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seemed likely to give rise; and of instruments through which any good the disposition of some to intermed- could be expected from Divine or dle in the concerns of other church- dinances, and the only medium es, to which they did not belong. through which the Holy Spirit could Some have complained of the stress be communicated; and the apparent which was laid upon the posture in determination to deny or justify prayer, while so little regard ap- every thing for which they were peared to be paid to the cultivation complained of, let it be what it of that meek, humble, modest, re- might. But, the principal comtiring spirit, which is so essential to plaint, and one which has embraced the right performance of that duty. all the rest, has been, that the whole Some have complained that secret system of measures appeared to be prayer should be made so loud as adapted to promote false converto attract the notice of people in the sions, to strengthen and cherish streets, because they thought it too false hopes, and propagate a false much like that praying in the streets religion; and thus, besides destroywhich our Lord reproves. Some ing the souls of those who should be have thought it wrong to pray that the subjects of it, these measures individuals might be converted or should tend ultimately to bring all removed, and especially, that "God true religion, and all pure revivals would seal the damnation of sinners into contempt, and increase the this night.”. Some have objected to number of errorists and scoffers on the principle that the feelings ought every side. to control the judgment, and that Such are some of the principal because any measure contributed to objections to the new measures, produce very pleasant feelings in which I have heard among minisus, it was therefore right. Some ters and Christians. And it is easy have thought it wrong to consider to see that they are very far from success as an evidence of Divine being precisely the same objections, approbation, lest it should lead us to and founded upon precisely the practice deception, as Jacob did, in same reasons, as the objections of order to secure a good object. Some the impenitent. No; they are have been disgusted with the osten- grounded on the love of the truth, tation, and boasting, and self-con- or a regard for the honour of God, ceit, which they have witnessed, be- and the good of souls, and on a most cause they thought them utterly in- anxious solicitude for the permanent consistent with the spirit of the gos- good character and influence of repel. Some have complained, that vivals, and the advancement of the when evils were pointed out, there cause of Christ in the earth. And was no regard paid to their warn- nothing can be more unjust and inings, but the same things were re- jurious, than because they make peated, and carried to greater these objections, even if they are lengths than before.
in a mistake in making them, ta have been distressed at the appear- class them with the ungodly world, ance they saw of a disposition to and represent them as walking tohave some men's "persons in ad. gether because they are agreed. miration," as if they only were the
(To be continued.)
SHORT NOTICES OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
excellent work-a work which needs
not our recommendation ; but of which We regard it as a duty to announce the we will repeat what we hare often said, re-publication in this city, by Towar that if we could possess but one cominenand Hogan, of one volume of the above tary on the Holy Scriptures, and were
permitted to choose that one, it should chargeable with intemperance, but to without hesitation be Henry's.
those who have avoided the evil for them. The volume issued, contains the four selves, yet are bound to endeavour to corgospels—the publishers having chosen, rect it in others, and to guard the young for what reason we know not, to begin and unwary against every approach to with the New Testament. But we under this destructive vice; destructive to chastand that the whole work will be pub. racter, property, body and soul. We'inlished, a volume every three months. sert Mr. M.'s. concluding address to the The volume before us is a very handsome young. super-royal octavo. The size is far more "Particularly, let me address a warning convenient than the edition in folio, al- to you who are young. As you value though the type is the same. In every the respectful notice of your fellow-men, respect we think this volume superior to the dignity of your nature, the silent the correspondent one of the Edinburgh plaudit of an approving conscience, the folio edition, with which we have com- friendship, the blessing and direction of pared it. We hope that all our readers Almighty God: in a word, as ye value who can afford it, will possess themselves the comfort of this life, or the prospects of this treasure of sound doctrinal and of eternal felicity-avoid Intemperance : practical theology.
avoid the company of the intemperate,
as you would a place charged with pestiCONVERSATIONS ON THE BIBLE.--. By lential infection. The latter may prove Lady of Philadelphia.
destructive to your bodies; the former A third edition of this valuable work,
may ruin your souls. Evil company has considerably enlarged and improved, bas many dangerous fascinations. To giddy recently been published. It has been and thoughtless youth, dissolute mirth, recommended highly by very competent and the midnight revel, present appearjudges, and has been reprinted, perhaps ances of liberty and greatness of soul. more than once, in Britain. Heads of But be warned against this false and de. families, that wish to promote the study. Jusive glitter. Consult sober reason and and the love of the Bible among their religion. They will inform you, that children, will find this book well calcu.
these are not only insubstantial, but sinful lated for their purpose.--It is very inter; pleasures: the Circean cup, which transesting as well as instructive. We would
forms human nature into the vilest and also earnestly recommend its introduction most hateful forms. Endeavour, then, to into schools and academies, in which Bi
estimate pleasure aright. Weigh well ble studies are cultivated.--And such in the characters with which you intimately stitutions, we rejoice to say, are now nu- associate. He that walketh with wise merous and increasing.
men, shall be wise; but a companion of DAUNKENXESS EXCLUDES FROM HEAVEN :
fools shall be destroyed.'” A Discourse on 1 Corinthians, vi. 10. By RESOURCES OF THE ADVERSARY, AND David M'Conaughy, A. M. Pastor of the
MEANS OF THEIR DESTRUCTION. A Ser. Presbyterian Congregation, Gettysburg.
mon preached at New York, October 12th, The appropriate text of this discourse is
1827, before the American Board of MisI Cor. vi. 10.-"Drunkards shall not inherit
sions. By Lyman, Beecher, D.D. Boston, the kingdom of God.” After some gene. Mass. ral remarks the preacher says “The The author of this discourse has placed obvious import of the text is, that persons at the head of it, no less than five texts of of the character here condemned, are un- scripture, namely, Isa. xlix. 24, 25. Isa. worthy to be owned as members of the liji. 12. Luke xi. 21, 22. Rev. xi. 15. Rev. gospel church; and more especially, that xix. 5,6. These passages are certainly perthey shall not enjoy the bliss of Heaven. tinent to the author's purpose, which is to The sentence is fearful. Its execution
show, that there has been a systematic opcannot fail: It is the announcement of the position of satan and his agents to the plan Eternal King
and purpose of God for the salvation of We propose
men, ever since that plan and purpose J. To ascertain to whom this character have been manifested; and to point out belongs; and
the means, by which the organized op. II. Shew the certainty and justice of this position of the powers of darkness, and decision."
their human auxiliaries, must be counte. Both these divisions of his subject Mr. racted and defeated. After a short intro. M'Conaughy illustrates with clearness and duction, the preacher says,--"In this disenergy. We only regret that our space course, it is proposed to consider, The forbids us to make copious extracts; for DEFENCES AND RESOURCES OF THE EXEMI, the subject is important and of general AND THE MEANS OF THEIR OVERTAROW." concern--not merely to those who may be In opposition to the gospel, Dr. B. placea VOL. V.Ch. Adv.
1. Idolatry. 2. Imposture. 3. Papal su- more decidedly evangelical. 7. The vie perstition. 4. Despotick governments of gour of charitable effort must be greatly The earth. 5. Crime in its varied forme. increased. 8. The jealousies of Chris. 6. A more liberal sort of religion, 7. Cor- tians who are united substantially in their rupting the purity of revivals of relis views of evangelical doctrine and religion, gion. He then inquires_By what means and who are divided only by localities, the opposition stated is to be over- and rites, and forms, must yield and give come and the answer is, “First-By place to the glorious exigencies of the the judgments of heaven, in which the present day. 9. We must guard against Son of man will come on the strong man the dangers peculiar to a state of religious armed, and take away his armour; Se prosperity." --Such is the outline of this condly---By the universal propagation of able discourse, and we have given it bethe gospel, before the light of which, cause, in its naked form, we think it may be idolatry, imposture, and superstition, will instructive, as well as interesting to our retreat abashed: and Thirdly-By fre- readers. In almost the whole of Dr. B.'s quent, and at last general revivals of re. positions and arguments we most heartily ligion; giving resistless power to the gos- concur. From some few, unless we might pel, as it is preached to every creature." qualify them, we should be disposed to in stating what must be done Dr. B. says: withhold our full approbation. But we 1.“There must be more faith in the church have no objections which we deem im. of God. 2. There must be a more intense portant enough to be specified. We bad love for Christ in his church. 3. There heard it rumoured, that in this discourse must come an era of more decided action, Dr. B. had not appeared equal to himself. before the earth can be subdued to Christ. We think otherwise-It exhibits the same 4. More courage than has in modern days lucid order, the same powerful bearing on been manifested by the church of God. the points of discussion stated, and the 5. There must be new and more vigorous same perspicuous and appropriate diction, efforts, to increase the number and power which we have admired in his other pubof evangelical churches in our land. lications. The discourse forms the 24th 6. Special effort is required to secure to sermon in the National Preacher; and the rising generation an education free will therefore have, what it well deserves from the influence of bad example, and to have, an extensive circulation,
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc. We have thought that we could sent expedition was of a very chaotic form. not better fill this department of For about a mile, perhaps, it might be our work for the present month, huge ridges were crushed up by the ac than with the subsequent authen- tion of tides and currents, and presented tick account of the last attempt the most formidable obstacles to the pro. that has been made, or perhaps gress of the enterprise. No sooner was ever will be made, to discover a
one of these rugged and precipitous north-west passage, by navigable ed; and difficulty after difficulty
masses overcome than another appearwater, from the Atlantick to the lengthening as the party advanced. There Pacifick Ocean.
was plenty of fresh water on the surface, but towards the end of the attempt, when
the rains fell, the ridges we have described CAPTAIN PARRY'S EXPEDITION. separated, and between them the salt sea
flowed in divisions, like so many canals. The highest latitude to which the Owing to the condition of the ice over Hecla reached was 81 deg. 6 min.; which they had to travel, it was found which is believed to be the farthest impossible to make any use of the reinnorth that ever a ship made her way; deer in dragging the boats; and as there so that all that was made in the boats were no means of feeding dogs (as once was 1 deg. 39 min. Lord Mulgrave got proposed), the whole work was performed to 80 deg. and some minutes (we do not by personal labour. Officers and men, 28 remember exactly, but think about 20). in number, were alike barnessed to the At the farthest point north no barrier of tackle, and wrought in common at the ice was seen, as in the case of that noble exhausting toil. Their time for starting Jord and elder voyagers; so that the idea in the morning, (their morning being the of such a barrier always existing may now beginning of the right) was chosen wben be dismissed. The ice found by the pre- the light was least injurious to the cyesi
for though the sun shone upon them done so fruitlessly; but the nature of the during the whole period, and there was ice, so different from what was anticipano darkness, yet when that luminary was ted, rendered the accomplishment of the lowest in the horizon, the reflection from object utterly impracticable. the bright white surface of snow was While the boats were away, the Hecla more endurable. On setting out, a pint was not exempt from dangers. She had of cocoa, with some biscuit powder to been wrought into a snug birth near the mix with it, was served to every indivi- shore, in one of the few places which afdual for breakfast, which being finished, forded this shelter. Ahead there was the whole number yoked to the boats. about three miles of ice ; and a heavy gale About seven hours of constant exertion coming on, detached this prodigious mass, brought them to the hour of their spare and drove it with terrible violence against dinner meal, which consisted of a piece the ship. The cables were cut asunder, of pemecan*, about the size of an orange, the anchors lost, the poor Hecla forced and a few ounces of biscuit powder. high and dry upon the coast, by the irreThese ingredients, scraped into cold sistible pressure. To get her again to the water, made a cold soup, and a misera. water, occupied a considerable time, ble sustenance for men whose strength which was, of course, lost to the surveying was so severely tasked. In fact, they party. Having effected that, however, could not bear up under the fatigue. they proceeded to Weygatt Straits. During their whole march they were We do not hear of any intercourse with soaking, wet to the knees, and be. natives.--Seventy deer were shot by the numbed by a temperature always at or hunters. near the freezing point. At the close of It is vexatious to be forced to the con. 12 or 14 hours thus occupied, when they viction that any attempt to reach the came to seek rest by lying down, the North Pole is but too likely to end in dischange of their wet for dry stockings and appointment; but every fresh enterprise fur boots, caused such a reaction, that the seems to lead to this conclusion. tingling and smart were insufferable, and Hudson, whose name is perpetuated in the comparative comfort was more diffi. the bay, reached lat. 82 (as is laid down) in cult to be endured than the preceding the year 1606; and a Scotch Journal states cold.
that the Neptune whaler, in 1816, got as When Captain Parry found that the high as 83 deg. 20 min; but of the accuracy men could not support their toils on the of this fact we have great doubts. allowance, (of about nineteen ounces per twenty-four hours, of pemecan and bis
The Land Arctic Expedition. cuit powder,) he added, by way of luxury,
About the end of June 1826, Capt. a pint of hot water at night. This was Franklin arrived at the last of the Hud. found to be very restorative, warming the son Bay Company's posts, named Fort system; and if a little of the dinner food Good Hope, in lat. 67 deg. 28 min. N. had been saved, it made a broth of great long. 120 deg. 53 min. W. relish and value. Spirits were not drank; Three days' journey from thence, on and the reason why even hot water was the 4th of July, he despatched a party scarce, was, that it took so large a stock to the eastward, under the command of of their spirits of wine to boil it and the Dr. Richardson, and proceeded himself, cocoa, that the quantity consumed could in command of another party, by the not safely be increased.
western channel of Mackenzie's river, The consequences of the hard life we which flows at the foot of the Rocky have just faintly pictured were soon obvi. Mountains, and completed a survey of ous. The men became weakened, their the coast from long. 113 deg. W. to 149 limbs swelled, and disease began to thin deg. 38 min. W. Captain Franklin was. the number of active workers. There accompanied by Captain Back, who had needed no other obstacle to stop their pro- been his companion on the former expegress; but observation at last demon. dition. He was much impeded in his strated that all their strenuous efforts were progress by the constant obstruction of vain. The ice itself was drifting faster to ice, unbroken from the shore, in many tbe south than they could make their way parts, until the 4th of August-by the over it to the north ; thus, during the last prevalence of fogs—and by the nature of three days of their struggle, instead of the sea coast, which to the westward of gaining a higlier latitude, they were actu. the 140th degree is so extremely low ally two miles farther south than when and flat as to be unapproachable, even they set out. This put an end to an ex- in boats, nearer than two or three miles. pedition where every thing which human Indeed, beyond the 139th degree it was energy and perseverance could do, was found impossible to land on the main
shore, except at one point; and there The Indian food: meat compressed they were most vexatiously detained in the smallest compass,
cight days, in the best part of the sexson, by a fog so dense, that all objects every where, and a large portion of it on beyond the distance of a few yards were many parts of the coast, lay in a line from obscured, and during all which time it ten to fifteen, and in some places upwards blew a strong gale.
of twenty feet, above the ordinary springBefore Captain Franklin had reached tide water-mark, apparently thrown up by more than half way to Icy Cape, most of a heavy sea. his party began to have swellings in their After the first rapid, in the Coppermine legs, and showed other symptoms of ex- river, Dr. Richardson's party abandoned treme suffering, from their unavoidable the boats with the remainder of their carexposure to wading in the water, for the goes of provision, iron work, beds, &c, to purpose of dragging the boats, when they the first party of Esquimaux which should were under the necessity of landing to chance to pass that way; and on the 10th rest or to get fresh water, or when they Aug. set out by land, with ten days' prowere compelled by the recurrence of visions, and their personal baggage restrong gales to seek the shore. The duced to a single blanket and a few spare temperature of the water was generally moccasins, that they might travel as lightabout the freezing point, whilst that of ly as possible, and further to reduce the the air seldom exceeded 36 degrees. men's loads, the tents were left behind,
The eastern party, under Dr. Richard. and Mr. Kendall carried the astronomical son, who was accompanied by Mr. Ken- instruments. dall, an intelligent and distinguished They reached the eastern end of the young officer, succeeded in reaching the Bear lake, at the influx of Dease's river, on Coppermine river on the 8th of August, the 18th, and remained there until the and returned to Fort Franklin, Great Bear evening of the 24th, before the boats arLake, on the first of September.
rived to convey them to Fort Franklin, The object of Dr. Richardson's party was to examine the intermediate coast between the Mackenzie and the Copper. mine rivers. After separating from Cap
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. tain Franklin, on the 4th of July, they porsued the easteromost channel of the Sketch of the Laws relating to Slavery Mackenzie, until the seventh of that in the several States of our Union. By month, when finding that it distributed George M. Stroud. itself by various outlets, of which the Lingard's History of England, in 10 more easterly were not navigable for vols., price $15 in boards, Reprint by their boats, they chose a middle one, Eugene Cummiskey. and that night got into brackish water, Gibson's Surgery, 2d edition with Adwith an open view of the sea, in latitude 69 ditions, 2 vols. 8vo. with Plates--Pub. deg. 29 min. N., longitude 133 deg. 24 lishers, Carey, Lea & Carey. min. W.
Darby's Universal Gazetteer, 2d edit. On the 11th, in lat. 69 deg. 42 min. N., with ample Additions and Improvements. long. 132 deg. 10 min. W., the water was with a neat coloured Map of the U. S. by perfectly salt, the sea partially covered William Darby. · Published by Bennet & with drift ice, and no land visible to sea. Walton, No. 37 Market Street, Philada. ward.
Bishop Hobart's Sermon, at the ConThese dangers were gladly exchanged secration of the Rev. H. U. Onderdonk, for a coasting voyage in the open sea. D. D.-with the Decision of the Bishops They rounded Cape Parry, in lat. 70 deg. who united in his Consecration on the 8 min. N. long. 123 deg. W.; Cape Krus. Reasons presented to them against the enstern in lat. 68 deg. 46 min. N., long. said Act; and a Narrative of the Conse. 114 deg. 45 min. W., and entered George cration-Publishers, Carey, Lea & Carey. the Ivih Coronation Gulf, by the Dolpbin The Apocalypse of St. John; or the and Union Straits (so named after the Prophecy of the Rise, Progress and Fall boats,) which brought them within sight of the Church of Rome, the Inquisition, of Cape Barrow, and two degrees of longi- the Revolution, the Universal War, and tude to the eastward of the Coppermine the Final Triumph of Christianity: being river. Their sea voyage terminated on a new Interpretation. By the Rev. George the 8th of August, by their actually en- Croly. Published by E. Littell. tering that river.
An Address to the Synod of the ReThroughout the whole line of coast they formed Presbyterian Church in America, had regular tides, the flood setting from on submitting to their consideration the the eastward; the rise and fall being from Plan of Correspondence with the Gene a foot to twenty inches. In the Dolphin ral Assembly, by the Chairman of their and Union Straits, the current, in the Committee, in May, 1827. By Alexander height of food and ebb exceeded two M'Leod, D.D., of New York --Price 25 miles an hour. They found drift timber cents,