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Professor Hodge is now at the such general and superficial views, University of Halle, in Saxony; cannot be relied upon. And amidst and we hope shortly to receive from all that is obviously evil, he cannot him a communication, relative to fail to observe some things, from the state of religion in Germany, which Protestants themselves might Through his instrumentality, an derive useful lessons. One of the exchange of the Christian Advo- circumstances of this nature with cate for the Archives du Christian- which I am particularly struck, is isme, has been effected. And since the attention which is paid to the his residence at Halle, he has been religious instruction of children. the medium through which we have In the first Catholick chapel which received a request froin Professor I entered, I saw nearly two hunTholuck, of that University, for an dred boys, in companies of about exchange of our miscellany, for one fifty each, reciting their lessons to in which he is concerned as a con- the priests or their assistants. ductor and principal writer. From These lessons were repeated with these exchanges, we anticipate much the utmost fluency, and the teachgratification to ourselves, and much ers appeared to take the greatest useful and interesting information pains, to explain and enforce upon for our readers.
their pupils the import of what they
had learned. This was at Havre; Paris, January 17th, 1827. -at Rouen and Paris I have witReverend and Dear Sir, I have nessed similar exbibitions of the not forgotten the request which you zealous attention devoted to this made when I was about leaving subject. America, that I would make some I'he first Sabbath which I spent communication to you of the state in France was at Rouen. Much as of religion in the several places I had heard of the little respect which I might visit. I feel every paid to this sacred day in Catholick disposition to comply with this re- countries, I was not prepared to see quest, but am at the same tiine very it so utterly disregarded. Not sensible of the difficulty of obtain only were the shops generally open, ing any information of general inte. but the markets were crowded; rest, upon which implicit reliance workmen were engaged in their can be placed. I have had, of usual occupations; and in short course, little opportunity of learn- scarcely a single indication was viing much from personal observa- sible that it was the Sabbath. I tion; but I have endeavoured to went in the early part of the day to obtain, from well informed gentle- the celebrated cathedral, which is men, what knowledge I could, as to said to be one of the finest gothick the state and prospects of religion structures in the kingdom. It was in this interesting country.
commenced by William the ConThe first impression of a Protes- queror. Its painted windows, its tant, who has never been in a Ca- lofty roof, its long aisles, and venetholick country, upon entering rable appearance, are very imposing, France, is certainly of no very fa- to’one who has never seen any thing vourable character. The Sabbath but the modern and simple edifices is so openly violated, the service of of our own country. There were a the chapels has so little of the spirit great number of ecclesiasticks en. of genuine Christianity about it, gaged in celebrating mass. The that the stranger looks around him audience was small, and the greater in vain, for those evidences of piety portion of the persons present did with which he was familiar in his not appear to be attending to the own country. It is obvious, how. service, but were scattered over the ever, that conclusions drawn from church, kneeling before some image,
silently repeating their prayers. may be proper to mention those : It was with far different feelings which are allotted to the English : that I attended the service in the and Americans. The British am
Protestant church. Here every bassador has a chaplain attached to thing was so simple
so much like his suite, who preaches in the mornwhat I had always been accustomed ing in the Ambassador's Hotel, to to, that I scarcely felt myself in a an audience of several hundred strange land. The audience did persons, and in the afternoon he not exceed three or four hundred. preaches at the Oratoire (the French I took the liberty of inquiring of Protestant church). This gentlethe pastor, the extent of his charge. man, I presume, would not consiHe told me there were about 1200 der himself complimented, by being French Protestants in Rouen, and thought to belong to the evanfrom 300 to 400 Scotch. This is a gelical party. The Rev. Mark small proportion of the 81,000 in- Wilks, preaches regularly every habitants, which the city contains. Sunday, to an American and Eng
The Scotch are principally con- lish audience. His room, which : nected with the manufacturing es will accommodate 2 or 300 persons,
tablishments in the neighbourhood. is generally well filled. Mr. Lewis
They have no pastor; but they meet Way, with whose history you are ' every Sabbath afternoon for reli- acquainted, has purchased a very
gious worship. On the day which handsome hotel, formerly the proI spent in Rouen, a clergyman of perty of a French nobleman, the the church of England preached to largest room of which he has fitted them.
up as a chapel. This is the most You cannot easily imagine the beautiful private chapel I have ever excited feeling with which the Mr. Way preaches here both stranger approaches the capital of morning and afternoon. His serFrance. If he enter it from the mons are remarkably energetick, west, he cannot fail of having his and distinguished by a fervent spiexpectations more than realized. rit of piety. He seldom, I believe, It so happened that I arrived in the fails to allude to the state and prosevening, when every object, half pects of the Jews, and the coming discerned and half imagined, made of the millennium, which he apprean impression on my mind; much bends is just at hand. Upon these stronger than I had permitted my- subjects, his opinions are considerself to anticipate. But it is no partably in advance of those commonly of my design to attempt to describe entertained, on our side of the Ata city which has been the subject lantick. of so many volumes, and with which From the account which I have you are already so well acquainted. just given, you will perceive that I shall confine myself to mention there is no deficiency, as to places ing the few facts, relative to the of Protestant worship. And I am state of religion, which I have been happy to say, they are all well atable to collect.
tended-Some of them frequently It is said that there are some- so crowded, that I have found conwhere about 30,000 Protestants in siderable difficulty in procuring a Paris. They have two churches, seat. And if the sincerity of worthe larger of which has three pas- shippers can be judged of by their detors—the smaller only one. These meanour in church, the comparison belong to the Reformed church. of the Protestant churches of Paris The Lutherans have a distinct es- with those of America, would not tablishment, and are provided with be very disadvantageous to the two pastors. While speaking of former. Little, however, I admit, the places of Protestant worship, it can be learned, as to the state of
real piety among a people, from blishment. The superintendant is mere serious and devout manners spoken of in the highest terms, for in a place of worship.
his piety and learning. The monthly Paris is the heart of France- meeting for prayer is regularly obthe centre of knowledge and in- served in Paris: and I have seldom fluence. It is here, therefore, that attended any meetings of the kind, the Protestants have organized so. where more interest in the great cieties, analogous to those which objects of the missionary enterhave been put into operation in prise was manifested. With reother parts of the Christian world. spect to Sabbath schools, little has With the Bible society you have as yet been accomplished. There been long acquainted. According are two in Paris, and perhaps about to its last report, its receipts were fifty in other parts of the kingdom. about 6000 dollars; and it has, I A society has been recently organam informed, about one hundred ized to promote their establishauxiliaries. This institution ex- ment. Attention having once been cites the greatest interest through- called to this interesting subject, out the country. Mr. Wilks told there is little doubt that the benefits me, he has known many persons rise of religious instruction will be ra at two or three o'clock in the morn- pidly disseminated. ing, and walk nine or ten miles, to It is conjectured that there are attend the meeting of one of its at present between 1,500,000 and auxiliaries. By law, the society is 2,000,000 Protestants in France. bound to confine its distribution of The organization of their churches Bibles to Protestants. It is, there- is, in all essential points, similar to fore, only as private Christians, our own. Each congregation has that those who are zealous for the its consistory, which is composed circulation of the word of life, can of the pastor or pastors, and from promote this object among the Ca six to twelve lay members, chosen tholicks. In such cases, the Catho- from the number of those who pay lick version is always preferred; the greatest amount of taxes. The which is said to have been faith- consistory chooses the pastor, when fully and ably executed by its au- a vacancy occurs; but this choice thor; but it has, in some points, must be confirmed by the governbeen considerably altered since bis ment. One consistorial church is time. The Tract Society of Paris allowed by law, for every six thouhas been very efficient, during the sand souls; and five consistoria! few years which it has been esta- churches form a synodical district. blished. The average number of As the Protestant population is tracts which it annually distributes
, often very widely dispersed, there is about two hundred thousand. are several congregations attached The Missionary Society is of a to the same consistorial church. more recent date than the Bible Every synod, or as they are more Society; but appears to excite an commonly called, every consistory, almost equal degree of interest. (as this name answers both to our The quarterly journal which it pub- session and presbytery) has a perlishes, contains not only an account manent President, and is composed of the proceedings of the Society of a pastor and layman, from each itself, but a summary of missionary congregation. Some years since, it intelligence, from all parts of the is said that a large portion of the world. This institution has a Protestant ministers, openly proschool under its charge, at Paris, fessed Socinian doctrines. At predesigned for the education of mis- sent, there are very few who make sionaries. There are at present, this open avowal, and a consideraseven or eight scholars in this esta- ble proportion is considered as be
longing to the decidedly evangeli- culean task, of translating Scott's cal party. The number of minis- Commentary. For this work he ters is about 500. There is a theo- appears eminently qualified. For logical publication under the pa- although a native of Paris, he has tronage of each of the parties, into spoken English from his infancy; which the church is divided. The and he seems to have his heart imevangelical work is The Archives bued with the same doctrines, and du Christianisme; the other The the same spirit, which pervade the Revue Protestante. The former has work he has undertaken to give to 1200, the latter from 3 to 400 sub- his Protestant countrymen. The scribers—This is a very pleasing Gospel of Matthew is already nearfact. The Archives are said to have ly through the press, and will shorta more extensive circulation than ly be published. The success of any periodical work in France, this undertaking is not altogether a above a newspaper. The Rev. Mr. matter of certainty, since, without Monod, junior, who is the editor of considerable patronage, it is imposthis work, expressed to me his de- sible that so expensive a publicasire to exchange the Archives, fortion can be continued. But as there the Christian Advocate; and for are at present 500 subscribers, and this purpose he has put into my as assistance is furnished from Enghands for you, a complete set for land, it is to be hoped that this imthe last year. These I will send portant effort will not fail. by the Packet of the first of Fe- (To be concluded in our next.) bruary. If you approve of the ex. change, you can send your numbers regularly to his address, which you will find below, and he will send
GERMAN THEOLOGY. his to your agent in New York, if Almost ever since our editorial you will be kind enough to let him labours commenced, we have been know the direction. I have no wishing to obtain a compendious doubt you will be much pleased view of the Theology, or to call it with this publication; not only on by its proper name, the Infidelity, account of the spirit which pervades of the German Biblical criticks, it, but also for the ability with Theological professors, writers and which it is conducted. Besides preachers. We have the prospect these regular publications, the of obtaining this desideratum, befriends of religion are constantly fore long, from Professor Hodge, as publishing small religious works, we have already intimated; but in and disseminating them to every the mean time, we think that usepart of the kingdom. The press, ful information may be imparted to therefore, in France, is not idle, in a number of our readers, by the reference to the cause of religion; following extract from the Eclectic and its influence is as beneficial as Review, for July last.-We must it is extensive. I was much struck, not omit to mention, that the tide in looking over the shelves of a sin- of infidelity in Germany appears to gle bookstore, to see how many ex- be turning. Men of the first discellent works had been translated tinction for talents and erudition, from the English. Scott's Force of and of eminent and fervid piety, Truth, Scott's Essays, Doddridge's have lately appeared as the defendRise and Progress, Paley's Evi- ers and advocates of the doctrines dences, Erskine's Evidences, Er- of the Protestant reformationskine on Faith, are a few of the Professor Tholuck is of this numnumber which now occur to me. ber; and men of a similar characYou will be pleased to hear that ter appear to be rising up in variMr. Monod has undertaken the her- ous parts of Germany. The preach, ers of evangelical truth are mani- to arouse torpid and selfish minds, festly increasing; the general dis- and having no other insight into futribution of the Sacred Scriptures turity than the conjectures which contributes important aid; and in were suggested by profound politisome places, a revival of pure reli- cal views, and by access to the se. gion, affords to all who love the crets of camps and cabinets.—That truth as it is in Jesus much encou- Jesus was one of the best and ragement.
wisest of men, possessing peculiar
genius and an elevation of soul far “Within the last forty years, in- above his age and nation. That, fidelity has assumed a disguise seeing his countrymen sunk in ig. which some beings who believe and norance and superstition, and aptremble, have, no doubt, lauded as prized of the depravity of the idolvery clever and ingenious. In Pro- atrous nations, he formed the grand testant Germany and the neigh- conception of a pure, simple, and bouring countries, it bas put on the rational religion, founded on the gown and the ruff; its children and Unity of the Godhead, enjoining servants have been saluted as sum- universal virtue, having as few pome venerandi, and they have sat sitive doctrines and outward instidown in the dignity and influence tutions as possible, and, therefore, of university chairs and parish pul- adapted to all times and all counpits. They are, therefore, decked tries.-That, in order to accomwith the name of Christian; they plish his purpose the more readily are held to be the children of the and safely, he entered into a temReformation; they are profession- porary compromise with the popually of the Lutheran or of the Cal- lar opinions and phraseology, asvinistic communion; they are pas- suming to be the Messiah whom the tors and professors of divinity, pro- nation expected, and applying to found scholars, able critics, and himself various passages of the distinguished authors.
prophets, such as were calculated “ The outline of their scheme is to excite the highest veneration.this:- That the moral contents of That, by superior natural science, the Bible' are a Revelation from and by dexterously availing himGod, in the same sense in which all self of fortunate coincidences, he intellectual proficiency and practi- impressed the bulk of the people cal improvements are gifts of Di- with the belief of his possessing suvine Providence.—That the book of pernatural powers,--an artifice very Genesis is a collection of the ear- excusable on account of its beneliest traditions concerning the ori- volent and virtuous motive.- That, gin and primeval history of the hu- by the envy, revenge, and selfish man race, containing some facts, policy of the Jewish ecclesiastical
, mythology, and fable.—That the that he was fastened to a cross, but institutions of the Israelitish na- (in consequence, perhaps, of pretion were the admirable inventions vious management by some friends of Moses and his coadjutors, the in power) was not mortally hurt; claim of a divine origin having been' that he was taken down in a swoon, cleverly assumed, and ably sus- and laid in a cool and secluded re. tained, to obtain the credit and obe- cess within a rock, where, by the dience of a barbarous people.- skill and care of his friends, aniThat the prophets were the bards mation was restored.—That, when and patriotic leaders of their coun- recovered, he concerted measures try, warmed with the love of vir- with his confidential adherents for tue, roused by the inspiration of carrying on his noble and generous genius, using the name of the Lord views; that, from a secure retire