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ment, known to only a very few of ological scheme with due scrutiny, his most intimate disciples, he di- he would be able to demonstrate its rected their operations; and that, utter incongruity with the facts that in a personal interview near Da- are acknowledged,—its irreconcilemascus, he had the admirable ad- ableness with the records on which dress to conciliate Saul of Tarsus, it is built, and whose authenticity and persuade him to join the cause and sincerity it affirms. He would with all the weight of his talents.- show that, by the multitudes of That he probably lived many years most singular and opportune conin this happy retirement, and, be- junctures of extraordinary though fore his death, had the pleasure of natural phenomena, which it lays knowing that his moral system was down for its positions, and without extensively received, both by Jews wbich it cannot be sustained for a and by men of other nations. That moment, it admits a series of forthis religion, though a human con- tuitous events, whose occurrence trivance, is the best and most use and combination are infinitely less ful for the general happiness of credible than the simple miracles mankind, and therefore ought to be declared in the Scriptures; and supported and taught, at least, till finally, that it is overthrown by the the prevalence of philosophical mo- external evidences in favour of a rality shall renderit no longer need- Divine revelation, as treated by ful.
many well-known authors. “ Such a system as this is held « The most celebrated supporters boldly and throughout by some, and of this system, in some or other of by others in various degrees of ap- its gradations, are believed to be, proximation. They go under the or to have been, Paulus, Eichhorn, denominations of Rationalists, Ne. Eckermano, Gesenius, the author ologists, and Anti-supernaturalists; of the Hebrew Lexicon, Gabler, and we have been informed that Wegscheider, Brerschneider, Van other terms are employed to ex Hemert of Amsterdam, Schiller the press, like the pomenclature of a late dramatist and historian; and West Indian population, the dif- to these we fear we must add Heinferent shades and hues of this be- richs, Niemeyer, and Schleierma. lief or non-belief. We may remark, cher, the Author of A Critical Esby the way, that the former of these say on the Gospel of St. Luke, which appellations is very unhappy, and has been translated into English, ought to be strenuously protested and of which we hope shortly to against. It implies a concession take further notice. These writers which we regard as false and inju- have certainly rendered useful serrious; it dishonours the inestima- vices to the cause of Bible-learning. ble gift of God, which distinguishes In numerous dissertations, essays, from the brutes, and on which alone and commentaries, they have conaccountableness and religion can tributed-stores of Oriental and Rabrest; it pays a most unfair compli- binical attainments to the illustrament to persons who are far from tion of history, allusions, and phradeserving it, but who are eager to seology, in both the Old and New avail themselves of it; and it en- Testaments. It is especially worcourages the idea, that those who thy of observation, that, in their hold what we believe to be the gen- bringing out of the grammatical uine doctrines of Christianity, are sense of the Christian Scriptures, the maintainers of a system which they frequently state certain opiwill not stand the test of thorough nions and persuasions as entertaininvestigation.
ed by the Apostles, which are no “ Were any rational and impar- other than the GREAT DOCTRINES of tial inquirer to go through the Ne- religion, as held by the orthodox
churches of ancient and modern doctrines, that those doctrines were times. These are, the ascribing to believed and taught by the Apostles, Christ of those attributes which are while our feelings towards the aupeculiar to Deity; the assertion of thors of the depositions are those, an expiatory design in the suffer- not of approbation, but of strong ings and death of Christ; the re censure and deep pity. ferring of all events to the decrees « The Latin writings of Koppe and providence of God; the reality and his continuators, of the young: and necessity of Divine influence, er Rosenmüller, Schleusner, and in order to true holiness in princi- Kuinöl, have been the chief instrople and action; the existence and ments in making Englishmen, to a temptations of wicked spirits; and limited degree, acquainted with the the immediate happiness or misery existence and opinions of this school of the human soul on its separation of spurious theology, and the infrom the body. It is to be observed, tercourse of our Bible Societies has that, in making these statements, brought, more effectively than any the Rationalist interpreters are most other method was likely to have careful to avoid the declaration of done, before the mind of Christians their own belief; they appear to in general, an exhibition of the evil keep ever in view the character un- itself, and of the means by which der which they write, that of mere Divine Providence is, we trust, narrators of what were the opinions counteracting it. But the Latin of other men, in a distant age. But works of the authors just mentionit is obvious, that this very charac- ed, (of whom the latter two are ter, this confinement to the bare narrators, not supporters, of the construing of the text and the cold system, and E. F. C. Rosenmüller assertion of its meaning, this very appears, by the more recent publiindifference (whether real or affect- cations of his Scholia, to have reed) to that meaning, and all united linquished it,) and of some who are with the admitted skill of the wri- less extensively known among us, ters, in all the critical requisites, do not amount to a complete exhirenders their testimony of great va bition of the case. It is in the verlue. Nor should we forget one con nacular writings of the authors resideration more: that, if these in- ferred to, that we must seek for the terpreters had followed their own full exposition of their opinions, and evident bias, they would have given the application of those opinions; a sense to each passage, of a very and it is in the vernacular writings different character from that which also of some of their countrymeo, they have done. As, when Por- that we can obtain their best confophyry and Julian, and the malig- tation. It is our earnest wish, that nant Jew who wrote the Toldoth the lovers of truth and of really Jesu, admit the reality of our Lord's free and rational inquiry, would do miracles, but satisfy themselves by all in their power to promote the referring them to magic as the cause, study of the German language in we feel the value of their testimony, our own country: we are persuaded but are unmoved by their arguing; that it would be found the best way so, in this case, we accept the de- of making the poison inefficient and positions of enemies to evangelical the antidote successful.”
Reriew of the fifth Article in the must be cultivated much in the way
British Quarterly Reriew, pub- which has always been practised by lished March, 1827, which exhi- the islanders. The plough has been bits the following title :
introduced to a small extent. The "1. Voyage of His Majesty's ship missionaries have broken one yoke
Blonde to the Sandwich Islands, of oxen, and have showed their use in the years 1824–1825. London. in ploughing; and have also trained 1827.
a horse to the draught. The na: “ 2. Narrative of a lour through tives have likewise begun to break
some cattle of their own to the Hawaii, or Owhyhee; with Re. marks on the History, Traditions, yoke; but cattle are not yet plenty. Manners, Customs, and Language duced, and their cultivation begun,
Sugar and cotton have been introof the Inhabitants of the Sandwich Islands. By William Ellis, by the foreigners who are not mis
sionaries. It certainly ought to be Missionary from the Society kept in mind, when industry at the and Sandwich Islands. London. Sandwich Islands is the topick 1826."
discussed, that the influence of a (Continued from p. 421.)
tropical climate and barbarous manIn regard to the cultivation of ners, render idleness and laziness the Sandwich Islands by the na obstinate evils, which admit only of tives, which the Reviewer thinks the a gradual remedy--perhaps never missionaries discourage or prevent, of a perfect cure. the statement of Mr. Loomis ought In paye 439 of the Review, we to be known and credited. He af- find the following sentences, in refirms that the missionaries have ference to the missionaries.“ • They often inculcated industry, as well hold out to their disciples little or as obedience to rulers; and that no encouragement, either by pre. the time which the natives now cept or example, to industrious haspend in schools and religious exer- bits. The shoemaker who may cises, is certainly not more than have left his stall, and the tailor they used to spend, before the arri- who has escaped from the shopval of the missionaries, in absolute board to commence evangelical idleness, or in useless or vicious preaching, would think it degradasports. But in the matter of culti- tion to instruct these poor islanders vation, real difficulties exist; and in the use of the awl and the neethose who have most carefully at- dle.” It will be perceived that the tended to the subject, are satisfied assertion in the first of these senthat the usual native cultivation is, tences is directly falsified by the in general, the best for the Sand- statement of Mr. Loomis; and Mr. wich Islands. Mr. Chamberlain Stewart has sufficiently shown, how was an excellent practical farmer groundless is the pitiful insinuation in America, and went to the islands ihat the missionaries are men dles. chiefly with a view to instruct the titute of liberal knowledge. But it natives in agricultural operations. would seem as if the Reviewer was But the British missionary commit infected with a foolish pride, exhibittee advised his return to the United ed by many of his countryinen, States, because it was inexpedient which affects to look down on those for him to be employed as had been who have ever practised a mechaniintended. The taro is the princi. cal art, whatever rank they may atpal vegetable cultivated, and it tain in after life. We, on the conVOL.V.-Ch. Adv.
trary, with our uncourtly republi- the islands by the ships that visit can notions, think the more highly them, and the natives can obtain of a man, if he has risen, wholly by all they want, by an exchange for his own merit, from an humble to them of the natural products of the an elevated station. We consider islands, with much greater advanthis as the most unequivocal test of tage to themselves, than if any talent and virtuous exertion; pos- number of them should learn and sessions infinitely more valuable, in practise the art of shoemaking. our estimation, than high birth or Mr. Stewart has justly exposed noble blood
the ignorance of the Reviewer, in en“What can ennoble sots, or slaves, or cow. deavouring to show that the easterards?
ly winds, which prevail at the SandAlas! not all the blood of all the How- wich islands, might have brought ards."
the original inbabitants from the We have always admired the re- Asiatick islands--But Mr. S. has tort of that Pope, who, when he was forborne to say, what we think is reproached with being the son of a palpably evident, that the Reviewer swineherd, replied -"Yes, I am forgot, or else never knew, that the the son of a swineherd, and yet I Asia which lies east from England, am Pope. But if you had been the lies west from the Sandwich islands; son of a swineherd, you would and of course that “the constant have been a swineherd yourself." easterly winds” which prevail at When sneering at shoemakers and these islands, must come from the tailors, the Reviewer would have American, and not from the Asiatdone well to recollect that Mr. Gif- ick continent. That such is the ford, the first editor of the Quar- fact, the Reviewer might have been terly Review, after having been a informed, by any sailor belonging cabin buy, was a shoemaker till his to the crew of the Blonde. la twentieth year; and that he, ne- view of the all but incredible blunvertheless, acquired a literary fame der or ignorance exhibited in this which none of the present writers instance, and of the professed quofor that journal seem likely ever to tation of a text of Scripture which is obtain, and gave it a reputation and not to be found in the Bible, we have, an authority, which it has been ra for ourselves, little doubt that when pidly losing, ever since it has passed the Reviewer represented Mr. Stew. into other hands. In the spirit of art as saying that the Jewish sabbath the expressions on which we ani- began at noon, there was no intenmadvert, the Reviewer, it seems to tion to hint at the ignorance of Mr. us, must think that the Apostle S. The Reviewer probably sup. Paui ought at least to have taught posed that such was the Jewish intent.making, as well as to have used stitution and usage; and Mr. S. it occasionally for his own support. ought, therefore, to make him all We are glad to be able to state, on the allowance which is his due, the authority of Mr. Loomis, as when be is considered as only sup. well as from other information, that posing Mr. S. to be as ignorant as the wives of the missionaries have himself. taken the business of tailoring off As long ago as the month of June the hands of their busbands, and last, we expressed our conviction have taught no inconsiderable num- that Mr. Ellis would be ready to ber of the natives to make their expose in Britain, the slander and own clothes. As to shoemaking, falsehoods of the Quarterly Review, there is, at present, little demand in relation to the American mission: for it at the Sandwich Islands. aries. This work we perceive has Leather is scarce, ready made been accomplished—we presume by shoes are brought in abundance to Mr. Ellis, although we are not in
Et formed that the publication is avow- cause, we are persuaded, will not
edly his. It also appears from a note Jose but gain by the attacks which
at the close of the last number of the have recently been made upon it 1 Quarterly Review, which has with- by profligate foreigners at the Sand• in a few days reached this country, wich island, and by scarcely less i that Mr. Ellis has addressed a let. profligate Reviewers in Britain.
ter to the Reviewers, in which he These attacks have called forth a tells them, as Mr. Stewart has told defence, and the world's eye has, in the publick here, that the letter consequence, been directed to the which purports to have come from controversy; and the exposure of the
Boki is a forgery. The Reviewers, misrepresentations and chicanery * however, insist that the letter did in which the enemies of evangelical
come from the Sandwich islands to missions have indulged, and which in an officer of the Blonde, and that were necessary to give even the
both he and they still believe it to semblance of justice to their cause, be genuine. It will be recollected will powerfully turn the tide of that Mr. Stewart has said, that it publick sentiment against them, was possible the forger of the letter and in favour of those benevolent might have persuaded Boki to put and devoted men, whose pious labis name to a paper, in regard to bours, under the divine blessing, the contents of which he was igno- are elevating degraded heathen to rant or deceived-And such proba- all the blessings of civilization, and bly has been the fact.
to all the high hopes and expectanOn the whole, the missionary cies of sincere believers in Christ.
SHORT NOTICES OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
MENTAL DISCIPLINE, OR
did mind, and will be a convenient
manual for students of theology. MORAL HABITS; ad. It is pleasing therefore to observe, dressed particularly to Students that a handsome edition of this litin Theology and young Preachers. tle work has just issued from the By Henry Foster Burder, M.A. Andover press, which deserves Andover. Printed by Flagg so much praise for the service it has Gould. 1827. pp. 126.
rendered to literature in this counThis neat little volume is replete try, and for the neat and accurate with sound, seasonable, and pious manner, in which the typographical
advice, to young preachers and stu- part has been executed. ļ dents in theology. It contains no This small voluine, together with
thing which can be considered new, Dr. Miller's late work, on Cleriand very little in the way of rea cal MANNERS AND Habits, ought soning or discussion; but it einbo- to be in the hands of all young dies in a small space, much valua- men, who are preparing for the ble practical matter, expressed in a gospel ministry. And as there is perspicuous, pleasing style, and no doubt, that the little volume enriched with quotations from many
now under consideration will fall pious and distinguished authors. into the hands of the students of The advice given is such as, in ge- the important theological instituneral, we entirely approve; both tion where it has been reprinted; as it relates to intellectual and so it is gratifying to learn, that the moral improvement. It is a book Rev. Dr. Codman, of Dorchester, which cannot fail to produce a sa- already so favourably known to the Jutary effect on the serious, can- publick for his liberality, has pre