreed on all hands, that to impute any such interested views to the great sovereign of the universe, would be equally absurd and blasphemous : for how differently soever men have conceived of the gospel-constitution, it is universally admitted to be a covenant of grace. And yet, my,brethren, if eternal life be not a gift absolutely free, but the wages of service to be done by us, I cannot help thinking, that, let the terms proposed be ever so moderate, yet such means employed for gaining our consent to them, could hardly fail to tincture our minds with some degree of these evil surmisings I have mentioned. Whereas, upon the plan of the record, as expressed in my text, every part of the divine procedure appears perfectly wise, consist. ent, and gracious. God and man are represented in their proper characters: God, infinitely good, and indepen.
dently happy; showing mercy to the miserable who de. rived their existence from him, and have nothing to give but what his own bounty hath bestowed upon them: Man, on the other hand, in his fallen state, a guilty, and, of consequence, a fearful, suspicious creature; conscious that he deserves punishment, and hard to be persuaded that there is so much goodness with God as freely to pardon his offences, and receive him again into favour. These fears beget and cherish that enmity against God, which is the distinguishing characteristic of the carnal mind. We feel the effects of injuries upon our own hearts, and we are apt to judge of God by what we feel in ourselves.
It was to vanquish this distrust, that God condescended to deal with us in the manner I have represented; that by giving us every kind of assurance that jealousy itself can devise, we may be reduced to this necessity, either to give God the lie; or, being convinced that be is love, to rely upon his faithful word of promise; believing that he who bestowed life at first, by a free act of the purest bounty, hath goodness enough to restore life after it hath been forfeited, by another act of as free mercy and grace. Tbis is the plain account wbich the Scriptures give us of faith in Cbrist. “If we receive the witness of man,” saith our Apostle in the 9th verse of this chapter, “ the witness of God is greater:" and, (John iii. 33.) receiving the divine testimony, is said to be a setting to our seal that God is true. Accordingly, in the verse preceding my text, unbelief is represented as de. riving its chief malignity from this very circumstance, that it denies the truth of God: For thus it is written, “ He that believeth not God, maketh him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son."
And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life; and this life is in his Son.
You see then, upou the whole, one great end of the holy sacrament of our Lord's Supper, and the use ought to make of it. Here Christ is represented to us as the propitiation for our sins; “ suffering, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God.” And we are assured, that in consequence of his obedience unto death, whereby the unchangeable righteousness of God was fully displayed, and infinitely glorified, he is now exalted to the tbrove, and bath eternal life committed to bis disposal, that he may impart it to all who are made willing to receive it as the gift of his Father, through the merit of his blood. Now, it is the express command of God, that we believe on the name of bis Son Jesus Christ: and it is the no less express declaration of the Son, that he will in no wise cast out such as come unto him. Nay, in this condescending ordinance, he cometh to us; and under the visible symbols of bread and wine, gives himself, with all the fulness of life that dwelleth in him, to every believing soul. What then is the counterpart that belongs to us? Is it not to behold and admire the amazing love of Goil, that we may be no more faithless, but believing?- Is it not to do what the Israelite was directed to do, when he brought the appointed sacrifice to the high priest? He laid his band upon the head of the victim ; and, confessing his sin over it, acknowledged, that he was dead in law; and that what remained of life was to be held by him purely in virtue of that pardon which God had graciously annexed to the sacrifice. In like manner, let us go to the altar of God; and over the memorials of that infinite sacrifice, chosen and accepted by the Father, in which his own dear Son is both the priest and the victim, let us acknowledge our
forfeiture of life, and justify the sentence whereby we are condemned to die; explicitly declaring, in the sight of God, angels, and men, that renouncing every other claim, we thankfully accept eternal life, as the gift of God through Jesus Christ; and consent to hold it solely by his right, who died that we might live through him. Amen.
HEBREWS X. 19.-22.
Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the
holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which he hath consecrated for us through the vail, that is to say, his flesh; and having an High Priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
EVERY thinking person, whose mind hath been enlightened to form just apprehensions of God and of himself, will be anxious to obtain a satisfying answer to the following questions :
1. What encouragement hath a sinner to draw near to God? and,
2. After what manner shall he draw near to him, so as to find acceptance?
Some, I know, look upon them both as very easy subjects of inquiry. Tbey have such low conceptions of