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The different Sciences and Arts are digested into the form of distinct Treatises or Systems ;

Including the

LATEST DISCOVERIES AND IMPROVEMENTS;

TIIS THE NATURAL, CIVIL, MILITARY, AND COMMERCIAL HISTORY, AND BIOGRAPHY OF EMINENT MEN,

OF ALL NATIONS;

A DESCRIPTION OF

ALL THE COUNTRIES, CITIES, SEAS, RIVERS &c. OF THE KNOWN WORLD.

Including also

THE WHOLE OF DR. JOHNSON'S

DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

CEILED FROM EVERY SOURCE OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN LITERATURE ; AND ILLUSTRATED WITH

UPWARDS OF THREE HUNDRED AND FORTY PLATES,

AND A COMPLETE AND ACCURATE ATLAS

IN TWENTY THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. VII.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR VERNOR, HOOD, AND SHARPE, 31, POULTRY:

AND THOMAS OSTELL, AVE MARIA LANE,

R. Morison, Printer, Pertli.

1807.

5 - 1968

12 Romans, were all of this description ; and dæinoniacs as lunatic, and as faring with their mabats. Among the ancient heathens, there- fpoken of as poflefled with devils in the New Telwie the effcs were owing to the operation of hear ye him? The expreflions he hath a devil, Dybt itazine that this happened in inftances in Saviour, said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why niet bad (urely fome plausible foundation. The bers too, both from the sacred writings and Jo- would not surely ascribe to him at once two things plines, appear to have belicved in dæmoniacal that were inconfiftent and contradictory. 'Thore midia. The case of Saul may be recollected who thought more favcurably of the character of

Tere believed by the Jews to exert in this ka their infidence over human life. The ge. that hath a demon i meaning, no doubt, that he werd nor of their hiftory and language, and their spoke in a more rational manner than a madinad dotate concerning good and evil spirits, prove the could be expected to speak. The Jews appear to

ENCYCLOPÆDIA PERTHENSIS.
DÆ M

DÆ M 1.) DÆMONIAC, n. L. (from demon.) à opinion of dæmoniacal poffeffion to have been we han being whose volition and other mental fa: known and generally received among them. cuts are overpowered and restrained, and his (3.) DEMONIACS, ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE body podlegfed and actuated, by some created fpi- EXISTENCE OF. Thole who are unwilling to alimal being of superior power. Such feems to be low that angels or devils have ever intermeddled the determinate fenfe of the word; but it is dif-, with the concerns of human life, urge a number pred whether any of mankind ever were in this of specious arguments. The Greeks and Romans.

of old, lay they, did believe in the reality of dea . DEMONIACS, ANCIENT OPINIONS RE: moniacal posestion. They supposed that fpiritua" SPECTING. It is generally agreed, that neither al beings did at times enter into the sons or daughpred nor evil spirits are known to exert such au. ters of men, and distinguish them felves in thailia Party at present over the human race: but in' tuation by capricious freaks, deeds of winton Ce weient heathen world, and arnong the Jews, mischief, or prophetic enunciations

But in the partiularly in the days of our Saviour, evil spirits, instances in which they supposed this to happen, akti

, are thought by many to have been more, it is evident that no such thing took place. Their et desome. The Greeks and Romans imagin- accounts of the state and conduct of those persons el tet their deities, to reveal future events, fre. whom they believed to be poffeffed in this fupergetur eatered into the prophet or prophetels natural manner, show plainly that what they a sy was confulted, overpowered their faculties, fcribed to the influence of denons were merely and stered responses with their organs of speech. the eff as of natural diseases. What ever they rec any lowe believed toenter into the Pythoness, and late concerning the larvati, the cerriti, and the to ditate the prophetic answers received by those lymphatici, fhows that these were merely people

cufulted her. Other oracles besides that of difórdered in mind, in the same unfortunate ritua hins were supposed to unfold futurity by the ation with those madmen and idiots and inelana date machinery! And in various other cases, ei- cholly perforis whom we have among ourselves. kas falignant dæmons or benevolent deities were Feltus describes the Lervati as being furiofi ei mentangke to enter into and to actuate human be. temori. Plato, in his Timæus, says, xdu; yup eyvevis The Lymubarici

, the Cerriti, the Larvati, paxtares pasiliens svesoux, annous. Lucian defcribes de esta they referred to this cause the origin of it appears ftill more evidently, that all the persons

appears to have been a generally received tament, were either mad or epileptic, and say that superior beings entered occasionally cisely in the same condition with the madmen and s tem, oserpowered the faculties of their epileptics of modern times. The Jews, among oDet and actuated their berily organs. They ther reproaches

which they threw out against our opinion fo generally pre- and is mad, were certainly used on this occalion

as synonymous. With all their virulence, they

vafortonate condition.

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