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Linue the heat until the residuum be. offer you have transmitted, but that the comes white, which it will readily do if prospects it holds forth, however fatter. the paper is mixed with gypsum. It is ing, would not counterbalance the in. certainly true that all paper contains a conveniences attendant on leaving my

small quantity of incombustible matter own country. - derived from accidental impurities, but it “I am, Sir, your obliged servant, E does not amount to more than about one (Signed)

“Felicia HEMANS." per cent.; the weigbt then will indicate tbe extent of the fraud.

Saxony Sheep: -The importation of With respect to the imperfection of pa- sheep, selected from the finest flocks of per, I allude to the slovenly mode in Saxony, must be viewed with much gra. which the bleaching by means of chlorine tification by those who feel an interest in or oxymuriatick acid is effected. This, the prosperity of this country. It is but

after its operation, is frequently left in little more than fifty years since the me. E such quantity in the paper, that it may rino flocks of Spain were first introduced

be readily detected by the smell. Some into Saxony. so rapid has been their in. time since, a button maker in Birming crease since that, that Saxony in addition ham, who had manufactured the buttons to supplying her own manufactories, now in the usual way, was surprised to find furnishes much of the finest wool manuthat after being a short time kept, they factured in England. No country pogo were so tarnished as to be unsaleable; on sesses a more favourable climate or better searching for the cause, he found that it pastures for sheep than the United States. was derived from the action of the chlo. Wherever the fine merino sheep of Spain rine which had been left in the paper to have been introduced, they have been such an extent as to act upon the metal. found to thrive. Their fleeces have even lic buttons,

improved in quality, by attentive treatImportant improvements have been

ment. From the usual enterprise and inlately made in steam navigation on the dustry, which has distinguished the inha. St. Lawrence. Letters are now trans. bitants of this country, it will not be mitted from Montreal to Quebec, and an. deemed too sanguine to bope, that nearly swers received, a distance of 360 miles, as rapid an increase may take place in the in the space of 44 hours.

production of the staple article of wool,

as has taken place in that of cotton, with On the employment of the wood and bark in the last thirty years; and that many of the Chesnut-tree in dyeing and tanning. who are now in existence, may live to see - The bark of the chesnut-tree contains

the period when fine wool shall be classed twice as much tanning matter as oak-bark, among the great staple exports of this and nearly twice as much colouring matter as log-wood. The colouring substance

country. of chesnut-bark is to that of Campeachy logwood exactly as 1.857 to 1. Leather estimated about 6 or 7 years ago, by three

Manufactures in Great Britain.-It was prepared with this substance is more firm of the most experienced cotton spinners in and solid, and yet more supple. This Great Britain, that the quantity of cotton bark is the best substance for making ink : mixed with iron it becomes a bluish black. worker, compared with that wbich one

thread produced on an average by each The liquor drawn from this bark appears person could have spun on the single blue at the outside, like indigo; but it wheel, as was the practice before the late gives, on paper, the finest black. In dye. inventions of Arkwright and others, was ing it has a greater affinity for wool than then as 120 to 1: that is, one person prosumach has, and in other respects it dif- duced as much as 120 could have profers very little from sumach and gall-nuts. duced previously to these invensions. The colour obtained from this substance There are now about 280,000 persons enis unchangeable by air and light.

gaged in the spinning of cotton thread in Mrs. Hemans, the celebrated poetess, this country-280,000, multiplied by 120, having been invited by the proprietors of gives 33,600,000 as the number of operathe Philadelphia Ladies' Album, to take tives who would have been required to charge of that periodical publication, produce as much cotton thread, on the with a salary of fifteen hundred dollars old plan, as is spun in Great Britain at per annum, bas returned the following present. Political economists generally

reckon one in five a producer, but say one Rhydon, St. Asaph, 14th Aug. 1827. in three; then it follows, that it would “Sir,-1 beg to acknowledge with require the working part of a population thanks, the favour of your very obliging of more than one hundred millions of huletter, and request you to inform your man beings to produce on the old single American friend, that I am gratefully'sen- wheel as much cotton thread as 280,000 sible of the compliment paid me by the workers are enabled to manufacture, in VOL. V.-Ch. Adv.

3 N

answer:

consequence of the mechanism by which greater or less degree of abundance, in they are assisted.

very nearly the ratio of their respective Diurnal Variation of the Magnetick utility; iron, the most useful of all, beNeedle.- We understand that Mr. Chris. ing also the most common, and most ge. tie has continued to pursue his inquiries nerally diffused. They bad, therefore, on this subject, and that he has been led considered it possible that platina, which to conclude from them, that it is the ca.

may be applied to most of the purposes lorific and not the colorific rays that pro

of iron, and wbich, from its resistance to duse the change in question. He has acids, and its not being liable to oxidize found that a change of temperature in his

from exposure to heat, may be used in opposing magnets, to the amount of one

many cases in which iron cannot be emdegree only, will produce a change of ployed, would one day be found in as nearly a degree in the direction of the great abundance as the latter. There is needle. He showed by the most satisface something fanciful in this anticipation, tory experiments, before Professors Oer. though the data on which it proceeds are sted and Barlow, that the mere change of unquestionable. The discovery, however, heat produced by applying his hand to

of so large a mass as that to wbich we have the magnet, when the needle was thus

been alluding, and which forms an era in nicely adjusted, caused a deviation to the the history of Platina, gives to what would amount of between two and three de. otherwise pass as the dream of a theo. grees.

rist, some prospect of being realized. Mr. Christie has communicated the first

Stockholm, Aug. 17. part of his experiments to the Royal So. An English geologist, of the name of ciety of London.

Blod, who lately arrived in Sweden, Physiology.-M. Cuvier, in an article in states, that according to the examination the Revue Encyclopedique, speaks in

that has been made, the coal mines at very high terms of some chemical inqui. Hoganas are so abundant, that they would ries into the nature of animal fat of vari supply Sweden with that article for seveous kinds, by M. L. Chevreul, After an

ral centuries. analysis of the work, and a description of the facts which it contains, M. Cuvier thus concludes his remarks: “We have no hesitation whatever in saying that the la

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. bours of M. Chevreul constitute a new era The Greek Reader-a new edition, in physiology. They have begun to do that with respect to the particular com

The Epicurean, by Thomas Moore. position of the human organs and func

The Museum of Foreign Literature and tions, which comparative anatomy has

Science, for October. done with respect to their structure ; and The Lyceum, for September. there can be no doubt that this science, wbich is at present in many points so ar

The American Sunday School Maga. bitrary and hypothetical, so obscure and

zine, for October. superficial, henceforth resting on positive

An Inquiry into the Nature of Sin: in knowledge, will renounce vague specu.

which the views advanced in “Two Dis lation and fantastic conjecture, and ad.

courses on the Nature of Sin," are purbere, like the work which we have just sued, and vindicated from objection noticed, to accurate experiment, tu cer

stated in the Christian Advocate. Bi tain facts and to rigorous deductions."

Eleazar T. Fitch. We find in the Hamburgh papers men.

The Nature of Sin. A sermon delirertion made of an interesting fact in mine

ed at Newark, New Jersey, by Rer, John ralogy-the discovery of a mass of Plati. Forel, A. M. Pastor of the Church at Pas na of about ten pounds weight, in one of sippong, N. J. the mines of the Ural. This rare metal Proceedings of the Third Annual Meet had hitherto been discovered in very mi ing of the New Jersey Colonization SoAute particles.- Persons who have specu- ciety, held at Princeton, N. J. Aug. 15, lated on the subject have observed that 1827. To which is added, the Report a the various metals have been found in a the Board of Maoagers.

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Heligious Intelligence..

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We earnestly recommend to all and their salutary effects have been felt our readers an attentive perusal of and acknowledged in most of the States

of the American Union, and in a measure the following Address. It relates

also, in foreign and distant lands. to a measure in which we appre But while we are conscious that, as hend that every real Christian can- Managers of this Society, we have acted not avoid taking a deep and lively with fidelity, and not without a portion of interest, and one too that every true zeal; and while we would be thankful for

the aid and countenance we have received patriot and philanthropist must, we

from the Christian publick, and for the think, regard with special favour. good which may have been effected We hope that those who receive our through our feeble instrumentality; it is miscellany out of Pennsylvania, certain that we have often and painfully will not fail to use their influence felt, that we were doing far less than we

could have wished. We are not even to promote a similar measure, in the prepared to say—we dare not say—that several States in which they reside. we have done all that we might; all that We cannot conceive of any thing, a more just and impressive view of our on which He who gave us the reve

duty would have urged us to undertake ; lation of his will in the Bible, will and that pious Christians and patriotick

citizens, if suitably called on, would readily look down with more complacency, have furr.ished us with the means to acthan on an attempt to put a copy of it complish. Instructed and animated by in every family in our country; and some recent occurrences, we have firmly thus to bring its blessed and soul resolved, in reliance on divine aid, and saving truths, to the knowledge of looking for the blessing of God to rest on every adult individual, in a land ing more than we have heretofore at: which he has peculiarly distinguish- tempted; to enter on a more arduous ed by the bounties of his provi- work, and we hope on a more fertile field dence, and by the inestimable bless

of usefulness, than any in which we have

bitherto laboured. The enterprise in conings of civil and religious liberty.

templation will best be made known by reciting a resolution, unanimously adopted

by our Board, at a meeting on the 17th ADDRESS OF THE MANAGERS OF THE

instant, and expressed in the following

words—“Resolved, that an immediate PHILADELPHIA BIBLE SOCIETY, TO

effort be made to supply every destitute THE INHABITANTS OF THE STATE family in the State of Pennsylvania with

a copy of the sacred Scriptures, within the Fellow Citizens and Fellow Christians- be found practicable.”

term of three years, and sooner if it shall Permit us, in soliciting your attention It is in reference to the effort, to which to the subsequent Address, to advert for a we are pledged by this resolution, that we moment to the origin, the design, and the now address you. operations, of the PailADELPHIA BIBLE Allow us, first of all, earnestly to solicit SOCIETY. It originated from contemplat. your special attention to THE NECESSITY ing and appreciating the benefits result. which exists for such an effort as we have ing from the institution of the British and resolved to make. The necessity for this Foreign Bible Society. It was organized measure has been forcibly impressed on in the year 1809, and was the first,

and for our own minds, by discoveries which have some time the only association of the kind, lately been made. We are well informed, in the United States. It received, a few that, on actual inquiry and examination, years after its establishment, a publick act it has been fully ascertained, that in of incorporation, from the Legislature of districts and villages which it had been Pennsylvania, to which a report of its pro- supposed were completely replenished ceedings, required by its charter, has re- with copies of the Holy Scriptures, many gularly been made. "Its simple and sole families have been found utterly destitute design is, to distribute, as extensively as of a Bible. What then, we have said, its means will permit, the sacred Scrip- must be the state of places and regions tures, without note or comment. Its ope of an entirely different character, many rations have been constantly and scru- of which exist in Pennsylvania—to which pulously directed to their prescribed end; no adequate supply of the sacred volume

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OF PENNSYLVANIA.

has ever been sent, and in which some ancestors, we at this hour might have been who would willingly purchase it, cannot bowing down to stocks and stones. Freely find it for sale. Those who possess and and undeservingly have we received, and prize the oracles of God, and whose chief as we have received so we are commandintercourse is with those whose minds and ed to give. It is the greatest calamity habits are like their own, do not know or of those who wilfully neglect the Bible, suspect, till undeniable facts apprize that they are insensible of its value and of them of the melancholy truth, how nu. their own guilt-They need the Bible to merous are the dwellings, in every part of teach them both; to teach them their our country, into which no copy, nor any error and “ to guide their feet into the part of a copy, of the sacred writings, has way of peace.” ever entered. In the large and populous if we carry the sacred treasure to their State which we inhabit, considerable sec. doors, and tender it to them kindly, we tions of which have been newly settled, it have no reason to doubt that it will gene. cannot reasonably be doubted, that there rally meet with a ready and thankful are many thousand families who possess reception. A few exceptions there may not a single page of the book of God's be-a few who may indignantly refuse revealed will.

either to purchase a Bible or to receive it Fellow Christians and fellow citizens, as a gift. Yet even in cases of this descriphowever calculated to fill us all with grief tion, it may be hoped, (for so it has someand alarm, let us not resist the evidence of times happened) that the very enormity this unquestionable fact. And does it ad- of his impiety may speedily shock the immit of a question, whether these destitute pious refuser, and lead him ultimately ta families, in which are many children and deep and effectual repentance-In any youth, as well as persons of riper age, event, by pursuing the course here need to be supplied, with at least one Bible delineated, we shall relieve ourselves to each family? No assuredly-hut a from all suspicion that a part of our own most serious question it is, whether the duty has been neglected. friends and possessors of the Bible THE IMPORTANCE of the measure in whether we ourselves-have performed question is partly involved in its necessity, our whole duty in this interesting con which has just been shown. There are cern. Are our consciences clear while however other considerations, demonthis destitution is known to us, and yet strating its importance, that ought to be adequate measures to remove it, if at all taken into view-Considerations at which within our power, are not adopted ? we can but rapidly glance, although yo

Let it not be said that the whole fault lumes might be employed in their illusrests with the destitute themselves; that tration and enforcement. their want of Bibles is voluntary : that they That an intimate acquaintance with might have obtained them, if they had the records of inspiration, and a regard chosen to do so. These allegations, in all to their sacred truths, will ever exert their extent, cannot be sustained. There the happiest and most powerful infloare some parts of our State, as already re ence-an influence more efficient than marked, where copies of the Scriptures can be derived from every other source are not easily found; and where they may -in promoting civilization, good morals, be found, there are many individuals and domestick happiness, social order, an enfamilies who cannot purchase them, with lightened and ardent attachment to civil out a sacrifice of the necessaries of life. liberty, and to all the institutions of free

But suppose we admit that inexcusable governments, has been the avowed opicriminality attaches to every family, and nion of men, as highly gifted with saga every individual, that is found without a city, and distinguished by all intellectual Bible; and to many there is no question powers and attainments, as the world has that such criminality does actually attach. ever seen. From a host that might be Still, the possessors of the Bible are to named, let it suffice to mention Grotius, recollect, that they have not themselves Milton, Locke, Johnson and Sir William been taught as yet, one of the most import. Jones; and it may be safely affirmed, that ant doctrines of the Bible, if they have experience has decisively ratified what not learned, in imitation of the Father of sages have taught. It is manifest, there mercies, to “do good to the unthankful fore, that patriotism, as well as piety, and the evil." Alas! if He who gave us is concerned to put a Bible into every the Bible had treated any of us according family of our free republick. He who is to our deserts, how fearful had been our unwilling to aid in this good work, fails in destiny! If the Saviour and bis apostles an important duty which he owes to his had gone only to those who were prepared country. We verily believe, that when to welcome them, Christianily had expired the measure we propose shall be fully in its cradle. If missionaries and martyrs executed, its effects will soon be visible, had not carried the Bible to our heathen in the diminished number of the inmates of

our prisons and poorhouses, and the fre. conversations which will be held among quenters of tippling shops and brothels. all descriptions of people, and in every

A general and familiar acquaintance family, on the subject of the Book of God with the Bible, will also be calculated to -All these causes and excitements will promote, directly or indirectly, every pi- combine their influence, to rouse such an ous and benevolent institution, which con attention to the Bible cause, and to enlist tributes to characterize and to do honour such an active zeal into its service, as we to the age in which we live. All these in- have never yet witnessed ; and resources stitutions may fairly be considered as de- will be furnished, adequate not only to the riving their existence from the Bible. But supply of the domestick demand—the first for this holy book, they never would have and favourite object-but to increase fourhad a being. This is the fountain, which fold, perhaps tenfold, the means of send. has sent forth all these streams of benevo. ing relief to the destitute, wherever they lence and piety, to refresh, and restore, may be found. and fertilize the moral wastes and desola Consider, in the next place, that when tions, with which human depravity and every family at home is once supplied, it guilt have covered the earth. The more will require comparatively but a small deeply any individual drinks at this foun. number of copies of the Scriptures, to tain, the more will he be invigorated and keep up the supply: and thus will be left, animated to promote human happiness, in unobstructed, nearly the whole of our aughis favourite mode of operation-Some in mented resources, io pour the waters of Bible societies, others in Tract societies, life, in copious streams, over the lands others in Missionary societies, others in which are now withering under the desoLord's day or Sunday schools, others in lations of heathenism, or the blastings of Bible classes, others in ameliorating the superstition and tyranny. We firmly be. condition of the poorand the prisoner, and lieve that the effect of the proposed mea. not a few in patronising, without distinc sure will be, to enable and dispose the Bi. tion, every one of these thrice blessed ble societies of this country to send coinstitutions. Let then the friends and pa. pies of the sacred Scriptures, as rapidly as trons of them all be assured, that in aiding they may be demanded, to those millions to cary into effect the measure we pro of our brethren, in the southern part of pose, they are most effectually helping our continent, who have never as yet themselves—belping forward the charity seen Bible, which they think most important, and to The importance, moreover, of the prowhich they have chiefly devoted their posed measure, when carried into effect, means and their exertions. Of every may be, and we hope will be, incalculacharity whatever, the funds, we are per- bly great, from its influence as an examsuaded, will be largely increased, and the ple. We have no wish to conceal or dis. co-operators multiplied, when a Bible guise the fact, that to the adoption of this shall be owned and read in every family. measure we have ourselves been excited,

The importance of the measure contem- by the example set us in a neighbouring plated, is also great, even in reference to State. We deem it honour enough, al. the duty of sending the Bible into Pagan though ours is the oldest Bible institution lands, and to other destitute countries and in the United States, that we have not places. The system hitherto pursued been slow in following a good example. has been, to endeavour to supply domes. It is not the spirit of that Bible which we tick and foreign demands, at the same distribute, to refuse to do good, unless time. In this system we have co-opera. the plan for doing it has originated with ted; and far be it from us to condemn it- ourselves. To our fellow Christians we We wish rather to continue and extend it. will not attribute selfish motives and narBut we are now persuaded, that some of row views, to which we have shown ourthe best means for its extension have not selves superior. They will imitate the yet been used. Suppose a Bible placed example of Pennsylvania, as we have imi-, in every family in our country, and then tated that of New Jersey. Our State is think on the natural operation of this one of the largest and most populous in event, in rendering it practicable for Bible the national union. When it shall be societies to send large supplies to foreign seen, as we confidently trust it will be countries, and to the heathen. Consider seen, that it was practicable to put a Bi. in the first place, the exertions wbich ble into every family throughout our exmust be made to supply all the families of tended territory, it can no longer be preour own country-the meetings that must tended that the same thing cannot be be called, the speeches which will be done in any other State. It can, and we made, the printed discussions that will be believe it will

, be done. Our brethren sent abroad, the explorers and agents that in other States will not choose to be out. will be employed, the representations they done in so noble an enterprise. Nay, we will make wherever they go, and the even presume to hope, that protestant

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